Advertising
Nations Online Logo

Home Earth Continents Countries Population Figures for all Countries

Countries of the World by Population


a number of people make a  great population
People make up population.
Image: © nationsonline.org

 
From the most populated countries to the least populous territories in the world.

Below you will find the most up-to-date list of population figures by country.
The list shows the latest population figures for each country with the source of the data, in most instances provided by the national statistics body.


Most Populated Countries Least Populated Countries

 

Most Populous Countries
The five most populous countries in 2019-2020 are China, India, followed by the European Union (which is not a country), the United States, the island nation of Indonesia, and Pakistan.

The Smallest Countries
Among the smallest countries in the world in terms of population are the island nations in the Caribbean and the southern Pacific Ocean (Oceania). The three least populated countries in the world are Vatican City, an enclave in Rome, Monaco, a principality on the Mediterranean coast, and an enclave within Southern France, and Nauru, an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.


People make People
The fertility rate of countries is sometimes stylized as reproductive health.
In the hit list of countries with the highest birth rates, the Top Twenty is taken by African nations. Even more African states crowd the Top Forty, exceptions are Afghanistan (22), Solomon Islands (28), Timor-Leste (38), and the Marshall Islands (40). [1] [2]



Bookmark/share this page
  Instagram button


Countries by Population

List of countries and territories by population size.

No.
Country
Population
Year
Region
Source
  earth symbol Earth at least
7.7 billion
2019 Solar System Population Reference Bureau
  Note:
All people on Spaceship Earth.
 

 

Most Populated Countries

1
China 1.4
billion
2019 Eastern Asia National Bureau of Statistics of China
  Note:
The "Middle Kingdom" in East Asia is the country with the most inhabitants in the world. 91% of the population are Han Chinese. There are 55 or 56 recognized ethnic groups in China; the largest are the Uyghurs with about 10 million people, and there are about 3 million Tibetans.
 
2
India 1.36
billion
2019 Southern Asia UN estimate
Census of India
  Note:
The country, also known as Bharat, is the second-most populous country both in Asia and the world. There are hundreds of ethnic groups in India; the Constitution of India recognizes 22 different languages as official. In Hindu society, the ancient caste system is still at work.
 
-- earth symbol European Union



514,300,000


2020 Europe eurostat
  Note:
In comparison: The association of 28 European countries has a combined population of 513 million people (in 2019). If the EU were a nation-state, it'd be ranked number three of the world's most populated countries.
 
--   EU without UK (post-Brexit) 446,834,500 2019   eurostat
  Note:
Population of the European Union without the UK after Brexit.
 
3
United States 329,752,000
2019 North America U.S. Population Clock
US Census Bureau
  Note:
The US, which occupies most of the central part of North America, is the most populous country in all of the Americas. It is also the country with the largest Christian population in the world; 65% of Americans today identify themselves as Christians.
 
4
Indonesia 270,000,000
2019 Southeast Asia UN Population Projection
Badan Pusat Statistik
  Note:
Indonesia is the most populous island nation, as well as the most populous Islamic nation, and the most populous country in Maritime Southeast Asia.
 
--
Uttar Pradesh 228,000,000 2019 Southern Asia India Census Population 2019 Data
  Note:
In comparison: Uttar Pradesh in the north of the country is India's most populated state. If Uttar Pradesh were a country, it'd be ranked number five of the world's most populated countries.
 
5
Pakistan 216,565,000
2019 South-Central Asia UN estimate
Pakistan Bureau of Statistics
  Note:
The Islamic Republic of Pakistan is the world's sixth-most populous country, the third-most populous nation in Asia, and the second-most populous Islamic country. The country's population is made up of six major ethnic groups. The largest are Punjabis (45%) Pashtuns (15% ) Sindhis (14%) and Saraikis (8%). 96% of Pakistan's population Muslims.
 
6
Brazil 210,524,000 2019 South America Official estimate
IBGE
  Note:
Brazil is the largest and most populous country in South America and the second-most populous country in the Western Hemisphere. It is also the country with the second-highest Christian population in the world.
 
7
Nigeria 201,000,000
2019 West Africa UN estimate
National Bureau of Statistics
  Note:
Nigeria is a country in Western Africa bordering the Gulf of Guinea. It is the most populous state in Africa, with a population of more than 200 million people.
 
8
Bangladesh 168,100,000 2019 South-Central Asia UN estimate
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics
  Note:
Bangladesh is situated in the Ganges-Brahmaputra delta, between India and Myanmar. The country covers an area just over half the size of the United Kingdom, making Bangladesh the most densely populated large country in the world.
 
9
Russia 146,781,000
2019 Europe and Northern Asia Official estimate
Federal State Statistics Service
  Note:
Russia is a transcontinental country situated in northern Asia and Eastern Europe. It is the largest country in the world by area. More than 80% of the country's population are ethnic Russians. More than 75% of the Russian population live in the European part of the country.
 
10
Mexico 126,577,000 2019 North America National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI)
  Note:
North America's third-largest country is the second-most populous nation on the North American continent and the most populous Spanish-speaking country in the world. It may come as a surprise, but Mexico is also the country with the third-highest Christian population in the world (92.4%).
 
11
Japan 126,150,000 2019 Eastern Asia Monthly official estimate
Statistics Bureau
  Note:
Japan is an island country that occupies a chain of islands in the Pacific Ocean; it is the second-most populous island nation after Indonesia.
 
--
European Russia 113,095,000 2018 Europe  
  Note:
Russia's population in the European part of the country (west of the Urals). About 77% of Russia's entire population of 146.7 million live in the European part of the country.
 
12
Ethiopia 112,000,000 2019 East Africa UN estimate
Central Statistical Agency
  Note:
The world's most populous landlocked country. Ethiopia is, like many African nations, a multi-ethnic state with more than 80 different ethnic groups and just as many individual languages.
 
--
Guangdong 113,460,000 2019
East Asia National Bureau of Statistics of China
  Note:
In comparison: Guangdong is a Province of China situated to the north of Hongkong. It is China's most populated province. If Guangdong were a nation state, it'd be ranked number thirteen of the world's most populated countries.
 
13
Philippines 108,000,000 2020
Southeast Asia Population Clock
Philippines National Statistics Office
  Note:
The Philippines is an island nation and the second-most populous country in Maritime Southeast Asia. 85% of the country's population are Christians.
 
14
Egypt 99,388,800 2019 Northern Africa; Middle East CAPMAS
  Note:
The country in northeastern Africa borders the Mediterranean Sea in the north; it is the most populous country in North Africa and the Middle East. The primary language is Egyptian Arabic.
 
15
Vietnam 94,666,000 2018 Southeast Asia Official estimate
General Statistics Office of Vietnam
  Note:
Vietnam is a densely populated nation on the eastern portion of the Indochinese Peninsula, with a long coastline along the South China Sea.
 
16
Congo, DROC 86,790,000 2019 Central Africa UN estimate
 
  Note:
The Democratic Republic of the Congo, previously known as Zaire, is the largest country in Sub-Saharan Africa. The country is home to over 200 ethnic groups.
 
17
Germany 83,053,000
2019 Western Europe Official estimate
Federal Statistical Office

  Note:
Since reunification, Germany has been the most populous country, which is situated entirely in Europe.
 
18
Turkey 82,004,000 2019 Southwestern Asia/Southern Europe Official estimate
Turkish Statistical Institute
  Note:
Third-largest among the countries with parts of its territory in Europe (after Russia and Kazakhstan). Turks are the largest ethnic group and there is a minority of Kurds and Arabs in the population. The predominant religion in Turkey is Islam (97%).
 
19
Iran 82,000,000 2019 Middle East Census 2016 (pdf)
Statistical Centre of Iran
  Note:
The country between the Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf was previously known as Persia. Iran is since 1979 an Islamic theocratic republic with a religious legal system based on secular and Islamic law. Shia Islam is the official state religion.
 
20
France



66,992,000

2019 Western Europe Official estimate

INSEE
  Note:
France is the largest country in the European Union in terms of area. The population figures include the French overseas territories (DOM) Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, Reunion Island, and Mayotte. About 50% of France's population is Christian; approximately 40% is not affiliated with a religion. The national language is French.
 
--   France metropolitan 64,812,000 2019 Western Europe  
  Note:
European part of France including the island of Corsica.
 
--   France overseas regions (DOM) 2,180,647 2019    
  Note:
Population summary for the French Overseas Departments (DOM) of Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, Reunion Island, and Mayotte.
 
