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The US state of Hawaii is an island group located in the central Pacific Ocean southwest of the continental United States, about 4,400 km (2,800 mi) south of Alaska, and 4,200 km (2,600 mi) north of Tahiti (French Polynesia).
The Hawaiian Islands were first settled as early as 400 C.E., when Polynesians from the Marquesas Islands, 3550 km (2200 mi) away, traveled to Hawaii's Big Island in canoes. 
The islands were later 'discovered' by Captain James Cook in 1778, who named the archipelago the Sandwich Islands.
The anti-monarchist and pro-American group sought annexation by the United States, but then incumbent President Grover Cleveland rejected their requests. In 1898, however, President McKinley and the American public were more favorably disposed toward acquiring the islands. 60 years later Hawaii was admitted as the 50st state, admission to the Union on the 21st August 1959.
The Aloha State (its official nickname) is made up of hundreds of islands spread over 2,400 km (1,500 mi). The total area of the islands is 28,313 km² (10,932 sq mi) , compared it is slightly smaller than Belgium (30,528 km²) or twice the size of the Bahamas. Compared with other US states, Hawaii is slightly larger than New Jersey, but it would fit into Texas 25 times.
On the map you see the eight largest islands, the "main islands" located at the southeastern end of the archipelago. In order from the northwest to southeast, they are Niihau (Ni'ihau, The Forbidden Isle), Kauai (Kaua'i, The Garden Isle), Oahu (O'ahu, The Gathering Place), Molokai (Moloka'i, The Friendly Isle), Lanai (Lānaʻi, The Pineapple Isle), Kahoolawe (Kaho'olawe, The Target Isle), Maui (The Valley Isle), and Hawaii (Hawai'i, The Big Island).
Image: Christopher Michel
Main Geographical Features of Hawaii
The geographical features of Hawaii are just stunning. The islands rise from the floor of the abyssal Northeast Pacific Basin that has an average depth of 5,000 m. The Hawaiian Islands are in fact the exposed peaks of the Hawaiian-Emperor seamount chain, a huge undersea mountain range formed by volcanic activity over a hotspot in the mantle of Earth.
Hawaii’s tallest mountain is Mauna Kea, a sleeping volcano that rises 4,205 m (13,796 ft) from sea level, but if measured from its base underwater to its peak, its height is 10,203 m (33,476 ft), making it the highest mountain on Earth. 
World Heritage Sites
Hawaii has not one but two outstanding UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park , an American National Park's featuring two main attractions, two active superlative volcanoes on the island of Hawaii, Kīlauea and Mauna Loa.
Image: Howard Ignatius
Mauna Loa is the world's most massive shield volcano, and Kīlauea is one of the world's most active volcanoes. The property serves as an excellent example of island building through volcanic processes. Volcanic eruptions have created a constantly changing landscape, and the lava flows reveal surprising geological formations.
Rare birds and endemic species can be found there, as well as forests of giant ferns.
Papahānaumokuākea is a vast and isolated cluster of small, low lying islands and atolls, with their surrounding ocean, the protected area begins roughly 250 km to the northwest of the main Hawaiian Archipelago.
The Marine National Monument is one of the world's largest protected areas with a length of over some 1930 km. The area has deep cosmological and traditional significance for living Native Hawaiian culture as an embodiment of the Hawaiian concept of kinship between people and the natural world.
Hawaii has a population of 1.43 million people (2018 est) . Capital, principal port, and largest city is Honolulu.
Hawaii's largest metropolitan area is the Island of Oahu (the third largest of the Hawaiian Islands is home to about two-thirds of Hawaii's entire population). Official languages are English and Hawaiian.
By far busiest airport in the state is Honolulu's Daniel K. Inouye International Airport (IATA code: HNL). Other major airports are: Maui's Kahului Airport (IATA code: OGG), Kona International Airport at Keahole (IATA code: KOA), and Kauai's Lihue Airport (IATA code: LIH).
Cities, Towns, and Villages in Hawaii
Map shows the location of following cities and towns in Hawaii:
Largest cities: Honolulu (capital city; pop. est. 360,000 in 2018), East Honolulu (area directly east of the center of Honolulu; pop. 50,000), Pearl City (along the north shore of Pearl Harbor; pop. 47,700), Hilo (second largest city (pop. 43,300),
Image: Edmund Garman
Other cities and towns:
Captain Cook, Haleiwa, Hana, Hanalei, Hawi, Honokaa, Honolulu (most populous city, principal port and capital of Hawaii), Kahului, Kailua, Kailua, Kalaupapa, Kaneohe, Kapaa, Kaunakakai, Kekaha, Lahaina, Laie, Lanai City, Lihue, Maunaloa, Mountain View, Pahala, Pahoa, Pearl City, Puuwai, Wahiawa, Waialua, Wailuku, and Waimea.
The detailed map below shows the US state of Hawaii with its islands, the state capital Honolulu, major cities and populated places, volcanoes, rivers, and roads.
You are free to use this map for educational purposes (fair use), please refer to the Nations Online Project.
Reference Map of Hawaii
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