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Halong Bay, Gulf of Tonkin, Vietnam
Halong Bay (An Bang), in the Gulf of Tonkin in northeast Vietnam, is known for its about 1,600 towering limestone islands and islets, most of the islands are uninhabited and unaffected by a human presence, it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site official website.
Image: kk
Vietnam Flag
Flag of Vietnam
Location map of Vietnam. Where in Asia is Vietnam?
Location map of Vietnam
Vietnam, officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is a long streched country along the eastern coast of the Indochinese Peninsula.

Vietnam borders China in north, Laos and Cambodia in west. The nation is bordering the South China Sea in east, and the Gulf of Tonkin with the island of Hainan Dao (China) in north-east. The country shares maritime borders with Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, and Thailand.

With an area of 331,689 km² Vietnam is about three times the size of Bulgaria or slightly larger than the U.S. state of New Mexico.

Vietnam has a population of 92.6 million people (in 2016), it is the 13th most populous country in the world.
Spoken language is Vietnamese, English is increasingly favored as a second language, and there are still people speak some French.

Capital city of Vietnam is Hanoi (Ha Noi), former capital of the Republic of Vietnam and largest city is Ho Chi Minh City (also known as Saigon).

Socialist Republic of Vietnam | Viet Nam

Country Profile

France occupied all of Vietnam by 1884. Independence was declared after World War II, but the French continued to rule until 1954 when they were defeated by communist forces under Ho Chi MINH, who took control of the north.

US economic and military aid to South Vietnam grew through the 1960s in an attempt to bolster the government, but US armed forces were withdrawn following a cease-fire agreement in 1973. Two years later North Vietnamese forces overran the south. Economic reconstruction of the reunited country has proven difficult as aging Communist Party leaders have only grudgingly initiated reforms necessary for a free market. The shift away from a centrally planned economy to a more market-oriented economic model has slowly improved the quality of life for many Vietnamese.


Official Name:
Cộng hòa xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam
short form: Việt Nam
int'l long form: Socialist Republic of Vietnam
int'l short form: Vietnam

ISO Country Code: vn, vnm

Local Time = UTC +7h
Actual Time: Mon-May-20  22:52

Country Calling Code: +84

Capital City: Hanoi (Ha Noi)

Other Cities: Ho Chi Minh City (formerly Saigon; 5.4 million), Hai Phong (1.8 million), Can Tho (1.1 million), Da Nang (720 000)

Type: Communist Party-dominated constitutional republic.
Independence: 2 September 1945.
New constitution: 15 April 1992.

Location: Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Tonkin and South China Sea.
Area: 332,000 km² (127 243 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Varies from mountainous to coastal delta.

Climate: Tropical monsoon

Nationality: Vietnamese
Population: (2016) 92.6 million
Ethnic Groups: Vietnam is a multi-nationality country with 54 ethnic groups. Viet (Kinh) (87%), Chinese (3%), Tay, Thai, Muong, Hoa, Khmer, Nung, other mountain people.
Religions: Buddhism, Hoa Hao, Cao Dai, Christian, animism, Islam.
Languages: Vietnamese (official), English (increasingly favored as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer, mountain area languages.
Literacy: 91%

Natural resources: Phosphates, coal, manganese, bauxite, chromate, offshore oil and gas deposits, forests, hydropower.

Agriculture products: Paddy rice, coffee, fish and seafood, rubber, cotton, tea, pepper, soybeans, cashews, sugar cane, peanuts, bananas, poultry.

Industries: Food processing, garments, shoes, machine-building, mining, cement, chemical fertilizer, glass, tires, oil, coal, steel, paper.

Exports - commodities: clothes, shoes, electronics, seafood, crude oil, rice, coffee, wooden products, machinery

Exports - partners: US 21.2%, China 13.3%, Japan 8.4%, South Korea 5.5%, Germany 4.1% (2015)

Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, petroleum products, steel products, raw materials for the clothing and shoe industries, electronics, plastics, automobiles

Imports - partners: China 34.1%, South Korea 14.3%, Singapore 6.5%, Japan 6.4%, Hong Kong 5.1%, Thailand 4.5% (2015)

Currency: Dong (VND)

Vietnam in numbers
Viet Nam keys tatistical data.

