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Hoodoos at Ah-Shi-Sle-Pah Wilderness Area. The water scarce badland area of rolling water-carved clay hills is located in northwestern New Mexico.
Image: John Fowler

___ Reference Maps of New Mexico (NM)

About New Mexico

New Mexico Flag
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Location map of New Mexico state USA
Where in the United States is New Mexico? Location map of New Mexico in the US.

New Mexico is a landlocked state in the Mountain Division in the south-western US, bordered (clockwise) by Colorado on the north, Oklahoma and Texas on the east, Chihuahua and Sonora, states of Mexico on south, and Arizona on the west.

The Southwest region of today USA was inhabited by Native American people for millenia. Clovis, Folsom, Cochise, Anasazi, and Pueblo Indian societies successive called the area home.

New Mexico Topographic Regions Map
Topographic Map of New Mexico showing the location of the state's mountain ranges, the Sangre de Cristo Mountains, the Sacramento and San Andres mountain range, the Black Range, the Zuni and the Chuska mountains. (click map to enlarge)

Colonized by Spain in 1598, Juan de Oñate leads the Spanish colonization of the province of New Mexico. In 1821 Mexico wins independence from Spain. In 1846 United States forces invaded and occupied New Mexico. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the war between the United States and Mexico in 1848. In 1850 New Mexico becomes a US territory. In the Gadsden Purchase of 1854, the US pays Mexico $10 million for 76,845 km² (29,670 sq mi) of Mexican territory that becomes part of Arizona and New Mexico. Eventually in 1912 New Mexico became the 47th state of the Union.

New Mexico occupies a total area of 314,917 km² (121,590 sq mi) [1] , making it the 5th largest US state by area, compared it is about the size of Poland or slightly smaller than half the size of Texas.

Highest Elevation
Highest point in the state is Wheeler Peak at 4013.3 m (13,167 ft) in the Sangre de Cristo Mountains, a subrange of the Rocky Mountains.

Main Rivers
Main rivers are the Rio Grande (New Mexico's longest river) and the Pecos River.

Best of New Mexico
Dunes at White Sands National Monument, New Mexico
Dunes of gleaming white gypsum crystals at White Sands National Monument, New Mexico.
Image: Jennifer Willbur
New Mexico's nickname is Land of Enchantment, its landscape offers a variety of appropriate amazing sights, from white deserts to heavily forested mountain wildernesses and snow-capped peaks, and from Aztec Ruins to Gila Cliff Dwellings and petroglyphs in New Mexico's West Mesa.

Tourism is one of the main pillars of New Mexico's economy. Highlights on a tourist's itinerary are the White Sands National Monument with its rare pure-white gypsum sand dunes in the northern Chihuahuan Desert (

Bandelier National Monument, human settlements from around 11,000 years ago (

The Petroglyph National Monument, an archaeological site with thousands of prehistoric Native American drawings near Albuquerque (

Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument, in the Gila Wilderness, best of cliff dwelling ever (

World Heritage Sites
New Mexico has not one but three outstanding UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Starry Night over Chaco, video clip about the world's latest international Dark Sky Park at Chaco Culture National Historical Park.

1. Chaco Culture
Chaco Culture National Historical Park in San Juan and McKinley counties. The site is registered as Chaco Culture official website

Chaco Culture is a network of archaeological sites in northwestern New Mexico which preserves outstanding elements of a vast pre-Columbian cultural complex that dominated much of what is now the southwestern United States from the mid-9th to early 13th centuries.
For over 2,000 years, Pueblo peoples occupied the vast region of the south-western United States. Chaco Canyon, a major center of ancestral Pueblo culture between 850 and 1250, was a focus for ceremonials, trade and political activity for the prehistoric Four Corners area.

