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Mystery Valley, part of the Monument Valley, Arizona
The Mystery Valley is a part of the Monument Valley in Arizona.
Image: Bernard Gagnon

___ Reference Maps of Arizona

About Arizona

Flag of Arizona
Time zone: Mountain
UTC −7
Arizona doesn't observe daylight saving time apart from the Navajo Nation

Location map of Arizona state USA
Where in the United States is Arizona? Location map of Arizona in the US.

Arizona is a landlocked US state situated in the southwestern United States, north of Mexico.

The state is bordered by Utah to the north, by New Mexico to the east, to the south by the states of Sonora and Baja California (Mexico), and to the west by California and Nevada.

Short History
The area was colonized by Spain in 1598. Arizona was part of New Spain until 1821, and then part of the short-lived Mexican Empire which became the United Mexican States. In 1846 United States forces invaded and occupied the region then known as New Mexico.

Arizona Topographic Regions Map Topographic Map of Arizona. (Click the map to enlarge)

The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the war between the United States and Mexico in 1848. In 1850 New Mexico became a US territory. In the Gadsden Purchase of 1854, the US pays Mexico $10 million for 76,845 km² (29,670 sq mi) of Mexican territory that becomes part of Arizona and New Mexico.

The area was organized as a US territory in 1863 from lands ceded by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848. Copper was discovered in 1854, and copper mining was Arizona’s chief industry until the 1950s.
Arizona was the 48th state and the last of the contiguous states to be admitted to the Union on 14th February 1912.

Arizona occupies an area of 295,234 km² (113,990 sq mi) [1], compared Arizona would fit into Texas about 2.4 times, the state is slightly smaller than Italy (301,318 km²) or the Philippines (300,000 km²).

Highlights of Arizona's Landscape
Sonoran Desert at Saguaro National Park, Arizona
Sonoran Desert at Saguaro National Park
Image: Joe Parks

Arizona is known for its desert landscape in the southern half.
The Colorado Plateau in the northern part of the state is largely made up of high desert, with scattered areas of forests. Part of the plateau is the Painted Desert and the Petrified Forest National Park.

On the Arizona-Utah state line there is Monument Valley with its well known sandstone buttes, the tallest reaching 300 m (1,000 ft) above the valley floor. The valley has been featured in many movies, especially Western movies.

Highest Elevation
Humphreys Peak is the highest natural point in the state with 3,852 m (12,637 ft) located within the Kachina Peaks Wilderness about 18 km (11 miles) north of Flagstaff.

Major Rivers
Horseshoe Bend of the Colorado River, Arizona
Horseshoe Bend of the Colorado River near the town of Page in Arizona,
Image: Paul Hermans

Major Rivers in Colorado are, the Colorado River, one of the principal rivers of the Southwestern United States, the Little Colorado River, a tributary of the Colorado which provides the principal drainage from the Painted Desert region, and the Gila River, another major tributary of the Colorado River; the Salt River is the largest tributary of the Gila River; the Verde River is a major tributary of the Salt River; the Santa Cruz River in southern Arizona and northern Sonora in Mexico is another major tributary of the Gila River; the Puerco River in northeastern Arizona drains an arid terrain, including parts of the Painted Desert. The Virgin River, a tributary of the Colorado forms the north arm of Lake Mead. The source of the San Francisco River is near Alpine, Arizona, it flows later into the upper Gila River. The San Pedro River in southern Arizona is also a tributary of the Gila River.

Arizona has a dry desert climate with very hot summers and temperate winters.

World Heritage Site
Desert View Watchtower and Grand Canyon on South Rim, Arizona
Desert View Watchtower. The 21 m high stone building is located on the South Rim of the Grand Canyon. The four-story tower was designed by American architect Mary Colter and completed in 1932. The interior contains murals by Fred Kabotie. The upper floors serve as an observation deck from which visitors can view eastern portions of the Grand Canyon.
Image: Vladsinger

Arizona has one UNESCO World Heritage Site. In the north western part of the state is one of America's best known natural landmarks, the Grand Canyon. It is quite certainly the most spectacular gorge on this planet.

