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Mount Pinatubo, Cabusilan Mountains, Luzon
Mount Pinatubo, an active stratovolcano in the Cabusilan Mountains on the island of Luzon, the crater lake resulting from the 1991 eruption.
Image: ChrisTomnong

Philippines Flag
Flag of Philippines
Location map of Philippines. Where in Asia are the Philippines?
Location map of Philippines

Destination Philippines, a virtual guide to the archipelago in Maritime Southeast Asia. The island nation is situated south of Taiwan, east of the South China Sea, with the Pacific Ocean in east. The country consists of more than 7,107 islands (according to the Philippines government). It shares maritime borders with China, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Palau, Vietnam, and Taiwan.

The Philippines three main island groups are Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. The country occupies a land area of 300,000 km², this is about the size of Italy or slightly larger than the size of the US state of Arizona.

The archipelago's population of 100.9 million people (in 2015) making it the world's 12th most populous country; Luzon, the largest island group, accounts for more than half of the entire population of the country.

Located in the southwestern part of Luzon is the capital of the Philippines, Manila, largest city is Quezon City, both are part of Metro Manila, a metropolis with a population of almost 13 million people. Spoken languages are Filipino and English (both official), 19 other languages are regional recognized.

Republic of the Philippines | Republika ng Pilipinas

Country Profile

The Philippines are the highest portions of a partly submerged mountain chain and is made up of more than 7,500 islands; the three main island groups are Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. The Philippines is one of the most westernized nations in Southeast Asia, a unique blend of eastern and western culture.

Spain (1565-1898) and the United States (1898-1946), colonized the country and have been the largest influences on the Philippine culture.

This is about to change. Philippine President Duterte announced a 'separation' from the US, he declared he has realigned with China as the two countries agreed to resolve their South China Sea dispute through talks. Duerte said in his speech at a forum in the Great Hall of the People in Beijing: “America has lost. I’ve realigned myself in your ideological flow and maybe I will also go to Russia to talk to Putin and tell him that there are three of us against the world — China, Philippines and Russia. It’s the only way.”


Official Name:
Republika ng Pilipinas
short form: Pilipinas
int'l long form: Republic of the Philippines
int'l short form: Philippines

ISO Country Code: ph

Local Time = UTC +8h
Actual Time: Mon-July-22  23:56

Country Calling Code: +63

Capital City: Manila (pop. city proper 1 654 761 (1995) 9.9 million in metropolitan area)

Other Cities:
Quezon City (2 million), Davao City (1.2 million); Cebu City (0.7 million)

Type: Republic
Independence: 12 June 1898 (from Spain)
Constitution: 2 February 1987, effective 11 February 1987

Location: Southeastern Asia, archipelago between the Philippine Sea and the South China Sea, east of Vietnam.
Area: 300,000 km² (115 739 sq m)
Terrain: Mountains on the smaller islands, larger islands have mountains with fertile river valleys in the interior and narrow to extensive coastal plains.

Climate: Tropical, March to May is hot and dry, rainy season from June to October, November to February moderate. Average temperatures: 78°F / 25°C to 90°F / 32°C

Nationality: Noun--Filipino(s). Adjective--Philippine.
Population: 100.9 million (in 2015)
Luzon, the largest island group, accounts for more than half of the entire population.
Ethnic Groups: Malay, Chinese.
Religions: Catholic 80%, Moslem 15%, Christian denominations and Buddhist.
Languages: Filipino and English (official). Filipino which is based on Tagalog, is the national language. English is also widely used and is the medium of instruction in higher education.
Literacy: 92%

Natural resources: Timber, limited offshore petroleum, extensive mineral deposits of copper, gold, silver, nickel, lead, and chromium.

Agriculture products: Rice, coconuts, corn, sugarcane, bananas, pineapples, mangoes, pork, eggs, beef, fish.

Industries: electronics assembly, textiles, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, wood products, food processing, petroleum refining, fishing.

Currency: Philippine Peso (PHP)

Source: Philippines Department of Tourism and others.

