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Countries of the World by Population


A number of people make a great population.
People make up the population.
Image: © kk nationsonline.org

 

Population figures - from the most populated countries to the least populous nations in the world.


Updated list of population figures by country.

The list contains the most recent population figures for each country with the respective sources provided in most cases by the national statistical authority. The list includes some major regions, sovereign states, some administrative units for comparison, and several dependent territories. The list shows the number of people living in a country as of the last available date. Most of the data refer to the years 2022, 2021 or 2020. For countries that have not published population figures or whose data are outdated, the list includes population estimates and projections from the United Nations Population Division.


Most Populated Countries Least Populated Countries

 

Most Populous Countries
The five most populous countries in 2022 are China, India, followed by the European Union (which is not a country), the United States, the island nation of Indonesia, and Pakistan.

The Smallest Countries
Among the smallest countries in the world in terms of population are the island nations in the Caribbean and the Southern Pacific Ocean (Oceania).

The five countries in the world with the smallest population are:
Vatican City, an enclave in the city of Rome in Italy,
Tuvalu
, an island country in the Polynesian part of the Pacific Ocean,
Nauru, a tiny island country in Micronesia in the southwestern Pacific Ocean,
Palau, a Micronesian group of islands in the western Pacific Ocean, and
San Marino, a small country that forms an enclave in Italy.


People make People
The fertility rate of countries is sometimes stylized as reproductive health.
African nations are still leading the top twenty in the list of countries with the highest birth rates. Even more African states crowd the top forty; exceptions are Afghanistan (22), Solomon Islands (28), Timor-Leste (38), and the Marshall Islands (40). The countries with the highest birth rates are Niger, Somalia, DR Congo, Mali, Chad and Angola. [1] [2]


Countries by Population

List of countries and territories by population size.

No.
Country
Population
Year
Region
Source
  earth symbol Earth at least
7.95 billion
2022 Solar System UN estimates
Population Reference Bureau
Note:
All people on Spaceship Earth.
 

 

Most Populated Countries

1
China 1.45
billion
2022 Eastern Asia National Bureau of Statistics of China
UN estimates
Note:
The "Middle Kingdom" in East Asia is the country with the most inhabitants in the world. About 90% of China's population is Han Chinese. There are more than 50 recognized ethnic groups in China; the largest are the Uyghurs, with about 10 million people, and the Tibetans, with about 3 million people.
 
2
India 1.4
billion
2022 Southern Asia UN estimate
Census of India
Unique Identification Authority of India
Note:
The country, also known as Bharat, is the second-most populous country in Asia and the world. There are hundreds of ethnic groups in India; India's Constitution recognizes 22 different languages as official. In Hindu society, the ancient caste system is still at work. The most populous Indian state is Uttar Pradesh, with 200 million inhabitants.
 
-- earth symbol  European Union



447,000,000


Dec 2021 Europe eurostat
Note:
In comparison: The association of 27 European countries has a combined population of more than 440 million people (in 2021). If the EU were a nation-state, it'd be ranked number three of the world's most populated countries.
 
3
United States 332,529,000
2022 North America U.S. Population Clock
US Census Bureau
Note:
The US, which occupies most of North America's central part, is the most populous country in all of the Americas. It is also the country with the largest Christian population in the world; 65% of Americans today identify themselves as Christians. California is the most populous state in the US, with 39.5 million people. The most populous city is New York City, NY, with 8.4 million inhabitants.
 
4
Indonesia 272,248,500
2021 Southeast Asia Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS) - Statistics Indonesia
Note:
Indonesia is the most populous island nation, the most populous Islamic country and the most populous sovereign state in Maritime Southeast Asia.
 
--
Uttar Pradesh 237,883,000 Dec 2020 Southern Asia Unique Identification Authority of India
Note:
In comparison, Uttar Pradesh, in the north of the country, is the most populous state of India. If Uttar Pradesh were a country, it would rank fifth among the world's most populous countries.
 
5
Pakistan 229,489,000
2022 South Asia UN estimate
Pakistan Bureau of Statistics
Note:
The Islamic Republic of Pakistan is the world's fifth-most populous country, the third-most populous nation in Asia, and the second-most populous Islamic country. Six major ethnic groups live in the country. The largest ethnic group includes Punjabis (45 %), followed by Pashtuns (15 %), Sindhis (14 %) and Saraikis (8 %). About 96 % of Pakistan's population is Muslim.
 
6
Nigeria 216,747,000
2022 West Africa UN estimate
National Bureau of Statistics
Note:
Nigeria is a country in Western Africa bordering the Gulf of Guinea. It is the most populous nation in Africa and has a consistently high population growth rate. Its main ethnic groups are Hausa 30%, Yoruba 15%, Igbo (Ibo) 15%, and Fulani 6%.
More than half of the Nigerian population is Muslim (53%), predominantly Sunni. 45% of the population belongs to different Christian denominations.
 
7
Brazil 214,283,000 2022 South America Population clock
IBGE
Note:
Brazil is the largest and most populous country in South America and the second-most populous country in the Western Hemisphere. It is also the country with the second-highest Christian population in the world, with 65% Roman Catholics and 22% Protestants. The spoken language is Brazilian Portuguese.
 
8
Bangladesh 167,886,000 2022 South Asia Bangladesh Population projection 2011-2061
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics
Note:
Bangladesh is situated in the Ganges-Brahmaputra delta, between India and Myanmar. The country covers an area just over half the size of the United Kingdom, making Bangladesh the most densely populated large country in the world. Islam is the state religion.
 
9
Russia 145,800,000
2021 Europe and Northern Asia Official estimates
Federal State Statistics Service
Note:
The population figure includes the Russian-occupied Crimean Peninsula. The largest nation in the world is a transcontinental country situated in northern Asia and Eastern Europe. More than 80% of the country's population are ethnic Russians. About two-thirds of Russia's inhabitants live in the European part of the country. The official language is Russian. Religious practitioners in Russia are 15-20% Russian Orthodox and about 17% Muslim. Russia has a large population of non-practicing believers and non-believers, a legacy of over seven decades of official atheism under Soviet rule.
 
10
Mexico 126,014,000 2020 North America National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI)
Note:
North America's third-largest country is the second-most populous nation on the North American continent and the most populous Spanish-speaking country in the world. It may come as a surprise, but Mexico is also the country with the third-highest Christian population in the world (92.4%).
 
--
Guangdong 126,000,000 2020
East Asia National Bureau of Statistics of China
Shenzhen Government
Note:
In comparison: Guangdong is a Province of China situated to the north of Hongkong. It is China's most populated province. If Guangdong were a nation-state, it'd be ranked number eleven of the world's most populated countries.
 
11
Japan 125,340,000 2022 Eastern Asia Monthly official estimate
Statistics Bureau
Note:
Japan is an island country that occupies a chain of islands in the Pacific Ocean; it is the second-most populous island nation after Indonesia. The national language is Japanese. The main religions in Japan are Shinto and Buddhism.
 
12
Ethiopia 120,813,000 2022 East Africa UN estimate
Central Statistical Agency
Note:
Ethiopia is the most populous landlocked country in the world. Like many African nations, Ethiopia is a multi-ethnic state with more than 80 different ethnic groups and as many individual languages. About one-third of the country's population is Muslim, 44% is Ethiopian Orthodox, and about 18% is Protestant.
 
13
Philippines 110,000,000 2022
Southeast Asia Population Clock
Philippines National Statistics Office
Note:
The Philippines is an island nation and the second-most populous country in Maritime Southeast Asia. 85% of the country's population are Christians.
 
--
European Russia 109,100,000 2020 Europe  
Note:
Figure is for Russia's population in the European part of the country (west of the Urals). About 74% of Russia's total population (146.7 million) live in the European part of the country. European Russia includes five Russian Federal Districts: Central, Northwestern, Southern, North Caucasian, and Volga Federal District.
 
14
Egypt 102,180,000 2021 Northern Africa; Middle East UN estimate
Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics - CAPMAS
Note:
The country in northeastern Africa borders the Mediterranean Sea in the north; it is the most populous country in North Africa and the Middle East. The primary language is Egyptian Arabic. Egypt's majority religion is Sunni Islam (estimated at 85-95 % of the population).
 
15
Vietnam 97,583,000 2020
Southeast Asia General Statistics Office of Vietnam
Note:
Vietnam is a densely populated nation on the eastern portion of the Indochinese Peninsula, with a long coastline along the South China Sea.
 
16
Congo, DROC 95,241,000 2022 Central Africa UN estimate
 
Note:
The Democratic Republic of the Congo, also known as Congo-Kinshasa, formerly known as Zaire, is the largest country in sub-Saharan Africa. The DRC is home to over 200 ethnic groups. The official language is French; recognized national languages are Lingala, Kikongo, Swahili, and Tshiluba. The predominant majority of the population is Christian (95%).
 
17
Iran 86,023,000 2022 Middle East UN estimate
Statistical Centre of Iran
Note:
The country between the Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf was previously known as Persia. Iran is since 1979 an Islamic theocratic republic with a religious legal system based on secular and Islamic law. Capital city is Tehran; spoken languages are Farsi (Persian, official), Turkish, Kurdish, and Arabic. Shiite Islam is the state religion.
 
18
Turkey 84,680,000 Dec 2021 Southwestern Asia/Southern Europe Turkish Statistical Institute
Note:
Turkey is a country that occupies the entire Anatolian peninsula in Western Asia. It is the third-largest among the countries with parts of its territory in Europe (after Russia and Kazakhstan). Turks are the largest ethnic group, and there is a minority of Kurds (19%) and Arabs in the population. The capital is Ankara; largest city is Istanbul. Official language is Turkish. The predominant religion in Turkey is Islam (97-99%).
 
