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Map of Illinois (IL)


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Illinois Flag
Illinois State Flag
 
 

About Illinois


Location map of Illinois state USA
Where in the United States is Illinois? Location map of Illinois in the US.

Illinois is a landlocked state in the east north-central US, a region also known as the Midwestern United States.

Illinois borders Wisconsin to the north, Michigan via a water boundary in Lake Michigan to the northeast, Indiana to the east, and Kentucky to southeast. The Mississippi River forms a natural border with Missouri and Iowa in the west. The state's nickname is "The Prairie State."


Short History
Native American tribes lived along the waterways of the Illinois area for thousands of years before the arrival of Europeans.
The French colonized the region now known as Illinois in the 1600s; it was ceded to Britain in 1763, in 1783 the US acquired the land. Illinois entered the Union on 3rd December 1818 as the 21st state.



Illinois State Map
Reference Map of Illinois
General Map of Illinois, United States.

The detailed map shows the US state of Illinois with boundaries, the location of the state capital Springfield, major cities and populated places, rivers and lakes, interstate highways, principal highways, and railroads.

You are free to use this map for educational purposes (fair use); please refer to the Nations Online Project.

 
More about Illinois State



Some Geography


Area
Topographic Map of Illinois
Topographic Map of Illinois showing the location of major metropolitan areas: Chicagoland, Greater St. Louis, and the Quad Cities. The state's major rivers are the Ohio, the Mississippi, the Wabash, the Kaskaskia, and the Illinois rivers. In the flat landscape of Illinois, the highest point is the banana-shaped Charles Mound at 376 m (1,235 ft).

 
Illinois covers an area of 149,998 km² (57,914 sq mi) [1]; it ranks 25th in size of the 50 states. Compared, Illinois is approximately half the size of Italy. Compared with other US states, Illinois would fit three times into California.


The main feature of Illinois' landscape are the fertile plains of the Central Lowland, which make up approximately 80% of the state's area. The Central Lowland is a part of the Interior Lowlands, which itself is a sub-region of the Interior Plains. North America's Interior Plains are the largest physiographic area in the contiguous United States. Glaciers created the vast flat region during the last Ice Age.

Within the Central Lowland lies the Illinois Basin with its sources of coal, petroleum, and other minerals.

Situated in the north west corner of the state is Illinois' portion of the Driftless Area, an area of rugged terrain that was not glaciated in the Ice Age. Within the Driftless Area is the state's highest natural elevation Charles Mound at 376 m (1,235 ft), located at the border to Wisconsin.

In the south of Illinois is the picturesque landscape of the Shawnee Hills. The Shawnee National Forest and the Ohio River Valley have become a major tourist destination.


Rivers
Major rivers in Illinois are the Mississippi River, which defines the state's border with Missouri and Iowa.
The Illinois is a major tributary of the Mississippi, as is the Ohio, the largest feeder river of the Mississippi by volume.
The Wabash River forms a section of the Illinois-Indiana border before draining into the Ohio River.
The Kaskaskia River, a tributary of the Mississippi River, is second-largest river system within Illinois.
The Rock River, another tributary of the Mississippi River, originates in Wisconsin and empties into the Mississippi River at Rock Island, Illinois, in the northwest of the state..


Lakes


Abraham Lincoln Memorial Bridge and LaSalle Rail Bridge over the Illinois River
Abraham Lincoln Memorial Bridge and LaSalle Rail Bridge over the Illinois River.
Image: Joseph Norton and Ronald Frazier



Major lakes in Illinois are beside Lake Michigan, the Rend Lake, a 21 km (13 mi) long, 4.8 km (3 mi) wide reservoir at the Big Muddy River in southern Illinois.

Lake Shelbyville is a reservoir at the Kaskaskia River.

Crab Orchard Lake is a reservoir in the Crab Orchard National Wildlife Refuge.

Kinkaid Lake is a reservoir and a popular tourist attraction in summer.

Clinton Lake is a reservoir and part of the Clinton Lake State Recreation Area. Clinton Lake was built in the 1970s as a cooling source for Clinton Nuclear Generating Station. Catfish fishing and other water sport activities are the main attractions at this site.