Chaco Culture National Historical Park (National Park Service

On 19 August 2013 Chaco Culture National Historical Park became the world's newest international Dark Sky Park. [2]

2. Taos Pueblo
Ruins of an ancient Chacoan city in Chaco Culture National Historical Park in New Mexico
Ruins of an ancient Chacoan city in Chaco Culture National Historical Park in New Mexico. Pueblo Bonito on the right, Pueblo del Arroyo on the left.
Image: Google Maps (Click image to see the map)
Taos Pueblo official website, was a Pueblo Indian settlement from the late 13th and early 14th centuries, consisting of ceremonial buildings and facilities and multi-storey adobe dwellings built in terraced tiers.

The site is situated in the valley of a small tributary of the Rio Grande in northern New Mexico. Taos Pueblo represents a significant stage in the history of urban, community and cultural life, the people of the Pueblo itself claim an aboriginal presence in the Taos Valley since time immemorial.
Taos Pueblo has been continuously inhabited and is the largest of these Pueblos that still exist.

3. Carlsbad Caverns National Park
Carlsbad Caverns National Park
Carlsbad Caverns National Park.
Image: David Sanborn

250 million years ago, during the Permian period, the region of today Carlsbad Caverns National Park official website was the coastline of an inland sea with a plethora of marine life, whose remains formed a reef. The Permian reef deposits are now the rock formation called the Capitan Limestone. [3] The karst landscape in the state of New Mexico comprises over 80 recognized caves. The caves are outstanding because of their size, mode of origin, and the abundance, diversity and beauty of the decorative rock formations within. Geological processes continue to form rare and unique speleothems, like stalactites, stalagmites, flowstones, calcite crystals, cave popcorn (coralloids), and sinter terraces, particularly in Lechuguilla Cave.

Carlsbad Caverns National Park, stalactites and stalagmites in limestone chambers, ingredients to make a great tourist attraction (

The Roundhouse – New Mexico State Capitol in Santa Fe
Rendered image of New Mexico State Capitol in Santa Fe. The "Roundhouse" is the only round state capitol in the United States. The building was designed to resemble the Zia Sun Symbol when viewed from above. Click on the image to see it for yourself.
Image: Google

New Mexico has a population of just 2 million people (est. in 2018) [4], it is among the least densely populated US states (rank 45).

Capital is Santa Fe, largest city is Albuquerque, largest metropolitan area is Albuquerque metropolitan area (pop. 900,000).

Spoken languages are English 64%, Spanish 28%, and Navajo 4%.

Largest airport in the state is Albuquerque International Sunport (IATA code: ABQ).

Cities and Towns in New Mexico

The map shows the location of following cities and towns in New Mexico:

Largest cities in New Mexico with a population of more than 40,000:
Albuquerque (546,000), Las Cruces (98,000), Rio Rancho (87,000), Santa Fe (68,000), Roswell (48,000), Farmington (46,000), South Valley (41,000, part of Albuquerque Metropolitan Area)
Population figures in 2014

Other cities and towns in New Mexico:
Alamogordo, Artesia, Aztec, Belen, Bernalillo, Carlsbad, Carrizozo, Cimarron, Clayton, Clovis, Cuba, Deming, Des Moines, Espanola, Estancia, Fort Sumner, Gallup, Grants, Hatch, Hobbs, Las Vegas, Logan, Lordsburg, Los Alamos, Lovington, Mora, Mosquero, Portales, Raton, Reserve, Santa Rosa, Shiprock, Silver City, Socorro, Springer, Taos, Tierra Amarilla, Truth or Consequences, Tucumcari, Vaughn, Zuni.

Downtown Albuquerque, largest city in New Mexico
Downtown Albuquerque, the largest city in New Mexico is located in the north central part of the state. The city is home to the state's flagship university, the University of New Mexico.
Image: Mike Tungate

The detailed map showing the US state of New Mexico with boundaries, the location of the state capital Santa Fe, major cities and populated places, rivers and lakes, interstate highways, principal highways, and railroads.

You are free to use this map for educational purposes (fair use), please refer to the Nations Online Project.

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Reference Map of New Mexico
Reference Map of New Mexico

Map is based on a state map of The National Atlas of the USA.
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