19
Germany 83,262,000
Oct 2021 Western Europe Official estimate
Federal Statistical Office

Note:
Germany (officially the Federal Republic of Germany) is a federal state in Central Europe. Since reunification, Germany has been the most populous country located entirely within Europe. The capital and largest city is Berlin; the official language is German. The predominant religion is Christianity with various denominations.
 
20
France



67,818,000

2022 Western Europe, Caribbean, Indian Ocean Official estimate
National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies - INSEE
Note:
France is the largest country in the European Union in terms of area. The population figures include the French overseas territories (DOM) Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, Reunion Island, and Mayotte. About 50% of the population of France are Christians; about 40% do not belong to any religion. Islam is the second largest religion (about 9%). The national language is French.
 
--   France metropolitan 65,250,000 2021 Western Europe  
Note:
The European part of France, including the island of Corsica in the Mediterranean Sea.
 
--   France overseas regions (DOM) 2,172,000 2021 Caribbean, Indian Ocean  
Note:
Population summary for the French Overseas Departments (DOM) of Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, Reunion Island, and Mayotte.
 
21
United Kingdom 67,081,000 2020 Northern Europe Official estimates
Office for National Statistics
Note:
The United Kingdom is an island nation between the North Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, separated from mainland Europe by the English Channel. It consists of England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland (on the island of Ireland). As of 1 January 2021, the United Kingdom is no longer part of the European Union.
 
22
Thailand 66,171,000 2021 Southeast Asia National Statistical Office
Population estimates
Note:
The kingdom is located in Southeast Asia in the center of the Indochinese peninsula, bordering the Gulf of Thailand. The capital and largest city is Bangkok; spoken language is Thai.
The country has the highest proportion of a Buddhist population worldwide; Buddhists form the largest religious group in Thailand (over 90%).
 
23
South Africa 60,756,000 2022 Southern Africa Official estimate
Statistics South Africa
Note:
The population of the country at the southern end of Africa consists of 80% Black Africans, Whites (7.8%), Coloured (mixed-race, 8%), and Asians (2.6%). With a Gini Index value of 63.0, South Africa is the country with the highest income inequality rate in the world. More than 55% of the population lives in poverty. The most important religions in South Africa are various branches of Christianity (80%).
 
24
Tanzania 59,441,988 2021 East Africa National Bureau of Statistics
Note:
Tanzania is a country in East Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean in the east. The figure includes the population of the semi-autonomous Zanzibar Archipelago, which consists of the islands of Mafia, Pemba, and Zanzibar.
 
25
Italy 59,236,000 2021 Southern Europe Istat (Istat - Istituto nazionale di statistica)
Note:
The country consists of the Italian peninsula and the islands of Sicily and Sardinia. Italy is the country with the highest percentage of Christians in Europe (76%), 69% of the population are Catholics.
 
26
Kenya 56,215,000 2022 East Africa Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS)
Note:
Like many other African countries, Kenya has a diverse population with an estimated more than 40 different ethnic groups. The country in East Africa is largely populated by Bantu-speaking peoples. Kenya became an independent state within the Commonwealth of Nations in 1963. The main religion is Christianity (83%). Official languages are English and Swahili.
 
27
Myanmar (Burma) 55,227,000 2022 Southeast Asia Department of Population
Central Statistical Organization
Note:
Myanmar, also known as Burma, is situated in Southeast Asia with a coastline on the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal. The Burmese-speaking Bamar are the dominant ethnic group (68 %). It is the country with the third-highest percentage of a Buddhist population (88%). Tensions between the country's Buddhist population and the Muslim Rohingya minority led to the expulsion of half of the Rohingya from Myanmar.
 
28
South Korea 51,630,000 2022 Eastern Asia Official Population Projection
Statistics Korea
Note:
The southern portion of Korea on the peninsula with the same name. The Korean peninsula is divided into communist North Korea and capitalist South Korea. The official language of South Korea is Korean. The constitution guarantees freedom of religion. More than half of the population does not belong to any religion. The rest is Protestant (19.7%), Buddhist (15.5%), and Catholic (7.9%). Korean Confucianism remains a fundamental part of Korean society.
 
29
Colombia 51,513,000 2022 South America DANE
Note:
Colombia is a country in the extreme northwest of South America, bordering the Caribbean to the north and the Pacific to the west. Colombia is connected with Central America by the Isthmus of Panama. It is the third-most populous state in Latin America.
 
30
Spain 47,326,687 2021 Southern Europe Official estimate
INE
Note:
The kingdom in the southwest of Europe shares the Iberian Peninsula with Portugal. The country is less densely populated than the rest of Europe. Many of the urban areas are near the coast. Roman Catholicism is the dominant religion in the country. The primary language is Spanish (Castilian; 74%), Catalan (or Valencian) is spoken by 17%, Galician by 7%, and Basque by 2% of the population.
 
31
Argentina 46,234,830 2022 South America INDEC
Note:
Argentina is a country located in the southern half of South America; it is the fourth most populous nation in Latin America. Most Argentines are descendants of immigrants who came to Argentina in the 19th- and 20th-century.
 
32
Sudan 45,992,000 2022 North Africa UN estimate
Note:
Sudan is an Islamic country in northeastern Africa to the south of Egypt; it has access to the Red Sea in the northeast. Sudanese Arabs make up the majority of the population in Sudan.
 
33
Algeria 45,350,000 2022 North Africa Office National des Statistiques
Demographie Algerienne (PDF)
UN estimate
Note:
Algeria is Africa's largest country; it is situated in the Maghreb region of Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea to the north. The vast area is sparsely populated since the inhospitable Sahara covers large parts of the country. Most people, about 90%, live in the temperate, fertile region of the Mediterranean coast. Algeria's population consists of 99% Arab-Berbers. State religion is Islam.
 
34
Uganda 43,598,253 2022 East Africa Uganda Bureau of Statistics
Note:
The country in East-Central Africa is the world's second-most populous landlocked country after Ethiopia.
 
35
Iraq 42,165,000 2022 Middle East UN estimate
Central Organization for Statistics
Note:
An almost landlocked country in the Middle East, it has only a short coastline on the northern Persian Gulf. Arabs are the dominant ethnic group (61%), and there is a significant minority of Iraqi Kurds (12%). According to the Iraqi constitution, Islam is the state religion. More than 95% of the country's population are Muslims.
 
36
Ukraine 41,167,336 2022 Eastern Europe Official estimate
State Statistic Service of Ukraine
Note:
Ukraine is the largest country located entirely in Europe. It is afflicted with a shrinking population, which has been in decline since the 1990s due to a high emigration rate, high death rates, and low birth rates. The population figures apply to Ukraine, excluding Crimea.
 
37
Afghanistan 40,754,000 2022 South-Central Asia UN estimate
Central Statistics Organization
Note:
Afghanistan is a landlocked Islamic republic with an important strategic location in South-Central Asia. Most of the country's inhabitants live in rural areas (70%). The Pashtuns (ethnic Afghans) are the largest ethnic group with more than 40%, the second largest group being Tajiks with almost 30%. All Afghans are Muslim (99.7%; Sunni 84.7 - 89.7%, Shia 10 - 15%).
 
--
California State Flag
California 39,237,836 2021 North America American FactFinder
Note:
In comparison: California is the most populous state in the US. If California were a nation state, it'd be ranked number 36 of the world's most populated countries.
 
38
Canada 38,246,000 2021 North America Official estimation
Statistics Canada
Note:
The largest nation in the Western Hemisphere is quite sparsely populated. Canada's urban centers are mainly in the southern part of the country.
 
39
Poland 38,081,000 Dec 2021 Eastern Europe Central Statistical Office
Note:
Poland is a country in Eastern Europe with a coastline on the Baltic Sea. It was formerly, until 1 July 1991, one of the Warsaw Pact countries. Poland's population is in decline. The country's right-wing government took drastic steps to prevent further population decline by banning almost all abortions.
 
40
Morocco 36,548,000 2022 North Africa Official estimate
Haut-Commissariat au Plan du Maroc
Note:
Morocco is an Islamic kingdom in northwestern Africa with coastlines on the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, inhabited by mixed Arab-Berbers and Riffians, Chleuh, and Central Moroccan Imazighen (Berber). The official languages of the country are Arabic and Berber (Amazigh); French is the dominant foreign language. Moroccans are predominantly Muslims.
 
41
Uzbekistan 35,271,276 2022 Central Asia Stat.uz (official statistics)
Note:
Uzbekistan is an independent landlocked republic in Central Asia. The former Soviet Republic is the most populous country in Central Asia. The majority of the population are Muslims (88%; mostly Sunnis), some Eastern Orthodox 9%.
 
42
Saudi Arabia 35,013,414 2020 Middle East General Authority for Statistics
Note:
Saudi Arabia occupies the better part of the Arabian Peninsula. It is the largest sovereign country in the Middle East. The figure shows the total population of Saudi, including Non-Saudi citizens. More than 12.6 million people are expatriates (37%).
 
43
Peru 33,397,000 2022 South America PERÚ Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática - INEI
Note:
The South American country on the Pacific coast was the center of the Inca empire, the largest empire in pre-Columbian America. Peru is a multi-ethnic nation of mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white people, 60%), Amerindians 26%, white 6%, and people of African descent 3.6%.
 
44
Venezuela 33,360,238 2022 South America Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE)
Note:
Venezuela is a country on the northern coast of South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea. According to UN estimates, three million Venezuelans have fled their country since 2015. [3]
 
45
Mozambique 33,089,000 2022 East Africa Instituto Nacional de Estatistica Mozambique (INE)
Note:
Mozambique is a country on the eastern coast of southern Africa bordering the Mozambique Channel. Portuguese is the most widely spoken language.
 