21
United Kingdom 66,436,000 2018 Northern Europe Official estimates
Office for National Statistics
  Note:
The United Kingdom consists of England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Recently the country has been known mainly for its attempts to reach Brexit (the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union).
 
22
Thailand 66,414,000 2018 Southeast Asia Official Estimates
National Statistical Office
  Note:
The kingdom in the center of the Indochinese peninsula is the country with the highest proportion of a Buddhist population. Buddhists form the largest religious group in Thailand (over 90%).
 
23
Italy 60,391,000 2019 Southern Europe Official estimate
Istat (Istat - Istituto nazionale di statistica)
  Note:
The country consists of the Italian peninsula and the islands of Sicily and Sardinia. Italy is the country with the highest percentage of Christians in Europe (83%).
 
24
South Africa 58,780,000 2019 Southern Africa Official estimate
Statistics South Africa
  Note:
The population of the country at the southern end of Africa consists of almost 80% black Africans (79.2%), whites (8.9%), mixed-race ((Coloureds) 8.9%), and Asians (2.5%).
 
25
Tanzania 55,890,747 2019 East Africa National Bureau of Statistics
  Note:
Tanzania is a country in East Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean in the east. The figure includes the population of the semi-autonomous Zanzibar Archipelago, which consists of the islands of Mafia, Pemba, and Zanzibar.
 
26
Myanmar (Burma) 54,045,000 2019 Southeast Asia UN estimate
Central Statistical Organization
  Note:
Myanmar, also known as Burma, is situated in Southeast Asia with a coastline on the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal. Burmese speaking Bamar people are the dominant ethnic group (68%). It is the country with the third-highest percentage of a Buddhist population (88%). Tensions between the country's Buddhist population and the Muslim Rohingya minority led to the expulsion of half of the Rohingya people from Myanmar.
 
27
South Korea 51,709,000 2019 Eastern Asia Official Population Projection
Statistics Korea
  Note:
The southern portion of Korea on the peninsula with the same name. The Korean peninsula is divided into communist North Korea and capitalist South Korea.
 
28
Colombia 50,374,000 2019 South America Official population clock
DANE
  Note:
Colombia is a country in the extreme northwest of South America, bordering the Caribbean to the north and the Pacific to the west. Colombia is connected with Central America by the Isthmus of Panama. It is the third-most populous state in Latin America.
 
29
Kenya 48,500,000 2019 East Africa KNBS
  Note:
Like many other African countries, Kenya has a diverse population with an estimated more than 40 different ethnic groups. The main religion is Christianity (83%). Official languages are English and Swahili.
 
30
Spain 46,934,600 2019 Southern Europe Official estimate
INE
  Note:
The kingdom in the southwest of Europe shares the Iberian Peninsula with Portugal. The country is less densely populated than the rest of Europe. Many of the populated urban areas are near the coast. Roman Catholicism is the dominant religion in the country. The primary language is Spanish (Castilian; 74%), Catalan (or Valencian) is spoken by 17%, Galician by 7%, and Basque by 2% of the population.
 
31
Argentina 44,939,000 2019 South America INDEC
  Note:
Argentina is a country located in the southern half of South America; it is the fourth most populous nation in Latin America. Most Argentines are descendants of immigrants who came to Argentina in the 19th- and 20th-century.
 
32
Algeria 42,200,000 2018 North Africa Official estimate
Office National des Statistiques
  Note:
Algeria is Africa's largest country; it is situated in the Maghreb region of Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea in the north. The vast area is sparsely populated because the inhospitable Sahara covers large parts of the country. Most people, about 90%, live in the temperate, fertile region of the Mediterranean coast.
 
33
Ukraine 41,990,000 2019 Eastern Europe Official estimate
State Statistic Service of Ukraine
  Note:
Ukraine, the largest country entirely within Europe. It is afflicted with a shrinking population, which has been in decline since the 1990s due to a high emigration rate, high death rates, and low birth rates. The population figures apply to Ukraine, excluding Crimea.
 
34
Sudan 41,942,000 2019 North Africa Central Bureau of Statistic
  Note:
Sudan is an Islamic country in northeastern Africa to the south of Egypt; it has access to the Red Sea in the northeast. Sudanese Arabs make up the majority of the population in Sudan.
 
35
Uganda 40,299,300 2019 East Africa Uganda Bureau of Statistics
  Note:
The country in East-Central Africa is the world's second-most populous landlocked country after Ethiopia.
 
--
California State Flag
California 39,557,000 2018 North America American FactFinder
  Note:
In comparison: California is the most populous state in the US. If California were a nation state, it'd be ranked number 36 of the world's most populated countries.
 
36
Iraq 39,310,000 2019 Middle East UN estimate
Central Organization for Statistics
  Note:
An almost landlocked country in the Middle East; it has only a short coastline on the northern Persian Gulf. Arabs are the dominant ethnic group (61%), and there is a significant minority of Iraqi Kurds (12%).
 
37
Poland 38,386,000 2019 Eastern Europe Central Statistical Office
  Note:
Poland is a country in Eastern Europe with a coastline on the Baltic Sea.
 
38
Afghanistan 38,000,000 2019 South-Central Asia UN estimate
Central Statistics Organization
  Note:
Afghanistan is a landlocked Islamic republic with an important strategic location in South-Central Asia. Most of the country's inhabitants live in rural areas (70%). The Pashtuns (ethnic Afghans) are the largest ethnic group with more than 40%, the second largest group being Tajiks with almost 30%.
 
39
Canada 37,589,000 2019 North America Official estimation
Statistics Canada
  Note:
The largest nation in the Western Hemisphere is quite sparsely populated. Canada's urban centers are mainly in the southern part of the country.
 
40
Morocco 35,587,000 2019 North Africa Official estimate
Haut-Commissariat au Plan
  Note:
Morocco is an Islamic kingdom in northwestern Africa with coastlines on the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, inhabited by Arabic Berbers. The official languages of the country are Arabic and Berber; French is the dominant foreign language.
 
41
Saudi Arabia 34,218,000 2019 Middle East General Authority for Statistics
  Note:
Saudi Arabia occupies the better part of the Arabian Peninsula. It is the largest sovereign country in the Middle East. The figure shows the total population of Saudi, including Non-Saudi citizens. More than 12.6 million people are expatriates (37%).
 
42
Uzbekistan 33,683,000 2019 South-Central Asia Stat.uz (official statistics)
  Note:
One of the Central Asian Republics. The former Soviet republic is the most populous of all the countries in Central Asia.
 
43
Malaysia 32,612,000 2019 Southeast Asia Population projection
Department of Statistics Malaysia
  Note:
A multi-ethnic country with two regions, East Malaysia and Peninsular Malaysia. 80% (26 million) of Malaysia's total population of 32.6 million people live on the peninsula.
 
44
Venezuela 32,000,000 2019 South America Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE)
  Note:
Venezuela is a country on the northern coast of South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea. Since 2015 three million Venezuelans have fled their country, according to new UN estimates. [3]
 
45
Peru 32,000,000 2019 South America Official estimate
INEI
  Note:
The South American country on the Pacific coast was the center of the Inca empire, the largest empire in pre-Columbian America. Peru is a multi-ethnic nation of mixed Amerindian and white people (60%), Amerindians 26%, white 6%, and of African descent 3.6%.
 
46
Ghana 30,281,000 2019 West Africa Ghana Statistical Service
  Note:
Ghana is an African nation situated between Côte d'Ivoire and Togo; it borders the Gulf of Guinea in the south. Akan people are the largest ethnic group constituting almost half of the population.
 
47
Angola 30,175,553 2019 Central Africa Instituto Nacional de Estatistica
  Note:
Angola is a tropical country on the western coast of Africa, south of the equator and north of Namibia. The country is inhabited mainly by Bantu people; Ovimbundu are the largest ethnic group (40%), followed by Ambundu (23%) and Kongo people (13%). The official language is Portuguese 71%.
 
48
Nepal 29,712,000 2019 South-Central Asia Population projection
Central Bureau of Statistics
  Note:
Nepal is a landlocked country in the Himalayas south of Tibet and north of the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. It borders the Indian states of Uttarakhand in the northwest and Sikkim in the east.
 
49
Yemen 29,160,000 2019 Middle East, Arabian Peninsula UN estimate
  Note:
Yemen is a country in the southwestern part of the Arabian Peninsula. The country's population is predominantly Arabs. Arabic is the official language of Yemen.
 
50
Mozambique 27,909,000 2017 East Africa Census 2017
INE
  Note:
Mozambique is a country on the eastern coast of southern Africa bordering the Mozambique Channel. Portuguese is the most widely spoken language.
 
