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Sunflower field in North Dakota
Sunflower field in North Dakota, the state is among the top producers of sunflowers in the US.
Image: Thomas Huston

___ Reference Maps of North Dakota (ND)

About North Dakota

North Dakota Flag
Time Zone Central:
UTC −6/DST−5
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Location map of North Dakota state USA
Where in the United States is North Dakota? Location map of North Dakota in the US.

North Dakota is a landlocked state in the Great Plains of north central US, south of Canada.

The state borders South Dakota in south, Montana in the west, and the Canadian provinces of Saskatchewan and Manitoba in north. The Red River of the North shapes its border with Minnesota in east.

The region of today North Dakota was acquired partly by the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, and partly from Britain by treaty in 1818, it became the 39th US state in 1889.

North Dakota's Topographic Regions Map
Topographic Regions Map of North Dakota showing the state's major physiographic regions: the Missouri Badlands, the Missouri Plateau (Coteau de Missouri), the Missouri Escarpment, the Gaciated Plains, the Pembina Escarpment, and the Red River Valley. (click map to enlarge)

North Dakota occupies a total area of 183,107 km² (70,698 sq mi) [1], making it slightly smaller than half the size of Germany.
Compared with other US states, North Dakota is eight times as big as New Jersey, but it would fit into Texas almost 4 times.

The state's landscape can be divided in several regions, there is, along its border with Minnesota, the flat Red River Valley, the lake bed of the ancient Lake Agassiz, a remnant of the last glacial period (ice age).

Going further west you will reach the Drift Prairie, an area with gently rolling hills and shallow lakes. The Laurentian Divide cuts diagonal through the state, from north west to south east, the continental divide separates the river systems that flow northwards to the Arctic Ocean and Hudson Bay from those that flow southwards to the Atlantic Ocean.

Theodore Roosevelt National Park, North Dakota
View of Theodore Roosevelt National Park south unit in western North Dakota. The park is now threatened by a proposed oil refinery nearby. [2]
Image: Aaronyoung777

The Missouri Escarpment defines the edge of the Missouri Plateau in the center of the state, the plateau (Coteau du Missouri) is a wast upland expanse of the Great Plains that occupies the south western third of the state. Within the plateau are North Dakota's Badlands, a hilly, treeless landscape along the Little Missouri River offers buttes, pyramids, domes, and cones.

Major rivers are the Red River of the North which defines North Dakota's border with Minnesota. The Sheyenne River is one of the major tributaries of the Red River of the North. The Missouri, the longest river in North America 3,767 km (2,341 mi) flows east and south through North Dakota. The river was one of the main transportation routes for the westward expansion of the United States during the 19th century.

Lake Sakakawea in January, North Dakota
Lake Sakakawea in North Dakota in January. The reservoir is created by an earth-fill embankment dam on the Missouri River, it is the third largest man-made lake in the US.
Image: ND Parks and Recreation Department

Tributaries of the Missouri in North Dakota are the Yellowstone River, the 1,110 km (690 mi) long stream is the principal tributary of the upper Missouri; the Little Missouri of North Dakota is a 900 km (560 mi) long river in the northern Great Plains, the James River (aka Dakota River) is a 1,140 km (710 mi) long river provides the main drainage of the flat lowland area of the Dakotas between the two plateau regions known as the Coteau du Missouri and the Coteau des Prairies. The Souris River (aka Mouse River in the U.S.) drains a portion of the Drift Prairie known as the Souris Plain.

Highest point
Highest point is White Butte at 1069 m (3,508 ft) located in the Badlands in the south western corner of the state.

North Dakota's geographical highlights are Lake Sakakawea, a reservoir within the Lake Sakakawea State Park in the Missouri River basin. The Theodore Roosevelt National Park, three geographically separated areas of badlands (

North Dakota State Capitol complex in the city of Bismarck
Rendered image of the North Dakota State Capitol in Bismarck, the state's capital. The 21 story tower and the surrounding office buildings house the state's legislative and judicial branches, as well as numerous government agencies.
Image: Google

North Dakota has a population of 758,000 people (est. in 2018) [3], it is among the least densely populated US states (rank 47). State capital is Bismarck, largest city is Fargo, largest metro area is Fargo metropolitan area (pop. 235,000). Official state language is English.

Largest airports in the state are Fargo's Hector International Airport (IATA code: FAR), Bismarck Municipal Airport (IATA code: BIS), and Minot International Airport (IATA code: MOT).

Cities and Towns in North Dakota

The map shows the location of following cities and towns in North Dakota:

Largest cities in North Dakota with a population of more than 20,000:
Fargo (114,000), Bismarck (67,000), Grand Forks (55,000), Minot (46,000), West Fargo (part of Fargo–Moorhead Metropolitan Area, 30,000), Williston (21,000), Dickinson ( 21,000)
Population figures in 2014

Other cities and towns in North Dakota:

Fargo Theatre, art deco movie theater in Fargo, North Dakota
The iconic Fargo Theatre, an art deco movie theater in downtown Fargo, the most populous city in North Dakota.
Image: katie wheeler

Ashley, Beach, Belfield, Beulah, Bottineau, Bowman, Cando, Carrington, Carson, Cavalier, Cooperstown, Crosby, Devils Lake, Edgeley, Ellendale, Fort Yates, Garrison, Grafton, Harvey, Hettinger, Hillsboro, Jamestown, Kenmare, Lakota, Langdon, Linton, Lisbon, Mandan, McClusky, Mohall, Mott, Napoleon, New Town, Oakes, Pembina, Portal, Rocklake, Rugby, Stanley, Towner, Valley City, Wahpeton, Washburn, and Watford City.

A detailed map showing the US state of North Dakota with boundaries, the location of the state capital Bismarck, major cities and populated places, streams and lakes, interstate highways, principal highways, and railroads.

You are free to use this map for educational purposes (fair use), please refer to the Nations Online Project.

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Reference Map of North Dakota
Reference Map of North Dakota

Map is based on a state map of The National Atlas of the USA.
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