46
Angola 33,086,278 2022 Central Africa Instituto Nacional de Estatistica
Note:
Angola is a tropical country on the western coast of Africa, south of the equator and north of Namibia. The country is inhabited mainly by Bantu people; Ovimbundu are the largest ethnic group (40%), followed by Ambundu (23%) and Kongo people (13%). The official language is Portuguese 71%.
 
47
Malaysia 32,670,000 2021 Southeast Asia Population projection
Department of Statistics Malaysia
Note:
A multi-ethnic country with two regions, East Malaysia and Peninsular Malaysia. 80% (26 million) of Malaysia's total population of 32.6 million people live on the peninsula.
 
48
Yemen 31,155,000 2022 Middle East, Arabian Peninsula UN estimate
Note:
Yemen is a country in the southwestern part of the Arabian Peninsula, historically known as South Arabia. The country's population consists predominantly of Arabs. Arabic is the official language of Yemen.
 
49
Nepal 30,931,000 2022 South-Central Asia Central Bureau of Statistics
Note:
Nepal is a landlocked country in the Himalayas south of Tibet and north of the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. It borders the Indian states of Uttarakhand in the northwest and Sikkim in the east.
 
50
Ghana 30,800,000 2021 West Africa Ghana Statistical Service
Note:
Ghana is an African nation situated between Côte d'Ivoire and Togo; it borders the Gulf of Guinea in the south. The country's population is divided into some 75 ethnic groups; Akan people are the largest group constituting almost half of the population. Despite progress in reducing poverty and hunger among the population, major inequalities persist between the north and south of the country and between rural and urban areas. Poverty and other development disparities continue to drive Ghanaians from the north to the south, especially to urban centers such as Kumasi and Accra.
 
51
Cameroon 27,912,000 2020 Central Africa UN estimate
National Institute of Statistics
Note:
Cameroon is a country on the western coast of Central Africa on the Bight of Biafra, between Nigeria and Gabon. Cameroon Highlanders are the largest ethnic group (31%), followed by Equatorial Bantu (19%). Cameroonian Pidgin English and French are lingua franca understood by the majority of the population. Main religions in Cameroon are Christianity (65%) and Islam (20%)
 
52
Côte d'Ivoire 27,742,000 2022 West Africa UN estimate
Institut National de la Statistique
Note:
Côte d'Ivoire, also known as Ivory Coast, is a West African country on the Gulf of Guinea. Akan people are the dominant ethnic group (42%). The official language is French. Main religions are Christianity (44%) and (Sunni) Islam (37%).
 
53
Madagascar 28,177,762 2021 East Africa Instat Madagascar
Note:
Madagascar is a country that occupies the fourth largest island in the world. The island is located in the Indian Ocean, about 420 km (260 mi) off the eastern coast of Africa. After Indonesia, the Republic of Madagascar is the world's second-largest island nation. Official languages are Malagasy and French. Christianity is the predominant religion; more than 80% of Madagascar's population are Christians.
 
54
Niger 26,084,000 2020 West Africa UN estimate
Institut National de la Statistique; INS Niger
Note:
Niger is a landlocked country in West Africa, on the southern edge of the Sahara Desert. It is the country with the highest fertility rate in the world (on average, seven children per woman).
 
55
North Korea 25,991,000 2022 Eastern Asia Worldbank estimate
UN estimate
Note:
North Korea covers the northern portion of the Korean Peninsula. Korea is divided into communist North Korea and capitalist South Korea.
 
56
Australia 25,724,000 2022 Australia/Oceania Official population clock
Australian Bureau of Statistics
Note:
Australia is a continent that harbors the country of Australia. It is the third least densely populated country in the world, only outperformed by Namibia, Mongolia, and Greenland. The majority of the Australian population lives in large cities on the coast.
 
--
Asian Russia 25,449,000 2018 Northern Asia  
Note:
The figure is for the population of the Asian part of Russia, which includes the administrative districts of Ural Federal District, Siberian Federal District, and Far Eastern Federal District.
 
57
Taiwan 23,186,000 2022 Eastern Asia National Statistics Taiwan
Note:
Taiwan is an island country off the southeastern coast of mainland China. The semi-presidential republic is situated between the East China Sea and the South China Sea. It is a country with a high urban population (78%). 95% of the population are Han Taiwanese. Buddhism (35%) and Taoism (33%) are the main religions.
Taiwan is the largest independent nation that is not a member of the United Nations (UN).
 
58
Sri Lanka 21,576,000 2022 South-Central Asia Department of Census and Statistics
Note:
Sri Lanka is a tropical island nation southeast of the Indian subcontinent, inhabited mainly by Sinhalese people (75%). The second largest ethnic group on the island is the Sri Lankan Tamils (11 %). Official languages are Sinhala and Tamil. Main religions are Buddhism (70%; official) and Hinduism (12.6%).
 
59
Burkina Faso 21,510,000 2020 West Africa Institut National de la Statistique
Note:
Burkina Faso, a former French colony, is a landlocked country in Western Africa in the Sahel, south of Mali. The population is concentrated mainly in the south. The Mossi people are the largest ethnic group (more than 50%). The official language is French (official), but most people speak one of the many native African languages.
 
60
Mali 20,537,000 2020 West Africa Institut National de la Statistique
Note:
The landlocked country lies in the Sahara and the Sahel region of West Africa, south of Algeria. The Sahara desert dominates the northeastern portion of Mali's territory. The country has a very high fertility rate (6 children per woman). Islam is the predominant religion.
 
61
Chile 19,828,563 2022 South America Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas
Note:
Chile is a country that occupies a 4,500 km (2,800 mi) long coastal strip between the Andes and the Pacific Ocean, which runs down the western and southern edge of South America. Chile is a country with a multi-ethnic society. The vast majority of the population speaks Chilean Spanish.
 
62
Romania 19,190,000 2021 Eastern Europe Institutul Naţional de Statistică
Note:
Romania is a country in southeastern Europe with a coastline on the Black Sea in the southeast. Its population consists mainly of Romanians (89%). The largest ethnic minorities are Hungarians (6%) and Romani people (3%).
 
63
Malawi 20,181,000 2022 East Africa; Southern Central Africa UN estimate
National Statistical Office
Note:
Malawi is a country on the western shore of Lake Malawi (Lake Nyasa) in the Great Rift Valley. Malawi's population consists mainly of Bantu peoples. The major ethnic groups are Chewa 34%, Lomwe 19%, Yao 13%, Ngoni 10%, and Tumbuka 9%. The main languages are English (official) and Chichewa. Malawi is a majority Christian country, with a Muslim minority (14%).
 
64
Zambia 19,470,000 2022 East Africa UN estimate
Central Statistical Office
This site may be hacked.
Note:
Zambia is a landlocked tropical country in central southern Africa, east of Angola. The country's population with more than 70 ethnic groups is concentrated in urban areas along the main transport corridors, especially along railway lines. The official language is English.
 
65
Syria 19,365,000 2022 Middle East UN estimate
Note:
Syria is a country in the Middle East bordering the Mediterranean Sea. The civil war, which tears the country apart, leads to a decline in the population. Millions of people have fled from Syria to neighboring countries and Europe.
 
66
Kazakhstan 19,205,000 2022 South-Central Asia Kazakhstan Statistics Agency
Note:
One of the Central Asian countries and a former Soviet Republic. Kazakhs are the largest ethnic group (68%), followed by Russians (19%). 70% of the population are Muslims, 26% Christians. Spoken languages are Kazakh and Russian.
 
67
Ecuador 17,908,000 2022 South America Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos
Note:
Ecuador is a country in northwestern South America, south of Colombia, with a coastline on the Pacific Ocean. The country is ethnically diverse. About 70% of the population are mestizos, descendants of Spanish colonists and Amerindians. The official language is Spanish.
 
68
Senegal 17,738,795 2022 West Africa Agence Nationale de la Statistique
Note:
Senegal is a tropical country on the west coast of Africa, occupying the westernmost point of the continent. Senegal surrounds the Gambia on three sides. Senegal's largest ethnic groups are Wolof 37%, Pular 26%, and Serer 17%. The official language is French; Wolof is the lingua franca. 96% of the population are Muslims.
 
69
Netherlands 17,475,415 2021 Western Europe Statistics Netherlands
Note:
The Netherlands lies in northwestern Europe and borders the North Sea. Except for some European micro-states, it is the country with the highest population density in Europe. The official language is Dutch.
 
70
Guatemala 17,358,000 2022 Central America Instituto Nacional de Estadística
Note:
Guatemala is a tropical country in Central America bordered by Mexico in the west and the north. It has coastlines on the Gulf of Honduras (Caribbean Sea) and the Pacific Ocean. About 40% of the country's population are descendants of Maya peoples, just as many Guatemalans are of European or indigenous-European descent (Ladinos).
 
71
Cambodia 15,552,211 2019 Southeast Asia National Institute of Statistics
Note:
Cambodia is located in the southern part of the Indochina peninsula between Thailand and southern Vietnam; it borders the Gulf of Thailand in the southwest. It is one of the countries with the highest proportion of Buddhists in the population. The official language is Khmer.
 
72
Somalia 16,842,000 2022 East Africa UN estimate
National Bureau of Statistics
 
Note:
Somalia is a country in the Horn of Africa. About 85% of the population are Somalis. Official languages are Somali and Arabic. Almost all Somalis are Sunni Muslims.
 
73
Chad 16,818,000 2021 Central Africa Inseed Tchad
Note:
Chad is a landlocked country in northern Central Africa. It stretches from north to south across three different geographical zones, with the Sahara in the north, the Sahel in the center, and the Sudanese savanna in the south. Chad is a multi-ethnic country with more than 200 distinct tribes. Official languages are Arabic and French. About 55% of the population are Muslims, and 40% are Christians.
 
