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Map of Washington (WA)

Panorama of Mount Rainier, also known as Tahoma or Tacoma, an active stratovolcano in southwestern Washington State
Panorama of Mount Rainier, also known as Tahoma or Tacoma, an active stratovolcano in southwestern Washington State and the highest mountain in the Cascade Range. Mount Rainier is considered one of the most dangerous volcanoes in the world, as the probability of an eruption in the near future is high.
Image: Michael

Washington State Flag
Washington State Flag

About Washington

Location map of Washington state USA
Where in the United States is Washington state? Location map of the State of Washington in the US.
Washington is the northwestern-most state in the contiguous United States. It borders the Canadian province of British Columbia along the 49th parallel north, Idaho in the east, and the Pacific Ocean in the west.
The Columbia River defines a long section of the state's border with Oregon in the south.

The United States acquired the area through a treaty with Great Britain in 1846. The Washington Territory was organized from part of Oregon Territory on 2nd March 1853; it included all of present-day Washington, northern Idaho, and northwestern Montana.

Washington was admitted to the Union as the 42nd state in 1889. The state consists of 39 counties.

Washington State Map
Reference Map of Washington State
General Map of the State of Washington, United States.

The detailed map shows the US state of State of Washington with boundaries, the location of the state capital Olympia, major cities and populated places, rivers and lakes, interstate highways, principal highways, railroads and major airports.

You are free to use the above map for educational and similar purposes; if you publish it online or in print, you need to credit Nations Online Project as the source.

More about Washington State

Some Geography
Washington State topographic regions map
Topographic Map of Washington with prominent Cascade Range in center (click map to enlarge)

The State of Washington covers an area of 184,661 km² (71,298 sq mi) [1], making it slightly larger than half the size of Germany, or slightly smaller than half the size of Japan.

Bays and Straits
Washington state has several distinct geographical regions. Along its northwestern coast, there is the serrated coastline of the Salish Sea and the Puget Sound Basin. A number of bays and straits form a network of coastal waterways and shape the landscape.
Major maritime features are the Strait of Georgia, the Bellingham Bay, the Admiralty Inlet, the Samish Bay, and the Strait of Juan de Fuca, an inlet of the Pacific Ocean. Within the sound are fifty plus islands, the largest are Whidbey, Orcas, San Juan, Fidalgo, and Camano.


Glaciers on the east slopes of Glacier Peak in Washington State
Cool, Chocolate, North Guardian and Dusty Glaciers (left to right) on the east slopes of Glacier Peak (Dakobed), the stratovolcano in Washington State.
Image: Walter Siegmund

The Cascade Mountain Range divides Washington state into two parts – in the more hilly to mountainous Western Washington and Eastern Washington with the semiarid basalt plain of the Columbia Plateau. The Wenatchee Mountains in the center of the state are a major subrange of the Cascade Range.

Within the Cascade Volcanic Arc are five major volcanoes, and according to the U.S. Geological Survey, they are among the nation's most dangerous.[2]

From north to south: Mount Baker is an active glaciated stratovolcano with a height of 3,286 m (10,781 ft).
Glacier Peak (Dakobed) is one of the most active volcanoes in the state with an elevation of 3,207 m (10,525 ft). Mount Rainier, the massive active stratovolcano is the highest mountain in Washington state at 4,392 m (14,411 ft).
Mount St. Helens, the 2,549 m (8,363 ft) high volcano is particularly known for one of the most disastrous volcanic eruptions in the history of the United States (in 1980).
Mount Adams is a potentially active stratovolcano but it has not erupted in the last 1,000 years.


Ferry on Puget Sound with Cascade Mountain Range in Washington State
A Bainbridge Island Ferry on Puget Sound with the Olympic Mountain Range in the background. The State of Washington has the largest ferry system in the United States with 20 terminals located around Puget Sound and in the San Juan Islands.
Image: Tiffany Von Arnim

Major rivers in Washington State.
The Columbia River is the largest river in the Pacific Northwest region; its watershed covers a large portion of North West America, including parts of seven states and British Columbia. [3]

The largest tributary of the Columbia River is the Snake River. Other tributaries are the Kettle River, the Spokane River, the Okanagan River, the Crab Creek, and the Yakima River.

The Columbia River system is 'tamed' by more than 60 dams; the primary purpose of these dams is to produce hydroelectricity providing power to homes and industry, admittedly with high environmental costs.

The Skagit River is a river in northwestern Washington which empties into the Puget Sound.


Lake Crescent in Olympic National Park, seen from Pyramid Peak
View of Lake Crescent in the Olympic National Park, seen from Pyramid Peak.
Image: Elwhajeff

The largest lakes in Washington state.

