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Mount Pinatubo, Cabusilan Mountains, Luzon
Pinatubo is an active stratovolcano within the Cabusilan Mountains (Zambales Mountains) on the island of Luzon. The crater lake was formed after the eruption in 1991.
Image: ChrisTomnong

Location map of Philippines. Where in the world is Philippines?
Location map of Philippines

Philippines Flag
Flag of Philippines

The Philippines in brief

Destination Philippines, a Nations Online country profile of the archipelago in Maritime Southeast Asia. The island nation is situated south of Taiwan, between the South China Sea in the west and the Pacific Ocean in the east. The country consists of more than 7,640 islands (according to the Philippines government). It shares maritime borders with China, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Palau, Vietnam, and Taiwan.

The Philippines' three main island groups are Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. The country occupies a combined land area of 300,000 km²; this is about the size of Italy or slightly larger than the size of the US state of Arizona.

The archipelago's population of 108 million people (in 2020) making it the world's 13th most populous country; Luzon, the largest island group, accounts for more than half of the entire population of the country.

Located in the southwestern part of Luzon is the capital of the Philippines, Manila, the largest city is Quezon City, both are part of Metro Manila, a metropolis with a population of almost 13 million people. Spoken languages are Filipino and English (both official); 19 more languages are regional recognized.

What are the Philippines famous for?
Some things the Philippines are famous for are:
The Banaue Rice Terraces; the walled area of Intramuros in the city of Manila; the MassKara Festival in Bacolod; the Tubbataha Reef Marine Park in the Sulu Sea; the amazing Chocolate Hills in Bohol province; the Hanging Coffins in Sagada, Mountain Province; the White Beach on Boracay; small but dangerous, the Taal Volcano; Jeepneys.

Republic of the Philippines | Republika ng Pilipinas

The Philippines are the highest portions of a partly submerged mountain chain and is made up of more than 7,000 islands; the three main island groups are Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. The Philippines is one of the most westernized nations in Southeast Asia, a unique blend of eastern and western cultures.

Spain (1565-1898) and the United States (1898-1946), colonized the country and have been the most significant influences on the Philippine culture.

This is about to change. Philippine President Duterte announced a 'separation' from the US; he declared he has realigned with China as the two countries agreed to resolve their South China Sea dispute through talks. Duerte said in his speech at a forum in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing: "America has lost. I've realigned myself in your ideological flow, and maybe I will also go to Russia to talk to Putin and tell him that there are three of us against the world — China, Philippines, and Russia. It's the only way."



Country Profile

Official Name:
Republika ng Pilipinas
short form: Pilipinas
int'l long form: Republic of the Philippines
int'l short form: Philippines

ISO Country Code: ph, PHL

Local Time = UTC +8h
Actual Time: Mon-Jan-24  14:20

Country Calling Code: +63

Capital City: Manila (population: 1.8 million; Manila is part of a much larger metropolitan area with an estimated population of 13 million people (in 2020). more



Official Sites of Philippines

Malacañang Palace, official residence of the President of the Philippines in Manila
The facade of the Malacañang Palace as seen from Pasig River. The palace is located in Manila; it is the official residence of the President of the Philippines.

Political system
The Philippines' political system is that of a presidential, representative, and democratic republic with a multi-party system. Head of government, head of state, and commander in chief of the armed forces is the president. The President of the Philippines is elected by direct vote by the people for a term of six years. He may only serve for one term and is not eligible for reelection. The second highest official is the Vice-President. Philippines' legislature is a bicameral Congress consisting of a Senate and a House of Representatives.

Philippines Government

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

The Official Website of the Republic of the Philippines.

The President of the Republic of the Philippines
The President's Office.

Office of the Vice President of the Philippines
The Vice President's Office.

The Philippine legislature is a two-chamber Congress consisting of a Senate and a House of Representatives:
The House of Representatives.
Part of the bicameral congress.
Senate of the Philippines
Part of the bicameral congress.

Philippine Information Agency
PIA's mission is to provide people with government information.

