Lake Baikal in winter. Ice ridges near Olkhon island in Pribaikalsky National Park in southeastern Siberia (Russia).
Image: © Sergey Pesterev
|North Asia or Northern Asia refers to the vast northern part of Asia east of the Ural Mountains, also known as Siberia. The region is divided into the Russian federal districts of Ural, Siberia, and the Russian Far East. The 13 million km² (5.1 million sq mi) large territory borders the Arctic Ocean in the north, European Russia in the west, and the Bering Sea in the east. Siberia shares international borders with Kazakhstan, Mongolia, and China in the south.
Approximately 36 million people live in Northern Asia (in 2020).
|Russia (Siberia)||36,000||Map of Russia||Moscow|
Western Asia and Middle East
|The term Western Asia refers to the western part of Asia, which includes the Arabian Peninsula and most countries of the Middle East.
There are 19 countries in Western Asia (the United Nations geoscheme lists only eighteen). Except for Armenia, Georgia, Israel, and the Republic of Cyprus, these are all countries with a majority Muslim population.
Approximately 279 million people live in the region (in 2020).
Map of Western Asia
|Armenia||2,937||Map of Armenia||Yerevan|
|Azerbaijan||10,015||Map of Azerbaijan||Baku|
|Bahrain||1,638||Map of Bahrain||Manama|
|Cyprus||1,198||Map of Cyprus||Nicosia (Lefkosia)|
|Georgia||3,904||Map of Georgia||T'bilisi|
|Iran||82,821||Map of Iran||Tehran|
|Iraq||40,412||Map of Iraq||Baghdad|
|Israel||8,584||Map of Israel||Jerusalem (claimed)|
|Jordan||10,070||Map of Jordan||Amman|
|Kuwait||4,249||Map of Kuwait||Kuwait (City)|
|Lebanon||6,066||Map of Lebanon||Beirut|
|Oman||5,002||Map of Oman||Muscat|
|Qatar||2,744||Map of Qatar||Doha (Al-Dawhah)|
|Saudi Arabia||34,141||Map of Saudi Arabia||Riyadh|
|State of Palestine||5,187||see: Map of Israel||Jerusalem (claimed)|
|Syria||18,499||Map of Syria||Damascus|
|Turkey||82,962||Map of Turkey||Ankara|
|United Arab Emirates||9,682||United Arab Emirates Map||Abu Dhabi|
|Yemen||29,580||Map of Yemen||Sanaa|
Image: lya Rudakov
|The term Central Asia refers to a region in Asia between the Caspian Sea and Western China. Central Asia includes Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, which are all predominantly Muslim countries and, with the exception of Afghanistan, were all former Soviet republics.
An estimated 74 million people live in Central Asia (in 2020).
Map of Central Asia
|Afghanistan||37,209||Map of Afghanistan||Kabul|
|Kazakhstan||18,593||Map of Kazakhstan||Nur-Sultan|
|Kyrgyzstan||6,219||Map of Kyrgyzstan||Bishkek|
|Tajikistan||9,292||Map of Tajikistan||Dushanbe|
|Turkmenistan||5,943||Map of Turkmenistan||Ashgabat|
|Uzbekistan||32,807||Map of Uzbekistan||Tashkent|
Image: kk nationsonline.org
|Conventionally East Asia or Eastern Asia refers to the eastern part of the Asian continent plus the island nation of Japan.
The United Nations geoscheme lists five sovereign countries plus the Chinese Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macao, as well as the Republic of China (Taiwan) with an uncertain political status.
Approximately 1.68 billion people live in Eastern Asia (in 2020).
|China||1,400,000||Map of China||Beijing|
|China, Hong Kong SAR||7,491||Hong Kong|
|China, Macao SAR||642||Macao City|
|Japan||126,855||Map of Japan||Tokyo|
|Korea (North)||25,727||Map of North Korea||Pyongyang|
|Korea (South)||51,339||Map of South Korea||Seoul|
|Mongolia||3,166||Map of Mongolia||Ulaanbaatar|
Image: Santosh Kumar Velamala
|South Asia or Southern Asia refers to the southern part of central Asia. The region is bounded by the Indian Ocean in the south and includes the Himalaya in the north. There are eight sovereign countries in Southern Asia. The geoscheme of the United Nations includes Afghanistan in Southern Asia.
An estimated 1.94 billion people live in South Asia (in 2020).
|Bangladesh||168,066||Map of Bangladesh||Dhaka|
|Bhutan||826||Map of Bhutan||Thimphu|
|India||1,368,738||Map of India||New Delhi|
|Maldives||452||Map of the Maldives||Male|
|Nepal||29,942||Map of Nepal||Kathmandu|
|Pakistan||204,596||Map of Pakistan||Islamabad|
|Sri Lanka||21,019||Map of Sri Lanka||Colombo|
Image: kk nationsonline.org
Southeast Asia refers to the part of Asia that includes the Indochinese Peninsula and the nations of Maritime Southeast Asia. The region is situated in the southeastern part of the continent, south of China, east of India, and to the north of Australia.
|Brunei Darussalam *||439||Bandar Seri Begawan|
|Cambodia *||16,483||Map of Cambodia||Phnom Penh|
|Indonesia *||269,536||Map of Indonesia||Jakarta|
|Lao PDR *||7,064||Map of Laos||Vientiane|
|Malaysia *||32,454||Map of Malaysia||Kuala Lumpur|
|Myanmar (Burma) *||54,336||Map of Myanmar||Naypyidaw, Yangon|
|Philippines *||108,106||Map of Philippines||Manila|
|Singapore *||5,868||Map of Singapore||Singapore|
|Thailand *||66,409||Map of Thailand||Bangkok|
|Timor-Leste (East Timor)||1,352||Dili|
|Vietnam *||97,429||Map of Vietnam||Hanoi|