North Africa or Northern Africa
Image: Mohammed Amri
|North Africa or Northern Africa (as used by the United Nations) refers to the portion of Africa along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea (except for Sudan). In the northwest, the Atlas Mountains dominate the area. South of the Mediterranean coastal strip stretches the Sahara from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Red Sea in the east.
There are six countries in Northern Africa and one disputed territory, Western Sahara. According to the United Nations Population Division, approximately 242 million people live in Northern Africa (in 2019).
|Western Sahara||582||see: Mauritania Map||(El Aaiún)|
West Africa or Western Africa
Image: Peter A Harrison
|West Africa or Western Africa mostly refers to the countries north of the Gulf of Guinea in the north-western part of the continent. West Africa is located in the southern part of the so-called hump of Africa; it is bounded in the north by the Sahara desert and the Sahel zone.
There are sixteen countries in West Africa and one British Overseas Territory, Saint Helena. According to the United Nations Population Division, an estimated 392 million people live in West Africa (in 2019).
|Benin||11,802||Benin Map||Porto-Novo, Cotonou|
|Burkina Faso||20,322||Burkina Faso Map||Ouagadougou|
|Cape Verde||560||Cape Verde Map||Praia|
|Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast)||25,531||Ivory Coast Map||Yamoussoukro, Abidjan|
|Gambia, The||2,228||see: Senegal Map||Banjul|
|Saint Helena (UK)||4.5||Jamestown|
|Sierra Leone||7,883||Sierra Leone Map||Freetown|
Central Africa (Middle Africa, or also Equatorial Africa)
|Central Africa or Middle Africa (as used by the United Nations) refers to the tropical central portion of the African continent.
There are nine countries in Central Africa, including the island nation of São Tomé and Príncipe.
According to the United Nations Population Division, approximately 174 million people live in Central Africa (in 2019).
|Central African Republic||4,826||Central African Republic Map||Bangui|
|Congo, Rep. (Brazzaville)||5,542||Congo, Rep. Map||Brazzaville|
|Congo, Dem. Rep. (Kinshasa)||86,728||Congo, Dem. Rep. Map||Kinshasa|
|Equatorial Guinea||1,360||Equatorial Guinea Map||Malabo|
|São Tomé & Príncipe||213||São Tomé|
Image: Bernard DUPONT
|East Africa or Eastern Africa, is the eastern portion of the African continent; it includes Madagascar and other, smaller islands. In a narrower sense, the term East Africa may refer to the former British colonial areas of present-day Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda.
According to the United Nations Population Division, roughly 445 million people live in East Africa (in 2019).
|Burundi||11,576||Map of Burundi||Bujumbura|
|Comoros||851||Map of Comoros||Moroni|
|Djibouti||986||Map of Djibouti||Djibouti|
|Eritrea||5,310||Map of Eritrea||Asmara|
|Ethiopia||110,136||Map of Ethiopia||Addis Ababa|
|Kenya||52,215||Map of Kenya||Nairobi|
|Madagascar||26,970||Map of Madagascar||Antananarivo|
|Malawi||19,719||Map of Malawi||Lilongwe|
|Mozambique||31,409||Map of Mozambique||Maputo|
|Réunion (France)||890||Map of Réunion||Saint Denis|
|Rwanda||12,794||Map of Rwanda||Kigali|
|Somalia and Somaliland||15,636||Map of Somalia||Mogadishu|
|South Sudan||13,263||see: Sudan Map||Juba|
|Tanzania||60,914||Map of Tanzania||Dodoma, Dar es Salaam|
|Uganda||45,712||Map of Uganda||Kampala|
|Zambia||18,137||Map of Zambia||Lusaka|
|Zimbabwe||17,297||Map of Zimbabwe||Harare|
Image: Yathin S Krishnappa
|Southern Africa is the southern portion of the African continent, bounded by the South Atlantic Ocean in the west and the Indian Ocean in the east.
The United Nations geoscheme lists five countries in Southern Africa, with a total population of about 67 million people (in 2019).
|South Africa||58,065||South Africa Map||Pretoria, Bloemfontein, Cape Town|
|Swaziland||1,415||Swaziland Map||Mbabane, Lobamba|