51
Madagascar 26,969,000 2019 East Africa Official estimate
INSTAT
  Note:
Madagascar is a country and the fourth largest island in the world; it is located in the Indian Ocean, about 400 km off the eastern coast of Africa. The island is home to the Republic of Madagascar, the world's second-largest island country, after Indonesia. Official languages are Malagasy and French.
 
52
Cameroon 25,876,000 2019 Central Africa UN estimate
National Institute of Statistics
  Note:
Cameroon is a country on the western coast of Central Africa on the Bight of Biafra, between Nigeria and Gabon. Cameroon Highlanders are the largest ethnic group (31%), followed by Equatorial Bantu (19%). Cameroonian Pidgin English and French are lingua franca understood by the majority of the population.
 
53
Côte d'Ivoire 25,717,000 2019 West Africa UN estimate
Institut National de la Statistique
  Note:
Côte d'Ivoire, also known as Ivory Coast, is a West African country on the Gulf of Guinea. Akan people are the dominant ethnic group (42%). The official language is French.
 
54
North Korea 25,660,000 2019 Eastern Asia Worldbank estimate
UN estimate
  Note:
North Korea covers the northern portion of the Korean Peninsula. Korea is divided into communist North Korea and capitalist South Korea.
 
55
Australia 25,477,000 2019 Australia/Oceania Official population clock
Australian Bureau of Statistics
  Note:
Australia is a continent that harbors the country of Australia. It is the third least densely populated country in the world, only outperformed by Namibia, Mongolia, and Greenland. The majority of the Australian population lives in large cities on the coast.
 
--
Asian Russia 25,449,000 2018 Northern Asia  
  Note:
The figure is for the population of the Asian part of Russia, which includes the administrative districts of Ural Federal District, Siberian Federal District, and Far Eastern Federal District.
 
56
Taiwan 23,594,000 2019 Eastern Asia National Statistics Taiwan
  Note:
Taiwan is an island country off the southeastern coast of mainland China. The semi-presidential republic is situated between the East China Sea and the South China Sea. It is a country with a high urban population (78%). 95% of the population are Han Chinese. Taiwan is the largest independent nation that is not a member of the United Nations (UN).
 
57
Niger 23,311,000 2019 West Africa UN estimate
Institut National de la Statistique; INS Niger
  Note:
Niger is a landlocked country in West Africa, on the southern edge of the Sahara Desert. It is the country with the world's highest fertility rate (on average, seven children per woman).
 
58
Sri Lanka 21,803,000 2019 South-Central Asia Official estimate (pdf)
Department of Census and Statistics
  Note:
Sri Lanka is a tropical island nation southeast of the Indian subcontinent, inhabited mainly by Sinhalese people (75%). The second major ethnic group on the island are Sri Lankan Tamils (11%). Official languages are Sinhala and Tamil.
 
59
Burkina Faso 20,870,060 2019 West Africa Institut National de la Statistique
  Note:
Burkina Faso, a former French colony, is a landlocked country in western Africa in the Sahel, south of Mali. The population is concentrated mainly in the south. The Mossi people are the largest ethnic group (more than 50%). The official language is French (official), but most people speak one of the many native African languages.
 
60
Mali 19,658,000 2019 West Africa Mali en chiffre
Institut National de la Statistique
  Note:
Mali is a landlocked sovereign state in the Sahel in West Africa, south of Algeria. The Sahara dominates the northeastern portion of the country. Mali is a country with a very high fertility rate (6 children per woman).
 
61
Romania 19,405,000 2019 Eastern Europe Official estimate (pdf)
Institutul Naţional de Statistică
  Note:
Romania is a country in southeastern Europe with a coastline on the Black Sea in the southeast. Its population consists mainly of Romanians (89%). The largest ethnic minorities are Hungarians (6%) and Romani people (3%).
 
62
Chile 19,107,200 2019 South America Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas
  Note:
Chile is a country that occupies a 4,500 km (2,800 mi) long coastal strip between the Andes and the Pacific Ocean, which runs down the western and southern edge of South America. Chile is a country with a multi-ethnic society. The vast majority of the population speaks Chilean Spanish.
 
63
Kazakhstan 18,529,000 2019 South-Central Asia Kazakhstan Statistics Agency
  Note:
One of the Central Asian Republics and a former Soviet Republic. Kazakhs are the largest ethnic group (68%), followed by Russians (19%). 70% of the population are Muslims, 26% Christians. Spoken languages are Kazakh and Russian.
 
64
Zambia 17,855,000 2019 East Africa 2016 est. (pdf)
Central Statistical Office
  Note:
Zambia is a landlocked tropical country in central southern Africa, east of Angola. The country's population with more than 70 ethnic groups is concentrated in urban areas along the main transport corridors, especially along railway lines. The official language is English.
 
65
Guatemala 17,689,642 2019 Central America Official estimate
Instituto Nacional de Estadística
  Note:
Guatemala is a tropical country in Central America bordered by Mexico in the west and the north. It has coastlines on the Gulf of Honduras (Caribbean Sea) and the Pacific Ocean. About 40% of the country's population are descendants of Maya peoples, just as many Guatemalans are of European or indigenous-European descent (Ladinos).
 
66
Malawi 17,563,800 2018 East Africa; Southern Central Africa Malawi in Figures (pdf)
National Statistical Office
  Note:
Malawi is a landlocked country in the Great Rift Valley, on the western shore of Lake Malawi (Lake Nyasa). Malawi's population consists mainly of Bantu peoples. The major ethnic groups are Chewa 34%, Lomwe 19%, Yao 13%, Ngoni 10%, and Tumbuka 9%. The main languages are English (official), and Chichewa.
 
67
Ecuador 17,336,000 2019 South America Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos
  Note:
Ecuador is a country in northwestern South America south of Colombia, with a coastline on the Pacific Ocean. The country is ethnically diverse. The majority, about 70% of the population, are Mestizos, descendants of Spanish colonists and Amerindians. The official language is Spanish.
 
68
Netherlands 17,282,000 2019 Western Europe Official estimate
Statistics Netherlands
  Note:
The Netherlands lies in northwestern Europe and borders the North Sea. With the exception of some European micro-states, it is the country with the highest population density in Europe. The official language is Dutch.
 
69
Syria 17,070,000 2019 Middle East UN estimate
  Note:
Syria is a country in the Middle East bordering the Mediterranean Sea. The civil war, which tears the country apart, leads to a decline in the population. Millions of people have fled from Syria to neighboring countries and Europe.
 
70
Senegal 16,209,000 2019 West Africa Agence Nationale de la Statistique
  Note:
Senegal is a tropical country on the west coast of Africa occupying the westernmost point of the continent. Senegal surrounds the Gambia on three sides. Senegal's largest ethnic groups are Wolof 37%, Pular 26%, and Serer 17%. The official language is French; Wolof is the lingua franca. 96% of the population are Muslims.
 
71
Somalia 15,443,000 2019 East Africa UN estimate
 
  Note:
Somalia is a country on the Horn of Africa. About 85% of the population are Somalis. Official languages are Somali and Arabic. Most of the Somalis are Sunni Muslim.
 
72
Cambodia 15,288,500 2019 Southeast Asia 2019 census (pdf)
National Institute of Statistics
  Note:
Cambodia is a country located in the southern part of the Indochina peninsula between Thailand and southern Vietnam; it borders the Gulf of Thailand in the southwest. It is one of the countries with the highest proportion of Buddhists in the population. The official language is Khmer.
 
73
Chad 15,100,000 2018 Central Africa Inseed Tchad
  Note:
Chad is a landlocked country in northcentral Africa. It stretches from north to south across three different geographical zones, with the Sahara in the north, the Sahel in the center, and the Sudanese savanna in the south. Chad is a multi-ethnic country with more than 200 distinct tribes. Official languages are Arabic and French. About 55% of the population are Muslims, and 40% are Christians.
 
74
Zimbabwe 14,645 ,000 2019 Eastern Africa National Population Projections
ZIMSTAT
  Note:
Zimbabwe is a landlocked country in southern East Africa. The majority of the country's population are various tribes of Shona peoples (70%), followed by Ndebele. Spoken languages are English, Shona, and Ndebele.
 
75
Rwanda 12,374,000 2019 Central Africa National Institute of Statistics
  Note:
Rwanda is a relatively small, landlocked country in Central Africa with a relatively high population density. The main ethnic groups are Hutu, Tutsi, and Twa (Pygmy). Official languages are Kinyarwanda, Swahili, French, and English. The majority of the Rwandans are Christians.
 
