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Teatro Antico di Taormina, the Greek theater in Taormina, Sicily, Italy.
Ancient ruins of the Greek theater (Teatro Antico di Taormina) in Taormina, a hilltop town on the east coast of Sicily island. Ancient and medieval Greek communities have lived in southern of Italy for centuries.
Image: Lukasz Stachowiak

Flag of Italy
Flag of Italy
Location map of Italy. Where in Europe is Italy?
Location map of Italy
Destination Italy, a virtual guide to "Bella Italia" - beautiful Italy, how many Italians love to call their country. Italy is located in southern Europe on the Apennine Peninsula. Its distinct shape, resembling a kicking boot, makes it easy to recognize it on maps or even from space.

The peninsula is bordered by the Adriatic Sea in east, the Sea of Sicily in south, the Ionian Sea in southeast, the Ligurian Sea and the Tyrrhenian Sea in west, all of them are parts of the Mediterranean Sea.

Italy has international borders with Austria, France, the Holy See (Vatican City), San Marino, Slovenia, and Switzerland. It shares maritime borders with Albania, Algeria, Croatia, Greece, Libya, Malta, Montenegro, Spain, and Tunisia.

Two of the largest Mediterranean islands belong to Italy: Sardinia in west and Sicily in south.
The country covers an area of 301,318 km² (116,340 sq. mi.), this is about 80% the size of Japan or slightly larger than the U.S. state of Arizona.

Italy has a population of more than 60 million people (in 2016), capital and largest city is Rome (Italian: Roma). Major cities are Florence, Milan, Naples, and Venice. Spoken language is Italian.

Italian Republic | Repubblica Italiana

Country Profile

Italy became a nation-state belatedly - in 1861, when the city-states of the peninsula, along with Sardinia and Sicily, were united under King Victor EMMANUEL.

An era of parliamentary government came to a close in the early 1920s when Benito MUSSOLINI established a Fascist dictatorship. His disastrous alliance with Nazi Germany led to Italy's defeat in World War II.

A democratic republic replaced the monarchy in 1946 and economic revival followed. Italy was a charter member of NATO and the European Economic Community (EEC). It has been at the forefront of European economic and political unification, joining the European Monetary Union in 1999.

Persistent problems include illegal immigration, the ravages of organized crime, corruption, high unemployment, and the low incomes and technical standards of southern Italy compared with the more prosperous north.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)


Official Name:
Repubblica Italiana
short form: Italia
int'l long form: Italian Republic
int'l short form: Italy
former: Kingdom of Italy

ISO Country Code: it, ita
Actual Time: Wed-Jan-22  06:56
Local Time = UTC +1h;
Daylight Saving Time (DST) March - October (UTC +2)

Country Calling Code: +39

Capital City: Rome (pop. 2.8 million)

Other Cities:
Italian Cities

Type: Republic since 2 June 1946.
Constitution: 1 January 1948.

Location: Southern Europe, a peninsula extending into the central Mediterranean Sea.
Area: 301,318 km² (116,303 sq. mi.);
Terrain: Peninsula, mostly rugged and mountainous.

Climate: Generally mild mediterranean; cold winters in the north.

Nationality: Italian(s)
Population: 60.8 million (2016)
Ethnic groups: Primarily Italian, but there are small groups of German-, French-, Slovene-, and Albanian-Italians.
Religion: Roman Catholic (majority).
Language: Italian.
Literacy: 98%.

Natural resources: Mercury, potash, marble, sulfur, natural gas and crude oil reserves, fish, coal, arable land.
Agriculture products: Fruits, vegetables, grapes, potatoes, sugar beets, soybeans, grain, olives; beef, dairy products; fish.
Industries: Tourism, machinery, iron and steel, chemicals, food processing, textiles, motor vehicles, clothing, footwear, ceramics.

Exports - commodities: engineering products, textiles and clothing, production machinery, motor vehicles, transport equipment, chemicals; foodstuffs, beverages, and tobacco; minerals, nonferrous metals

Exports - partners: Germany 12.3%, France 10.3%, USA 8.7%, UK 5.4%, Spain 4.8%, Switzerland 4.7% (2015)

Imports - commodities: engineering products, chemicals, transport equipment, energy products, minerals and nonferrous metals, textiles and clothing; food, beverages, tobacco

Imports - partners: Germany 15.4%, France 8.7%, China 7.7%, Netherlands 5.6%, Spain 5%, Belgium 4.7% (2015)

Currency: Euro (EUR) has replaced the formerly used Italian Lira.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Italy

President of Italy
The President of the Italian Republic is the head of state of Italy.

Governo Italiano
The Italian Government and Office of Italy's Prime Minister.

Parlamento Italiano
The Italian Parliament.

Ministero degli Affari Esteri (MAE)
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Italy.

Italian State Tourism Board
Una finestra sull' Italia - A window to Italy.