Philippine Department of Foreign Affairs
Official site of the Department of Foreign Affairs.

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of the Philippines to the United Nations
Philippines' representation to the UN.
Embassy of the Republic of the Philippines in the U.S.
Philippine Embassy Washington, D.C.
Philippine Embassies
Philippine Missions abroad.
Foreign Diplomatic Missions to the Philippines
Diplomatic and Consular List.

Philippine Statistics Authority
Official website of the National Statistics Office.




Maps of Philippines

Philippines Map
Map of Philippines (click map to enlarge)
Image: ©


Map of the Philippines
Political Map of the Philippines.
Google Earth Google Earth Philippines
Searchable map/satellite view of the Philippines.
Google Earth Google Earth Manila
Searchable map/satellite view of Manila.
Google Earth Google Earth Cebu City
Searchable map/satellite view of Manila.

Map of the South China Sea
Political map of the South China Sea region.
Map of Southeast Asia
Map of the Southeast Asia region.
profile Map of Asia
Reference Map of Asia.



News from the Philippines

Philippines Newspapers

Online News from the Philippines

Business World
Philippine Business and Finance Magazine.

Daily Tribune
News from the Philippines.

Manila Bulletin
Philippines' Largest Newspaper.

 The Manila Times
All the news, all the views, all the time.

 Philippine Daily Inquirer
Balanced news, fearless views.

Philippine News Agency (PNA)
Government-run Office of the Press Secretary (OPS), Philippines.

The Philippine Star
English-language news from Manila.

English-language news.

Philippines tabloid.

Online news by the Filipino media and entertainment group.
GMA News Online
News by the commercial GMA Network.

International News sources
The Filipino Express
News for the Filipino American community.

The Guardian - Philippines
UK's The Guardian with Philippines related news.

Philippines news by UK's Independent.



Arts & Culture of Philippines

Kadayawan Festival in Davao City
Kadayawan Festival in Davao City, Philippines.
Image: Bro. Jeffrey Pioquinto, SJ

Arts & Culture

MassKara Festival, Bacolod. Western Visayas.
MassKara Festival in the City of Bacolod, Western Visayas.
Image: Elmer B. Domingo
Ballet Philippines
Dramatic, innovative neo-ethnic style, the country's flagship company in ballet and contemporary dance.

Lopez Museum
Art museum and library in Pasig (Metro Manila).

The Mind Museum
A science museum in Taguig (Metro Manila).

Museo Pambata
The first hands-on discovery museum for children in the Philippines.

National Museum
The National Museum of the Philippines.

More Art & Culture
Ateneo Art Gallery
Museum of modern art of the Ateneo de Manila University.

Ayala Museum
The museum houses ethnographic and archaeological exhibits on Filipino culture, art, and history.

Metropolitan Museum of Manila
Museum for modern and contemporary visual arts in Manila.

Cultural Center of the Philippines
The cultural institution nurtures and promotes artistic excellence, Filipino aesthetics and identity.

MassKara Festival
Official website of the annual festival held every fourth Sunday of October in Bacolod, Philippines.

National Commission for Culture and the Arts
Site about Philippine culture and arts.

Philippine Culture
Information about Philippines Culture from De La Salle University (DLSU).
Philippine music forum.
Your One-Stop Urban Lifestyle Guide to the Best of Manila.



Business & Economy of Philippines

 Jeepneys in Baguio City, Philippines
Jeepneys (Filipino: Dyipni) in Baguio City, Jeepneys are the most popular means of public transportation in the Philippines and symbols of Philippine culture.
Image: Jeff Jacinto

The Economy of the Philippines
The Philippines is one of the newly-industrialized countries (NIC); its economy is divided; there are a modern electronics industry and a booming service sector on one hand, poverty and subsistence agriculture on the other.

In addition, there is a development gap between the greater Manila area (National Capital Region/NCR), which in many places reflects the level of development of an emerging country, and the economically backward provinces.

Agriculture still employs about one-third of the labor force, but its share of the national product is only about 10%. Tourism is also an important sector for the country's economy, contributing another 10% to the Philippines' GDP.

Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas
The Central Bank of the Republic of the Philippines.

Philippine Stock Exchange PSE
The national stock exchange of the Philippines

List of Philippine Stocks
The page shows all companies listed on the Philippine Stock Exchange.

Major companies in the Philippines
The top 30 public listed companies.

Department of Trade and Industry
The DTI is the executive arm of the Philippine Government and serves as the primary coordinating, promoting, and supporting arm for trade, industry, and investment in the country.

Philippine Chamber of Commerce and Industry
Government agency for the Philippines' trade, commerce, and industry.


Cebu Pacific Air
The Philippines' second flag carrier and a low-cost airline.

Philippine Airlines
Philippines' national carrier operates domestic and international scheduled services from Manila, Cebu, Clark, and Kalibo.

Philippine National Railways - PNR
State-owned railway company in the Philippines, operating a single-track on Luzon.




Tourism in Philippines

Beach at Boracay island, Western Visayas
White beach at Boracay, a small island in Western Visayas.
Image: Carabaopower

Destination Philippines - Travel and Tour Guides


Discover the Philippines:
Cities: Manila, Cebu City, other destinations: El Nido Palawan, Puka Beach Boracay, the City of Vigan, Masskara Festival Bacolod, Chocolate Hills Bohol island, Kadayawan Festival Davao,

More Fun Philippines
The Philippines' official tourism website.

The Philippines Department of Tourism
Philippines Department of Tourism Main Portal.

Another website of the Philippines Department of Tourism.

Cebu Province Official Website
The official information site for the island of Cebu.

Experience Western Visayas
Tourist guide to Western Visayas.

Philippines Trivia
From Angono Petroglyphs to Conus Gloriamaris, Davao City, jeepneys, and much more Philippine Trivia.

Wikivoyage Logo Wikivoyage: Philippines
A Wikivoyage guide to the Philippines.

City Guides
Official site of the city of Manila.

Official site of the city of Cebu.



UNESCO World Heritage Sites

Farmers plant rice at the stonewalled Nagacadan Rice Terraces, Philippines
The ancestors of the indigenous people carved the Banaue Rice Terraces into the mountains of Ifugao on the island of Luzon.
The Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras are a World Heritage Site.

Image: Shubert Ciencia

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the Philippines
There are six UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the Philippines and nineteen sites on the Tentative List (see the List)

World Heritage Site Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras
The high rice fields of Ifugao have followed the contours of the mountains for 2,000 years. They are the result of knowledge passed down from generation to generation and are the expression of sacred traditions and a delicate social balance. The rice terraces have contributed to the creation of a beautiful landscape that expresses the harmony between man and the environment.

World Heritage Site Historic City of Vigan
Vigan was founded in the 16th century and is the best-preserved example of a Spanish colonial city in Asia. The town represents a unique combination of Asian construction style and European colonial architecture and planning. Cultural elements from other parts of the Philippines have merged with Chinese and European influences, resulting in a cityscape that can hardly be found anywhere else in East and Southeast Asia.

World Heritage Site Baroque Churches of the Philippines
These four churches, the first of which was built by the Spaniards in the late 16th century, are located in Manila, Santa Maria, Paoay, and Miag-ao. Their unique architectural style is a reinterpretation of the European Baroque by Chinese and Filipino artisans.

World Heritage Site Tubbataha Reefs Natural Park
Tubbataha Reefs Nature Park has a protected area of nearly 100,000 hectares of marine habitats encompassing three atolls and a large nearshore area. The marine biodiversity of the area is very high and includes important species such as whales, dolphins, sharks, turtles and humphead wrasse (Napoleonfish). The reef ecosystems contain more than 350 coral species and nearly 500 fish species. The reserve also protects one of the last seabird nesting colonies in the region.