Exports - commodities: semiconductors and electronic products, transport equipment, garments, copper products, petroleum products, coconut oil, fruits

Exports - partners: Japan 21.1%, USA 15%, China 10.9%, Hong Kong 10.6%, Singapore 6.2%, Germany 4.5%, South Korea 4.3% (2015)

Imports - commodities: electronic products, mineral fuels, machinery and transport equipment, iron and steel, textile fabrics, grains, chemicals, plastic

Imports - partners: China 16.2%, USA 10.8%, Japan 9.6%, Singapore 7%, South Korea 6.5%, Thailand 6.4%, Malaysia 4.8%, Indonesia 4.4% (2015)

Philippines in Figures
Philippines key statistical data.
Malacañang Palace, official residence of the President of the Philippines in Manila
Facade of the Malacañang Palace as seen from Pasig River. The palace is located in Manila, it is the official residence of the President of the Philippines.

Political system
The Philippines political system is that of of a presidential, representative, and democratic republic with a multi-party system. Head of government, head of state, and commander in chief of the armed forces is the President. The president is elected by plurality vote for a period of six years. The second highest official is the Vice-President. Philippine's legislature is a bicameral Congress consisting of a Senate and a House of Representatives.

Official Sites of Philippines

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

The Official Website of the Republic of the Philippines.

The President of the Republic of the Philippines
The President's Office.

Philippine Congress
The House of Representatives
Senate of the Philippines
Part of the bicameral congress.

Philippine Information Agency
PIA's mission is to provide people with government information.

Philippine Department of Foreign Affairs
Official site of the Department of Foreign Affairs.

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of the Philippines to the United Nations
Philippines' representation to the UN.
Embassy of the Republic of the Philippines in the U.S.
Philippine Embassy Washington, D.C.
Philippine Embassies
Address list of Philippine Embassies abroad.
Foreign Diplomatic Missions to the Philippines
Diplomatic and Consular List.

National Statistics Office, Philippines
Official website of the National Statistics Office.
Philippine National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB)
The Philppines in figures.
Bureau of Agricultural Statistics (BAS)
Philippines' Bureau of Agricultural Statistics

Philippines in Figures
Philippines key statistical data.

Philippines Maps
Map of the Philippines
Political Map of the Philippines.
Google Earth Google Earth Philippines
Searchable map/satellite view of the Philippines.
Google Earth Google Earth Manila
Searchable map/satellite view of Manila.
Google Earth Google Earth Cebu City
Searchable map/satellite view of Manila.

More maps of the Philippines

Map of Southeast Asia
Map of the Southeast Asia region.
profile Map of Asia
Reference Map of Asia.

Philippine News

Business World
Philippine Business and Finance Magazine.
Daily Tribune
News from the Philippines.
The Filipino Express
News for the Filipino American community.
Manila Bulletin
Philippines' Largest Newspaper.
 The Manila Times
All the news, all the views, all the time
 Philippine Daily Inquirer
Balanced news, fearless views.
Philippine Headline News Online
Daily news highlights and insights of events in the Philippines.
Philippine News Agency (PNA)
Office of the Press Secretary (OPS), Philippines.
Philippine News Link
News from and about the Philippines.
The Philippine Star
English-language news from Manila.
English-language news.

International News Sources
BBC News Country Profile: Philippines
With links to Philippines related news and background information.
Reuters AlertNet - Philippines-Mindanao conflict
Reuters news.

Human Rights
Amnesty International: Philippines
Amnesty International Reports.
Human Rights Watch: Philippines
Background Briefings.

Press freedom
Reporters sans frontières - Philippines
Annual reports about Press freedom in the country.

