More about Europe
Geography of Europe
Portugal, Cabo da Roca - the westernmost point of continental Europe and the Eurasian mainland.
Photo: Mohammed Moussa
Europe is the world's second-smallest continent after Australia
. Mainland Europe is geographically a great big peninsula, the western part of the Eurasian supercontinent.
The European continent, despite it has no clear geographical or geological boundary in east, is by convention 'separated' from Asia by the Ural Mountains, the Ural River, the Caucasus Mountains, in southeast by the Caspian Sea
and the Black Sea
(see Map of Asia
, with the soft border between the continents).
In the south, the Mediterranean Sea
separates Europe from the African continent
. Europe's western borders are defined by the Atlantic Ocean and on the north by the Polar Sea.
Extreme points of Europe
The northernmost point of mainland Europe is on the northern tip of the Cape Nordkinn peninsula in Norway
. The southernmost point is Punta de Tarifa on the Atlantic end of the Straits of Gibraltar in Spain
, and its westernmost point is at cape Cabo da Roca in Portugal
Europe is roughly divided into the geographic subregions of Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, and Western Europe, as the United Nations region classification uses it. For a list of countries in these regions, see Countries of Europe
People in the United Kingdom, use the term 'Europe' to refer to all of the continent except the British Isles.
Europe's largest cities by population in 2020
The ten largest cities are
(pop. 15 million; Turkey/Türkiye), Moscow
(pop. 12.6 million; Russia), London
(pop. 9.1 million; United Kingdom), Saint Petersburg
(pop. 5.4 million; Russia), Berlin
(pop. 3.75 million; Germany), Madrid
(pop. 3.2 million; Spain), Kiev
(pop. 2.9 million; Ukraine), Rome
(pop. 2.85 million; Italy), Paris
(pop. 2.14 million; France), and Bucharest
(pop. 2.1 million; Romania).