Calle (alley) Crisólogo in Vigan, Philippines
Calle (alley) Crisólogo in Vigan, preserved Spanish colonial history and a great location to take your next Instagram selfie.
The Historic City of Vigan is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Image: Ray in Manila


Education in Philippines

University of Santo Tomas in Manila, Philippines.
The University of Santo Tomas is a private Roman Catholic research university in Manila, it was founded on 28 April 1611.
Image: Mark Joseph C. Olmedo

De La Salle University
The university was founded as De La Salle College in 1911.

University of the Philippines-Diliman
UP Diliman is the flagship university of the University of the Philippines System, founded in 1949.

University of the Philippines
The University of the Philippines in Manila was founded in 1908.

University of Santo Tomas
The University of Santo Tomas is a Roman Catholic research university in Manila.

The Philippines University System
A gateway to Philippines Universities.


Environment & Nature

Mount Mayon and the city of Legazpi on the island of Luzon
Mount Mayon, a stratovolcano near the city of Legazpi on the island of Luzon, is the most active volcano in the Philippines.
Image: Dexbaldon

Environmental issues in the Philippines
The risk of natural catastrophes in the Philippines is attributable to the location of the Philippines. It is a country in the Pacific Ring of Fire that is prone to earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, and typhoons. There are 23 active volcanoes in the Philippines.

Environmental Management Bureau
Government agency responsible for pollution prevention and control, and environmental impact assessment.

Haribon Foundation
The Haribon Foundation for the Conservation of Natural Resources is a membership organization dedicated to the conservation of Philippine biodiversity.

Palawan Council for Sustainable Development
A national agency for sustainable development through complementation of environmental preservation, protection, and rational utilization of Palawan's natural resources.

PEMSEA has been at the forefront of protecting life support systems and enabling the sustainable use and management of coastal and marine resources through intergovernmental, interagency, and multisectoral partnerships.


Philippines History

Miag-ao Church is one of the four Baroque Churches of the Philippines
Miagao Church is one of the four Baroque Churches of the Philippines built by the Spanish in the 16th century. The Baroque Churches of the Philippines official website are a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Image: Alienscream

Synopsis of Philippine History
Philippines history by

Philippines profile - Timeline
Timeline of key events of the Philippines' history by the BBC.

History of the Philippines
The Philippines from Early History until today.

Bahay Tsinoy
The historical and cultural legacy of the Chinese in all aspects of Philippine life.



Indigenous People of Philippines

Monument of the five Igorot tribes of Baguio
Monument of the Five Igorot Tribes of the mountains of northern Luzon, Philippines.
Image: Gideon Ponio

The mountain people of the Philippines.

Indigenous Religious Beliefs and Cosmology of the Filipino
The belief systems of native Filipinos.

Traditional Music of the Ethnic Minorities
Music and Pictures of the mountain people by the ethnomusicologist Hans Brandeis.

Images of Igorrotes on the Philippine Reservation
The first comprehensive display of the Filipinos, their work and habits, made in the United States (1904 St. Louis World's Fair).



Additional Information


Amnesty International: Philippines
Amnesty International is a non-governmental organization focused on human rights.

BBC Country Profile: Philippines
Country profiles by the British public service broadcaster.

BTI Transformation Index Philippines
Philippines Country Report 2020 by Bertelsmann Stiftung.

FAO: Philippines
The UN Food and Agriculture Organization in the Philippines.

Freedom House profile Philippines
The U.S. government-funded non-profit organization whose goal is to promote liberal democracies worldwide.

GlobalEDGE: Philippines
Philippines ranking by the Global business knowledge portal.

The Heritage Foundation: Philippines
2020 Index of Economic Freedom by The Heritage Foundation, an American conservative think tank.

Human Rights Watch: Philippines
HRW conducts research and advocacy on human rights.

OEC: Philippines
The Observatory of Economic Complexity provides the latest international trade data.

Reporters Without Borders: Philippines
RSF (Reporters sans frontières) is an international NGO that defends and promotes media freedom.

Wikipedia W Wikipedia: Philippines
Wikipedia's Philippines page in many languages.

WikiPilipinas Encyclopedia
The biggest collaborative writing project in the Philippines.

The CIA World Factbook -- Philippines
CIA World Factbook intelligence Philippines.




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