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Map of New Mexico (NM)

Hoodoos at Ah-Shi-Sle-Pah Wilderness Area
Hoodoos (tent rocks) at Ah-Shi-Sle-Pah Wilderness Area. The water-scarce badland area of rolling water-carved clay hills is located in northwestern New Mexico.
Image: John Fowler
New Mexico Flag
New Mexico State Flag

About New Mexico

Location map of New Mexico state USA
Where in the United States is New Mexico? Location map of New Mexico in the US.

New Mexico is a landlocked state in the Mountain Division of the southwestern United States. It borders (clockwise) Colorado to the north, Oklahoma and Texas to the east, the Mexican states of Chihuahua and Sonora in the south, and Arizona in the west.

Some History
Native Americans inhabited the territory of what is now New Mexico for thousands of years. Clovis, Folsom, Cochise, Anasazi, and Pueblo Indian societies successive called the land their home.

For more than two centuries Santa Fe de Nuevo México was a province of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, the Spanish possessions in Central and North America. It became a territory of Mexico that gained independence from Spain in 1821.
In 1846 United States forces invaded and occupied New Mexico. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the war between the United States and Mexico in 1848. The treaty significantly expanded US territory. The amount of land gained by the United States increased further by the Gadsden Purchase of 1853-54, which added parts of present-day southern Arizona and southwest New Mexico to the United States. On 6 January 1912, New Mexico finally became the 47th state of the United States.

New Mexico State Map
Reference Map of New Mexico
General Map of New Mexico, United States.

The detailed map shows the US state of New Mexico with boundaries, the location of the state capital Santa Fe, major cities and populated places, rivers and lakes, interstate highways, principal highways, and railroads.

You are free to use this map for educational purposes (fair use); please refer to the Nations Online Project.

More about New Mexico State

New Mexico Topographic Regions Map
Topographic Map of New Mexico showing the location of the state's mountain ranges, the Sangre de Cristo Mountains, the Sacramento and San Andres mountain range, the Black Range, the Zuni, and the Chuska mountains. (click map to enlarge)
New Mexico covers an area of 314,917 km² (121,590 sq mi), [1] making it the 5th largest US state. In comparison, it is about the size of Poland or slightly smaller than half the size of Texas.

Highest Elevation
The highest point in the state is Wheeler Peak at 4013.3 m (13,167 ft); nearby Mount Walter is only six meters lower, so the two peaks are often confused with each other. Both mountains are part of the Sangre de Cristo Range, the southernmost mountain range of the Rocky Mountains. The Wheeler Peak Wilderness Area was established to protect local fauna and flora.

Main Rivers
Principal rivers are the Rio Grande (Great River), New Mexico's longest river, and the third-longest in the USA. The Pecos River has its source near Santa Fe and flows over 1490 km through the eastern part of New Mexico.

Best of New Mexico
New Mexico's nickname is Land of Enchantment, its landscape offers a variety of appropriate amazing sights. From white deserts to heavily forested mountain wildernesses and snow-capped peaks, and from Aztec Ruins to Gila Cliff Dwellings and petroglyphs in New Mexico's West Mesa.

Dunes at White Sands National Monument, New Mexico
Dunes of gleaming white gypsum crystals at White Sands National Monument, New Mexico.
Image: Jennifer Willbur

Tourism is one of the main pillars of New Mexico's economy.

Highlights on a tourist's itinerary are the White Sands National Monument with its rare pure-white gypsum dunes in the northern Chihuahuan Desert (

Bandelier National Monument
Human settlements from around 11,000 years ago. The monument protects Ancestral Pueblo archeological sites within a diverse and scenic landscape. (

The Petroglyph National Monument, an archaeological site with thousands of prehistoric Native American drawings near Albuquerque (

Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument, in the Gila Wilderness, best of cliff dwelling ever (

World Heritage Sites

New Mexico has not one but three outstanding UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

M16, Eagle Nebula, image  taken from the Chaco Observatory
Starry Night over Chaco - M16, Eagle Nebula taken from the Chaco Observatory. Chaco Culture National Historical Park Chaco is also known for its limited light pollution and unobstructed view of star constellations and was officially designated as Dark Sky Park in 2013.

1. Chaco Culture
Chaco Culture National Historical Park in San Juan and McKinley counties. The site is registered as Chaco Culture official website

Chaco Culture is a network of archaeological sites in northwestern New Mexico which preserves outstanding elements of a vast pre-Columbian cultural complex that dominated much of what is now the southwestern United States from the mid-9th to early 13th centuries.
For over 2,000 years, Pueblo peoples occupied the vast region of the southwestern United States. Chaco Canyon, a major center of ancestral Pueblo culture between 850 and 1250, was a focus for ceremonials, trade, and political activity for the prehistoric Four Corners area.

Chaco Culture National Historical Park (National Park Service

On 19 August 2013, Chaco Culture National Historical Park became a International Dark Sky Park. [2]

2. Taos Pueblo

Ruins of an ancient Chacoan city in Chaco Culture National Historical Park in New Mexico
Ruins of an ancient Chacoan city in Chaco Culture National Historical Park in New Mexico. Pueblo Bonito on the right, Pueblo del Arroyo on the left.
Image: Google Maps (Click image to see the map)
Taos Pueblo official website was a Pueblo Indian settlement from the late 13th and early 14th centuries, consisting of ceremonial buildings and facilities and multi-story adobe dwellings built in terraced tiers.

