Location map of Australia
Australia in brief
Destination Australia, a Nations Online country profile of the "unknown southern land."
Some say, with Australia, you get it all: a continent
with its own tectonic plate, a country
with a population density others can only dream of, and a massive island
with a 30,000 km long beach.
Australia is situated entirely in the southern hemisphere, between the Indian and the Pacific ocean, south of Maritime Southeast Asia and north of the Antarctic.
With an area
of 7,617,930 km², Australia is almost (95%) as large as the continental USA
(excluding Alaska). The sixth-largest country in the world has a population
of just 25.7 million inhabitants (in 2021).
Australia shares maritime borders with East Timor
, New Zealand
, Papua New Guinea
, the Solomon Islands
, and the islands of New Caledonia
(a special collectivity of France
The country's capital city is Canberra
; other major cities are Adelaide
, Alice Springs
(1.6 million) Darwin
(3.5 million), and Perth
, the largest city is Sydney
(4.2 million). The official language
What is Australia most famous for?
The Pinnacles, limestone formations within Nambung National Park in Western Australia.
Image: Tobias Keller
What comes to mind when you think of Australia? It's down under? The funny use of the English language
Is there more to the planet's largest island than wallabies, emus, and Uluru?
Yep, koalas and kangaroos!
Joking aside, Australia is famous for its unique fauna and flora
. Due to its geographic isolation, its ecosystem is very different from other parts of the world. There are more than 24,000 species of native plants on the continent, and marsupials
occupy the ecological niches that placental mammals occupy elsewhere in the world.
Main attractions in Australia
The Great Barrier Reef
, the largest contiguous collection of more than 2,900 individual coral reefs on earth.
, also known as Ayers Rock, is the largest monolith in the world and a sacred place for the Anangu people.
There is the iconic and world-famous Sydney Opera House
near the popular Sydney Harbour Bridge
The Great Ocean Road
, an Australian National Heritage-listed 243 km long scenic road along Australia's southeastern coast.
, the remote and usually uninhabited inland regions of Australia.
in South and Western Australia and the Pinnacles
, limestone formations within Nambung National Park in Western Australia.
It is the least populated continent, and the majority of the population lives near the coast. Voting
is compulsory in Australia. Mainland Australia has 35,877 km of coastline and more than 10,000 beaches, of which Bondi Beach near Sydney and Cable Beach near Broome are the most popular. Winter in most parts of Australia lasts from June to August. The Trans Australian Railway
features the world's longest straight stretch of railway, 478 km (297 mi). Q1
Tower (322 m) is the tallest residential building in the country; Sydney Tower
(309 m) comes second. The country was known as New Holland
until the beginning of the 19th century. The Wallaman Falls
, a horsetail waterfall on the Stony Creek in North Queensland, drops 268 m. Australia is home to some of the most deadly animals in the world, spiders, snakes, crocodiles, jellyfish and octopus.