Diplomatic Representations
Permanent Mission of Italy to the United Nations
Italy at the UN.
Ambasciata d'Italia
The Italian Embassy, Washington D.C.
Italian Diplomatic Representations
Map of Italian embassies and consulates abroad.
Foreign Diplomatic Representations in Italy
List of Foreign Missions in Italy.

Instituto Nazionale di Statistica
Italy's National Institute of Statistics.

Centro Nazionale di Meteorologia e Climatologia Aeronautica
National center of Meteorology and Aeronautical Climatology (in Italian).


 Map of Italy
Political Map of Italy.

Google Map Italy
Searchable map and satellite view of Italy.

Searchable maps and satellite views of Italian cities:
Google Map Rome (capital city),
Florence, Milan, Venice, Naples

Italian Landmarks:
Satellite view of the ancient Roman amphitheatre.
Mount Vesuvius near Naples
Searchable map and satellite view of Mount Vesuvius showing the volcano near Naples and the location of Pompeii and Herculaneum.
Leaning Tower of Pisa
More about Pisa and the Leaning Tower, with a searchable map and satellite view.
Saint Peter Basilica (Holy See)

More about Vatican City and Saint Peter Basilica, with a searchable map and satellite view.

Map of the Mediterranean
Political Map of Mediterranean Region.
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.

Italy Newspaper

Italians News Agency.

Corriere della Sera
Italy's most important newspaper with national and international news (in Italian and English).

Il Giorno
Italian Newspaper online (in Italian).
Il Mattino
Italian News - Naples (in Italian).
Il Messaggero
Italian News - Rome (in Italian).
la Repubblica
National and international news (in Italian).
La Stampa
National and international news - Turin (in Italian and English).
National and international news (in Italian).
Italian news magazine.


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Birth of Venus by Sandro Botticelli
Birth of Venus, possibly the most famous painting by Sandro Botticelli, the painting is in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence, Italy. Sandro Botticelli, was an Italian painter of the Early Renaissance.

Arts & Culture

Arena di Verona
The Arena of Verona is a Roman amphitheater now used for the annual Opera Festival
La Biennale di Venezia
Biennale Venice, an international exhibition of contemporary visual arts, architecture, cinema, dance, music and theatre.
Italian cinema; official web site of the Italian Hollywood (in Italian)
Galleria degli Uffizi, Firenze
The Uffizi Gallery, Florence - shows artworks of Leonardo, Giotto, Botticelli, Michelangelo, Tiziano, Tintoretto, Caravaggio and many others.
Music Italian style. Music portal with news, concerts, reviews, TOP 20, chat and more (in Italian)
Palazzo Grassi, Venice
Centro di Cultura di Palazzo Grassi, with internationally-renowned exhibitions.
Teatro alla Scala, Milano
One of the world's most famous opera houses.
Teatro La Fenice
The Opera of Venice, founded in 1792, reopened in December 2003 after it has been almost destroyed by fire in 1996.

Musei on line
A guide to Italy's museums.

Mangiare Bene
The English version of the most popular Italian internet recipe archive and guide to Italian cooking.

Lega Calcio
Italy's national football (soccer) league.


Business & Economy

Banca d'Italia
Central Bank Italy.
Borsa Italiana
Stock Exchange Italy.
Sito Nazionale CCIAA italiane
Chamber of Commerce and Industry Italy.

Italian Products

great site Made*In*Italy*On*Line
Information about the best that Italy has to offer.

Italian Cars:
Typical Italian car.
Native Italian car.
Typical Italian car.
Also a typical Italian car.
Alfa Romeo
Typical Italian car.

Italian Design:
B&B Italia
Interior decoration.

Italian Fashion, Perfumes and Accessories:
United Colors of Benetton.
Contemporary Italian Jewellers.
Dolce & Gabbana
Since 1985 precise Italian fashion design.
Gianfranco Ferré
Contemporary Italian fashion.
One of the largest suppliers of eyewear in the world.
Neapolitan Tailors - Hands express the soul of Naples.
Laura Biagiotti
Fashion, Accessories, Parfumes.
Knitware (virtuoso).
Italian Fashion from Milano.
Founded in 1913 in Milan, offers men's and women's clothing, leather goods, footwear, eyewear and fragrances and Made to Measure service.
Fashion style, handbags, shoes, eyewear, perfume and more.
Italian luxury fashion company.
Founded in 1921 in Florenz, offers men's and women's clothing.
Founded in 1925 in Rome, Fendi is renowned for its fur and fur accessories.
Giorgio Armani
is an Italian fashion designer, particularly noted for his menswear

Italian style, Italian fashion directory.
Moda Online
More Italian style.

Air One
Scheduled and charter airline based in Rome.
Italy's flag airline.
Privately owned Italian airline with its main base at Olbia Costa Smeralda Airport in Olbia, Sardinia.