74
Zimbabwe 16,241,000 2022 Eastern Africa Zimbabwe National Statistics Agency (Zim Stat)
Note:
Zimbabwe is a landlocked country in southern East Africa. The majority of the country's population are various tribes of Shona peoples (70%), followed by Ndebele. Spoken languages are English, Shona, and Ndebele.
 
75
Guinea 13,262,000 2022 West Africa Institut National de la Statistique Guinée
Note:
Guinea is a state in West Africa that borders the Atlantic Ocean in the west. Despite the mineral resources available, the majority of Guinea's citizens live in poverty. 62% of its inhabitants live in rural areas, 38% in cities. The country is home to more than 40 ethnic groups, the three largest being Fulbe (40%), Malinke (26%) and Susu (11%). The predominant religion in Guinea is Sunni Islam; 85% of the population is Muslim. The official language is French. The country is in the Top 10 nations with the highest fertility rate.
 
76
Rwanda 12,956,000 2021 Central Africa National Institute of Statistics
Note:
Rwanda is a small, landlocked country in Central Africa with a high population density. The main ethnic groups are Hutu, Tutsi, and Twa (Pygmy). Official languages are Kinyarwanda, Swahili, French, and English. The majority of the Rwandans are Christians.
 
77
Benin 12,785,000 2021 West Africa INStaD
Note:
Benin is a country in Western Africa between Nigeria and Togo, bordering the Bight of Benin in the south. More than 40 ethnic groups live in the state. Fon people are the dominant ethnic group (38%). Christianity and Sunni Islam are the two main religions. Spoken languages are French (official), Fon, Yoruba, Bariba, and Fulani.
 
78
Burundi 12,310,000 2020 East Africa L'Institut de Statistiques et d'Etudes Economiques du Burundi
Note:
Burundi is a landlocked country in east-central Africa at the northeastern end of Lake Tanganyika, south of Rwanda. The country's society is rural; more than 85% of the population lives in pastoral areas. With a share of 85%, Hutus are the largest ethnic group. Spoken languages are Kirundi and some French.
 
79
Bolivia 12,006,000 2022 South America Instituto Nacional de Estadístic
Note:
Bolivia is a landlocked country in central South America. The majority of Bolivia's population are mestizos (68%), followed by indigenous peoples (20%), consisting of 36 recognized ethnic groups. The common language is Spanish. 78% of the population is Roman Catholic, 19% are Protestants.
 
80
Haiti 11,906,000 2020 Hispaniola, Caribbean Institut Haitien de statistique
Note:
Haiti shares the island of Hispaniola with the Dominican Republic. The country became the first black-run republic in the world, but since then, it has repeatedly experienced political and social unrest. Haiti is currently the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere. Spoken are French and Haitian Creole. More than 80% are of the population are Christians, and roughly half of the population practices voodoo.
 
81
Tunisia 11,708,000 2020 North Africa UN estimates
National Institute of Statistics
Note:
Tunisia is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea in the north and the Sahara Desert in the south. The Tunisian Cape Angela marks the northernmost point on the African continent. The country is inhabited by people with Arab and Berber ancestral origins. The official language is Arabic; other spoken languages are French and Tamazight (Berber). 99% of the Tunisians are Sunni Muslims.
 
82
South Sudan 11,619,000 2022 East-Central Africa UN estimate
Information About South Sudan
Note:
South Sudan gained its independence from Sudan in 2011. The country's predominantly rural population consists of around 60 indigenous ethnic groups.
 
83
Belgium 11,521,238 2021 Western Europe Statistics Belgium - STATBEL
Note:
Belgium is a kingdom in Western Europe, bordering the North Sea in the northwest. The country is inhabited by Belgians (75%). There are three official languages in the kingdom, Dutch (59%), French (40%), and German (under 1%). Half of the population is Roman Catholic.
 
84
Cuba 11,193,470 2020 Caribbean, Greater Antilles Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas
Note:
Cuba is the largest and most populous country in the Caribbean. 64% of its population is white, 27% are mulatto or mixed, and 9% are black. The official language is Spanish. Although Cuba has a communist political system, almost 60% of the population is Christian.
 
85
Jordan 11,098,000
2022 Middle East Department of Statistics
Note:
Jordan is an almost landlocked country on the east bank of the Jordan River, east of Israel. The country has a narrow access (27 km wide) to the Gulf of Aqaba (Red Sea) in the south. The figure includes refugees of the Syrian Civil War.
 
86
Dominican Republic 10,700,000 2022 Caribbean Oficina Nacional de Estadística
Note:
The quite densely populated Dominican Republic occupies the eastern two-thirds of the Caribbean island of Hispaniola. The other third belongs to Haiti. Approximately 70% of the population belongs to a mixed ethnic group (mixed African and European (Spanish)); black (16%) and white (14%). Spoken language is Spanish. About 70% of the population are Christians (Roman Catholics 48%, and Protestants 21%).
 
87
Czech Republic 10,682,000 2021 Eastern Europe Czech Statistical Office
Note:
The Czech Republic, or Czechia for short, is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It includes the historical countries of Bohemia and Moravia as well as parts of Silesia. Czechia was, until 1992, part of Czechoslovakia; the former country is now divided between the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Czechia is characterized as being one of the most secular countries in the world.
 
88
Greece 10,679,000 2021 Southern Europe Hellenic Statistical Authority
Note:
The mainland of Greece is situated on the southern tip of the Balkan Peninsula; the rest of the country consists of several hundred islands scattered throughout the Aegean and Ionian seas. 90% of the population are Greeks. The official language is Greek. The official religion is Greek Orthodox (81-90%).
 
89
Sweden 10,452,326 2021 Northern Europe Statistics Sweden
Note:
Sweden is one of the Nordic countries and occupies the eastern part of the Scandinavian Peninsula.
 
90
Portugal 10,344,802 2021 Southern Europe Instituto Nacional de Estatística Portugal
Note:
Portugal is located in the west of the Iberian Peninsula; it is the westernmost country in Europe. The Azores and Madeira archipelagos in the North Atlantic Ocean are two autonomous regions of Portugal. The official language is Portuguese. More than 80% of the Portuguese population are Roman Catholics.
 
91
Azerbaijan 10,119,100 2021 Western Asia State Statistical Committee of Azerbaijan
Note:
Azerbaijan was one of the 15 republics of the former Soviet Union. The country is situated in the Caucasus on the western shore of the Caspian Sea. Spoken languages are Azerbaijani (official), Russian, and Armenian. About 97% of the population are Muslims, most of them Shia.
 
92
Hungary 9,689,000 2022 Eastern Europe Official estimate
Hungarian Central Statistical Office
Note:
The EU member state is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe inhabited by Hungarians (98%). About one-quarter of the population lives in the metropolitan area of the capital city Budapest. More than half of the Hungarians are Christians (54%). The official language is Hungarian.
 
93
Honduras 9,546,000 2022 Central America Instituto Nacional de Estadistica Honduras
Note:
Honduras is a country in Central America between Guatemala and Nicaragua, bordering the Caribbean Sea to the north. The country also has access to the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca in the south. 90% of its population are mixed Amerindian and European, 7% are Amerindian. The official language is Spanish.
 
94
Tajikistan 9,506,000 2021 South-Central Asia Statistical Agency Tajikistan
Note:
One of the Central Asian Republics. The mountainous landlocked country is surrounded by Afghanistan, China, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan. Most of the population are Tajiks, a Persian-speaking Iranian ethnic group. 98% of the population are Muslims (Sunni 95%, Shia 3%).
 
95
Israel 9,449,000 2021 Middle East Central Bureau of Statistics Israel
Note:
The State of Israel is a country in the Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea in the west. 74% of the total population are Jewish, about 21% Arabs. Major spoken languages are Hebrew, Arabic, English, Russian, and Amharic (Ethiopia). Approximately half of the Jewish population are non-religious, [4] 18% of the total population are Muslims, and 2% are Christians.
 
96
Belarus 9,349,600 2021 Eastern Europe National Statistical Portal of Belarus
Note:
Belarus is a landlocked country and former Soviet republic in Eastern Europe, east of Poland. The official language is Belarusian.
 
97
Papua New Guinea 9,292,000
est.  
2020 Melanesia/Oceania UN estimate
National Statistical Office Papua New Guinea
Note:
Papua New Guinea consists of the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and several offshore islands in the western Pacific north of eastern Australia. PNG is one of the most culturally diverse nations in the world, with more languages spoken than in any other country; there are more than 800 tribal languages. Tok Pisin and English serve as lingua franca.
 
98
United Arab Emirates 9,282,400 2020 Arabian Peninsula National Bureau of Statistics United Arab Emirates
Note:
The UAE is, after the Vatican, number three among the countries with a majority of foreign-born citizens. 83% of the UAE's population are non-native. UAE's male population exceeds females more than two-fold.
UAE Population 2018 by gender, Male: 6,300,000; Female: 3,000,000.
 
99
Austria 8,916,845 2020 Western Europe Official estimates
Statistics Austria
Note:
Austria is a landlocked country within the Alps in Western Europe, north of Italy. 91% of the population are ethnic Austrians. Other ethnic groups are ex-Yugoslavs (6%), Germans (3%), and Turks (2%). Spoken language is Standard Austrian German.
 
100
Switzerland 8,670,300 2020 Western Europe Swiss Federal Statistical Office
Note:
Switzerland is a landlocked country within the Alps. One country and four languages, German, French, Italian and Romansh, are all official languages. The main religion in Switzerland is Christianity. Catholics are the largest denomination, followed by Protestants.
 
