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Admiralty Arch with The Mall, London, England
Admiralty Arch, a landmark building between Buckingham Palace and Trafalgar Square in London, England.
Image: Diego Delso

___ United Kingdom

National flag of the  United Kingdom
British Union Flag The Union Jack
Location map of the United Kingdom. Where in Europe is the United Kingdom?
Location map of the United Kingdom

Destination Great Britain, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom or UK or Britain, or even England, a country in northwestern Europe that comprises England, Wales, Scotland, and the province of Northern Ireland which occupies the northeastern part of the island of Ireland, and there is the country's only land border, the one with the Republic of Ireland.

The UK is separated from Continental Europe by the English Channel. The kingdom is situated on an archipelago known as the British Isles with the main islands of Great Britain and Ireland, and the surrounding island groups of the Hebrides, the Shetlands, the Orkneys, the Isle of Man and the Isle of Wight. The islands are located southeast of Iceland, west of Norway and Denmark, between the North Sea in east and the North Atlantic Ocean in west. The UK shares maritime borders with Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, and the Faroe Islands (Denmark).

With an area of 242,900 km² the United Kingdom itself is not quite half the size of Spain, or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Oregon.

The UK has a population of 65.1 million people (in 2015), capital and largest city is London. Spoken language is, you can guess, British English, ok there is also Welsh, Irish Gaelic, and Scottish Gaelic.

The UK was one of the 28 member states of the European Union (EU), but since a kind of populist referendum in June 2016, the UK will in a little while not anymore be a member of the EU. What a pity!

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Country Profile

Once a 'great' nation, at its zenith, the British Empire stretched over one-fourth of the earth's surface.

Now four constituent nations form the United Kingdom (England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland). Great Britain, the dominant industrial and maritime power of the 19th century, played a leading role in developing parliamentary democracy, in advancing literature, science and later pop music.

The first half of the 20th century saw the UK's strength seriously depleted in two World Wars. The second half witnessed the dismantling of the Empire and the UK rebuilding itself into a modern and prosperous European nation. As one of five permanent members of the UN Security Council, a founding member of NATO, and of the Commonwealth, the UK pursues a global approach to foreign policy; it currently is weighing the degree of its integration with continental Europe.

Still a member of the EU, it chose to remain outside of the European Monetary Union for the time being. Constitutional reform is also a significant issue in the UK. Regional assemblies with varying degrees of power opened in Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland in 1999.


Official Name:
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
conventional short form: United Kingdom
abbreviation: UK

ISO Country Code: GB
Internet identification code: uk

Time Zone: Western European Time Zone (WET). Western European Standard Time is Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).
Local Time = UTC No UTC offset
Daylight Saving Time (DST) March - October (UTC +1)
Actual Time: Mon-Oct-21  09:15

Country Calling Code: +44

Capital City: London (metropolitan pop. about 7.8 million)

Other Cities:
Belfast, Birmingham, Bradford, Bristol, Cardiff, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Leeds, Liverpool, Manchester, Sheffield.

Constitutional monarchy.
Constitution: Unwritten; partly statutes, partly common law and practice.

Location: Western Europe, islands including the northern one-sixth of the island of Ireland between the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea, northwest of France
Area: 243,000 km² (93,000 sq. mi.)
Terrain: 30% arable, 50% meadow and pasture, 12% waste or urban, 7% forested, 1% inland water.
Land use: 25% arable, 46% meadows and pastures, 10% forests and woodland, 19% other.

Very British: more than one-half of the days are overcast; generally mild and temperate; moderated by prevailing southwest winds over the North Atlantic Current.

Nationality: Noun--Briton(s). Adjective--British.
Population: 65.1 million (2015)
Major ethnic groups: British, Irish, West Indian, South Asian.
Major religions: Church of England (Anglican), Roman Catholic, Church of Scotland (Presbyterian), Muslim.
Major languages: English, Welsh, Irish Gaelic, Scottish Gaelic.
Literacy: 99%.

Natural resources: Coal, oil, natural gas, tin, limestone, iron ore, salt, clay, chalk, gypsum, lead, silica.

Agriculture products: Cereals, oilseed, potatoes, vegetables; cattle, sheep, poultry; fish.

Industries: Machine tools, electric power equipment, automation equipment, railroad equipment, shipbuilding, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, electronics and communications equipment, metals, chemicals, coal, petroleum, paper and paper products, food processing, textiles, clothing, and other consumer goods.

