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Georgia is one of the 50 US states is situated in the southeastern United States, with a coastline at the Atlantic Ocean in southeast. Not to be confused with Georgia, a country in southwestern Asia and formerly part of the Soviet empire.
The state is bordered to the north by Tennessee and North Carolina, the Chattahoochee River defines a section of its border with Alabama in south west and a short length of its border with Florida, the Savannah River forms a natural border with South Carolina in east. The states nickname is "Peach State" and it is also known as the "Yankee-land of the South".
With an area of 153,909 km² (59,425 sq mi)  the US state of Georgia is about half the size of Italy.
Compared with other US states, Georgia would fit into California six times.
Four different major regions define Georgia's landscape (from north to south):
1. In the north western corner is the Valley and Ridge region, a zone of alternating mountain ridges and valleys in Georgia's portion of the Appalachian Plateau.
2. In the north eastern corner are the southern end of the Blue Ridge Mountains, a subrange in the much larger Appalachian Mountain Chain. Situated here is highest elevation in the state, Brasstown Bald mountain at 1,458 m (4,784 ft).
3. The hilly Piedmont part of Georgia is the most populated area with the fall line cities of Augusta, Macon, and Columbus. The fall line is the natural border between the lower coastal plain and the higher terrain of the Piedmont. Fall line cities developed at the end of the navigable part of a river, where boats could go no further, newly formed trading posts emerged where materials brought up from the Coastal Plains could be traded for goods from the Piedmont.
4. The relatively flat Coastal Plain is Georgia’s largest geographical region, it covers about 60% of the state, expanding from the Atlantic Ocean to the Fall Line. In prehistoric times, this area was a seabed and the coast was near the fall line. When the ocean retreated, it left a vast area of limestone, clay, sand, and other 'soft' sedimentary deposits.
The land tends to be poorly drained, and swampy areas are common. The Okefenokee Swamp in south west Georgia and northern Florida is a 1,770 km², peat-filled wetland, considered to be one of the Seven Natural Wonders of Georgia. The Suwanee River rises in the Okefenokee Swamp.
Other major rivers in Georgia are the Savannah River, the Chattahoochee River which forms part of the border with Alabama, and the Altamaha River, fed by the Oconee and Ocmulgee rivers.
Major lakes in Georgia are Lake Sidney Lanier, a reservoir at the Chattahoochee River; Lake Seminole, a reservoir located in the southwest corner of Georgia; and West Point Lake, a reservoir at the Chattahoochee River.
Georgia has a population of 10.4 million people (est. 2018) . Capital and primate city is Atlanta, largest metropolitan area is Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Area.
By far busiest airport in the state is Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport (IATA code: ATL).
Cities and Towns in Georgia
The map shows the location of following cities and towns in Georgia:
Largest cities are Atlanta (420,000), Augusta (192,000), Columbus (190,000), Savannah (136,000), and Athens (116,000).
Other cities and towns in Georgia:
Albany, Alma, Alpharetta, Americus, Bainbridge, Blakely, Bremen, Brunswick, Cairo, Calhoun, Carrollton, Cartersville, Cedartown, Cordele, Covington, Dalton, Dawson, Douglas, Dublin, East Point, Eatonton, Fort Valley, Gainesville, Griffin, Hinesville, Homerville, Jesup, Kingsland, La Grange, Macon, Marietta, Martinez, McRae, Milledgeville, Monroe, Moultrie, Newnan, Peachtree City, Perry, Rome, Roswell, Sandersville, Smyrna, Statesboro, Swainsboro, Sylvania, Thomasville, Tifton, Toccoa, Valdosta, Vidalia, Warner Robins, Waycross, and Waynesboro.
The detailed map below is showing the US state of Georgia with boundaries, the location of the state capital Atlanta, major cities and populated places, rivers, streams and lakes, interstate highways, principal highways, and railroads.
You are free to use this map for educational purposes (fair use), please refer to the Nations Online Project.
Reference Map of Georgia
Map is based on a state map of The National Atlas of the USA.
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