101
Sierra Leone 8,306,000 2022 West Africa UN estimate
Statistics Sierra Leone
Note:
Sierra Leone is a country located on the coast of southwestern West Africa between Guinea and Liberia. About sixteen ethnic groups live in Sierra Leone, the most important being the Temne (35%), Mende (31%), Fula, Mandingo, and Creoles (Krio). Spoken languages are English and Krio. The two main religions in the country are Islam, nearly 80% (mainly Sunni), 20% are Christians. The African Traditional Religion (ATR) is interwoven with the local dominant belief systems of Islam and Christianity.
 
102
Togo 7,886,000 2021 West Africa INSEED Togo
Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Économiques et Démographiques
Note:
Togo is a country in southern West Africa between Benin and Ghana with a short coastline on the Gulf of Guinea (Atlantic Ocean). There are about 40 different ethnic groups, and as many distinct languages are spoken. Major ethnic groups are Ewe, Kabye, Temba, and Gurma. Nearly half of the population is Christian (44%), with Catholics being the largest denomination. About 36% practice traditional animism (traditional religion). Voodoo plays an important role in society.
 
103
Hong Kong (China) 7,394,700 2021 Eastern Asia Official estimate
Census and Statistics Department Hong Kong
Note:
Hong Kong is a city and a Chinese Special Administrative Region (SAR) on China's southeastern coast, bordering the South China Sea. 92% of the population are Han Chinese. Official languages are Cantonese (89%) and English (4.3%). Most people of Chinese descent in Hong Kong practice the traditional Chinese folk religion, including many of the over 1 million Buddhists and over 1 million Taoists. Hong Kong has a negative population growth rate.
 
104
Paraguay 7,454,000 2022 South America Statistical Office Paraguay (in Spanish)
Note:
Paraguay is a landlocked country in central South America, between Bolivia, Brazil, and Argentina. 95% of its population are mestizos (mixed Spanish and Amerindian). Spoken languages are Spanish and Guarani, both official.
 
105
Laos 7,231,000 2020 Southeast Asia Lao Statistics Bureau
Note:
The Lao PDR is internationally known as Laos, a country on the Indochinese Peninsula between Thailand and Vietnam. Lao's Government officially recognizes 49 ethnic groups.
 
106
Libya 7,041,000 2022 North Africa UN estimate
Bureau of Statistics and Census Libya
 
Note:
The North African country borders the Mediterranean Sea to the north. The Sahara desert covers large parts of Libya. The vast country has a relatively small population with a majority of Arab-Berbers. 90% of Libya's population lives on the coast.
 
107
Bulgaria 6,917,000 2021 Eastern Europe National Statistical Institute Bulgaria
Note:
Bulgaria is a country in southeastern Europe on the Balkan Peninsula, bordering the Black Sea in the east. Bulgarians are the dominant ethnic group (85%). The official language is Bulgarian, written in Cyrillic. The main religion is Eastern Orthodox Christianity (75%).
 
108
Serbia 6,872,000 2021 Southern Europe Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia
Note:
Serbia is a landlocked country on the Balkan Peninsula. Formerly one of the six constituent republics of Yugoslavia. The official language is Serbian. The majority religion is Serbian Orthodox (85%).
 
109
Lebanon 6,685,000 2022 Middle East UN estimate
Central Administration of Statistics
Note:
Lebanon is a country in the Middle Eastern between Syria and Israel with a coastline on the Mediterranean Sea. It is a nation of minorities with no single dominant group. The majority are Arabs (95%), but many Lebanese Christians do not refer to themselves as "Arabs" but as descendants of the ancient Canaanites. Spoken languages are Arabic (official) and French. Main religions are Islam (57%) and Christianity in various forms (36%). The country hosts approximately 1.5 million refugees, mainly from Syria and Palestine.
 
110
El Salvador 6,826,000 2021 Central America UN estimate
Dirección General de Estadística y Censos
Note:
El Salvador is the smallest country in Central America, it lies between Guatemala and Honduras, and it borders the Pacific Ocean in the south. Most of its population are mestizo (86%), there are some white (12%), and a few indigenous people.
 
111
Nicaragua 6,779,000 2022 Central America UN estimate
INIDE Nicaragua
Instituto Nacional de Información de Desarrollo Nicaragua
Note:
Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America. Most of its population (70%) are mestizos, offsprings of Europeans and American Indians. About 18% are white people, mostly of Spanish descent, and 9% have African ancestors.
 
112
Kyrgyzstan 6,700,000 2022 South-Central Asia Official estimate
Statistics Office Kyrgyzstan
Note:
Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked country in Central Asia, southeast of Kazakhstan, and northwest of China. More than 70% of the population are Kyrgyz; the rest are Uzbeks (15%) and Russians (5%). The main religion is (Sunni) Islam (90%).
 
113
Turkmenistan 6,202,000 2022 South-Central Asia UN estimate
Turkmenistan Statistical Office
Note:
A country in Central Asia between the Caspian Sea in the west and the Amu Darya River in the east. The former Soviet republic is the least populated nation of the Central Asian republics. The country is populated by Turkmen (85%), Uzbeks (5%), and Russians (4%). Spoken languages are Turkmen, Russian, and Uzbek. The population of Turkmenistan is approximately 93% Muslim and 6% Eastern Orthodox (predominantly Russians).
 
114
Denmark 5,873,420 2022 Northern Europe Statistics Denmark
Note:
The southernmost of the Scandinavian countries is a constitutional monarchy situated on the Jutland peninsula and an archipelago of several hundred islands in the Baltic Sea. The largest islands are Zealand, with the capital Copenhagen, Funen, and the North Jutlandic Island.
 
115
Congo, ROC
(Republic of the Congo)
5,798,000 2022 Central Africa UN estimate
 
Note:
The Republic of the Congo, also known as Congo-Brazzaville, is a tropical country in Central Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean in the southwest. Various sub-groups of Bantu people inhabit the Congo. Spoken languages are French, Lingala, Kituba, and Kikongo.
 
116
Finland 5,550,000 2022 Northern Europe Population Register Centre
Statistics Finland
Note:
The country on the Baltic Sea between Sweden and Russia is the second-least populated country in Europe. Spoken languages are Finnish, Swedish, and Sámi.
 
117
Singapore 5,453,000 2021 Southeast Asia Statistics Singapore
Note:
A multiethnic city-state south of the tip of the Malay Peninsula, with a predominantly Chinese (74%), Malay (13%), and Indian (9%) population.
 
118
Slovakia 5,450,000 2021 Eastern Europe Statistical Office of Slovakia
Note:
Slovakia is a country in central Europe; until 1992, it was part of Czechoslovakia. The official language is Slovak.
 
119
Norway 5,425,000 Dec 2021 Northern Europe Statistics Norway
Note:
Norway is a Scandinavian country and one of the most sparsely populated nations in Europe. Almost half of the population lives in the southern part of the country. Official languages are Norwegian and Sámi. More than two-thirds of the Norwegian population are Lutheran Christians.
 
120
State of Palestine 5,346,000 2021 Middle East UN estimate
Central Bureau of Statistics
Note:
The State of Palestine is a (partially) recognized sovereign state but has been occupied by Israel since 1967. Palestine is not recognized as a state by Israel, the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, Italy, France, Switzerland, Spain, Greece, Canada, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, Australia, Armenia, and New Zealand, among others. The territories claimed by the State of Palestine are the West Bank, the Gaza Strip and East Jerusalem. More than 90% of the Palestinians are Muslim. Languages in use are Palestinian Arabic and Hebrew.
 
121
Liberia 5,305,000 2020 West Africa UN estimate
LISGIS
Note:
Liberia is a country in the southwestern corner of the hump of Africa bordering the Atlantic Ocean. Spoken languages are English and about 30 indigenous languages. The Kpelle and the Bassa people are the largest ethnic groups. 85% of the population are Christians, 12% are Muslims.
 
122
Costa Rica 5,182,000 2022 Central America Instituto Nacional de Estadística
Note:
Costa Rica is a sovereign state in Central America between Nicaragua and Panama, with coasts on the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. The country is inhabited by descendants of European immigrants and by descendants of relations between Europeans and Native Americans. More than 75% of Costa Rica's population are Christians. Spoken language is Spanish.
 
123
New Zealand 5,127,200 Dec 2021 Australia/Oceania Statistics New Zealand
Note:
The island nation in the South Pacific consists of two main islands located about 2,000 km (1,275 miles) southeast of Australia. 73% of the population lives in urban areas. Approximately three-fourths of New Zealand's inhabitants are descendants of European immigrants, and 15% are Māori people, the original inhabitants of the islands. Spoken languages are English and Māori.
 
124
Central African Republic 5,017,000 2022 Central Africa UN estimate
Central African Institute of Statistics and Economic and Social Studies
 
Note:
The Central African Republic is a landlocked country in the heart of Africa with over 80 ethnic groups. Spoken languages are French and Sangho, a national language that serves as lingua franca. The Central African Republic is the country that ranks lowest in the Human Development Index.
 
125
Ireland 5,011,500 2021 Northern Europe Central Statistics Office of Ireland
Note:
The Republic of Ireland is an independent state that occupies five-sixths of the island of Ireland, which is situated west of the island of Great Britain. English is the language generally used; Irish (Gaelic or Gaeilge) is the national language, spoken by about 40% of the population. The main religion is Roman Catholic (78%).
 
126
Oman 4,595,000 2022 Arabian Peninsula National Center for Statistics and Information
Note:
Oman is a country in the southeastern corner of the Arabian Peninsula bordering the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman. Oman's population consists of 61% Omanis and 38% expatriates. The official language is Arabic. The predominant religion is Islam (86%).
 
