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Stone of the Sun - Exhibits at the National Anthropology Museum, Mexico City
Stone of the Sun - Exhibits at the National Anthropology Museum, Mexico City.
Image: Deror avi
Flag of Mexico
Flag of Mexico
Location map of Mexico. Where in the world is Mexico?
Location map of Mexico

Destination Mexico, officially the United States of Mexico (Estados Unidos Mexicanos), a federal republic between the Pacific Ocean in west and the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico in east. Mexico is bordering the United States in north, and Belize and Guatemala in south east. It also shares maritime borders with Cuba and Honduras.

The country covers an area of nearly 2 million km², compared it is almost 4 times the size of Spain or slightly less than three times the size of the U.S. state of Texas. Mexico is the third largest nation in Latin America (after Brazil and Argentina)

A population of 123.5 million people (in 2017) making Mexico the second-most populous country in Latin America after Brazil, and the most populous Spanish-speaking country in the world. Capital and largest city is Mexico City. Mexico is a country with a variety of ethnic groups, where Mexican Mestizo are the largest group with about 62%, followed by predominantly Amerindians with 21%, Amerindians (the indigenous peoples of the Americas) 7%, and people with an European background 9%.

United Mexican States | Estados Unidos Mexicanos

Country Profile

Mexico belongs geographically to North-America, ethnological it belongs to Latin America. Mexico is the most populous Spanish-speaking country in the world. About 70% of the people live in urban areas. According to some estimates, the population of the area around Mexico City is about 18 million, which would make it the largest concentration of population in the Western Hemisphere.

Highly developed cultures, including those of the Olmecs, Mayas, Toltecs, and Aztecs existed in this aerea long before the Spanish conquest.
The site of advanced Amerindian civilizations, Mexico came under Spanish rule for three centuries before achieving independence early in the 19th century.
A devaluation of the peso in late 1994 threw Mexico into economic turmoil, triggering the worst recession in over half a century. The nation continues to make an impressive recovery. Ongoing economic and social concerns include low real wages, underemployment for a large segment of the population, inequitable income distribution, and few advancement opportunities for the Amerindian population in the impoverished southern states.
(Source: various reliable sources)


Official Name:
Estados Unidos Mexicanos
short form: México
int'l long form: United Mexican States
int'l short form: Mexico

ISO Country Code: mx, MEX

Time Zone: Central Daylight Time (CDT)
Local Time = UTC -5h
Actual Time México: Sun-May-19  17:45
Daylight saving time (DST): beginning April - end of Oktober (UTC -6)

Country Calling Code: +52

Capital City: México (Distrito Federal; pop. 13 million, 2000 census metro area)

Other Cities:
Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Ciudad Juarez, Tijuana, Acapulco, Merida, Leon, Veracruz.

Type: Federal Republic. Independence: First proclaimed 16 September 1810; republic established 1824.
Constitution: 5 February 1917.

Location: Middle America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico, between Belize and the USA and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and the USA.
Area: 1,964,000 km² (761 600 sq. mi.).
Terrain: Coastal lowlands, central high plateaus, and mountains up to 5 400 m. (18 000 ft.).

Climate: Tropical to desert.

Nationality: Mexican(s).
Population: (2017) 123.5 million.
Ethnic groups: Indian-Spanish (mestizo) 60%, Amerindian 30%, European 9%, other 1%.
Religions: Roman Catholic 90%, Protestant 5%, other 5%.
Language: Spanish (official); 66 regional indigenous languages.
Literacy: 90%

Natural resources: Petroleum, silver, copper, gold, lead, zinc, natural gas, timber.

Agriculture products: Corn, beans, oilseeds, feed grains, fruit, cotton, coffee, sugarcane, winter vegetables.

Industries: Food and beverages, tobacco, chemicals, iron and steel, petroleum, mining, textiles, clothing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, tourism.

Exports - commodities:
manufactured goods, oil and oil products, silver, fruits, vegetables, coffee, cotton

Exports - partners: USA 81.1% (2015)

Imports - commodities: metalworking machines, steel mill products, agricultural machinery, electrical equipment, automobile parts for assembly and repair, aircraft, aircraft parts

Imports - partners: USA 47.3%, China 17.7%, Japan 4.4% (2015)

Currency: Mexican Peso (M$) (MXN)

(Source: Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Mexico and others)

Mexico in Figures
Mexico key statistical data.
National Palace (Palacio Nacional)  Mexico City
National Palace (Palacio Nacional) on Plaza de la Constitución (Zócalo), the main square in central Mexico City. The government building is home to the offices of the president of Mexico.
Image: Armando Argandar

Official Sites of Mexico

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Presidencia de la República
Constitutional President of the United Mexican States, Vicente Fox's office.