Exports - commodities: manufactured goods, fuels, chemicals; food, beverages, tobacco

Exports - partners: USA 14.6%, Germany 10.1%, Switzerland 7%, China 6%, France 5.9%, Netherlands 5.8%, Ireland 5.5% (2015)

Imports - commodities: manufactured goods, machinery, fuels; foodstuffs

Imports - partners: Germany 14.8%, China 9.8%, USA 9.2%, Netherlands 7.5%, France 5.8%, Belgium 5% (2015)

Currency: British Pound £ (GBP)
Palace of Westminster in London houses the British parliament
The Palace of Westminster in London is the meeting place of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
Image: Mike Gimelfarb

Political system
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a unitary state with a constitutional monarchy. Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland have a degree of autonomous devolved power. Head of state of the UK is the monarch (Queen Elizabeth II). Head of government is the prime minister. The bicameral British Parliament is the supreme legislative body in the United Kingdom, its seat is the Palace of Westminster.

Official Sites of United Kingdom

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

royal The Royal Household
The home of the Royal Family.

Number 10 Downing Street
The official site of the British Prime Minister (various, they go in and out of the office).

United Kingdom Parliament
consists of the
House of Commons
and the
House of Lords

UK government information and services.

Department for Exiting the European Union
The Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union.

Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO)
The British Government department responsible for overseas relations and foreign affairs.

Diplomatic Missions
United Kingdom Mission to the United Nations
Britain at the United Nations, the United Kingdom is one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council.
British Embassy, Washington D.C.
The British Embassy to the United States.
UK Embassies Overseas
Address list of UK Embassies Abroad.
Foreign Embassies in the UK
Address list of Foreign Embassies in the UK.

UK Statistics Authority
Official UK statistics and information about statistics.
Office for National Statistics
The UK's largest independent producer of official statistics.

The Met Office
UK's national meteorological service.

Law enforcement
Metropolitan Police
The Scotland Yard homepage. 


Map of the United Kingdom
Detailed Map of the United Kingdom.

Google Earth Google Map United Kingdom
Searchable map and satellite view of the United Kingdom.

Searchable map and satellite view of:
London, Birmingham, Cardiff, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Liverpool, Manchester
Searchable map and satellite view of Manchester.

Google Earth Google Map the Tower Bridge
Satellite view with information about London's Tower Bridge.

Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.


UK News

The British Broadcasting Corporation online.
BBC News Online
News site of the British Broadcasting Corporation.
The Financial Times
Business topics.
The Guardian
National and international news.
The Independent
National morning broadsheet.
British newspaper.
The Telegraph
A major 'conservative' broadsheet.
The Times
The well-known conservative British Newspaper online.

Bookmark/share this page


Arts & Culture

 The British Library
One of the world's great knowledge institutions.

British Art
A comprehensive listing of the arts in the UK.

British Museum
The museum is dedicated to human history and culture, London.
British Motor Museum
The former Heritage Motor Centre is a British motor museum in Warwickshire, England, established in 1993.
The National Museum of Science & Industry
Illustrating the history and contemporary practice of science, technology, medicine and industry.
National Maritime Museum
The largest Maritime Museum in the World.

The Beatles
Beatles Interviews, Photos, Music and Animations.
David Bowie
Contemporary British music.
The Rolling Stones
Traditional British Rock music.
English singer-songwriter.

Visual arts
The National Gallery
The national collection of Western European painting, London.
The Royal Academy of Arts
Independent, privately funded art institution based in Burlington House on Piccadilly in London, it has a collection of fine arts from the 18th century to the present.
Tate Gallery
United Kingdom's national collection of British art.
V&A (Victoria and Albert Museum)
The Victoria and Albert Museum, stylized V&A, founded in 1852, it boasts to be the world’s leading museum of art and design.

Yale Center for British Art
The Yale Center for British Art at Yale University in downtown New Haven, Connecticut, houses the most comprehensive collection of British paintings, prints, drawings, rare books, and sculpture outside Great Britain.
Tower Bridge in London
Tower Bridge - London

Business & Economy

Bank of England
The Bank of England was founded in 1694, it is the central bank of the United Kingdom of Great Britain, based in London.

London Stock Exchange (LSE)
The London Stock Exchange is headquartered in London, it is among the largest and oldest exchanges in Europe.

British Chambers of Commerce (BCC)
The British Chamber of Commerce is the national representative body of 52 regional accredited chambers of commerce in the United Kingdom.

London Chamber of Commerce and Industry
London Chamber of Commerce and Industry (LCCI) is the capital's largest independent networking and business support organization.