127
Panama 4,447,000 2022 Central America Instituto Nacional de Estadística
Note:
Panama is a country on the Isthmus of Panama between Costa Rica and Colombia, bordering the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south. About 65% of the population are mestizos (mix of European and native ancestry), 12% are Indigenous Americans. The principal language is Spanish.
 
128
Kuwait 4,336,000 2021 Middle East
Arabian Peninsula
Kuwait Central Statistical Office
Note:
Kuwait is a relatively small country in the northeastern part of the Arabian Peninsula bordering the Persian Gulf in the east. Kuwait's population comprises 70% foreigners and 30% Kuwaiti. More than 90% of the Kuwaitis are Muslim.
 
129
Mauritania 4,271,200 2021 West Africa Office National de la Statistique
Note:
The Islamic Republic of Mauritania is a sparsely populated country in West Africa with a coastline on the Atlantic Ocean. The Sahara desert covers much of its territory. The population consists of Haratins ("black Moors"; 40%), Beidanes ("white" Moors; 30%), and sub-Saharan Mauritanians. Spoken languages are Hassaniya Arabic, Wolof, and French.
 
130
Croatia 4,048,000 2020 Southern Europe
Balkan Peninsula
Croatian Bureau of Statistics
Note:
Croatia is a Mediterranean country in Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea. Formerly one of the six constituent republics of Yugoslavia. More than 80% of the population are Roman Catholics. The official language is Croatian.
 
131
Georgia 3,782,600 2021 Western Asia GeoStat
National Statistics Office of Georgia
Note:
Georgia is a Eurasian state on the border between Europe and Asia; it lies between Turkey and Russia and borders the Black Sea in the west. 87% of the population are Georgian, about 6% are Azerbaijanis, and more than 4% are Armenian. Official languages are Georgian and Abkhazian. The majority of the population (86%) are Orthodox Christian.
 
132
Eritrea 3,662,000
2022 East Africa UN estimate 
Note:
Eritrea is a country in the Horn of Africa on the Red Sea coast, southeast of Sudan. The main ethnic groups are Tigrinya (55%) and Tigre (30%). The working languages are Tigrinya, Arabic, English and Tigre. The main religions are Christianity (50%) and Islam (48%). (There is no reliable population data for Eritrea; figures vary from 3.6 million (UN) to 6.1 million (CIA).)
 
133
Mongolia 3,423,000 2022 Eastern Asia National Statistical Office
Note:
Mongolia is a vast landlocked country between Siberia in the north and China in the south. It is the least densely populated sovereign nation in the world (2 people per sq km). The spoken language is Mongolian. More than half of the population are Buddhists.
 
134
Puerto Rico 3,264,000 2021 Caribbean, Greater Antilles US Census Bureau

Instituto de Estadísticas de Puerto Rico
Note:
Puerto Rico is one of two US territories with "commonwealth" status. Puerto Rico is the country with the highest population decline due to a low birth rate, an ongoing economic crisis, emigration to the US, and the aftermath of Hurricane Maria.
 
135
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,249,000 2022 Southern Europe
Balkan Peninsula
UN estimate
Agency for Statistics
Note:
Bosnia-Herzegovina is a mountainous and almost landlocked country on the Balkan Peninsula with a narrow, 20 km wide access to the Adriatic Sea in the south. BiH was one of the six constituent republics of Yugoslavia. These days, half of the population are Bosniaks, 30% are Serbs, and 15% are Croats. Spoken languages are Bosnian, Serbian, and Croatian. About half of the country's population are Muslims (51%); other denominations are Orthodox (31%) and Roman Catholic (15%).
 
136
Uruguay 3,041,000 2022 South America Instituto Nacional de Estadística
Note:
Uruguay is a South American country south of Brazil, bordering the Río de la Plata and the South Atlantic Ocean. The population of Uruguay is predominantly of European origin. The official language is Spanish.
 
137
Armenia 2,961,000 2021 Europe/Western Asia National Statistical Service
Note:
Armenia is a landlocked country and former Soviet republic in the South Caucasus with an Armenian-speaking population. The main religion is Christianity (Armenian Apostolic Church).
 
138
Albania 2,843,500 2022 Southern Europe Albania Institute of Statistics
Note:
Albania is a country on the Balkan peninsula to the north of Greece, bordering the Adriatic and the Ionian Sea. The official language is Albanian. About 60% of the population are Muslims.
 
139
Lithuania 2,792,000 2022 Northern Europe Statistics Lithuania
Note:
Lithuania is a country in northeastern Europe with a coastline on the Baltic Sea. It is the largest of the Baltic states and one of the Baltic countries with the highest population decline due to a low birth rate and emigration.
 
140
Qatar 2,792,000 Jan 2022 Middle East Qatar Planning and Statistics Authority
Note:
Qatar is a country in the Persian Gulf occupying the Qatar Peninsula on the west coast of the much larger Arabian Peninsula. Qatar is, after the Vatican, number two among the countries with a majority of foreign-born citizens. Population: 313,000 Qataris (12%) and 2.3 million expatriates (in 2017).
 
141
Jamaica 2,734,000 2019 Caribbean, Greater Antilles Statistical Institute of Jamaica
Note:
One of the Greater Antilles Islands in the Caribbean, southeast of Cuba, known as the birthplace of reggae. Spoken languages are English and Jamaican Patois. The majority of the Jamaicans are Christians.
 
142
Namibia 2,634,000 2022 Southern Africa UN estimate
Central Bureau of Statistics
Note:
Located in southwestern Africa, Namibia is the second least densely populated sovereign country in the world. The largest ethnic group is the Ovambo people (50%). An estimated 80-90% of the population are Christians.
 
143
Moldova 2,604,000 2022 Eastern Europe National Bureau of Statistics
Note:
Moldova is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe between Romania and Ukraine. The largest ethnic group are Moldovans (75%); other inhabitants are Romanians 7%, Ukrainians 6.6%, Gagauzes 4.6%, and Russians 4%. Spoken languages are Moldovan/Romanian (80%), Russian, Gagauz, and Ukrainian. More than 90% of the total population are Orthodox Christians.
 
144
Gambia 2,558,000 2022 West Africa UN estimate
Gambia Bureau of Statistics
Note:
The Gambia is a multi-ethnic country in West Africa, situated along both banks of the Gambia River and surrounded by Senegal on three sides. 95% of the population are Muslims.
 
145
Botswana 2,375,000 2020 Southern Africa Central Statistics Office
Note:
The landlocked country in Southern Africa is sparsely populated because up to 70% of the country is covered by the Kalahari Desert, a large semi-arid sandy savanna and desert.
 
146
Gabon 2,332,000 2022 Central Africa UN estimate
Direction Générale des Statistiques
 
Note:
A country on the Atlantic coast of Central Africa, between Cameroon and the Republic of the Congo. The capital and largest city is Libreville. Almost all inhabitants of Gabon have Bantu roots. The official language is French. Main Religion is Christianity (76%).
 
147
Lesotho 2,176,000 2020 Southern Africa UN estimate
Bureau of Statistics
Note:
Lesotho is a landlocked mountainous country that forms an enclave in South Africa. Spoken languages are Sesotho (official), English, Zulu, and Xhosa.
 
148
Slovenia 2,109,000 2021 Southern Europe
(formerly part of Yugoslavia)
Statistical Office Slovenia
Note:
Slovenia is a small, mountainous country on the Gulf of Trieste (Adriatic Sea) north of Greece.
 
149
North Macedonia 2,069,000 2020 Southern Europe
Balkan Peninsula
State Statistical Office
Note:
North Macedonia was formerly one of the six constituent republics of Yugoslavia. The landlocked country on the Balkan Peninsula is inhabited by ethnic Macedonians (65%) and Albanians (25%). 65% of the population are Eastern Orthodox Christians, 33% are Muslims. Spoken languages are Macedonian and Albanian.
 
150
Latvia 1,893,000 2021 Northern Europe Central Statistical Bureau
Note:
Latvia is one of the Baltic states, located between Estonia in the north and Lithuania in the south. Latvia is also one of the Baltic states affected by negative population growth due to a low birth rate and emigration. Main ethnic groups are Latvians (63%) and Russians (24.5%). Latvia is a secular state, but about 80% of the population are Christians.
 
151
Guinea-Bissau 1,625,000 2020 West Africa National Bureau of Statistics
Note:
A country in West Africa between Senegal and Guinea, with a coastline on the Atlantic Ocean.
 
152
Equatorial Guinea 1,558,000 2022 Central Africa Equatorial Guinea Statistical Office 
Note:
The small country on the west coast of Central Africa consists of five offshore islands in the Gulf of Guinea and a national territory on the African mainland between Cameroon and Gabon.
 
153
Bahrain 1,472,000 2020 Middle East Bahrain Open Data Portal
Note:
Bahrain is among the most densely populated countries. Like many other countries on the Arabian Peninsula, Bahrain has a population with a high percentage of foreigners. In 2020, of Bahrain's 1.47 million inhabitants, 713,000 were Bahraini, all others being foreigners.
 
154
Timor-Leste (East Timor) 1,369,000 2022 Maritime Southeast Asia Statistics Timor-Leste
Directorate of Statistics
Note:
East Timor, officially Timor-Leste, is a country on the eastern part of Timor, an island in the southeastern region of the Malay Archipelago. The former Portuguese colony declared itself independent in 1975. It was occupied by Indonesia in 1976 and became an independent state in 2002.
 
155
Trinidad and Tobago 1,368,000 2021 Caribbean Central Statistical Office
Note:
The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago consists of two islands; it is the southernmost island country in the Caribbean, located off the northeast coast of Venezuela. The island's population consists of about 35% East Indians (descendants of Indian indentured laborers), about 34% are people of African descent, and 15% have mixed origins. A large part of the population belongs to a Christian religion, 18% are Hindus and 5% are Muslims.
 
