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Destination Cuba, this page is about many aspects of the largest Caribbean island. Find official web sites about the pearl of the Antilles, and get comprehensive information on the Caribbean nation in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government and history.
You will have access to newspapers from Cuba and you will find maps and other travel and tourism information for sightseeing, travel and holidays in Cuba.


Havana City Cuba
Havana City © Cubanacan
 

Republic of Cuba | Republica de Cuba

Country Profile


Solitary-star Flag of Cuba
Solitary-star Flag of Cuba

Background:
Located in the Caribbean Sea, the Cuban archipielago comprises of the Cuba Island, the Youth Island and around 4200 islets and keys.
The native Amerindian population of Cuba began to decline after the European discovery of the island by Christopher COLUMBUS in 1492 and following its development as a Spanish colony during the next several centuries.
An US intervention during the Spanish-American War in 1898 overthrew finally Spanish rule.
Fidel CASTRO led a rebel army to victory in 1959; his iron rule has held the country together since. Cuba's communist revolution, with Soviet support, was exported throughout Latin America and Africa during the 1960s, 70s, and 80s.


related countries: USA, Russia

related Caribbean island nations: Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico
 

Where in the Caribbean is Cuba?
Official Name:
Republica de Cuba
short form: Cuba
int'l long form: Republic of Cuba

ISO Country Code: cu

Time:
Local Time = UTC -5h
Actual Time: Sat-Aug-23  03:30

Country Calling Code: +53

Capital City: Habana (Havanna, pop. 2 million)

Other major Cities:
Santiago de Cuba, Camaguey, Santa Clara, Holguin, Guantanamo, Matanzas, Cienfuegos, Pinar del Rio.

Government:
Type: Communist state; current government assumed power by force January 1, 1959.
Independence: 20 May 1902 (from Spain 10 December 1898; administered by the US from 1898 to 1902).

Geography:
Location: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, 150 km south of Florida
Area: 109,886 km². (42,427 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Flat or gently rolling plains, hills; mountains up to 2,000 meters (6,000 ft.) in the southeast.

Climate: Tropical, moderated by trade winds; dry season (November-April); rainy season (May-October).

People:
Nationality: Cuban(s)
Population: 11.2 million (2010); 70% urban, 30% rural.
Ethnic groups: 51% mulatto, 37% white, 11% black, 1% Chinese (according to Cuban census data).
Language: Spanish.
Literacy: 95%.

Natural resources: Nickel, cobalt, iron ore, copper, manganese, salt, timber.

Agriculture products: Sugar, tobacco, citrus and tropical fruits, coffee, rice, beans, meat, vegetables.

Industries: Sugar, petroleum, tobacco, construction, nickel, steel, cement, agricultural machinery, pharmaceuticals.

Currency: Cuban Peso (CUP)

Cuba in Figures
Cuba key statistical data.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Cuba

Gobierno de la República de Cuba
The Government site of the Republic of Cuba.

Asamblea Nacional del Poder Popular
Cuban National Assembly.

Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores
Ministry of Foreign Relations.

Cuba vs Bloqueo
Cuba against the Blockade site, Cuban point of view of the US blockade against Cuba.


Diplomatic Missions
Mision de Cuba ante Naciones Unidas
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Cuba to the United Nations.
Embajada de Cuba
Embassy of Cuba , Canada
Embajadas de Cuba en el Mundo
Cuban embassies around the world.



Statistics
Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas
National Statistic Office website (in Spanish)

Cuba in Figures
Cuba key statistical data.


Weather
Instituto de Meteorología - INSMET
Cuba weather information by Cuban Institute of Meteorology (in Spanish).


Maps
Map of Cuba
Administrative map of Cuba.
Google Earth Google Earth Cuba
Searchable map and satellite view of Cuba.
Google Earth Google Earth Habana
Searchable map and satellite view of Cuba's capital city.

Map of Central America and the Caribbean
Reference Map of Central America and the Caribbean. 
 

Cuba News

News Agencies
Agencia Informativa Latinoamericana S.A.
Cuban based press agency.
Agencia Cubana de Noticias - AIN
Cuban News Agency.

Newspapers
CubaSi.cu
General country information and current news.
Granma Diario
Granma International Edition with news from Cuba.
Radio Habana Cuba
National news (not very up-to-date).