The steep-sided canyons of layered bands of red rock is formed by the Colorado River and its tributaries over a period of the past 2 billion years. The canyon is 446 km (277 mi) long, and up to 29 km (18 mi) wide, and in places over 1,500 m (nearly 1 mile) deep.

Grand Canyon National Park UNESCO official website is one of 23 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the US.

Grand Canyon, view from the South Rim
The Grand Canyon, view from the South Rim.
Image: Roger Bolsius

Arizona's State Capitol in Phoenix, Arizona
Rendered image of Arizona's State Capitol in Phoenix. The original Classical Revival building was the seat of Arizona's Territorial government, until Arizona became a state in 1912. The 1901 portion of the Capitol is now maintained as the Arizona Capitol Museum.
Image: Google

The Grand Canyon State (Arizona's nickname) has a population of 7 million (2017 est.) [2]; capital and largest city is Phoenix, second-largest city is Tucson with more than half a million people, largest metro area is Phoenix Metropolitan Area (pop. 4.2 million).

Other major cities (pop. more than 200,000) are Mesa, Chandler, Glendale, Scottsdale, and Gilbert.

Busiest airport is Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport (IATA code: PHX).

The detailed map below shows the US state of Arizona with boundaries, the location of the state capital Phoenix, major cities and populated places, streams and lakes, interstate highways, principal highways, and railroads.

Cities in Arizona
Aerial view of Downtown Phoenix with Piestewa Peak, Arizona
Aerial view of Arizona's capital Phoenix with Piestewa Peak in background, the second highest peak in the Phoenix Mountains.
Image: Melikamp

Map shows the location of following cities and towns in Arizona:

Major cities are: Phoenix, Tucson, Scottsdale, Tempe, Mesa, Glendale.

Other cities and towns in Arizona:
Ajo, Alpine, Ash Fork, Benson, Bisbee, Buckeye, Bullhead City, Camp Verde, Casa Grande, Chandler, Chinle, Clifton, Colorado City, Cottonwood, Douglas, Eagar, Eloy, Flagstaff, Florence, Gila Bend, Globe, Grand Canyon, Green Valley, Holbrook, Kayenta, Kingman, Lake Havasu City, Lukeville, Marana, Miami, Nogales, Oro Valley, Page, Parker, Payson, Peach Springs, Polacca, Prescott, Quartzite, Safford, San Luis, Sedona, Sells, Show Low, Sierra Vista, Snowflake, St Johns, Superior, Tombstone, Tuba City, Wickenburg, Willcox, Williams, Window Rock (Capital of Navajo Nation), Winslow, and Yuma.

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Reference Map of Arizona
Reference Map of Arizona

You are free to use this map for educational purposes (fair use), please refer to the Nations Online Project.

Map is based on a state map of The National Atlas of the USA.
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More about Arizona and the United States:

Cities -- Information about and a searchable map of:
Arizona's capital city Phoenix

U.S. States:
US State Capitals
Profile of the 50 U.S. States
Maps of the 50 U.S. States
Flags of the 50 U.S. States
Area of the 50 U.S. States
Population of the 50 U.S. States

Map of the USA
Reference Map of Mainland USA.
Searchable map/satellite view of the United States.
Time zone map of the USA
Major US Airports
Most populated cities in the U.S.
United States Country Profile

Political Map of North America
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Most Populous U.S. Cities:
1. New York City | 2. Los Angeles | 3. Chicago | 4. Houston | 5. Philadelphia
6. Phoenix | 7. San Antonio | 8. San Diego | 9. Dallas | 10. San Jose
11. Austin | 12. Jacksonville | 13. San Francisco | 14. Indianapolis | 15. Columbus

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