156
Estonia 1,328,000 2022 Northern Europe Statistics Estonia
Note:
The smallest of the Baltic states is located on the southern coast of the Gulf of Finland (Baltic Sea); The capital is Tallinn; spoken languages are Estonian (official) and Russian. More than half of the population (54%) is unaffiliated with any organized religion.
 
157
Mauritius 1,266,000 2020 East Africa Statistics Mauritius
Note:
An island nation in the Indian Ocean. The popular tourist destination lies 900 km east of Madagascar. Mauritius is the country with the highest population density in Africa. The main religions are Hinduism (48%), Christianity (33%), and Islam (17%).
 
158
Eswatini (Swaziland) 1,185,000 2022 Southern Africa UN estimate
Eswatini Government website
Note:
Swaziland, renamed Eswatini in 2018, is a landlocked country in southeastern Africa bordering South Africa and Mozambique.
 
159
Djibouti 1,016,000 2022 East Africa UN estimate
Djibouti Government
Note:
A small country with a Somali (60%) and Afar (35%) population. Spoken languages are French, Arabic, Somali, and Afar. Djibouti is situated in Eastern Africa between Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea. Djibouti serves as Ethiopia's gateway to the sea.
 
160
Comoros 907,000 2022 East Africa UN estimate
 
Note:
An archipelago at the northern mouth of the Mozambique Channel with an Arabic and French-speaking Sunni Muslim population.
 
161
Fiji 893,468 2021 Melanesia/Oceania Fiji Bureau of Statistics
Note:
Fiji is a group of islands of volcanic origin located in Melanesia in the South Pacific Ocean north of New Zealand and east of Australia.
 
162
Cyprus 888,000 2020 Middle East /Europe Cyprus Statistical Service
Note:
The Republic of Cyprus is situated on the island of Cyprus in the eastern Mediterranean Sea south of Turkey. Geopolitically, Cyprus can be classified as falling within Europe, the Middle East, or both. The population figure refers to the area controlled by the Cypriot government. Cyprus has two official languages, Greek and Turkish; English is widely spoken.
 
163
Réunion (France) 869,000 2022 Indian Ocean, East Africa Official estimate
France statistics
Note:
Formerly known as Île Bourbon, an island and French overseas department in the Indian Ocean, about 700 km (435 mi) east of Madagascar and 180 km (110 mi) southwest of Mauritius.
 
164
Bhutan 756,000 2021 South-Central Asia National Statistics Bureau Bhutan
Note:
A small independent kingdom on the southeastern slopes of the eastern Himalaya Mountains. Its population consists of Ngalop people (50%), ethnic Nepali (35%), and some indigenous or migrant tribes (15%). Buddhism is the dominant religion (75%).
 
165
Guyana 744,000 2019 South America Bureau of Statistics
Note:
Guyana is a country on South America's North Atlantic coast and the only country in South America with an English-speaking population. Guyana's population consists of about 40% Indo-Guyanese (descendants of Indian indentured laborers) and 30% Afro-Guyanese (descendants of African slaves). Spoken languages are English (official), Guyanese Creole, Caribbean Hindustani, and Amerindian languages.
 
166
Solomon Islands 721,000 2022 Melanesia/Oceania Solomon Islands National Statistics Office (SINSO)
Note:
An island group in the southwestern Pacific, east of New Guinea. Melanesian pidgin is the lingua franca. The main religion is Christianity.
 
167
Macao 683,200 Dec 2021 Eastern Asia
China
Statistics and Census Service
Note:
The city is a Special Administrative Region of China (SAR); it is the most densely populated territory in the world. Chinese and Portuguese are official languages; even so, its population consists of 88% Chinese and 1% Portuguese.
 
168
Luxembourg 634,730 2021 Western Europe Statistiques Luxembourg
Note:
A small country between Belgium and Germany north of France with a high proportion of people with a foreign background.
 
169
Montenegro 621,000 2021 Southern Europe
Balkan Peninsula
Statistical Office of Montenegro
Note:
A Balkan country on the Adriatic Sea to the north of Albania. Formerly one of the six constituent republics of Yugoslavia. 45% of its population are Montenegrins, 29% Serbians, 9% Bosniaks, and 5% Albanians.
 
170
Western Sahara 626,000 2022 North Africa UN estimate 
Note:
A desert region and disputed territory on the Atlantic coast between Morocco and Mauritania. Approximately 70-75% of the area is under Moroccan control. Morocco has claimed rule over Western Sahara since 1975, but the United Nations (UN) does not recognize Moroccan control.
 
171
Suriname 598,000 2019 South America Algemeen Bureau voor de Statistiek
General Bureau of Statistics
Note:
Suriname is South America's least populated state. The formerly Dutch-ruled country has a population consisting mainly of descendants of African slaves, Asian Indians, and Dutch Europeans. The main languages are Dutch (official) and English (widely spoken).
 
172
Maldives 579,000 2022 South-Central Asia National Bureau of Statistics
Note:
The Maldives is the smallest nation in Asia by land area and Asia's least populated country, but it has a very high population density. The archipelago is situated between the Arabian and the Laccadive Sea southwest of India. The Maldives is an Islamic country. Spoken languages are Dhivehi and English, especially in the tourism industry.
 
--
Wyoming State Flag
Wyoming 578,803 2021 North America US Census Bureau
Note:
In comparison: Wyoming is the least populated state in the US. If Wyoming were a nation state, it'd be ranked number 172 of the world's most populated countries.
 
173
Cape Verde 569,500 2022 West Africa Instituto Nacional de Estatística
Note:
Cabo Verde is an archipelago of volcanic origin in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Senegal. Half the nation's population lives on the main island Santiago. Spoken language is Crioulo, a Portuguese-based creole.
 
174
Malta 516,000 2020 Southern Europe National Statistics Office
Note:
The Republic of Malta is an island country in the Mediterranean Sea about 90 km south of Sicily. The two main islands are Malta and Gozo. The national language of Malta is Maltese.
 
175
Brunei 453,600 2020 Southeast Asia Brunei Statistical Office
Note:
One of the smallest nations in Asia (after Singapore and the Maldives). It is Asia's second-least populated country. Spoken language is Standard Malay. Islam is the official religion of Brunei.
 
176
Belize 432,500 2021 Central America Statistical Institute of Belize
Note:
Belize is the most sparsely populated nation in Central America. The major ethnic groups are mestizos 53%, Creoles 26%, Maya 11%, and Garifuna people with an African ancestry 6%. Spoken languages are Belize Creole (Kriol) and English.
 
177
Bahamas 389,400 2020 Caribbean Bahamas National Statistical Institute
Note:
The Bahamas are an archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean consisting of 700-plus islands and over 2,000 islets and cays scattered over an area of more than 260,000 km², southeast of Florida.
 
178
Guadeloupe (France) 384,000 2021 Caribbean Institut national de la statistique
Note:
Guadeloupe is an island in the Caribbean with a majority of Afro-Caribbean and mixed Creole population. The overseas region of France consists of the islands of Basse-Terre, Grande-Terre, Marie-Galante, La Désirade, and Îles des Saintes. Since 2012, Guadeloupe has been losing population at an annual rate of -0.7%.
 
179
Iceland 369,000 2021 Northern Europe Statistics Iceland
Note:
Iceland is an island in the North Atlantic Ocean, just south of the Arctic Circle and the Greenland Sea. It is the most sparsely populated country in Europe, besides Finland and Greenland. Iceland's official language is Icelandic. Almost all Icelanders are Christians.
 
180
Martinique
(France)
364,500 2019 Caribbean Official estimate
Institut national de la statistique
Note:
Martinique is an island in the Caribbean. The overseas region (région d'outre-mer or DROM) of France has a population mainly of people of African descent. The official language is French.
 
181
Vanuatu 300,000 2020 Melanesia/Oceania Vanuatu National Statistics
Note:
An archipelago of about 80 islands in the southwestern Pacific Ocean between Australia and Fiji.
 
182
French Guiana (France) 282,000 2019 South America Official estimate
Institut de la statistique (France)
Note:
French Guiana is an overseas department and region of France on the northern Atlantic coast, between Suriname and Brazil; it is the least populous country in South America.
 
183
French Polynesia 276,000 2020 Polynesia/Oceania France statistique - Insee
Institut de la statistique
Note:
French Polynesia is an archipelago of 118 islands scattered over a vast area in the South Pacific Ocean; it is an overseas country of France. Best known island: Tahiti.
 
184
Barbados 273,000 2020 Caribbean Barbados Statistical Service
Note:
Barbados is an island in the Lesser Antilles east of St Vincent and the Grenadines. The island nation became a parliamentary republic on 30 November 2021. The people of Barbados are predominantly black (92%) or mixed (3%). Spoken languages are English and Bajan Creole. Three-fourths of the people are Christians.
 
185
Mayotte (France) 256,500 2017 East Africa Official estimate
Institut national de la statistique France
Note:
Mayotte is an island and an overseas department of France, located in the Indian Ocean, east of Comoros.
 
186
New Caledonia (France) 271,400 2019 Melanesia/Oceania Institut de la Statistique
Note:
New Caledonia is an island in the South Pacific, east of Australia and southwest of Vanuatu. The island is a French overseas territory. More than 40% of the island's population are Kanak people, the indigenous Melanesian inhabitants. The official language is French.
 
187
São Tomé and Príncipe 228,000 2022 Central Africa Instituto Nacional de Estatística
Note:
São Tomé and Príncipe is an African island nation located near the equator, about 290 km (180 miles) west of Gabon's coast, with a Portuguese-speaking population.
 