CubaNet News
US-Florida based site with "Cuba news from independent journalist on the Island" (in Spanish, French and English).

TV/Radio
Empresa de Telecomunicaciones de Cuba

 

 

Arts & Culture

 Cubarte
Cultura Cubana - a portal to comprehensive cultural information on Cuba.

Azurina
The city of Cienfuegos' Culture Portal.

Arts and Literature
Arte en Cuba
Site about an art event in Havana.
Arte cubano. Galerias cubanas
A portal site of five cuban art galleries presenting Cuban artists.
CubaLiteraria
A portal to Cuban literature (in Spanish).
Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes
Cuba's National Museum of Fine Arts


Ballet
Ballet Nacional de Cuba
The celebrated National Ballet of Cuba, founded in 1948.
Rosario Cárdenas
Site about the director and choreographer of the dance company Danza Combinatoria.

Cinema
Cubacine. El Portal del Cine Cubano
Site about Cuban cinematics.

National Library
Biblioteca Nacional José Martí
National Library of Cuba "José Martí" (in Spanish).

Ministerio de Cultura
official website of the Ministerio de Cultura de la República de Cuba (in Spanish).
 
National Ballet of Cuba
National Ballet of Cuba © Cubanacan
 
Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes
National Museum of Fine Arts © CubaInfo

Business & Economy

Cámara de Comercio de la Republica de Cuba
Official website of Cuba's Chamber of Commerce (in Spanish).


Transportation
Airline
Cubana
Cubana de Aviación, Cubana Airlines serves national and international destinations in the Caribbean and the Americas.


 
cuba-pictures.com
Horse-drawn carriage in old Havana
© Cuba-pictures.com, David Stanley

Destination Cuba - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Cuba: Pinar del Río, Havanna, Varadero, Cayo Largo, Cienfuegos, Trinidad de Cuba, Jardínes del Rey, Santa Lucía de Cuba, Holguín, Santiago de Cuba.
Find accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, cruising, diving, tours and much more.

Oficina Nacional de Información Turística
Travel and Tourism Cuba, the official Tourist guide to Cuba.

Cubaweb
Another official Tourist guide to Cuba.

CubaInfo
Some Cuba information by the Tourist Office of Cuba, Frankfurt.
Cubanacan
Site of the biggest tourism organisation of Cuba with extensive information on travel and tourism in Cuba.
Cuba-Pictures.com
This gallery introduces the 14 provinces of Cuba by a collection of 126 travel photos taken by David Stanley.
CubaSi.cu
General country and travel information.

Hotel
Hotel National
Havana's most famous 5 star hotel with sixty years of history.


 

Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Education

Academia de Ciencias de Cuba
The Academy of Science of Cuba.
Biblioteca Nacional "José Martí"
The National Library of Cuba. (Spanish)
Universidad Cubana
Site about the Cuban Higher Education system by the Ministerio de Educación Superior (in Spanish)
Universidad de La Habana
The University of Havana, founded in 1728, greatest and oldest university in the Caribbean.
 
 

Environment & Nature

Cuba: Wild Island of the Caribbean
PBS features about Cuba's nature.
The Nature of Cuba
Smithsonian Magazin article about Cuba's nature.

 
 

History

History of Cuba
Cuba's history at a glance.

 
 

Search

Cubaweb
Cuba Directory.

LANIC: Cuba
Directory of Cuba online information.

Open Directory Project: Cuba

Additional Information on Cuba

Background Notes: Cuba

BBC Country Profile: Cuba

Wikipedia: Cuba

The World Factbook -- Cuba
 
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Actually, there are more than five colors,

Baron de Coubertin would have loved to use them all.

Why is it, that Gay and Lesbian people still are victims of persecution, harassment, and assaults occasioning actual bodily harm or worse?
Our world would be much poorer and colder without the creativity and ingenuity of the colorful LGBT* culture.
So, get up, stand up, and don't let it happen again and again and again.

Nature made sure, that all men are able to love each other without distinction of gender. This ability empowers humans to care for and to help each other. Natures gift simply secures the survival of the species.
But in some societies this natural law has been neglected by religions, governments and other interest groups in favour for better controllable straight-laced communities.

But if you know what life is worth, You will look for yours on earth
(lyrics from the song Get Up, Stand Up)
Bob Marley



* LGBT - acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender

Declaration of Human Rights

Article I
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.