76
Guinea 12,218,000 2019 West Africa Institut National de la Statistique
  Note:
Guinea is a state in West Africa that borders the Atlantic Ocean in the west. Despite the mineral resources available, the majority of Guinea's citizens live in poverty. 62% of the inhabitants live in rural areas, 38% in cities. The three largest ethnic groups, among a total of more than 40 peoples, are Fulbe (40%), Malinke (26%), and Susu (11%). The predominant religion in Guinea is Sunni Islam; 85% of the population is Muslim. The official language is French. The country is in the Top 10 of nations with the highest fertility rate.
 
77
Burundi 12,044,000 2019 East Africa L'Institut de Statistiques et d'Etudes Economiques du Burundi  
  Note:
Burundi is a landlocked country in east-central Africa at the northeastern end of Lake Tanganyika, south of Rwanda. The country has a rural society; more than 85% of the population live in pastoral areas. With a share of 85%, Hutus are the largest ethnic group. Spoken languages are Kirundi and some French.
 
78
South Sudan 12,000,000 2019 East-Central Africa Information About South Sudan
  Note:
South Sudan gained its independence from Sudan in 2011. The country's predominantly rural population consists of around 60 indigenous ethnic groups.
 
79
Benin 11,800,000 2019 West Africa INSAE
  Note:
Benin is a country in Western Africa between Nigeria and Togo, bordering the Bight of Benin in the south. More than 40 ethnic groups live in the state. Fon people are the dominant ethnic group (38%). Christianity and Sunni Islam are the two main religions. Spoken languages are French (official), Fon, Yoruba, Bariba, and Fulani.
 
80
Tunisia 11,695,400 2019 North Africa UN estimates
National Institute of Statistics
  Note:
Tunisia is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea in the north and the Sahara Desert in the south. The Tunisian Cape Angela marks the northernmost point on the African continent. The country is inhabited by people with Arab and Berber ancestral origin. The official language is Arabic; other spoken languages are French and Tamazight (Berber). 99% of the Tunisians are Sunni Muslims.
 
81
Bolivia 11,513,000 2019 South America Population Clock
Instituto Nacional de Estadística
  Note:
Bolivia is a landlocked country in central South America. The majority of Bolivia's population are mestizos (68%), followed by indigenous peoples (20%) consisting of 36 recognized ethnic groups. The common language is Spanish. 78% of the population is Roman Catholic, 19% are Protestants.
 
82
Belgium 11,431,400 2019 Western Europe Statistics Belgium
  Note:
Belgium is a kingdom in Western Europe, bordering the North Sea in the northwest. The country is inhabited by Belgians (75%). There are three official languages in the kingdom, Dutch (59%), French (40%), and German (under 1%). Half of the population is Roman Catholic.
 
83
Cuba 11,280,000 2020 Caribbean, Greater Antilles Official estimate
Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas
  Note:
Cuba is the largest and most populous country in the Caribbean. 64% of its population is white, 27% are mulatto or mixed, and 9% are black. The official language is Spanish. Although Cuba has a communist political system, almost 60% of the population is Christian.
 
84
Haiti 11,000,000 2019 Hispaniola, Caribbean Institut Haitien de statistique
  Note:
Haiti shares the island of Hispaniola with the Dominican Republic. The country became the first black-run republic in the world, but since then, it has repeatedly experienced political and social unrest. Haiti is currently the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere. Spoken are French and Haitian Creole. More than 80% are of the population are Christians and roughly half of the population practices voodoo.
 
85
Czech Republic 10,668,700 2019 Eastern Europe Czech Statistical Office
  Note:
The Czech Republic is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It includes the historical countries of Bohemia and Moravia as well as parts of Silesia. Czechia was until 1992 part of Czechoslovakia, the former country is now divided between the Czech Republic and Slovakia.
 
86
Jordan 10,507,000
2019 Middle East Department of Statistics
  Note:
Jordan is an almost landlocked country on the east bank of the Jordan River, east of Israel. The country has a narrow access (27 km) to the Gulf of Aqaba (Red Sea) in the south. The figure includes refugees of the Syrian Civil War.
 
87
Greece 10,500,000 2019 Southern Europe Hellenic Statistical Authority
  Note:
The mainland of Greece is situated on the southern tip of the Balkan Peninsula, the rest of the country consists of several hundred islands scattered throughout the Aegean and Ionian seas. 90% of the population are Greeks. The official language is Greek.
 
88
Dominican Republic 10,448,000 2020 Caribbean Oficina Nacional de Estadítica
  Note:
The Dominican Republic occupies the eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola. 70% of the population belongs to a mixed ethnic group. Spoken language is Spanish.
 
89
Portugal 10,276,000 2018 Southern Europe Statistics Portugal
  Note:
The country is located in the west of the Iberian Peninsula; it is the westernmost country in Europe. The Azores and Madeira archipelagos in the North Atlantic Ocean are two autonomous regions of Portugal. The official language is Portuguese. More than 80% of the Portuguese population is Roman Catholic Christian.
 
90
Sweden 10,247,000 2019 Northern Europe Statistics Sweden
  Note:
Sweden is one of the Nordic countries situated on the Scandinavian Peninsula.
 
91
Azerbaijan 9,981,500 2019 Western Asia State Statistical Committee of Azerbaijan
  Note:
Azerbaijan was one of the 15 republics of the former Soviet Union. The country is situated in the Caucasus on the western shore of the Caspian Sea. Spoken languages are Azerbaijani (official), Russian, and Armenian. About 97% of the population are Muslims, most of them Shia.
 
92
Hungary 9,773,000 2019 Eastern Europe Official estimate
Hungarian Central Statistical Office
  Note:
The EU member state is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe inhabited by Hungarians (98%). About one-quarter of the population lives in the metropolitan area of the capital city Budapest. More than half of the Hungarians are Christians (54%). The official language is Hungarian.
 
93
Belarus 9,456,000 2019 Eastern Europe National Statistical portal of Belarus
  Note:
Belarus is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe, east of Poland. The official language is Belarusian.
 
94
United Arab Emirates 9,304,000 2017 Arabian Peninsula 2017 census
National Bureau of Statistics United Arab Emirates
  Note:
The UAE is, after the Vatican, number two among the countries with a majority of foreign-born inhabitants. 83% of the UAE's population are non-native.
UAE Population 2017 by gender, Male: 6,415,942 Female: 2,888,335.
 
95
Honduras 9,191,000 2019 Central America Instituto Nacional de Estadistica Honduras
  Note:
Honduras is a country in Central America between Guatemala and Nicaragua, bordering the Caribbean Sea to the north. The country also has access to the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca in the south. 90% of its population are mixed Amerindian and European, 7% are Amerindian. The official language is Spanish.
 
96
Tajikistan 9,127,000 2019 South-Central Asia Statistical Agency Tajikistan
  Note:
One of the Central Asian Republics. The mountainous landlocked country is surrounded by Afghanistan, China, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan. Most of the population are Tajiks, a Persian-speaking Iranian ethnic group.
 
97
Papua New Guinea 9,079,000
est.  
2019 Melanesia/Oceania National Statistical Office Papua New Guinea
  Note:
Papua New Guinea consists of the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and several offshore islands in the western Pacific north of eastern Australia. PNG is one of the most culturally diverse nations in the world, with more languages spoken than in any other country; there are more than 800 tribal languages. Tok Pisin and English serve as lingua franca.
 
98
Israel 9,078,000 2019 Middle East Central Bureau of Statistics Israel
  Note:
The State of Israel is a country in the Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea in the west. 74% of the total population are Jewish, about 21% Arabs. Major spoken languages are Hebrew, Arabic, English, Russian, and Amharic (Ethiopia). Approximately half of the Jewish population are non-religious, [4] 18% of the total population are Muslims, and 2% are Christians.
 
99
Austria 8,887,000 2019 Western Europe Official estimates
Statistics Austria
  Note:
Austria is a landlocked country within the Alps in Western Europe, north of Italy. 91% of the population are ethnic Austrians. Other ethnic groups are ex-Yugoslavs (6%), Germans (3%), and Turks (2%). Spoken language is Standard Austrian German.
 
100
Switzerland 8,556,000 2019 Western Europe Swiss Federal Statistical Office
  Note:
Switzerland is a landlocked country within the Alps. One country, four languages, German, French, Italian, and Romansh are all national and official languages.
 