Vietnam's National Assembly in Hanoi, capital city of Vietnam
Vietnam's National Assembly in Hanoi, seat of the National Assembly, the highest government organization and the highest-level representative body of Vietnam.
Image: Phan Minh Tuấn

Political System
The Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a one-party Communist state. The Communist Party of Vietnam plays the central role in politics and society. Head of state, nominal commander of the armed forces and chairman of the Council of National Defense and Security is the President. Head of government is the Prime Minister, he is appointed by the president. In recent years Vietnam's National Assembly has become gradually more active and influential in Vietnam's political life.

Official Sites of Viet Nam

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The National Assembly of Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Official site of the National Assembly.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs
MOFA Vietnam

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of the S.R of Vietnam to the United Nations
Vietnam's representation to the UN.
Embassy of Vietnam in the U.S.
The Embassy in Washington D.C.

Vietnamese Embassies & Consulates Abroad
Address list of Vietnamese Diplomatic Missions.
Foreign Embassies and Consulates General in Vietnam
Address list of Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Vietnam.
Visa and Customs
Visa and Customs procedures in Vietnam.


Map of Vietnam
Political Map of Vietnam.
Region Map of Vietnam
Big Vietnam map showing regions, region boundaries, major cities, main roads,
railroads and major airports.

Google Earth Google Earth Vietnam
Searchable map and satellite view of Vietnam.
Google Earth Google Earth Hanoi
Searchable map and satellite view of Vietnam's capital city.
Google Earth Google Earth Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon)
Searchable map and satellite view of Vietnam's largest city.

Map of Southeast Asia
Map of the Southeast Asia region.
profile Map of Asia
Reference Map of Asia.

Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum, Hanoi, Vietnam
Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum, the large memorial to the Vietnamese leader in Hanoi's Ba Ðình Square.
Image: KK Nations Online Project
Vietnam News
The media is regulated by the Communist Party, it controls the press and broadcasting, journalists risk sanctions for addressing sensitive topics and for criticising the government. Bloggers and citizen-journalists are the targets of extremely harsh forms of persecution including police violence. “Decree No. 72” restricts Internet use to “personal information” while “abusing democratic freedoms” is punishable by imprisonment under the criminal code.
(Sources: BBC and Reporters without borders)

Ha Noi Moi
Hanoi Daily News (Vietnamese)
Nhân Dân
Central Organ of the Communist Party of Vietnam.
Saigon Times
Saigon Times Weekly - Vietnam this week.
Vietnam News Agency (VNA)
The official news service of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam covers local and international news.
Vietnam News
National English Daily by VNA.
VOV News
Voice of Vietnam (Vietnamese / English)

International News Sources
BBC News Country Profile: Vietnam
Vietnam related news and background information.

Human Rights
Amnesty International: Vietnam
Amnesty International Reports.
Human Rights Watch: Vietnam
Background Briefings.

Press freedom
Reporters sans frontières - Vietnam
Reporters without borders about Press freedom in the country.

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Vietnam Newspapers
Vietnam Newspapers and magazines.
Image: kk Nations Online Project

Arts & Culture

Ha Noi Opera House in Hanoi, capital of Vietnam
Ha Noi Opera House, one of the architectural landmarks of Hanoi, was constructed by the French colonial administration between 1901 and 1911.
Image: kk Nations Online Project
The Ha Noi Opera House
Official site of the National Opera.

Thang Long Water Puppetry Theatre
Hanoi Vietnam water puppetry performances.

Tieng Hat Que Huong
Performance group devoted to preserve, develop and promote Vietnamese Traditional Music.

Vietnam Art Books
The Vietnamese art scene.
Site with comprehensive information on Vietnemese culture.

Business & Economy

State Bank of Vietnam
Central Bank of Vietnam.
Industrial and Commercial Bank of Vietnam, a state-owned commercial bank.
The Bank for Foreign Trade of Vietnam.

Vietnam Yellow Pages - Business directory

VietNam Airlines
Serves Indochina and Asia regions.


Destination Viet Nam - Travel and Tour Guides

Street scene Hanoi
Street scene Hanoi.
Image: © kk

Discover Vietnam: Hanoi (Ha Noi), Song Hong, Ho Chi Minh City (Saigon), Hai Phong, Da Nang, Tonkin, Bach Ma National Park, Hue, Purple City, Nha Trang, the Mekong Delta.
Accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, skiing, hiking, climbing, cruising, diving, tours and much more.

