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Riffa Fort (Shaikh Salman bin Ahmed Fort), Bahrain
Riffa Fort (Shaikh Salman bin Ahmed Fort) in the Hunanaiya valley in the center of the island was built in 1812.
Image: Alawadhi3000

Location map of Bahrain. Where in the Middle East is Bahrain?
Location map of Bahrain
Bahrain Flag
Flag of Bahrain

A virtual guide to Bahrain, officially the Kingdom of Bahrain, an island nation in the Middle East. The archipelago consists of the main island Al Bahrayn and some smaller islands and islets. The island state is situated in the Arabian Gulf (Persian Gulf), east of Saudi Arabia, north of Qatar. Bahrain is connected to Saudi Arabia by the King Fahd Causeway. The kingdom shares maritime borders with Iran, Qatar, and Saudi Arabia.

Bahrain covers an area of 741 km², making it slightly larger than Singapore (699 km²), or 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC.

The country's population counts 1,23 million, including 666,000 non-nationals (2010 Census).
Capital and largest city is Manama. Spoken language is Arabic. Bahrain is a country with a predominantly Muslim population, with 70% Shi'a and 30% Sunni muslims.

Kingdom of Bahrain | Al Bahrayn

Country Profile

Bahrain's small size and central location among Persian Gulf countries require it to play a delicate balancing act in foreign affairs among its larger neighbors. Facing declining oil reserves, Bahrain has turned to petroleum processing and refining and has transformed itself into an international banking center. The new amir, installed in 1999, has pushed economic and political reforms and has worked to improve relations with the Shi'a community. In February 2001, Bahraini voters approved a referendum on the National Action Charter - the centerpiece of the amir's political liberalization program. In February 2002, Amir HAMAD bin Isa Al Khalifa proclaimed himself king. In October 2002, Bahrainis elected members of the lower house of Bahrain's reconstituted bicameral legislature, the National Assembly.

In 2001, the International Court of Justice awarded the Hawar Islands, long disputed with Qatar, to Bahrain.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

other Gulf States: Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates

Bahrain is a member state of the League of Arab States

Official Name:
Mamlakat al Bahrayn
short form: Al Bahrayn
int'l long form: Kingdom of Bahrain
int'l short form: Bahrain

ISO Country Code: bh

Local Time = UTC +3h
Actual Time: Wed-Jan-22  09:22

Country Calling Code: +973

Capital City: Manama (pop. 148 000)

Other Cities: Al Muharraq

Type: Constitutional hereditary monarchy.
Independence: 15 August 1971 (from the UK).

Location: an archipelago of 33 islands in the Persian Gulf located off the eastern coast of Saudi Arabia.
Area: 741 km² ( 286 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Low desert plain.

Climate: Arid; mild, pleasant winters with maximum temperatures average 20-30C (68-86F); very hot and humid from May-September, with average highs ranging from 30-40 C (86-104 F).

Nationality: Bahraini(s).
Population: 1,23 million, including 666,000 non-nationals (2010 Census)
GNI per capita PPP: $ 19 748 (year)
Ethnic groups: Bahraini 63%, Asian 19%, other Arab 10%, Iranian 8%.
Religions: 98% Muslim (Shi'a 70%, Sunni 30%), small Christian, Jewish and Hindu communities.
Languages: Arabic (official), English, Farsi, and Urdu are also widely spoken.
Literacy: 90%

Natural resources: Oil, natural gas, fish, pearls.

Agriculture products: Fruit, vegetables; poultry, dairy products; shrimp, fish.

Industries: Petroleum processing and refining, aluminum smelting, iron pelletization, fertilizers, offshore banking, ship repairing; tourism.

Exports - commodities: petroleum and petroleum products, aluminum, textiles

Exports - partners: Saudi Arabia 3.6%, UAE 2.4%, US 2.2% (2015)

Imports - partners: Saudi Arabia 29.1%, US 9.5%, China 7.6%, Japan 6.6%, Australia 5.1%, India 4.9% (2015)

Currency: Bahraini Dinar (BHD)

Bahrain in Figures
Bahrain kaey statistical data.

Political system
Bahrain is a hereditary monarchy. The country has been ruled by the Al Khalifa dynasty since 1783. A Sunni-led government ruling a majority Shia population provides for tensions in the country not only since the Arab Spring.
Chief of State is the King of Bahrain. Head of Government and Supreme Commander of the Bahrain Defense Force is the Prime Minister. A new constitution announced by the king in 2002, included some democratic reforms.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Bahrain

Bahrain E-Government page.

Bahrain Ministry of Foreign Affairs
The ministry provides als a list of Bahrain Embassies abroad and foreign Diplomatic Missions accredited to Bahrain.