101
Sierra Leone 7,813,000 2019 West Africa Statistics Sierra Leone
  Note:
Sierra Leone is an African nation located on the west coast of Africa.
 
102
Hong Kong (China) 7,524,100 2019 Eastern Asia Official estimate
Census and Statistics Department
  Note:
Hong Kong is a city and a Chinese Special Administrative Region (SAR) on the southeastern coast of China, bordering the South China Sea. 92% of the population are Han Chinese. Official languages are Cantonese (89%), and English (4.3%).
 
103
Togo 7,352,000 2018 West Africa Direction Générale de la Statistique
  Note:
Togo is a country in West Africa between Benin and Ghana with a short coastline on the Gulf of Guinea. There are about 40 different ethnic groups, and as many distinct languages are spoken. Major ethnic groups are Ewe, Kabye, Temba, and Gurma.
 
104
Paraguay 7,152,700 2019 South America Statistical Office Paraguay (in Spanish)
  Note:
Paraguay is a landlocked country in central South America between Bolivia, Brazil, and Argentina. 95% of its population are mestizos (mixed Spanish and Amerindian). Spoken languages are Spanish and Guarani, both official.
 
105
Laos 7,120,000 2019 Southeast Asia Lao Statistics Bureau
  Note:
The Lao PDR is internationally known as Laos, a country on the Indochinese Peninsula between Thailand and Vietnam. Lao's Government officially recognizes 49 ethnic groups.
 
106
Bulgaria 7,000,000 2019 Eastern Europe National Statistical Institute Bulgaria
  Note:
Bulgaria is a country in southeastern Europe on the Balkan Peninsula, bordering the Black Sea in the east. Bulgarians are the dominant ethnic group (85%). The official language is Bulgarian, written in Cyrillic. The main religion is Eastern Orthodox Christianity (75%).
 
107
Serbia 6,963,000 2019 Southern Europe Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia
  Note:
Serbia is a landlocked country on the Balkan Peninsula. Formerly one of the six constituent republics of Yugoslavia.
 
108
Lebanon 6,856,000 2019 Middle East UN estimate
Central Administration of Statistics
  Note:
Lebanon is a Middle Eastern country with a coastline on the Mediterranean Sea. Lebanon is a nation of minorities with no single dominant group. The country hosts approximately 1.5 million refugees, mainly from Syria and Palestine.
 
109
Libya 6,777,000 2019 North Africa UN estimate
 
  Note:
The North African country borders the Mediterranean Sea to the north. The Sahara desert covers large parts of Libya. The vast country has a relatively small population with a majority of Arab-Berbers. 90% of the Libyan population live on the coast.
 
110
Nicaragua 6,546,000 2019 Central America INIDE Nicaragua
  Note:
Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America. Most of its population (70%) are mestizos, offsprings of Europeans and American Indians. About 18% are white people, mostly of Spanish descent, and 9% have African ancestors.
 
111
El Salvador 6,454,000 2019 Central America UN estimate
Dirección General de Estadística y Censos
  Note:
El Salvador is the smallest country in Central America, it lies between Guatemala and Honduras, and it borders the Pacific Ocean in the south. Most of its population are mestizo (86%), there are white (12%) and a few indigenous people.
 
112
Kyrgyzstan 6,400,000 2019 South-Central Asia Official estimate

Statistics Office Kyrgyzstan
  Note:
Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked country in central Asia, southeast of Kazakhstan, on the northwestern border of China. More than 70% of the population are Kyrgyz; the rest are Uzbeks (15%), and Russians (5%).
 
113
Turkmenistan 5,943,000 2019 South-Central Asia UN estimate
Turkmenistan Statistical Office
  Note:
A country in Central Asia between the Caspian Sea in the west and the Amu Darya River in the east. The former Soviet republic is the least populated nation of the Central Asian republics. The country is populated by Turkmen (85%), Uzbeks (5%), and Russians (4%). Spoken languages are Turkmen, Russian, and Uzbek.
 
114
Denmark 5,814,000 2019 Northern Europe Statistics Denmark
  Note:
The southernmost of the Scandinavian countries is a constitutional monarchy situated on the Jutland peninsula and an archipelago of several hundred islands in the Baltic Sea, the largest are Zealand, with the capital Copenhagen, Funen and the North Jutlandic Island.
 
115
Singapore 5,703,000 2019 Southeast Asia Statistics Singapore
  Note:
A multiethnic city-state south of the tip of the Malay Peninsula, with a predominantly Chinese (74%), Malay (13%), and Indian (9%) population.
 
116
Finland 5,522,000 2019 Northern Europe Population Register Centre
Statistics Finland
  Note:
The country on the Baltic Sea between Sweden and Russia is the second-least populated country in Europe. Spoken languages are Finnish, Swedish, and Sámi.
 
117
Slovakia 5,450,000 2018 Eastern Europe Statistical Office
  Note:
Slovakia is a country in central Europe; until 1992, it was part of Czechoslovakia. The official language is Slovak.
 
118
Congo, ROC
(Republic of the Congo)
5,381,000 2019 Central Africa UN estimate
 
  Note:
The Republic of the Congo, also known as Congo-Brazzaville, is a tropical country in Central Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean in the southwest. Various sub-groups of Bantu people inhabit the Congo. Spoken languages are French, Lingala, Kituba, and Kikongo.
 
119
Norway 5,346,000 2019 Northern Europe Statistics Norway
  Note:
A Scandinavian country and one of the most sparsely populated countries in Europe. Nearly half of the population lives in the southern part of the country. Official languages are Norwegian and Sámi.
 
120
Eritrea est. 5 to 6 million 2019 East Africa UN estimate
Eritrea MOI 
  Note:
Eritrea is a country on the Horn of Africa on the coast of the Red Sea. The major ethnic groups are Tigrinya people (55%) and Tigre people (30%). Spoken languages are Tigrinya, Arabic, English, and Tigre.
(There are no reliable population data for Eritrea; data vary from 3.4 million (UN) to 5.9 million (CIA))
 
121
Costa Rica 5,058,000 2019 Central America Instituto Nacional de Estadística
  Note:
Costa Rica is a country in Central America between Nicaragua and Panama, with coastlines on the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. A large part of the population are descendants of European immigrants and descendants of relationships between Europeans and indigenous Americans. More than 75% of Costa Rica's population are Christians. Spoken language is Spanish.
 
122
State of Palestine 4,981,000 2019 Middle East UN estimate
Central Bureau of Statistics
  Note:
The State of Palestine is a (partially) recognized sovereign state but is occupied by Israel since 1967. The state is not recognized by various countries in North America, Western Europe, and Australia. The territories claimed by the State of Palestine are the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, and East Jerusalem. More than 90% of Palestinians are Muslim. Languages in use are Palestinian Arabic and Hebrew.
 
123
Liberia 4,937,000 2019 West Africa UN estimate
LISGIS
  Note:
Liberia is a country in the southwestern corner of the hump of Africa bordering the Atlantic Ocean. Spoken languages are English and about 30 indigenous languages. The Kpelle and the Bassa people are the largest ethnic groups. 85% of the population are Christians, 12% are Muslims.
 
124
Ireland 4,921,000 2019 Northern Europe Central Statistics Office
  Note:
The Republic of Ireland is an independent state that occupies five-sixths of the island of Ireland, which is situated west of the island of Great Britain.
 
125
New Zealand 4,917,000 2019 Australia/Oceania Official population clock

Statistics New Zealand
  Note:
An island nation in the South Pacific Ocean. The country consists of two main islands situated about 2,000 km (1,275 mi) southeast of Australia. 73% of the population lives in urban areas. Approximately three-fourths of New Zealand's inhabitants are descendants of European immigrants, and 15% are Māori people, the original inhabitants of the islands. Spoken languages are English and Māori.
 
126
Central African Republic 4,745,000 2019 Central Africa UN estimate
 
  Note:
The Central African Republic is a landlocked country in the heart of Africa. It is the country that ranks lowest in the Human Development Index. There are over 80 ethnic groups. Spoken languages are French and Sangho, which is a national language and serves as lingua franca.
 
127
Oman 4,676,000 2019 Arabian Peninsula National Center for Statistics and Information
  Note:
Oman is a country in the southeastern corner of the Arabian Peninsula bordering the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman. Oman's population consists of 56% Omanis and 44% expatriates. The official language is Arabic. The predominant religion is Islam (86%).
 
