Northern lights, also known as Aurora borealis, over the Lyngen fjord in Troms county of Norway.
Image: Simo Räsänen
|Northern Europe refers to the portion of Europe to the north of Western Europe, the English Channel, and the Baltic Sea; it also includes the Baltic republics of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.
According to the United Nations Population Division, approximately 105 million people live in Northern Europe (in 2019).
See also: Map of Northern Europe.
|* Denmark||5,814||Denmark Map||Copenhagen|
|* Estonia||1,304||Estonia Map||Tallinn|
|Faroe Islands (DK)||50||Faroe Is. Map||Tórshavn|
|* Finland||5,561||Finland Map||Helsinki|
|Greenland (DK)||56||Greenland Map||Nuuk (Godthab)|
|+ Iceland||341||Iceland Map||Reykjavik|
|* Ireland||4,847||Ireland Map||Dublin (City)|
|* Latvia||1,911||Latvia Map||Riga|
|* Lithuania||2,864||Lithuania Map||Vilnius|
|Northern Ireland (UK)||1,885||Ireland Map||Belfast|
|+ Norway||5,401||Norway Map||Oslo|
|Scotland (UK)||5,424||UK Map||Edinburgh
|* Sweden||10,053||Sweden Map||Stockholm|
|* United Kingdom||66,959||UK Map||London
|Wales (UK)||3,125||UK Map||Cardiff|
Image: Gürkan Myczko
|Western Europe is the western part of Europe; it is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean in the west, the English Channel and the North Sea to the north, and by the Alps in the south.
According to the United Nations Population Division, approximately 194 million people live in Central Europe (in 2019).
|* Austria||8,766||Austria Map||Vienna (Wien)|
|* Belgium||11,563||Belgium Map||Brussels|
|* France||65,481||France Map||Paris|
|* Germany||82,439||Germany Map||Berlin|
|* Luxembourg||597||Luxembourg Map||Luxembourg|
|* Netherlands||17,133||Netherlands Map||The Hague, Amsterdam|
|+ Switzerland||8,608||Switzerland Map||Bern - Zürich|
Image: kk nationsonline.org
|Conventionally Eastern Europe is the geographical region east of Germany and west of the Ural Mountains. The United Nations geoscheme lists ten countries including the former Eastern bloc countries of Poland, Czechia, and Slovakia (formerly Czechoslovakia), Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria, the former Soviet republics of Belarus and Ukraine, as well as European Russia.
According to the United Nations Population Division, approximately 290 million people live in Eastern Europe (in 2019).
|* Bulgaria||6,989||Bulgaria Map||Sofia|
|* Czech Republic||10,631||Czechia Map||Prague|
|* Hungary||9,655||Hungary Map||Budapest|
|* Poland||38,028||Poland Map||Warsaw|
|* Romania||19,483||Romania Map||Bucharest|
|Russian Federation||143,896||European Russia Map||Moscow|
|* Slovakia||5,451||Slovakia Map||Bratislava|
Image: kk nationsonline.org
|Southern Europe or Mediterranean Europe refers to the mainly subtropical southern portion of the continent. The region is bounded by the Mediterranean Sea in the south. There are 13 sovereign countries in Southern Europe; seven of those states are members of the European Union.
In 2019 an estimated 152 million people live in Southern Europe (not including the population of Southern France and East Thrace.)
|Andorra||77||Andorra la Vella|
|Bosnia & Herzegovina||3,502||Bosnia & Herzegovina Map||Sarajevo|
|Croatia (Hrvatska)||4,140||Croatia Map||Zagreb|
|* Cyprus||1,198||Cyprus Map||Nicosia (Lefkosia)|
|* Greece||11,125||Greece Map||Athens|
|* Italy||59,217||Italy Map||Rome - Milan|
|North Macedonia, Rep. of||2,087||Macedonia Map||Skopje|
|* Portugal||10,255||Portugal Map||Lisbon|
|San Marino||34||San Marino|
|* Slovenia||2,082||Slovenia Map||Ljubljana|
|* Spain||46,441||Spain Map||Madrid|
|Turkey (East Thrace)||1,000||Turkey Map||Ankara - Istanbul|
|Vatican City State||1||Holy See Map||Vatican City|