More International News sources

Bookmark/share this page

Philippine Jeepneys
Jeepneys (Filipino: Dyipni) in Baguio City, Jeepneys are the most popular means of public transportation in the Philippines and symbols of Philippine culture.
Image: Jeff Jacinto

Arts & Culture

Ateneo Art Gallery
Museum of modern art of the Ateneo de Manila University.
Ballet Philippines
Dramatic, innovative neo-ethnic style, the country's flagship company in ballet and contemporary dance.
Cultural Center of the Philippines
The cultural institution nurtures and promotes artistic excellence, Filipino aesthetics and identity.
Lopez Museum
Art museum and library in Pasig (Metro Manila).
The Mind Museum
Science museum in Taguig (Metro Manila).
Museo Pambata
The first hands-on discovery museum for children in the Philippines. The museum features sensory and tactile tools to help children hypothesize, manipulate, experiment, test their ideas and stretch their imagination.
National Commission for Culture and the Arts
Site on Philippine culture and arts.
National Museum
The National Museum of the Philippines.
Philippine Culture
Information about Philippine's Culture from De La Salle University (DLSU).
Philippine music forum.
Online guide to the Philippines culture.
MassKara Festival, Bacolod. Western Visayas.
MassKara Festival in the City of Bacolod, Western Visayas.
Image: Elmer B. Domingo

Business & Economy

Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas
The Central Bank of the Republic of the Philippines.

Philippine Stock Exchange
The national stock exchange of the Philippines

Department of Trade and Industry
DTI serves as the primary coordinative, promotive, and facilitative arm for trade, industry and investment activities.
Philippine Chamber of Commerce and Industry

Cebu Pacific Air
The Philippine's second flag carrier.

Philippine Airlines
Philippine's national carrier operates domestic and international scheduled services from Manila, Cebu, Clark, and Kalibo.

Philippine National Railways - PNR
State-owned railway company in the Philippines, operating a single-track on Luzon.
Philippines Capital Manila
Beach at Boracay island, Western Visayas
White Beach at Boracay, a small island in Western Visayas.
Image: Carabaopower

Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Destination Philippines - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover the Philippines:
Cities: Manila, Cebu City

The Philippines Department of Tourism
Philippines Department of Tourism Main Portal.

The Philippines Ultimate Travel Guide for Tourists, another site by the Department of Tourism.

Another website of the Philippines Department of Tourism.

Cebu Province Official Website
The official information site for the island of Cebu.

Experience Western Visayas
Tourist guide to Western Visayas.

Philippines Trivia
From Angono Petroglyphs to Conus Gloriamaris, Davao City, jeepneys and much more Philippine Trivia.

City Guide
Official site of the city of Manila.
Official site of the city of Cebu.

Lonely Planet Philippines
LP about the Philippines.

University of Santo Tomas in Manila, Philippines.
University of Santo Tomas, a private, Roman Catholic research university in Manila, founded on 28 April 1611.
Image: Mark Joseph C. Olmedo


De La Salle University
Founded as De La Salle College in 1911.
University of the Philippines-Diliman (Seite lässt sich nicht öffnen)
UP Diliman is the flagship university of the University of the Philippines System, founded in 1949.
University of the Philippines
Manila, founded in 1908.
University of Santo Tomas
Roman Catholic research university in Manila.
The University of the Philippines System
Gateway to Philippines Universities.

Environment & Nature

Haribon Foundation
The Haribon Foundation for the Conservation of Natural Resources is a membership organization dedicated to the conservation of Philippine biodiversity.
Philippines' World Heritage Sites
Brief descriptions of Philippines' World Heritage Sites from the official government site.
Palawan Council for Sustainable Development
A national agency for sustainable development through complementation of environmental preservation, protection and rational utilization of Palawan's natural resources.
PEMSEA has been at the forefront of protecting life support systems and enabling the sustainable use and management of coastal and marine resources through intergovernmental, interagency, and multisectoral partnerships.


History of the Philippines
The Philippines from Early History until today.


Indigenous People

The mountain people of the philippines.

Indigenous Religious Beliefs and Cosmology of the Filipino
The belief systems of native Filipinos.

Traditional Music of the Ethnic Minorities
Music and Pictures of of the mountain people by the ethnomusicologist Hans Brandeis.

Ifugao Native
Ifugao Native


A Philippines Search Engine.

Sources and additional Information on Philippines

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