188
Samoa 205,770 2022 Polynesia/Oceania Bureau of Statistics
Note:
Samoa is a group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about halfway between Hawaii and Australia.
 
189
Saint Lucia 185,000 2022 Caribbean Department of Statistics
Note:
Caribbean island and an independent state within the Commonwealth of Nations since 1979.
 
190
Guam (USA) 168,800 2021 Micronesia/Oceania CIA The World Factbook
Tourism Website
Note:
Island in the Western Pacific in the middle of nowhere. The largest and southernmost of the Mariana Islands is administered as an unincorporated territory of the United States.
 
191
Curaçao (Netherlands) 151.000 2022 Caribbean Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek
Note:
Curaçao is one of the ABC islands (Aruba, Bonaire, and Curaçao), located in the southern Caribbean Sea, 65 km (40mi) north of the Venezuelan coast. Curaçao is administratively a country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
 
192
Kiribati 119,438 Censusu 2020 Micronesia/Oceania Kiribati statistical office
Note:
The former Gilbert Islands in the Pacific Ocean were renamed Kiribati in 1979. The three island groups, the Gilbert Islands, the Line Islands, and the Phoenix Islands, are scattered over an area of about 3.5 million km².
 
193
Grenada 113,000 2022 Caribbean UN estimate
Grenada statistics
Note:
Island at the southern end of the Grenadines, an island chain in the Caribbean Sea northwest of Trinidad and Tobago.
 
194
Aruba (Netherlands) 111,000 2020 Caribbean Islands Central Bureau of Statistics Aruba
Note:
Aruba, one of the ABC islands, is a constituent country of the Netherlands situated about 30 km off the coast of Venezuela. The official languages on Aruba are Dutch and Papiamento, a creole language based on Portuguese, Spanish and some Dutch.
 
195
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 110,784 2021 Caribbean Statistical Office
Note:
A Lesser Antilles island chain between Saint Lucia and Grenada.
 
196
U.S. Virgin Islands 106,000 2021 Caribbean CIA The World Factbook
Note:
The United States Virgin Islands is the US portion of the Virgin Islands archipelago; the other part belongs to the British.
 
197
Federated States of Micronesia 105,000 2021 Micronesia/Oceania Federated States of Micronesia Office of Statistics
Note:
Group of hundreds of islands in the North Pacific Ocean north of New Guinea and the Marshall Islands. Spoken languages are English (official) and Austronesian languages.
 
198
Tonga 100,200 Census 2021 Polynesia/Oceania Tonga Statistics Department
Note:
Tonga is an archipelago of volcanic and low-lying coral islands covering 111,000 square kilometers east of Fiji and southwest of Samoa. The Polynesian kingdom is also known as the Friendship Islands.
 

 

Least Populated Countries
Below are the least populated countries with a population of under 100,000 inhabitants.

199
Antigua and Barbuda 99,300 2021 Caribbean Antigua and Barbuda - Statistics Division
Note:
Antigua and Barbuda is an island state in the West Indies which consists of the two islands, Antigua and Barbuda, and some smaller islands. 97% of the population lives in Antigua. The official language is English, but Antiguan Creole is also spoken, depending on the social class.
 
200
Seychelles 97,600 2019 East Africa National Bureau of Statistics
Note:
The archipelago of 116 islands in the Indian Ocean is the smallest African nation and the continent's most sparsely populated country. Seychelles is a popular world-class vacation destination and one of the most expensive in the world.
 
201
Andorra 79,535 2021 Southern Europe Departament d'Estadística
Note:
Andorra, officially the Principality of Andorra, is a microstate in the eastern Pyrenees bordering France and Spain. Catalan is the official language of Andorra.
 
202
Dominica 72,000 2022 Caribbean Central Statistics Office of Dominica
Note:
Dominica is a mountainous island in the Caribbean between Guadeloupe and Martinique. Spoken languages are English (official), French-based Dominican Creole and French.
 
203
Cayman Islands (UK) 69,656 Census 2021 Caribbean Statistics Office
Note:
The British overseas territory south of Cuba consists of the three islands, Grand Cayman, Cayman Brac, and Little Cayman.
 
204
Bermuda (UK) 63,700 2022 Caribbean Department of Statistics
Note:
Bermuda is a self-governing British overseas territory in the North Atlantic. The archipelago with a semi-tropical climate is located about 1,050 km (650 mi) east of the coast of North Carolina. 53.8% of the population is of African descent, 31% white, and 7.5% mixed.
 
205
Greenland 56,420 2021 Northern Europe/North America Statistics Greenland
Note:
Greenland is the world's largest island and an autonomous country within Denmark (the Danish Realm). It is the least densely populated country in the world. The people of Greenland live exclusively in towns and settlements along the coast. About 60% of the population lives in the five largest towns Nuuk, Sisimiut, Ilulissat, Aasiaat, and Qaqortoq.
 
206
Marshall Islands 54,516 2021 Micronesia/Oceania SPC Statistics for Development Division
Note:
The Marshall Islands are twenty-nine atolls and five isolated islands in the North Pacific Ocean, about halfway between Hawaii and the island of New Guinea. The population is of Micronesian origin. Marshallese is the main language.
 
207
Saint Kitts and Nevis 54,000 2022 Caribbean Department of Statistics
Note:
Saint Kitts and Nevis is the least populous sovereign country in the Caribbean. The official language is English.
 
208
Faroe Islands
Denmark
53,664 2022 Northern Europe Statistics Faroe Islands
Note:
The Faroe Islands consists of eighteen rocky, volcanic islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, 400 km north of Scotland. The archipelago is an autonomous country within the Kingdom of Denmark.
 
209
Northern Mariana Islands 51,660 2021 Micronesia/Oceania CIA The World Factbook
Note:
The Northern Mariana Islands consist of fourteen islands in the North Pacific Ocean, including Saipan, Rota, and Tinian. One of two US territories with "commonwealth" status. Spoken languages are Philippine languages (33%), Chamorro (official; 24%) and English (official; 17%)
 
210
American Samoa 46,366 2021 Polynesia/Oceania CIA The World Factbook
Note:
American Samoa is an unincorporated territory of the United States, a group of seven islands and atolls in the South Pacific Ocean, about halfway between Hawaii and New Zealand. The main island is Tutuila, home to the capital Pago Pago.
 
211
Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) 44,540 2020 Caribbean Department of Statistics
Note:
As a British overseas territory, the Turks and Caicos Islands were part of the British colony of Jamaica until 1962. The territory consists of two archipelagos southeast of the Bahamas and north of Haiti.
 
212 SXM Sint Maarten (Netherlands) 41,500 2016 Caribbean (Dutch part of the island of Saint Martin) ST Maarten Government
Note:
The Dutch part of the island of Saint Martin. Cruise arrivals: 1.5 million people (in 2018)
 
213
Liechtenstein 39,151 2021 Western Europe Amt für Statistik
Note:
A small German-speaking landlocked principality between Austria and Switzerland. 34% of the population are foreigners.
 
214
Monaco 38,350 2020 Western Europe IMSEE Monaco Statistics
Note:
The city-state on the French Riviera is the most densely populated sovereign country in the world.
 
215
San Marino 33,700 2022 Southern Europe
Italy Map
San Marino Statistic Office
Note:
The Most Serene Republic of San Marino is a tiny nation surrounded by Italy. Spoken language is Italian.
 
216
Saint Martin (France) 32,489 2019 Caribbean Official estimate
Note:
The French part of the Caribbean island of Saint Martin.
 
217
British Virgin Islands (UK) 31,000 2022 Caribbean BVI Statistic
Note:
A British Overseas Territory in the Caribbean, east of Puerto Rico.
 
218
Caribbean Netherlands
(NL)
25,987 2020 Caribbean Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek
Note:
The Caribbean islands of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, and Saba are special municipalities within the Netherlands. The population is mainly mixed black (85%), Carib Amerindian, white, and East Asian.
 
219
Palau 17,957 2021 Micronesia/Oceania Pacific Community (SPC) Statistics
Government website
Note:
A Micronesian archipelago of over 500 islands in the western Pacific Ocean.
 
220
Anguilla (UK) 15,100 2022 Caribbean Anguilla Government website
Note:
A British Overseas Territory in the Caribbean east of Puerto Rico.
 
221
Nauru 11,832 2021 Micronesia/Oceania Pacific Community (SPC) Statistics
Nauru Bureau of Statistics
Note:
A Micronesian island northeast of Australia, formerly known as the Pleasant Island.
 
222
Tuvalu 10,679 2021 Polynesia/Oceania Pacific Community (SPC) Statistics
Note:
Tuvalu is a Polynesian archipelago of nine main islands in the South Pacific, formerly known as the Ellice Islands.
 
223
Montserrat (UK) 4,626 2020 Caribbean 2018 census results (pdf)
Statistics Department Montserrat
Note:
A volcanic island in the Caribbean. In July 1995, an estimated 8,000 people left the island (mainly to Britain) following the renewed volcanic activity; only some have returned.
 
224
Vatican City (Holy See)


800 2022 Southern Europe
Italy Map
State website
Note:
About 450 people have Vatican citizenship. It is the country with the highest share of foreign-born inhabitants: 100%. The smallest sovereign state in the world is also the country with the lowest fertility rate and a population growth rate of zero percent (according to official figures).
 
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More about population:

 Current World Population
Demographic Data for Continents and Regions of the World.

 Global Village, a Summary of the World
Earth as a village of 100 people.

Population by Continents:
Africa The Americas Asia Australia/Oceania Europe

Most populated cities of the world

Related Categories:
Countries by Area
All countries of the world, sorted by size (area).

US States by area
A list of the 50 US States by area size.
 

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