About the Southeast Asia Region
Southeast Asia is a vast subregion of Asia, roughly described as geographically situated east of the Indian subcontinent, south of China
, and northwest of Australia
. The region is located between the Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal in the west, the Philippine Sea, the South China Sea
, and the Pacific Ocean in the east.
Regions in Southeast Asia
The area consists of two distinctive geographic regions, the northern portion is known as Mainland Southeast Asia
, or Indochina, situated mainly on the Indochinese peninsula; it comprises the countries of Myanmar
, West Malaysia
(Peninsular Malaysia), Laos
, and Vietnam
The second region is known as the Malay Archipelago, or Maritime Southeast Asia
, it comprises the archipelago of Indonesia
in the south, Brunei
and East Malaysia (Sabah) on the northern part of the island of Borneo, all the islands of the Philippines
, plus Singapore
and East Timor
(Timor-Leste on the island of Timor).
Ten countries in Southeast Asia are member states of ASEAN, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, an intergovernmental organization established for economic growth, political stability, active collaboration and mutual assistance, as well as educational and cultural integration amongst its members.
Southeast Asia, together with the Indian subcontinent and lowland southern China, forms the Indomalaya ecozone, one of the eight great ecozones (or biogeographic realms) that cover the Earth's surface.