Aeroporti di Roma
Airport Rome provides information on both Fiumicino and Rome Ciampino airports.

Italy's Railway.
Ferrovie Turistiche
FTI - Italian Touristics Railways - Italy by historical railways.

Yellow Pages
Italian Yellow Pages.

Santa Maria del Fiore, Florence
Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore, Florence.
Image: Felix König
Siena Cathedral, Siena, Italy
Siena Cathedral (Duomo di Siena) is a medieval church in the center of the city of Siena in Italy’s Tuscany region.
Image: Jörg Bittner

Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Destination Italy - Country Guides

Italian State Tourism Board
Una finestra sull' Italia - A window to Italy, a comprehensive travel and tourism guide.

Italian Government Tourist Board - North America
Tourism in Italy, travel tips, information, italian regions.

Sicily for Tourists
Official tourism information for Sicily.

More destinations in Italy: Cities and Regions in Italy

Italy by car.
The insider's guide to Italy.
Guida Internet Italia
Internet Guide Italy.
Guide to know and travel Italy.
Italian Tourist Web Guide
The Italy Travel Guide.
Traveleurope Italy
An Italian tourist guide.
Ultimate Italy
A non-profit Site which creates opportunities to explore the many aspects of Italian culture.

Portico of the Basilica of San Giacomo Maggiore and Palazzo Malvezzi Campeggi, Bologna
Via Zamboni in Bologna, the portico of the Basilica of San Giacomo Maggiore (left) and Palazzo Malvezzi Campeggi, which houses the Law Faculty of the University of Bologna.
Image: Adriana verolla


Museo della Scienza e della Tecnica
National Museum of Science and Technology "Leonardo da Vinci".

Nuova Accademia di Bella Arti
Fine art academy, Milan.
Politecnico di Torino
Public University, Turin.
Università Bocconi
The first school in Italy to grant a university degree in economics, founded 1902, Milano.
Università degli Studi di Bologna
The University of Bologna is the oldest university in the western world in continuous operation, founded in 1088.
Università degli Studi di Firenze
University of Florence. (in Italian)
Università degli Studi di Milano
University of Milan.
Università di Padova
University of Padova.
Università di Pavia
University of Pavia home page. (in Italian)
Università di Pisa
University of Pisa, founded: 1343. (in Italian)
Università degli Studî di Roma "La Sapienza"
University of Rome.
Università di Siena
University of Siena, founded: 1252.
Università Ca' Foscari di Venezia
University Ca' Foscari, Venice. (in Italian)

Environment & Nature

Environmental Organizations
Italian NGO for environment, part of the International Union for Conservation of Natures (in Italian).
LIPU - Lega Italiana Protezione Uccelli
Association for nature conservation (in Italian).
An association for international solidarity and cooperation.

National Parks
Parco Nazionale Arcipelago Toscano
The Tuscan Archipelago with the islands of Elba, Giglio, Capraia, Gorgona, Pianosa, Giannutri and Montecristo, is one of the largest marine parks in Europe.
Parco Nazionale delle Cinque Terre
Cinque Terre National Park in Northern Italy, in the region of Liguria is a Unesco world heritage site.
Parco Nazionale del Vesuvio
Vesuvius National Park, founded in 1995, in order to protect the last-remaining active volcanic complex in Europe.
Google Earth Google Map Mount Vesuvius
Searchable map and satellite view of Mount Vesuvius showing the volcano near Naples and the location of Pompeii and Herculaneum.

Parks in Italy
Comprehensive online guide to National Reserves and National Parks in Italy.
Several ruins in the Forum Romanum (Roman Forum) in Rome, Italy
Panoramic view of the Forum Romanum (Roman Forum) in Rome. The Forum Romanum is an ancient forum (plaza or public square) surrounded by the remains of several important government buildings in the center of the city of Rome.
Image: Hans E C Johansson


Digital Roman Forum
From 1997 to 2003 the UCLA Cultural Virtual Reality Laboratory (CVR Lab) created a digital model of the Roman Forum as it appeared in late antiquity.

Fori Imperiali di Roma
Rome's Imperial Forums - the history of the age of Emperors, the history of Rome, sayings and habits of the Antique Romans.

Italian History Index
WWW Virtual Library Resources produced in Italy together with other world-wide resources that deal with the history of Italy.

The Roman Empire
Illustrated History of the Roman Empire.

History of Italy
Wikipedia entry about Italy's ancient and modern history.

Imperium Romanum
Wikipedia site with information about the Roman Empire and Roman history and culture.


Il Porto
Webportal in Italian and English, a guide to Italian information resources.

Sources and additional Information on Italy

BBC - Country profile: Italy

Amnesty International: Italy

FAO: Italy

GlobalEDGE: Italy

The Heritage Foundation: Italy

Human Rights Watch: Italy

OEC: Italy

Reporters Without Borders: Italy

Wikipedia: Italy

The World Factbook -- Italy

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