128
Kuwait 4,621,000 2019 Middle East
Arabian Peninsula
Statistics Service System
Kuwait Central Statistical Office
  Note:
Kuwait is a relatively small country in the northeastern part of the Arabian Peninsula bordering the Persian Gulf in the east. Kuwait's population is made up of 70% foreigners and 30% Kuwaiti. More than 90% of the Kuwaitis are Muslim.
 
129
Panama 4,098,000 2017 Central America 2017 population (pdf)
Instituto Nacional de Estadística
  Note:
Panama is a country on the Isthmus of Panama between Costa Rica and Colombia, bordering the Caribbean Sea to the north, and the Pacific Ocean to the south. About 65% of the population are mestizos (mix of European and native ancestry), 12% are Indigenous Americans. The principal language is Spanish.
 
130
Croatia 4,088,000 2018 Southern Europe
Balkan Peninsula
Croatian Bureau of Statistics
  Note:
Croatia is a Mediterranean country in Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea. Formerly one of the six constituent republics of Yugoslavia. More than 80% of the population are Roman Catholics. The official language is Croatian.
 
131
Mauritania 4,000,000 2019 West Africa Office National de la Statistique
  Note:
The Islamic Republic of Mauritania is a sparsely populated country in West Africa with a coastline on the Atlantic Ocean. The Sahara desert covers much of its territory. The population consists of Haratins ("black Moors"; 40%), Beidanes ("white" Moors; 30%), and sub-Saharan Mauritanians. Spoken languages are Hassaniya Arabic, Wolof, and French.
 
132
Georgia 3,723,000 2019 Western Asia Official estimate
GeoStat
  Note:
Georgia is a Eurasian state on the border between Europe and Asia; it lies between Turkey and Russia and borders the Black Sea in the west. 87% of the population are Georgian, about 6% are Azerbaijanis, and more than 4% are Armenian. Official languages are Georgian and Abkhazian. The majority of the population (86%) are Orthodox Christian.
 
133
Uruguay 3,493,200 2017 South America Population 2017 (pdf)
Instituto Nacional de Estadística
  Note:
Uruguay is a South American country south of Brazil, bordering the Río de la Plata and the South Atlantic Ocean. Uruguay's population is of predominantly European origin. The official language is Spanish.
 
134
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,250,000 2019 Southern Europe
Balkan Peninsula
Agency for Statistics
  Note:
Bosnia-Herzegovina is a mountainous and almost landlocked country on the Balkan Peninsula with a narrow, 20 km wide access to the Adriatic Sea in the south. BiH was one of the six constituent republics of Yugoslavia. These days half of the population are Bosniaks, 30% are Serbs, and 15% are Croats. Spoken languages are Bosnian, Serbian, and Croatian.
 
135
Mongolia 3,238,000 2019 Eastern Asia National Statistical Office
  Note:
Mongolia is a vast landlocked country between Siberia in the north and China in the south. It is the least densely populated sovereign nation in the world (2 people per sq km). The spoken language is Mongolian. More than half of the population are Buddhists.
 
136
Puerto Rico 3,195,000 2018 Caribbean, Greater Antilles US Census Bureau
  Note:
Puerto Rico is one of two US territories with "commonwealth" status. PR is the country with the highest population decline due to a low birth rate, an ongoing economic crisis, emigration to the US, and the aftermath of Hurricane Maria.
 
137
Armenia 2,961,000 2019 Western Asia Official estimate
National Statistical Service
  Note:
Armenia is a landlocked country and former Soviet republic in the South Caucasus with an Armenian speaking population. The main religion in Armenia is Christianity.
 
138
Albania 2,862,000 2019 Southern Europe Albania Institute of Statistics
  Note:
Albania is a country on the Balkan peninsula to the north of Greece, bordering the Adriatic and the Ionian Sea. The official language is Albanian. About 60% of the population are Muslims.
 
139
Lithuania 2,790,000 2019 Northern Europe Statistics Lithuania
  Note:
Lithuania is the largest of the Baltic states, and one of the countries with the highest population decline due to a low birth rate and emigration.
 
140
Qatar 2,773,000 2019 Middle East Ministry of Development Planning and Statistics
  Note:
Qatar is a country in the Persian Gulf occupying the Qatar Peninsula on the west coast of the much larger Arabian Peninsula. Population: 313,000 Qatari citizens (12%) and 2.3 million expatriates (in 2017).
 
141
Jamaica 2,727,000 2019 Caribbean, Greater Antilles Statistical Institute of Jamaica
  Note:
One of the Greater Antilles islands southeast of Cuba. Spoken languages are English and Jamaican Patois. The majority of the Jamaicans are Christians.
 
142
Moldova 2,682,000 2019 Eastern Europe Official estimate
National Bureau of Statistics
  Note:
Moldova is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe between Romania and Ukraine. The largest ethnic group are Moldovans (75%); other inhabitants are Romanians 7%, Ukrainians 6.6%, Gagauzes 4.6%, and Russians 4%. Spoken languages are Moldovan/Romanian (80%), Russian, Gagauz, and Ukrainian. More than 90% of the total population are Orthodox Christians.
 
143
Namibia 2,500,000 2019 Southern Africa Central Bureau of Statistics
  Note:
Situated in southwest Africa, Namibia is the second-least densely populated sovereign nation in the world. The largest ethnic group are the Ovambo (50%). An estimated 80% to 90% of the population are Christians.
 
144
Gambia 2,348,000 2019 West Africa UN estimate
Gambia Bureau of Statistics
  Note:
Stylized "The Gambia," a multiethnic country along the Gambia River surrounded by Senegal. 95% of the population are Muslims.
 
145
Botswana 2,339,000 2019 Southern Africa Population projection
Central Statistics Office
  Note:
The landlocked country in Southern Africa is sparsely populated because up to 70% of the country is covered by the Kalahari Desert, a large semi-arid sandy savanna.
 
146
Gabon 2,173,000 2019 Central Africa UN estimate
Direction Générale des Statistiques
 
  Note:
A country along the Atlantic coast of West Africa between Cameroon and the Republic of the Congo.
 
147
Lesotho 2,125,000 2019 Southern Africa UN estimate
Bureau of Statistics
  Note:
Lesotho is a landlocked mountainous country that forms an enclave in South Africa. Spoken languages are Sesotho (official), English, Zulu, and Xhosa.
 
148
Slovenia 2,084,300 2019 Southern Europe
Balkan Peninsula
Statistical Office Slovenia
  Note:
Formerly one of the six constituent republics of Yugoslavia, a landlocked country on the Balkan Peninsula north of Greece.
 
149
North Macedonia 2,077,000 2019 Southern Europe
Balkan Peninsula
Official estimate
State Statistical Office
  Note:
North Macedonia was formerly one of the six constituent republics of Yugoslavia. The landlocked country in the Balkan Peninsula is inhabited by ethnic Macedonians (65%) and Albanians (25%). 65% of the population are Eastern Orthodox Christians, 33% are Muslims. Spoken languages are Macedonian and Albanian.
 
150
Latvia 1,916,000 2019 Northern Europe Central Statistical Bureau
  Note:
One of the Baltic states, situated between Estonia to the north and Lithuania in the south. Latvia is also one of the Baltic states affected by negative population growth due to a low birth rate and emigration.
 
151
Guinea-Bissau 1,585,000 2018 West Africa National Bureau of Statistics
  Note:
A country in West Africa between Senegal and Guinea, with a coastline on the Atlantic Ocean.
 
152
Bahrain 1,503,000 2018 Middle East Bahrain Open Data Portal
  Note:
Bahrain is among the most densely populated countries. Like many other countries on the Arabian Peninsula, Bahrain has a population with a high percentage of foreigners. In 2018 689,400 people of the country's population were Bahraini, 813,300 were non-nationals.
 
153
Trinidad and Tobago 1,364,000 2019 Caribbean Central Statisical Office
  Note:
The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago consists of two islands; it is the southernmost island country in the Caribbean, located off the northeast coast of Venezuela.
 
154
Equatorial Guinea 1,356,000 2019 Central Africa UN estimate
EG Statistical Office 
  Note:
The small country on the west coast of Central Africa consists of five offshore islands in the Gulf of Guinea and a national territory on the African mainland between Cameroon and Gabon.
 
155
Estonia 1,324,000 2019 Northern Europe Official estimate
Statistics Estonia
  Note:
The smallest of the Baltic states.
 
156
Timor-Leste (East Timor) 1,293,000 2019 Australia/Oceania UN estimate
TL Directorate of Statistics
  Note:
East Timor is a country on the eastern part of the island of Timor, which is in the southern part of the Malay Archipelago.
 