Hien Nhon gate in Hue
The Hien Nhon gate, one of the four gates of the Forbidden City in Hue.
Image: © kk
Vietnam National Administration of Tourism.
Vietnam - Useful Information
Comprehensive country information for Vietnam visitors.

Bach Ma National Park
The site of Bach Ma National Park in central Vietnam.

Living in Vietnam
Expat life in Vietnam, an insight guide to the country.
Vietnam Online
Website promoting Vietnam tourism, trade, and investment.

The New Hanoian
Hanoi's Community Produced Local Expat Guide.

Tour Operators
Asianventure Tours
Tour Operator specializing in Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand and Myanmar.
An Online Vietnam Travel Services and Hotel Reservation System.
Threeland Travel
Provides useful information and descrtiptions of destinations in Vietnam, has travel tips, advises about tours and travel in Vietnam.
Lonely Planet
Lonely Planet's guide to Vietnam.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Vietnam
World Heritage Site Ha Long Bay official website includes some 1,600 islands and islets, most of which are uninhabitated and mostly unaffected by humans, they form a really spectacular seascape of limestone pillars within the Gulf of Tonkin in northeast of Vietnam.

World Heritage Site Complex of Hué Monuments official website Hue at the Pearl River was the former capital of unified Vietnam, the city was not only the political, cultural and religious center under the Nguyen dynasty until 1945. The Complex is located in and around Hue City in Thua Thien-Hue Province in central Vietnam.

My Son Temple complex, Quang Nam Province
My Son, the largest collection of Cham ruins, the Hindu temple complex south of Hue was constructed between the 4th and the 14th century AD by the kings of Champa.
Image: ©

World Heritage Site Hoi An Ancient Town official website Hoi An is located on the north bank of the Thu Bon River in Viet Nam’s central Quang Nam Province, its Ancient Town is an exceptionally well-preserved example of a South-East Asian trading port dating from the 15th to the 19th century.

World Heritage Site Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park official website protects one of the world's two largest karst regions with 300 caves and grottoes and also protects the ecosystem of limestone forest of the Annamite Range region in North Central Coast of Vietnam.

World Heritage Site My Son Sanctuary official website
Jungle Temples and Sanctuary, a complex of ruins of tower-temples of the religious and political capital of the Champa Kingdom, located 40 km west of Hoi An in the mountainous area of Quang Nam Province, in central Vietnam.

World Heritage Site Trang An Landscape Complex official website
Trang An is a scenic area near Ninh Bình, a spectacular landscape of limestone karst peaks near the Red River Delta.

Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Schoolchildren in Hanoi.
Schoolchildren in Hanoi.
Image: kk Nations Online Project


Hanoi University of Technology (HUT)
Official site of the University.
National University of Ho Chi Minh City
The Vietnam National University comprises several universities and faculties in Ho Chi Minh City, founded in 1995.
University of Technology Hochiminh City
Official site of HUTECH with all the university information.

Environment - Environmental organizations Viet Nam

NEA (Vietnam Environment Protection Agency)
Vietnamese state organization for environment protection.

Cuu Long Delta
Environmental projects for rural water supply and sanitation and water resources management in the Cuu Long Delta (Mekong). The project was completed in January 2008.

Endangered Primate Rescue Center
The EPRC based at Cuc Phuong National Park is dedicated to the rescue, rehabilitation, breeding, research and conservation of the endangered primates of Vietnam.

Protected areas and development in the Lower Mekong River region
Examining approaches for integrating protected area management with socio-economic planning and development in Cambodia, Lao PDR, Thailand and Vietnam.


Archive of Vietnamese Boat People
Story and history of Vietnamese refugees.

Orange Agent - Enduring Pain
Vietnamese site about Agent Orange victims.

Diên Biên Phú
Dien Bien Phu - 1953-54: a description of the Battle.

The Vietnam War Internet Project
Information and documents about the various Indochina Wars.

Vietnam War
The Vietnam War was part of the Indochina Wars and the Cold War. Wikipedia pages on the Viet Nam War, offers students an opportunity to examine the history of the war and find sources, including numerous official documents.


Sources and additional Information on Viet Nam

Amnesty International: Vietnam

BBC Country Profile: Vietnam

FAO: Vietnam

GlobalEDGE: Vietnam

The Heritage Foundation: Vietnam

Human Rights Watch: Vietnam

OEC: Vietnam

Reporters Without Borders: Vietnam

Wikipedia: Viet Nam

The World Factbook -- Vietnam
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