Department for International Trade
Formerly the UK Trade & Investment, it was replaced by the Department for International Trade in July 2016, a UK government organization helping UK companies to do business abroad.

Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy
The former Department of Trade and Industry - DTI, was replaced by the Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills and the Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform. The Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills is now part of the Department for Business, Innovation & Skills. The Department for Business, Innovation & Skills was replaced by the Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy in July 2016.

Dos and Dont's
Etiquette Guide: The UK
How to Succeed Royally in Britain.


UK's second largest airline, serves over 30 European destinations.
British Airways
The Kingdoms national airline.
Virgin Atlantic Airways
Privately held UK airline.

Brittany Ferries
UK's slow connection to mainland Europe.

High-speed passenger train linking London, Paris and Brussels.
Train travel in the UK.

Well-known British Brands
Alfred Dunhill
English style.
English luxury fashion of weatherproofed outerwear.
Burberry Group Inc is an English luxury fashion house, headquartered in London, England.
The Body Shop
British cosmetics and skin care company founded in 1976 by Dame Anita Roddick, the company is now owned by L'Oréal.
British menswear retailer.
The Store.
Laura Ashley
Was a Welsh textile design company, now in the hands of the MUI Group of Malaysia.
Marks & Spencer
British retailer.
Private White V.C.
British Luxury Menswear.
Leather accessories.

The world's first fine art auctioneers, founded in 1766 by James Christie, now owned by the French Groupe Artémis.
The other one of the world's largest brokers of fine and decorative art. Sotheby’s was established in 1744 in London. The company is now headquartered in New York City.

Aston Martin
Manufacturer of luxury sports cars and grand tourers.
A typical British car.
MG Cars (Morris Garage), was a British sports car manufacturer.
Jaguar Cars
Luxury vehicle brand.
Land Rover
Famous British four-wheel-drive.
The icon of 1960s British popular culture, was first produced by the English based British Motor Corporation (BMC). The last Mini was produced in Longbridge on 4 October 2000.
Also very typical British car, unfortunately acquired by Vickers, then sold to Volkswagen.

The All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club.

Warwick Castle, Warwick, Warwickshire
Warwick Castle seen from the bridge over the River Avon. The medieval castle in Warwickshire was (re)built in stone in the 12th century.
Image: DeFacto

Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Destination United Kingdom - Country Guides

Discover the United Kingdom (just the highlights): London, Tower of London and Tower Bridge, the British Museum, the National Gallery, Big Ben and Palace of Westminster, the Natural History Museum, Victoria and Albert Museum, Buckingham Palace, Windsor Castle, the Lake District in Cumbria, Eden Project Eco park, National Railway Museum York, Warwick Castle

Visit Britain
The British Tourist Authority Web Site.
UK in pictures.

Guardian Unlimited: Travel United Kingdom
The Guardian's guide to UK.

London at a glance with map.
Page about Birmingham with map.
About the capital of Wales.
Scotland's capital with map.
About the city of Glasgow.
More about the birthplace of the Beatles.
Manchester info with map.

More Travel and Tour Guides can be found at the separate pages of:
below England, London Northern Ireland Scotland Wales

Education & Research

Eton College
The Eton College Web Page, an independent boarding school for boys in Eton, Windsor, Berkshire.
London School of Economics and Political Science
Founded in 1895, teaching and research across the full range of the social, political and economic sciences.
Oxford Brookes University
Named Best New University 2001-2005 by the Sunday Times University Guide.
University of Cambridge
Welcome to the University of Cambridge, the collegiate public research university in Cambridge.
King's College London
KCL is the oldest college of the University of London and one of the most prestigious university institutions in Europe.
University College London
Founded in 1826, UCL is consistently ranked in the top three multifaculty UK universities.
University of Nottingham
The University of Nottingham is a research university in the middle-English city of Nottingham.
University of Oxford
Home page of the University of Oxford in Oxford (England) is one of the oldest and most prestigious universities in the world.
University of Sussex
Founded in the 1960s, the University has become a leading teaching and research institution in the UK.

University Guide by Education -
Comprehensive source of information on the UK's academic sector, provides university rankings, university statistics and student statistics.


The Geological Society
UK's national society for geoscience.
cultural reference  Royal Geographical Society
Founded in 1830 for the advancement of geographical science.
Royal Observatory Greenwich
Home of the Prime Meridian of the world.
Science Museum
London's Science Museum is a large science and technology museum and on of the city's major tourist attractions.