The Columbia Basin Irrigation Project is the largest water reclamation project in the United States; its main facility is the Grand Coulee Dam at the Columbia River which creates the Roosevelt Lake (Franklin D. Roosevelt Lake), the largest lake in Washington state by area. The Potholes Reservoir, also part of the Columbia Basin Irrigation Project, is fed by water from Moses Lake, a lake and reservoir along the course of the Crab Creek. Banks Lake is a 45 km (28 mi) long reservoir and also part of the Columbia Basin Irrigation Project.

Other reservoirs on the Columbia River are Lake Umatilla, Lake Wallula, and Wanapum Lake.

Ross Lake is a large reservoir in the North Cascade mountains formed by the by Ross Dam on the Skagit River.

Natural lakes
Lake Chelan is a popular tourist destination; the narrow fjord-like lake is 80 km (50 mi) long, it was the largest natural lake in the state until the completion of Lake Chelan Dam.
Lake Washington is a large freshwater lake near Seattle.
Ozette Lake is the largest unaltered natural lake in Washington state.
Lake Crescent is a deep lake located within Olympic National Park; the lake is famous for its brilliant blue waters.

World Heritage Site

Trees in Hoh Rain Forest in the Olympic National Park, Washington State
Primeval forest in Hoh Rain Forest in the Olympic National Park, official website a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Image: Goldom
UNESCO designated the Olympic National Park official website as an International Biosphere Reserve in 1976, and in 1981 as a World Heritage Site.

The Olympic National Park on the Olympic Peninsula offers the longest undeveloped wilderness coastline in the contiguous United States.

To the east of the coast rise the Olympic Mountains, part of the Pacific Coast Ranges, glacier-clad, steep-sided peaks within a vast intact old growth forest, interspersed with alpine meadows.

Eleven major rivers radiate outwards to all sides from the mountain range and drain the Olympics.

The highest peak is Mount Olympus at 2,432 m (7,980 ft).


Washington State Capitol building in Olympia
A rendered image of the Washington State Capitol building in Olympia, the state's capital city. The Legislative Building houses the government of Washington State.
Image: Google
Washington state has a population of 7.7 million people (2021 est.). [4]

Capital is Olympia, the largest city is Seattle; the largest urban area is Metro Seattle (Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, with a population of nearly 4 million people).

Other major cities are Spokane, Tacoma, Vancouver (WA), Bellevue, Kent, and Everett.

Race and Ethnic groups
The population of Washington State is composed of White alone 67.5%, Hispanic or Latino 13%, Asian 9.6%, African American 4.4%, and Native American 1.9%. [5]


Cities and Towns in Washington

Downtown Seattle in Washington State
Downtown Seattle, the center of the largest city in Washington State, with a Bainbridge Island ferry in the foreground.
Image: Jamies

The map shows the location of following cities and towns in Washington: Capital city: Olympia (48,000)

Largest cities in Washington state
The 10 largest cities in Washington state:

1. Seattle 745,000
2. Spokane 219,190
3. Tacoma 216,279
4. Vancouver 183,012
5. Bellevue 147,600
6. Kent (in the Seattle–Tacoma metroplex) 129,618
7. Everett 111,262
8. Renton 102,153
9. Federal Way 97,044
10. Yakima 93,884

Source: Population figures est. 2018

By far the busiest airport in Washington state is Seattle–Tacoma International Airport (IATA code: SEA); it is the largest airport in the Pacific Northwest region by number of passengers. In 2019, more than 24 million people used Seattle-Tacoma Airport.

Other major airports are:
Spokane International Airport (Geiger Field; IATA code: GEG), Bellingham International Airport (IATA code: BLI), and the Tri-Cities Airport in Pasco (IATA code: PSC).

Other cities and towns in Washington: Aberdeen, Anacortes, Battle Ground, Bellingham, Blaine, Bremerton, Camas, Centralia, Chehalis, Chelan, Cheney, Clarkston, Colfax, Colville, Coulee City, Dayton, Ellensburg, Enumclaw, Ephrata, Federal Way, Forks, Goldendale, Grand Coulee, Hoquiam, Kelso, Kennewick, Lacey, Lakewood, Longview, Lynnwood, Marysville, Morton, Moses Lake, Mount Vernon, Newport, Oak Harbor, Omak, Oroville, Othello, PascoIlwaco, Port Angeles, Pullman, Puyallup, Quincy, Raymond, Redmond, Renton, Republic, Richland, Ritzville, Seattle, South Bend, Spokane Valley, Toppenish, Twisp, Walla Walla, Wenatchee, Wilbur, Winthrop, and Yakima.

Seattle Current Weather Conditions





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