World Heritage Site


The Cahokia complex with a central ceremonial precinct The Cahokia Mounds complex (ca AD 1200) covered an area of more than 20 km² (8 sq mi).
Image: William R. Iseminger

 
Illinois has since 1982 a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The site is the archaeological remains of a pre-Columbian urban settlement of a mound-building Native American civilization. The urban center was located at the Mississippi River in southern Illinois between East St. Louis and Collinsville, across the river from modern St. Louis, Missouri.

The city's original name is unknown. Today the site is known as Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site; UNESCO official website it was the central section of a large ancient cultural and urban complex that existed from c. 600 to 1400 CE. It is assumed that the site was a political and religious center that attracted a variety of different Native American people from the plains.
In its heyday (between AD 1050 and 1100), Cahokia was the largest pre-Columbian urban center north of Mesoamerica with a population of more than 10,000 people, that number doesn't include the large population inhabiting outlying farmsteads and villages throughout the surrounding floodplain.

The huge settlement was located in a strategic position near the confluence of the Mississippi, Missouri, and Illinois rivers. The city featured platforms, ridgetops, and conical mounds; residential, and public areas; a large sundial and a (now reconstructed) palisade/stockade surrounding the central ceremonial precinct.
The pyramid-like mounds or terraces were constructed almost entirely of many layers of soil and clay. For ascending the sanctuaries, they featured ramps with log stairs.
Dominating the complex is Cahokia’s largest mound now known as the Monks Mound, it is the largest Pre-Columbian earthwork in the Americas and the largest 'pyramid' north of Mesoamerica.

 
Population


Illinois State Capitol in Springfield, Illinois
Rendered image of Illinois State Capitol building in Springfield, the capital city of Illinois. The Renaissance Revival style capitol is the seat of the government of Illinois.
Image: Google


Illinois has a population of 12.6 million people (est. 2019) [2], the capital city is Springfield. The state's primate city is Chicago; its largest metro is the Chicago metropolitan area (Chicago-Naperville-Michigan City, aka Chicagoland).

Other metropolitan areas are the Quad Cities Metropolitan Area and Greater St. Louis (Metro East).

Major cities of Illinois (with more than 100,000 inhabitants) are Aurora, Rockford, Joliet, Naperville, Peoria, and Elgin.


Race and Ethnic groups
The population of Illinois is composed of White alone 61.0%, Hispanic or Latino 17.4%, African American 14.6%, Asian 5.9%, and Native American 0.6%. [3]

The two busiest airports in the state are Chicago O'Hare International Airport (IATA code: ORD),and Chicago Midway International Airport (IATA code: MDW).


Cities and Towns in Illinois

The map shows the location of following cities and towns in Illinois:

Chicago skyscrapers seen from John Hancock Center
View of Chicago's skyscrapers from John Hancock Center looking south.
Image: Allen McGregor


Largest cities in Illinois with a population of more than 100,000:
Chicago (2.7 million), Aurora (201,000), Rockford (148,000), Joliet (148,000), Naperville (147,000), Springfield (116,000), Peoria (114,000), and Elgin (112,000).
(Population figures 2016)


Other cities and towns:
Alton, Arlington Heights, Beardstown, Belleville, Bloomington, Cairo, Canton, Carbondale, Carmi, Centralia, Champaign, Charleston, Chicago Heights, Danville, De Kalb, Decatur, Dixon, East St Louis, Effingham, Evanston, Freeport, Galesburg, Granite City, Harrisburg, Havana, Jacksonville, Jerseyville, Kankakee, Kewanee, La Salle, Lincoln, Macomb, Marion, Mattoon, Moline, Monmouth, Mount Vernon, Normal, North Chicago, Olney, Ottawa, Palatine, Pana, Pekin, Peru, Pittsfield, Pontiac, Quincy, Rantoul, Rock Island, Salem, Skokie, Sterling, Streator, Urbana, Vandalia, Waukegan, and West Frankfort.



Weather Conditions Chicago

CHICAGO WEATHER  


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