#PulseofEurope - Set a Mark 4 Europe

One World
Nations Online

Home  Earth  Continents Europe

Countries by Continents
___ Countries of Europe

Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, United Kingdom
Windsor Castle, one of the official residences of the British Royal Family at Windsor in the English county of Berkshire.
Image: Stuart

Some Facts about Europe

Europe is geographically a large peninsula of the western part of the Eurasian supercontinent, plus some islands like Iceland or the British Isles with the UK and Ireland. The European continent, despite it has no clear geographical or geological boundary in east, is by convention 'separated' from Asia by the Ural Mountains.

Area: 10.18 million km² (3,930,000  sq mi), the area is shared by 50 countries.

Population: 741 million people live in Europe (in 2016, including more than 1 million refuges).

Highest Points:
1. Mount Elbrus in the European part of Russia at 5,642 m (18 510 ft.) is the highest mountain in Europe;
2. Shkhara, a mountain in Georgia in the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range at 5,201 m (17,060 ft)
3. Mont Blanc, France-Italy: 4,807m (15,771 ft.).

Largest Lakes: Lake Lagoda is the largest lake entirely in Europe with a surface area of 17,700 km², the lake is located northeast of St Petersburg, Russia, Lake Onega located northeast of Lake Lagoda in European Russia has a surface area of 9,700 km². Lake Vänern in Sweden and Lake Saimaa in Finland.
Lake Balaton in Hungary is the largest lake in Central Europe with a surface area of 592 km².

Longest Rivers:
1. Volga (3,690 km (2,293 miles), the Volga River flows through central Russia and into the Caspian Sea.
2. Danube 2,850 km (1,770 miles), longest river in the European Union region flows through 10 countries.

 Languages of Europe: English, French, German, Greek, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Nordic Languages, East European languages.

Capital Cities of Europe
Links to Europe's capitals.

Searchable Maps of Countries and Capital Cities of Europe

Flags of Europe
European national flags.

Map of Europe
Political map of Member States of the European Union and EFTA, with major cities and capitals.
Map of Central and Eastern Europe
Political map of Central and Eastern Europe.
Map of the Mediterranean Region
Map of countries around the Mediterranean Sea and the Black sea.
Map of Scandinavia
Map of countries on the Scandinavian Peninsula.
Map of the Baltic Sea Area
Map of countries around the Baltic Sea.
Map of Iberian Peninsula
Topographic Map of the Iberian Peninsula (Spain and Portugal).

Keywords: Countries of Europe, European nations, travel Europe, destination Europe, visit Europe, population of Europe, capitals of Europe, Central Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Eastern Europe
European Flag at Cologne Cathedral
European Flag in front of Cologne Cathedral.

Bookmark/share this page

Map of Countries in Europe
Map of Countries in Europe

States and Territories of Europe

(as used by the United Nations when categorizing geographic subregions)

Eastern Europe

  Country Population Maps Capital City
Largest City
   Belarus 9,505,200 Belarus Map Minsk Belarusian Ruble
* Bulgaria 7,153,000 Bulgaria Map Sofia Lev
* Czech Republic 10,565,000 Czechia Map Prague Czech Koruna
* Hungary 9,849,000 Hungary Map Budapest Forint
   Moldova 3,550,000 Moldova Map Chisinau Moldovan Leu
* Poland 38,500,000 Poland Map Warsaw Złoty
* Romania 19,870,000 Romania Map Bucharest Romanian Leu
  Russian Federation 146,544,000 Russia Map Moscow Russian Ruble
* Slovakia 5,421,000 Slovakia Map Bratislava Euro
   Ukraine 42,700,000 Ukraine Map
Crimea Map
Kiev Hryvnia

Northern Europe

  Country Population Maps Capital City
Largest City
* Denmark 5,740,000 Denmark Map Copenhagen Danish Krone
* Estonia 1,313,000 Estonia Map Tallinn Euro
   Faroe Islands (DK) 49,500 Faroe Is. Map Tórshavn Faroese Króna
* Finland 5,491,627 Finland Map Helsinki Euro
   Greenland (DK) 56,186 Greenland Map Nuuk (Godthab) Danish Krone
+ Iceland 332,529 Iceland Map Reykjavik Icelandic Króna
* Ireland 4,635,000 Ireland Map Dublin (City) Euro
* Latvia 1,953,000 Latvia Map Riga Euro
* Lithuania 2,890,000 Lithuania Map Vilnius Euro
   Northern Ireland (UK) 1.840.500 Ireland Map Belfast Pound Sterling
+ Norway 5,214,00 Norway Map Oslo Norwegian Krone
   Scotland (UK) 5 200,000 UK Map Edinburgh
Pound Sterling
* Sweden 9,753,627 Sweden Map Stockholm Swedish Krona
* United Kingdom 66,000,000 UK Map London
Birmingham, Manchester
Pound Sterling
   Wales (UK) 2 750 000 UK Map Cardiff Pound Sterling