Environment & Nature

Natural Environment Research Council
The Natural Environment Research Council delivers independent research, survey, training and knowledge transfer in the environmental sciences, to advance knowledge of planet Earth as a complex, interacting system.
The National Trust
UK's National Trust is a conservation organisation in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. The NGO organisation acts as a guardian for the nation in the acquisition and protection of threatened coastlines, countrysides and buildings.
The Tree Council
UK's lead charity for trees is working towards: making trees matter to everyone - more trees, of the right kind, in the right place - better care for all trees, of all ages.



A - The National Archives
The National Archives of England, Wales and the United Kingdom, explore over 1000 years of history from Domesday times to the present day.
Arthurian Resources
Dedicated to understanding the early medieval Arthurian legend.
 British History
America's Gateway to the British Isles since 1996 with comprehensive information about the UK's past.
The Camelot Project
Scholarly Arthurian Resources with a database of Arthurian texts, images, bibliographies, and basic information, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY.
Early Manuscripts at Oxford University
Digital facsimiles of over 80 early manuscripts.
English Heritage
English Heritage cares for over 400 historic buildings, monuments and sites, which span six millennia.
Historical Manuscripts Commission
Information about the existence, location and nature of manuscripts and records for the study of British history.
History of the Monarchy
The history of the oldest institution of government in the United Kingdom.
Richard III Society
The life and times of Richard III.

Additional sites:
The Avalon Project at the Yale Law School
Digital documents relevant to the fields of Law, History, Economics, Politics, Diplomacy and Government.
History of the United Kingdom
Primary Documents, from Antiquity through the Present.
World Heritage Sites in the United Kingdom
UK's World Heritage Sites.

British Museum
Founded in 1753, this is one of the world's oldest museum.
spot Museum of the City of London
The world's largest urban history museum and Europe's largest archaeological archive.

The Natural History Museum
Promoting the discovery, understanding, responsible use and enjoyment of the natural world.

  Marching Soldiers at Festival of History
Marching Soldiers at Festival of History
© britainonview/Jon Spaull


Stockholm Challenge Award
London based site of a creative writing community where anyone can tell their stories and read the stories of others.

Oxford English Dictionary
The last word on words for the English language.
With the First Web Folio Edition of Shakespeare's Works.


Flag of England
Flag of England
The St. George's Cross

Small map of England

Avalon Glastonbury - The Tor
Glastonbury - The Tor

Area: 130 423 sq. km
Population: 54 786 000 (2015)

Capital City: London
Lindisfarne Castle on Holy Island
Lindisfarne Castle on the Holy Island of Lindisfarne off the northeast coast of England.
Image: Matthew Hunt

England Guides

Visit England
Visitors guide to England.

City Guide
Mayor of London, the London Assembly and the Greater London Authority
The Official Site for London, Capital of the United Kingdom.

The London visitors guide.

Isle of Avalon - Glastonbury
An inspirational guide to what's special about Glastonbury.
Brighton and Hove
Brighton and Hove visitors guide.
Northumbria Tourist Board
Visitors guide to Northumbria, covers the counties of Durham, Northumberland, Tyne and Wear and the Tees Valley area.
Shakespeare Country
South Warwickshire Tourism visitors guide to Historic Warwick, Kenilworth, Royal Leamington Spa, Stratford-upon-Avon and aurrounding area
Visit Somerset
Somerset visitors guide.
South East England
The Beautiful South.
Yorkshire Tourist Board
Welcome to Yorkshire.

Sources and additional Information on United Kingdom

Amnesty International: United Kingdom

BBC Country Profile: United Kingdom

FAO: United Kingdom

GlobalEDGE: United Kingdom

The Heritage Foundation: United Kingdom

Human Rights Watch: United Kingdom

OEC: United Kingdom

Reporters Without Borders: United Kindom

Wikipedia: United Kingdom

The World Factbook -- United Kingdom

 Support UNICEF

British Overseas Territories
Anguilla, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Montserrat, Gibraltar, Turks and Caicos Islands
Falkland Islands (Malvinas), Saint Helena, Pitcairn Islands

Other Countries and Regions of Northern Europe:
Denmark | Estonia | Faroe Islands | Finland | Greenland | Iceland | Ireland
Latvia | Lithuania | Norway | Northern Ireland | Sweden | Scotland | Wales

Major Cities in Northern Europe
Belfast | Birmingham | Bremen | Cardiff | Copenhagen | Dublin | Edinburgh | Glasgow | Hamburg | Helsinki
Kiel | Liverpool | London | Malmö | Manchester | Nuuk | Oslo | Reykjavik | Riga | Saint Petersburg
Stockholm | Tallinn | Vilnius