Senado de la República
The Senate of the Republic of Mexico (in Spanish)

Stockholm Challenge Award Citizen Portal of Mexico
Government-wide portal that organizes information and services around citizen needs. (in Spanish)

Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores - México
Mexican Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Diplomatic Missions
Misión Permanente de México ante la ONU
Permanent Mission of México to the UN.
Consulate General of Mexico
New York
Embassy of Mexico
Washington D.C.
Diplomatic Missions of Mexico
Diplomatic Missions of Mexico Abroad.
Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Mexico
Foreign Diplomatic Missions accredited in Mexico.

 National Institute of Statistics, Geography and Informatics
Geographic, demographic and economic information of Mexico.
Consejo Nacional de Población (CONAPO)
The National Council of Population (in Spanish)

Mexico in Figures
Mexico key statistical data.

Centro Nacional de Metrología (CENAM)
The National Centre of Metrology.
Servicio Meteorológico Nacional

Mexico Conectado
Federal Government program offers free Internet access in public places such as schools, hospitals, universities, governmental offices and parks. (mainly in Spanish)


Map of Mexico
Political map of Mexico.
Administrative Map of Mexico
Map showing Mexico and the surrounding countries with international borders, the Mexican states, the national capital Mexico (Ciudad de México), state capitals, major cities, main roads, and major airports.

Google Earth Google Earth Mexico
Searchable map and satellite view of Mexico.
Google Earth Google Earth Mexico City
Searchable map and satellite view of Mexico's capital city.

Google Earth Chichen Itza
Annotated map of the archaeological site of Chichen Itza.

Map of Central America and the Caribbean
Reference Map of Central America and the Caribbean. 
Map of North America
Reference Map of North America. 

Map of Middle America
Political map of Middle America.

Mexico News

According to Freedom House, Mexico remained one of the world’s most dangerous places for media workers, and freedom of expression faced new threats with the adoption of the Federal Telecommunications and Broadcasting Act. The New York Times stated that 'The government has done too little to end a culture of impunity that has made it easy to threaten and kill journalists.'

El Heraldo de Mexico
Mexican newspaper.
El Universal
Important Mexican newspaper.
El Sur
Weekly newspaper with presence in the South of Jalisco.
Política y cultura en línea.
La Crónica de Hoy
National and international news.
La Jornada
Mexican newspaper.
National and international news.
Mexican Daily.
Tiempos del Mundo
Mexican news.

Mexican news (in English)
Mexico Daily
Mexican news by world
Mexico News Daily
Tabloid style news from Mexico.
The News
News from Mexico.

CNI en Linea
With national and international news (in Spanish)


Bookmark/share this page

Arts & Culture

arte y media
Gallery of contemporary Mexican art.
Carlos Fuentes
Wikipedia article about the life and work of Carlos Fuentes, acclaimed Mexican author, novelist and essayist.
Consejo Nacional para la Cultura y las Artes
National Council for Culture and the Arts (in Spanish).
Diego Rivera Web Museum
Virtual museum for the famous Mexican painter.
Escuela Nacional de Artes Plasticas
National school for visual arts.
Museo de la Ciudad de México
Mexico City museum.
Museo de las Culturas Prehispánicas
Museum for Prehispanic Cultures (in Spanish).
Museo Nacional de Antropología
National Museum of Anthropology.
Museo Nacional de la Revolución Mexicana
National Museum of the Mexican Revolution.

Mexican Museums
Mexican and Latin American Museums portal.
Artes e Historia México
Arts and History, a virtual forum and guide to Mexican arts and culture (in Spanish).
Contest of Skulls in Piñata
Contest of Skulls in Piñata - Diego Rivera

Stonework at Kohunlich - Campeche
Stonework at Kohunlich - Campeche

Business & Economy

Banco de México
Mexico's central bank and monetary authority.

Bolsa Mexicana de Valores (BMV)
Mexican Stock Exchange, known as Mexbol, it is the only stock exchange in Mexico.

Cámara Nacional de Comercio de la Ciudad de México
The National Chamber of Commerce.

The subdivision of the Mexican Secretariat of Economy promotes international trade and investment.

__Business News
El Economista
Business & Finance (in Spanish)
El Financiero
Business & Finance (in Spanish)


Aerovias de Mexico is Mexico's leading airline and also the country's flag carrier, the company is based in Mexico City.
Aeroméxico Connect
A subsidiary of Aeroméxico, the regional airline operates feeder services to AeroMéxico's hub airports, the company is headquartered in Monterrey.
From its hubs at Guadalajara, Tijuana, Mexico City, Monterrey, and Toluca, Interjet operates scheduled flights within Mexico and to destinations in Cuba, Costa Rica, Peru, Colombia, and the USA. The airline is headquartered in Mexico City.
Mexican low-cost carrier with its main hubs at Monterrey International Airport and at Mexico City International.
Based in Tijuana - General Abelardo L. Rodríguez International Airport, the Mexican low-cost airline operates scheduled flights within Mexico, and to destinations in the USA and Central America.