157
Mauritius 1,266,000 2019 East Africa Statistics Mauritius
  Note:
An island nation in the Indian Ocean, the popular tourist destination lies 900 km east of Madagascar. It is the country with the highest population density in Africa. The main religions are Hinduism (48%), Christianity (33%), and Islam (17%).
 
158
Swaziland 1,148,000 2019 Southern Africa UN estimate
Swaziland Government website
  Note:
Swaziland renamed Eswatini in 2018, is a landlocked country in southeast Africa bordered by South Africa and Mozambique.
 
159
Djibouti 974,000 2019 East Africa Djibouti Government
  Note:
A small country with a French- and Arabic-speaking population. Djibouti is situated in Eastern Africa between Eritrea and Somalia, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea.
 
160
Cyprus 957,000 2018 Middle East /Europe Official estimate
Cyprus Statistical Service
  Note:
The Republic of Cyprus is situated on the island of Cyprus in the eastern Mediterranean Sea south of Turkey. Geopolitically, the republic can be classified as falling within Europe, the Middle East, or both.
 
161
Fiji 884,900 2017 Melanesia/Oceania Fiji Bureau of Statistics
  Note:
Fiji is a mountainous island group of volcanic origin, situated in Melanesia in the South Pacific Ocean north of New Zealand and east of Australia.
 
162
Réunion (France) 866.500 2019 East Africa Official estimate
France statistics
  Note:
Known previously as Île Bourbon, an island and a French overseas department in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar.
 
163
Comoros 851,000 2019 East Africa UN estimate
 
  Note:
An archipelago at the northern mouth of the Mozambique Channel with an Arabic and French-speaking Sunni Muslim population.
 
164
Guyana 783,000 2019 South America UN estimate
Bureau of Statistics
  Note:
A country on South America's mainland North Atlantic coast, the only country in South America with an English speaking population. A country's population is consisting of about 40% Indo-Guyanese (descendants of Indian indentured laborers) and 30% Afro-Guyanese (descendants of African slaves). Spoken languages are English (official), Guyanese Creole, Caribbean Hindustani, and Amerindian languages.
 
165
Bhutan 742,000 2019 South-Central Asia Official estimates
Census 2017
National Statistics Bureau
  Note:
A small independent kingdom on the southeastern slopes of the eastern Himalaya Mountains. Its population consists of Ngalop people (50%), ethnic Nepali (35%), and some indigenous or migrant tribes (15%). Buddhism is the dominant religion (75%).
 
166
Macao 672.000 2019 Eastern Asia
China
Statistics and Census Service
  Note:
The city is a Special Administrative Region of China (SAR); it is the most densely populated territory in the world. Chinese and Portuguese are official languages; even so, its population consists of 88% Chinese and 1% Portuguese.
 
167
Solomon Islands 642,000 2015 Melanesia/Oceania Solomon Islands National Statistics Office (SINSO)
  Note:
An island group in the southwestern Pacific, east of New Guinea. Melanesian pidgin is the lingua franca. The main religion is Christianity.
 
168
Montenegro 622,000 2019 Southern Europe
Balkan Peninsula
Statistical Office of Montenegro
Official estimates
  Note:
A Balkan country on the Adriatic Sea to the north of Albania. Formerly one of the six constituent republics of Yugoslavia. 45% of its population are Montenegrins, 29% Serbians, 9% Bosniaks, and 5% Albanians.
 
169
Luxembourg 613,900 2019 Western Europe Statistics Portal Luxembourg
  Note:
A small country between Belgium and Germany north of France with a high proportion of people with a foreign background.
 
170
Suriname 583,200 2017 South America Algemeen Bureau voor de Statistiek
  Note:
Suriname is South America's least populated state. The formerly Dutch ruled country has a population mainly of people who are descendants of African slaves, Asian Indians, and Dutch Europeans. The main languages are Dutch (official), and English (widely spoken).
 
171
Western Sahara 582,000 2019 North Africa UN estimate
CIA Word Fact Book  
  Note:
A desert region and disputed territory on the Atlantic coast between Morocco and Mauritania. Approximately 75% of the area is under Moroccan control.
 
--
Wyoming State Flag
Wyoming 578,000 2018 North America American FactFinder
  Note:
In comparison: Wyoming is the least populated state in the US. If Wyoming were a nation state, it'd be ranked number 172 of the world's most populated countries.
 
172
Cape Verde 536,300 2019 West Africa Instituto Nacional de Estatística
  Note:
Cabo Verde is an archipelago of volcanic origin in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Senegal. Half the nation's population lives on the main island Santiago. Spoken language is Crioulo, a Portuguese-based creole.
 
173
Maldives 534,000 2019 South-Central Asia National Bureau of Statistics
  Note:
The Maldives is the smallest nation in Asia by land area and Asia's least populated country, but it has a very high population density. The archipelago is situated between the Arabian and the Laccadive Sea southwest of India. The Maldives is an Islamic country. Spoken languages are Dhivehi and English, especially in the tourism industry.
 
174
Malta 494,000 2019 Southern Europe National Statistics Office
  Note:
The Republic of Malta is an island country in the Mediterranean Sea about 90 km south of Sicily. The two main islands are Malta and Gozo. The national language of Malta is Maltese.
 
175
Brunei 442,400 2018 Southeast Asia Brunei Statistical Office
  Note:
One of the smallest nations in Asia (after Singapore and the Maldives). It is Asia's second-least populated country. Spoken language is Standard Malay. Islam is the official religion of Brunei.
 
176
Guadeloupe (France) 382,700 2019 Caribbean Official estimate
Institut national de la statistique
  Note:
Guadeloupe is an island in the Caribbean with a majority of Afro-Caribbean and mixed Creole population. The overseas region of France consists of the islands of Basse-Terre, Grande-Terre, Marie-Galante, La Désirade, and Îles des Saintes.
 
177
Bahamas 389,000 2019 Caribbean UN estimates
  Note:
The Bahamas are an archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean consisting of 700-plus islands and over 2,000 islets and cays scattered over an area of more than 260,000 km² southeast of Florida.
 
178
Belize 386,200 2019 Central America Statistical Institute
  Note:
Belize is the most sparsely populated nation in Central America. The major ethnic groups are mestizos 53%, Creoles 26%, Maya 11%, and Garifuna people with an African ancestry 6%. Spoken languages are Belize Creole (Kriol) and English.
 
179
Martinique
(France)
364,300 2019 Caribbean Official estimate
Institut national de la statistique
  Note:
Martinique is an island in the Caribbean. The overseas region (région d'outre-mer or DROM) of France has a population mainly of people of African descent. The official language is French.
 
180
Iceland 356,000 2019 Northern Europe Statistics Iceland
  Note:
Iceland is an island in the North Atlantic Ocean, just south of the Arctic Circle and the Greenland Sea. It is the most sparsely populated country in Europe, besides Finland and Greenland. Iceland's official language is Icelandic. Almost all Icelanders are Christians.
 
181
French Guiana (France) 296,700 2019 South America Official estimate
Institut de la statistique
  Note:
French Guiana is an overseas department and region of France on the northern Atlantic coast between Suriname and Brazil; it is the least populous country in South America.
 
182
Barbados 287,000 2019 Caribbean UN estimate
Barbados Government
  Note:
Barbados is an island in the Lesser Antilles east of St Vincent and the Grenadines. The island nation is an independent state and a Commonwealth realm. Head of State is the British monarch. The people of Barbados are predominantly black (92%) or mixed (3%). Spoken languages are English and Bajan Creole. Three-fourths of the people are Christians.
 
183
French Polynesia 278,000 2018 Polynesia/Oceania UN estimate
Institut de la statistique
  Note:
French Polynesia is an archipelago of 118 islands scattered over a vast area in the South Pacific Ocean; it is an overseas country of France. Best known island: Tahiti.
 
184
Vanuatu 272,000 2016 Melanesia/Oceania 2016 Census (.pdf)
Vanuatu National Statistics
  Note:
An archipelago of about 80 islands in the southwestern Pacific Ocean between Australia and Fiji.
 
185
Mayotte (France) 270,000 2019 East Africa Official estimate
Institut de la statistique
  Note:
An island and an overseas department of France located in the Indian Ocean, east of Comoros.
 
186
New Caledonia (France) 269,000 2014 Melanesia/Oceania Institut de la Statistique
  Note:
New Caledonia is an island in the South Pacific, east of Australia and southwest of Vanuatu. The island is a French overseas territory.
 