Southern Europe

  Country Population Maps Capital City
Largest City
   Albania 2,890,000 Albania Map Tirana Lek
   Andorra 71,700   Andorra la Vella Euro
   Bosnia & Herzegovina 3,530,000 Sarajevo Convertible Mark
   Croatia (Hrvatska) 4,225,000 Croatia Map Zagreb Croatian Kuna
* Cyprus 848,300 Cyprus Map Nicosia (Lefkosia) Euro / Turkish lira
   Gibraltar (UK) 32,200   Gibraltar Gibraltar Pound
* Greece 11,533,000 Greece Map Athens Euro
  Vatican City State 800 Holy See Map Vatican City Euro
* Italy 60,796,000 Italy Map Rome - Milan Euro
   Macedonia, Rep. of 2,067,000 Macedonia Map Skopje Macedonian Denar
* Malta 429,000 Valletta Euro
   Montenegro 622,000 Montenegro Map Podgorica Euro
* Portugal 10,341,000 Portugal Map Lisbon Euro
   San Marino 33,100   San Marino Euro
   Serbia 7,076,000 Serbia Map Belgrade Serbian Dinar
* Slovenia 2,064,241 Slovenia Map Ljubljana Euro
* Spain 46,439,800 Spain Map Madrid Euro
   Turkey 78,741,000 Turkey Map Ankara - Istanbul Turkish Lira

Western Europe

  Country Population Maps Capital City
Largest City
* Austria 8,740,000 Austria Map Vienna (Wien) Euro
* Belgium 11,268,000 Belgium Map Brussels Euro
* France 64,513,000 France Map Paris Euro
* Germany 81,771,000 Germany Map Berlin Euro
+ Liechtenstein 37,600 Vaduz Swiss Franc
* Luxembourg 576,200 Luxembourg Map Luxembourg Euro
   Monaco 38,400 Monaco Euro
* Netherlands 16,909,000 Netherlands Map The Hague, Amsterdam Euro
+ Switzerland 8,327,600 Switzerland Map Bern - Zürich Swiss Franc

* Member States of the European Union (EU)
+ Member States of European Free Trade Association (EFTA)

Actual Population see:  Population by Country
A List of up-to-date population figures from the most to the least populated countries in the world.

Related Categories:
World Population
List of population figures of the most populated countries, and the most densely populated countries in the world.
World Currencies

Other Continents:

Africa The Americas Asia Oceania

Official Sites of Europe

European Union
Gateway to the European Union.

A Constitution for Europe
Official information on the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe.

The European Parliament
The European Parliament represents the peoples of the States brought together in the European Community.

European Commission
The European Commission embodies and upholds the general interest of the Union.

Council of the European Union
The Council is the main decision-making body of the European Union. It is one of the two chambers of the EU's legislative branch, the other is the European Parliament.

Court of Justice of the European Communities
The Court of Justice of the European Communities.

European Central Bank
The European Central Bank and the national central banks together constitute the Euro system, the central banking system of the euro area.

Continent Guide

The Official Gateway to Europe, presented by the European Travel Commission and its 33 member government tourist offices.

European Cultural Foundation
The European Cultural Foundation initiates and supports cultural expression and interaction that empower people to realize a shared future in Europe.

Council of Europe
The Council of Europe is based in Strasbourg (France), it comprises 47 countries of Europe including amongst others Azerbaijan, Georgia, the Russian Federation, Ukraine, and Turkey. The Council is an international organization promoting cooperation between all countries of Europe in the areas of legal standards, human rights, democratic development, the rule of law and cultural cooperation. It was founded in 1949. Note: Not to be confused with the European Council (Council of the European Union)

European Free Trade Association (EFTA)
The EFTA Convention established a free trade area among its Member States in 1960.

OSCE - Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
The organization with 55 participating States from Europe, Central Asia and North America is active in early warning, conflict prevention, crisis management and post-conflict rehabilitation.  

 Boat Mediterranian Sea
Mediterranean Sea

Torre Guaita - San Marino
Torre Guaita - San Marino

Grindelwald, Switzerland
Grindelwald, Switzerland