Ferromex (FXE)
The private rail company operates the largest railway in Mexico.
Kansas City Southern de México (KCSM)
Rail freight transportation in the northeastern part of Mexico.
Beach of Cancún, Yucatán Peninsula
Beach of Cancún, the city is an important tourist destination in eastern Mexico, located just south of Cabo Catoche, the northernmost point on the Yucatán Peninsula, facing the Yucatan Channel, the strait that links the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea.
Image: Safizadeh

Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Destination Mexico :: Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Mexico: Acapulco, Baja California, Cabo San Lucas, Cancún, Gudalajara, Guanajuato, Mexicali, Nogales, Oaxaca, Puerto Vallarta, Tijuana, Yucatán, and more.

Accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, and much more.
The official Mexican Tourism Board site offers country information on various travel destinations.

Culture and Society of México
Frequently Asked Questions about Mexico.
Inside Mexico
Articles and News about Mexico.
 Mexico Connect
Comprehensive travel information about Mexico.
Mexico Online
An online travel and tourism guide to Mexico.

Mexico Tourism by States
Website about Guanajuato state and its cities (Leon, San Miguel Allende, Dolores, etc) with travel guide, commercial directory and cultural information.
The website that is dedicated to tourism promotion of the largest state of Mexico, Chihuahua. 
Oaxaca Tourism
Official travel and tourism site of Oaxaca by Tourism Development Secretariat (in Spanish)
Maya Yucatán
Official visitors guide of Yucatán.

Mexico City Guide
Information and tips to enjoy Mexico City: sightseeing, services, events, culture, history, shows - for pleasure travel and business travel.

Imagenes Aereas de México
Must see Aerial Photographs of Mexico City.

Official tourism site of the port city of Acapulco.
Official visitors guide to the colonial Spanish city of Campeche.
Travel and Tour Guide to the Mexican Caribbean tourist resort Cancun.
Official guide to the second most populous city in Mexico.
Official site of the city of Mazatlán, the popular tourist destination.
Official Website of the city of Monterrey in the Extremadura Valley.
Tijuana Online
Official City of Tijuana tourism, hotels and vacations guide.

Mexico for Kids
Mexico's official site for Kids with information on the country, history, myths and traditions.


National Autonomous University of Mexico
The Mexican National University, founded in 1910.
Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana
Universidad de las Américas
Universidad Autónoma de Guadalajara
Universidad de Guadalajara
Guadalajara, Jalisco, founded 1792.

Environment - Environmental organizations Mexico

Comisión Nacional de Áreas Naturales (CONANP)
Official website of the National Commission of Protected Nature Areas in Mexico. Includes information about the Commission, lists of the protected nature areas in the country. (in Spanish)

Secretaría del Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales - Semarnat
Official site of the Secretariat of Environment and Nature Resources with extensive information on nature resources and environmental issues in Mexico. (in Spanish)

Centro Ecólogico Akumal
CEA's monitors the impact of development on the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef ecosystems.

Greenpeace Mexico
The Mexican section of Greenpeace.

Institute of Ecology Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico
Research on Evolutionary Ecology, Functional Ecology, and Applied Ecology.
mexican desert
Somewhere on the Journey to Ixtlan
Pueblo Cholula and Popocatepetl, MexicoCholula with Popocatepetl
Archaeological zone of Cantona with with the Oyameles-Zaragoza mountains
Archaeological zone of Cantona with the Oyameles-Zaragoza mountains in background, Puebla, Mexico. In prehispanic times the site was a fortified city probably built by Olmec-Xicalanca natives.
Image: Comisión Mexicana de Filmaciones


History of Mexico
Outline of Mexico's History and links to additional information on the history of Mexico.

Indigenous Peoples

Abya Yala Net
Information on Indigenous peoples in Mexico, Central, and South America.
Aztec History Mexico
The Aztecs of Mexico and their history.
Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional
Zapatista National Liberation Front.
Instituto Nacional Indigenista
Federal government institution with information about Mexican tribes (in Spanish).
Mexico Solidarity Network
Coalition of over 80 organizations struggling for human rights, economic justice and democracy in the United States and Mexico.
Servicio Internacional para la Paz - SIPAZ
Coalition of organizations to support the peace process in Chiapas.
A guide to people and lands of Chiapas Mexico.
 Zapatistas in Cyberspace
The international circulation through the Net of the struggles of the Zapatistas in Chiapas.
Dancer in prehispanic period costume.
Indigenous Dancer in prehispanic period costume.



Mexico Online
Mexican Search Directory.
México Web Guide
México index.

Sources and additional Information on Mexico

BBC Country Profile: Mexico

Amnesty International: Mexico

FAO: Mexico

GlobalEDGE: Mexico

The Heritage Foundation: Mexico

Human Rights Watch: Mexico

OEC: Mexico

Reporters Without Borders: Mexico

Wikipedia: Mexico

The World Factbook -- Mexico

 Support UNICEF

Other Countries of Middle and Central America:
Belize | Costa Rica | El Salvador | Guatemala | Honduras | Nicaragua | Panama

Countries of South America:
Argentina | Bolivia | Brazil | Chile | Colombia | Ecuador | French Guiana
Guyana | Paraguay | Peru | Uruguay | Suriname | Venezuela