187
Samoa 202,500 2020 Polynesia/Oceania Bureau of Statistics
  Note:
Samoa is a group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about halfway between Hawaii and Australia.
 
188
São Tomé and Príncipe 202,000 2018 Central Africa Instituto Nacional de Estatística
  Note:
African island nation near the equator with a Portuguese speaking population.
 
189
Saint Lucia 179,000 2018 Caribbean Department of Statistics
  Note:
Caribbean island and an independent state within the Commonwealth of Nations since 1979.
 
190
Guam (USA) 168,000 2019 Micronesia/Oceania CIA WFB
Tourism Website
  Note:
U.S. island area in the Western Pacific in the middle of nowhere.
 
191
Curaçao (Netherlands) 158,665 2019 Caribbean Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek
  Note:
One of the ABC islands, located in the southern Caribbean Sea, 65 km (40mi) north of the Venezuelan coast.
 
192
Kiribati 118,000 2019 Micronesia/Oceania UN estimate
  Note:
The former Gilbert Islands in the Pacific Ocean were renamed to Kiribati in 1979. The three island groups, the Gilbert Islands, the Line Islands, and the Phoenix Islands, are scattered over an area of about 3.5 million sq km.
 
193
Grenada 112,000 2018 Caribbean UN estimate
Grenada Government site
  Note:
Island at the southern end of the Grenadines, an island chain in the Caribbean Sea northwest of Trinidad and Tobago.
 
194
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 110,600 2019 Caribbean Statistical Office
  Note:
A Lesser Antilles island chain between Saint Lucia and Grenada.
 
195
Tonga 108,000 2018 Polynesia/Oceania Government website
  Note:
An archipelago of volcanic islands and low raised coral islands scattered over 700,000 sq km southeast of Fiji. Tonga is also known as the Friendly Islands.
 
196
U.S. Virgin Islands 107,000 2019 Caribbean CIA WFB
  Note:
The Virgin Islands of the United States is the US portion of the Virgin Islands archipelago; the other part belongs to the British.
 
197
Aruba (Netherlands) 106,000 2019 Caribbean Central Bureau of Statistics
  Note:
Aruba, one of the ABC islands, is a constituent country of the Netherlands about 30 km off the coast of Venezuela.
 
198
Federated States of Micronesia 104,500 2019 Micronesia/Oceania Federated States of Micronesia Office of Statistics
  Note:
Island group in the North Pacific Ocean north of New Guinea and the Marshall Islands.
 

 

Least Populated Countries
Below are the least populated countries with a population of under 100,000 inhabitants.

199
Seychelles 97,625 2019 East Africa Seychelles in Figures 2019
National Bureau of Statistics
  Note:
An archipelago of 115 islands in the Indian Ocean and the smallest African nation. The country is also Africa's least populated sovereign nation.
 
200
Antigua and Barbuda 96,453 2019 Caribbean UN estimate
Government website
  Note:
The island country in the West Indies consists of the two Leeward Islands Antigua and Barbuda and some smaller islands. 97% of the population live on Antigua.
 
201
Andorra 76,500 2019 Southern Europe Departament d'Estadística
  Note:
Andorra is a microstate in the Pyrenees mountains bordering France and Spain.
 
202
Dominica 74,000 2019 Caribbean Government website
  Note:
The mountainous island nation in the Caribbean Sea is the northernmost of the Windward Islands.
 
203
Bermuda (UK) 72,000 2019 Caribbean Government website
  Note:
A British dependency of around 150 small islands in the North Atlantic Ocean about 1,050 km (650 miles) east of the coast of North Carolina.
 
204
Cayman Islands (UK) 64,000 2019 Caribbean Statistics Office
  Note:
A British Overseas Territory south of Cuba that consists of the three islands, Grand Cayman, Cayman Brac, and Little Cayman.
205
Greenland 56,000 2019 Northern Europe/North America Greenland in Figures 2019
Statistics Greenland
  Note:
Greenland is the world's largest island and an autonomous country within Denmark (Danish Realm). It is also the least densely populated country in the world. The Greenlandic population lives exclusively in towns and coastal settlements.
 
206
Marshall Islands 55,500 2018 Micronesia/Oceania Statistics Office
  Note:
Twenty-nine atolls and five isolated islands in the North Pacific Ocean, about halfway between Hawaii and the island of New Guinea.
 
207
Saint Kitts and Nevis 53,000 2019 Caribbean Official estimate
  Note:
Saint Kitts and Nevis is the least populous sovereign country in the Caribbean.
 
208
Faroe Islands
Denmark
52,122 2019 Northern Europe Statistics Faroe Islands
  Note:
The Faroe Islands consists of eighteen rocky, volcanic islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, 400 km north of Scotland. The archipelago is an autonomous country within the Kingdom of Denmark.
 
209
Northern Mariana Islands 52,000 2019 Micronesia/Oceania CIA World Fact Book
  Note:
Fourteen islands in the North Pacific Ocean, including Saipan, Rota, and Tinian. One of two US territories with "commonwealth" status.
 
210
American Samoa 51,000 2019 Polynesia/Oceania CIA World Fact Book
  Note:
American Samoa is an unincorporated territory of the United States.
 
211
Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) 41,400 2019 Caribbean Department of Statistics
  Note:
A British Overseas Territory, until 1962, part of UK's Jamaican colony. The territory consists of two island groups southeast of The Bahamas and to the north of Haiti.
 
212 SXM Sint Maarten (Netherlands) 40,600 2018 Caribbean (Dutch part of the island of Saint Martin) Department of Statistics St. Maarten
ST Maarten Government
  Note:
The Dutch part of the island of Saint Martin. Cruise arrivals: 1.5 million people (in 2018)
 
213
Liechtenstein 38,380 2019 Western Europe Liechtenstein in Figures 2018
Amt für Statistik
  Note:
A small German-speaking landlocked principality between Austria and Switzerland.
 
214
Monaco 38,300 2018 Western Europe Official estimate
Monaco Statistics
  Note:
The city-state on the French Riviera is the most densely populated sovereign country in the world. (See also: Current World Population)
 
215
Saint Martin (France) 37,000 2018 Caribbean Official estimate
  Note:
The French part of the Caribbean island of Saint Martin.
 
216
British Virgin Islands (UK) 36,000 2019 Caribbean BVI Statistic
  Note:
A British Overseas Territory in the Caribbean east of Puerto Rico.
 
217
San Marino 33,500 2019 Southern Europe
Italy Map
San Marino Statistic Office
  Note:
The Most Serene Republic of San Marino is a tiny nation surrounded by Italy. Spoken language is Italian.
 
218
Caribbean Netherlands
(NL)
25,000 2018 Caribbean Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek
  Note:
The Caribbean islands of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, and Saba are special municipalities within the country of the Netherlands.
 
219
Palau 17,661 2015 Micronesia/Oceania Census 2015
Government website
  Note:
A Micronesian archipelago of over 500 islands in the western Pacific Ocean.
 
220
Anguilla (UK) 17,000 2019 Caribbean Government website
  Note:
A British Overseas Territory in the Caribbean east of Puerto Rico.
 
221
Nauru 12,000 2019 Micronesia/Oceania Nauru Bureau of Statistics
  Note:
A Micronesian island northeast of Australia, formerly known as the Pleasant Island.
 
222
Tuvalu 12,000 2012 Polynesia/Oceania UN estimate
Central Statistics Department
  Note:
Tuvalu is a Polynesian archipelago of nine main islands in the South Pacific, formerly known as the Ellice Islands.
 
223
Montserrat (UK) 4,649 2018 Caribbean 2018 census results (pdf)
Government website
  Note:
A volcanic island in the Caribbean. In July 1995, an estimated 8,000 people left the island (primarily to the UK) following the recurrence of volcanic activity; only some have returned.
 
224
Vatican City (Holy See)


800 2019 Southern Europe
Italy Map
Official estimate
State website
  Note:
About 450 people have Vatican citizenship. It is the country with the highest share of foreign-born inhabitants: 100%. The smallest sovereign state in the world is also the one with the lowest fertility rate and a population growth rate of zero percent (according to official figures).
 
Advertising

More about population:

 Current World Population
Demographic Data for Continents and Regions of the World.

 Global Village, a Summary of the World
Earth as a village of precisely 100 people.

Population by Continents:
Africa The Americas Asia Australia/Oceania Europe

Most populated cities of the world

Related Categories:
Countries by Area

US States by area
A list of the 50 US States by area size.
 

Advertisements:


 



 
Countries by Continents
Africa | Asia | Australia-Oceania | The Americas | Europe
up