The site is situated in the valley of a small tributary of the Rio Grande in northern New Mexico.

Taos Pueblo represents a significant stage in the history of urban, community, and cultural life. Taos Pueblo was a central trading point between the indigenous population along the Rio Grande and their neighbours in the northwest, the Plains Tribes.

Taos Pueblo has been continuously inhabited and is the largest of these Pueblos that still exist.

3. Carlsbad Caverns National Park

Carlsbad Caverns National Park
Carlsbad Caverns National Park.
Image: David Sanborn
250 million years ago, during the Permian period, the region of today Carlsbad Caverns National Park official website was the coastline of an inland sea with a plethora of marine life, whose remains formed a reef. The Permian reef deposits are now the rock formation called the Capitan Limestone. [3]
The karst landscape in the state of New Mexico comprises over 80 recognized caves. The caves are outstanding because of their size, mode of origin, and the abundance, diversity, and beauty of the rock formations within.
Geological processes within the caves continue to form rare and unique rock formations, like stalactites, stalagmites, flowstones, calcite crystals, cave popcorn (coralloids), and sinter terraces, particularly in the Lechuguilla Cave.

Carlsbad Caverns National Park, Stalactites and stalagmites in limestone chambers, ingredients to make a great tourist attraction. (


The Roundhouse – New Mexico State Capitol in Santa Fe
Rendered image of New Mexico State Capitol in Santa Fe. The "Roundhouse" is the only round state capitol in the United States. The building was designed to resemble the Zia Sun Symbol when viewed from above. Click on the image to see it for yourself.
Image: Google

New Mexico has a population of 2 million people (in 2019); [4] it is among the least densely populated US states (rank 45).

The capital is Santa Fe; the largest city is Albuquerque; the largest urban area is the Albuquerque metropolitan area with a population of 918,000 people.

Race and Ethnic groups
The population of New Mexico is composed of Hispanic or Latino 49.3%, Caucasian (white) 36.8%, Native American 11%, African American 2.6%, and Asian 1.8%. [5]

Spoken languages are English 64%, Spanish 28%, and Navajo 4%.

The largest airport in the state is Albuquerque International Sunport (IATA code: ABQ).

Cities and Towns in New Mexico

The map shows the location of following cities and towns in New Mexico:

Largest cities in New Mexico with a population of more than 40,000:
Albuquerque (560,000), Las Cruces (103,000), Rio Rancho (98,000), Santa Fe (84,600), Roswell (47,600), Farmington (44,800), South Valley (41,000, part of Albuquerque Metropolitan Area)
Population figures in 2018

Other cities and towns in New Mexico:
Alamogordo, Artesia, Aztec, Belen, Bernalillo, Carlsbad, Carrizozo, Cimarron, Clayton, Clovis, Cuba, Deming, Des Moines, Espanola, Estancia, Fort Sumner, Gallup, Grants, Hatch, Hobbs, Las Vegas, Logan, Lordsburg, Los Alamos, Lovington, Mora, Mosquero, Portales, Raton, Reserve, Santa Rosa, Shiprock, Silver City, Socorro, Springer, Taos, Tierra Amarilla, Truth or Consequences, Tucumcari, Vaughn, and Zuni.

Downtown Albuquerque, largest city in New Mexico
Downtown Albuquerque, the largest city in New Mexico is located in the north central part of the state. The city is home to the state's flagship university, the University of New Mexico.
Image: Mike Tungate


Weather Conditions Santa Fe:




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20 Most Populous U.S. Cities (in 2018):
1. New York City 2. Los Angeles 3. Chicago 4. Houston 5. Phoenix 6. Philadelphia 7. San Antonio 8. San Diego 9. Dallas 10. San Jose 11. Austin 12. Jacksonville 13. Fort Worth 14. Columbus 15. San Francisco 16. Charlotte 17. Indianapolis 18. Seattle, 19. Denver, 20. Washington D.C.

Other Major U.S. Cities:
Albany, Anchorage, Annapolis, Atlanta, Atlantic City, Augusta, Baltimore, Baton Rouge, Bismarck, Boise, Boston, Carson City, Charleston, WV, Cheyenne, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbia, Concord, Des Moines, Detroit, Dover, DE, El Paso, Frankfort, Harrisburg, Hartford, Helena, Honolulu, Jackson, Jefferson City, Juneau, Kansas City, Lansing, Las Vegas, Lincoln, Little Rock, Long Beach, Madison, Memphis, Miami, Milwaukee, Minneapolis, Montgomery, Montpelier, Nashville, New Orleans, Norfolk, Oklahoma City, Olympia, Orlando, Pierre, Pittsburgh, Portland, Providence, Richmond, VA, Raleigh, Sacramento, St. Louis, St. Paul, Salem (OR), Salt Lake City, Santa Fe, Springfield, Tallahassee, Tampa, Topeka, Trenton, Tucson