Diplomatic Missions:
Bahrain Permanent Mission to the United Nations
Bahrain's Permanent Mission to the UN.
Embassy of the Kingdom of Bahrain
Washington D.C. - USA


Map of Bahrain
Political Map of Bahrain.

Google Earth Google Earth Map Bahrain
Searchable map and satellite view of Bahrain.

Google Earth Google Earth Map Manama
Searchable map and satellite view of Bahrain's capital city.
Map of Northern Africa and the Middle East
Political Map of of North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula and the Middle East.
profile Map of Western Asia
Map of South Western Asia and the Middle East region.

Manama skyline as viewed from Juffair
Skyline of Manama, the country's capital, as seen from Juffair, a suburban neighborhood of the city.
Image: Wadiia

Bahrain News

Bahrain News Agency
State run news agency.

Bahrain News (Arabic)
Bahrain Tribune
Daily News.
Gulf Daily News
The voice of Bahrain.

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Arts & Culture

Bahrain Arts Society
Non-profit cultural organization shows some artworks made by Bahrain artists.

Bahrain House of Photography
Site has a gallery of Bahrain photos by Abdulla Alkhan.

Time Out Bahrain
Lifestyle magazine.


Business & Economy

Oil comprises more than 80% of Bahrain's revenues, despite efforts to diversify its economy and to build communication and transport facilities for multinational companies with business in the Gulf. Main exports are petroleum, petroleum products and aluminum.

Ministry of Commerce
Official website of the ministry.

Banks and Institutions
Bahrain Monetary Agency
BMA is the central bank and single regulator for the financial services industry in the Kingdom of Bahrain.
Bank of Bahrain & Kuwait
National Bank of Bahrain
Bahrain Stock Exchange

Bahrain Chamber of Commerce and Industry
Official website of the chamber.
Bahrain Convention & Exhibition Bureau
Provides information about Bahrain as well as about trade fairs, exhibitions and events.

Bahrain Yellow Pages

Bahrain Information Portal.

Bahrain Products

Economic Development Board
A gateway to investment opportunities in Bahrain.

Aluminium Bahrain (ALBA)
Bahrain National Gas Company

Bahrain Yellow Pages

Gulf Air
The national airline of the kingdom.
Bahrain International Airport
Supports the economic development of Bahrain.

Al Fateh Grand Mosque in Manama, Bahrain
Al-Fatih Grand Mosque in Manama, an Islamic center and the largest mosque in Bahrain.
Image: Ciacho5

Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Destination Bahrain - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Bahrain: Arabic Coffee & Hospitality, the Souks, Siyadi House, Al-Khamis Mosque, Bahrain Fort, Barbar Temple, Bahrain Heritage Center, Bait Al Qur'an, Arad Fort, Shaikh Isa's House, Tree of Life, Riffa Fort, Oil Museum.

Bahrain Tourism
Discover Bahrain.

Bahrain Information Portal.

Durrat Al Bahrain
Urban living, island style. Bahrain's residential building on artificial islands.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Bahrain
World Heritage Site
Pearling, Testimony of an Island Economy
Three oyster beds in Bahrain's northern waters are now known as the Bahrain Pearling Trail or Bahrain Pearling Pathway a serial cultural heritage site. The site is the last remaining complete example of the cultural tradition of pearling.

World Heritage Site Qal’at al-Bahrain – Ancient Harbour and Capital of Dilmun
Qal’at al-Bahrain is an artificial mound created by many successive layers of human occupation since 2300 BC. The capital of Dilmun, one of the oldest civilizations in the Middle East, was a major trading port in the region for centuries.


Arabian Gulf University
The University for the Arabian Gulf region.

Gulf University
Official website of the university.

University of Bahrain
University of Bahrain page provides also information on Bahrain.


Environment & Nature

Alreem Environmental Site
Biodiversity, nature and environment in the Gulf region.


Bahrain History
Outline of Bahrain's History by Bahrain Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

History of Bahrain
Wikipedia History of Bahrain.

Sources and additional Information on Bahrain

Arab web resources

Human Rights
Amnesty International: Bahrain
Amnesty International Reports.
Human Rights Watch: Bahrain

Press Freedom
Reporters sans frontières - Bahrain
Report about Press freedom in the country.

Country Profiles:
BBC Country Profile: Bahrain

FAO: Bahrain
UN Food and Agriculture Organization.

FCO: Bahrain
A UK Foreign Office country profile.

Human Rights Watch: Bahrain Bahrain

UNDP - Human Development Indicators: Bahrain

Wikipedia: Bahrain

Worldbank Data: Bahrain

The World Factbook -- Bahrain
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