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Cañapa Lake in Potosí Department of southeastern Bolivia
Andean flamingos at Cañapa Lake, a salt lake in the Potosí Department of southeastern Bolivia.
Image: Diego Delso

Flag of Bolivia
Flag of Bolivia
Location map of Bolivia. Where in South America is Bolivia?
Location map of Bolivia
A virtual guide to Bolivia, once part of the ancient Inca empire. Bolivia is a landlocked country in west central South America, bordered by Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Peru.

After the War of the Pacific (1879–84) against Chile, Bolivia lost access to the Pacific Ocean and became, along with Paraguay, one of the two landlocked states in the Americas.

The country occupies an area of 1,098,581 km² (424,164 sq mi) it is about twice the size of Spain, or slightly less than three times the size of the U.S. state of Montana. About one-third of the country is covered by the Andean mountain range.

Bolivia has a population of 11.4 million people (est. 2016), it is one of several states with two capitals: La Paz (officially: Nuestra Señora de La Paz) is the seat of national executive, legislative, and electoral bodies, and Sucre the legal capital and the seat of the judiciary.

Spoken languages are Spanish (official), Aymara, Quechua, Guaraní and 34 other native languages.

This page aims to give you a broad overview of Bolivia's art, culture, people, environment, geography, history, economy and government.

Plurinational State of Bolivia | Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia

Country Profile

Bolivia, named after independence fighter Simon BOLIVAR, broke away from Spanish rule in 1825; much of its subsequent history has consisted of a series of nearly 200 coups and counter-coups.

Comparatively democratic civilian rule was established in the 1980s, but leaders have faced difficult problems of deep-seated poverty, social unrest, and drug production.

Current goals include attracting foreign investment, strengthening the educational system, continuing the privatization program, and waging an anti-corruption campaign.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)


Official Name:
Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia
short form: Bolivia
int'l long form: Plurinational State of Bolivia

Bolivia changed its official name from Republic of Bolivia to Plurinational State of Bolivia in 2009.

ISO Country Code: bo, bol

Local Time = UTC -4h
Actual Time: Sun-Nov-18  19:54

Country Calling Code: +591

Capital Cities:
La Paz (administrative, seat of the government; pop. 800,000)
Sucre (legislative/judiciary; pop. 300 000)

Other Cities:
Santa Cruz (1,500 000), Cochabamba (587,000), El Alto (860,000).

Type: Republic.
Independence: 6 August 1825.
Constitution: 1967; revised 1994.

Location: West central South America
Area: 1 million km² (424.164 sq. mi.)
Terrain: High plateau (altiplano), temperate and semitropical valleys, and the tropical lowlands.

Climate: Varies with altitude--from humid and tropical to semiarid and cold.

Nationality: Bolivian(s).
Population: 11.4 million (2016)
GNI per capita PPP: $ 3 049 (year)
Ethnic Groups: Quechua 30%, mestizo (mixed white and Amerindian ancestry) 30%, Aymara 25%, white 15%.
Religions: Predominantly Roman Catholic; minority Protestant.
Languages: Spanish (official); Quechua, Aymara, Guarani.
Literacy: 85.5%.

Natural resources: Tin, natural gas, petroleum, zinc, tungsten, antimony, silver, iron, lead, gold, timber, hydropower.

Agriculture products: Soybeans, coffee, coca, cotton, corn, sugarcane, rice, potatoes; timber.

Industries: Mining, smelting, petroleum, food and beverages, tobacco, handicrafts, clothing

Exports - commodities: natural gas, mineral ores, gold, soybeans and soy products, tin

Exports partners: Brazil 28.1%, Argentina 16.9%, USA 12.1%, Colombia 6.3%, China 5.3%, Japan 4.7%, South Korea 4.3% (2015)

Imports - commodities: machinery, petroleum products, vehicles, iron and steel, plastics

Imports partners: China 17.9%, Brazil 16.5%, Argentina 11.8%, USA 10.6%, Peru 6.2%, Japan 5.2%, Chile 4.6% (2015)

Currency: Boliviano (BOB)

Bolivia in numbers
Bolivia statistical key figures.


Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Bolivia

Presidencia de la República de Bolivia
Site of the Bolivian Presidency (in Spanish).

Bolivia portal del gobierno boliviano
E-government portal of Bolivia (in Spanish).

Plurinational Legislative Assembly
Bolivia's assembly is bicameral, there is a lower house (Chamber of Deputies) and an upper house (the Senate).

Cámara de Senadores
Bolivia's senate.

Cámara de Diputados
Bolivia's Chamber of Deputies

Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Culto de Bolivia
Ministry of External Relations (in Spanish).

Diplomatic Missions
Misión Permanente de Bolivia ante las Naciones Unidas
Permanent Mission of Bolivia to the United Nations (in Spanish).
Consulado General de Bolivia Washington, DC
General Consulate of Bolivia in the U.S., Washington D.C. (mostly in Spanish)
Embajada de Bolivia en la República Argentina
Embassy of Bolivia in Argentina.

INE - Instituto Nacional de Estadística
The National Institute of Statistics.


Administrative Map of Bolivia
Map showing Bolivia's administrative divisions.
Detailed Map of Bolivia
Political Map of Bolivia.

Google Earth Google Earth Bolivia
Searchable map and satellite view of Bolivia.
Google Earth Google Earth La Paz
Searchable map and satellite view of Bolivia's capital city.
Google Earth Google Earth Sucre
Searchable map and satellite view of Bolivia's legislative capital.

Map of South America
Reference Map of South America.

Madidi national park in the upper Amazon river basin in Bolivia
Madidi national park in the upper Amazon river basin in Bolivia. The huge park is ranging from the glacier-covered peaks of the high Andes Mountains to the tropical rainforests of the Tuichi River.
Image: Dirk Embert / WWF - World Wide Fund for Nature 

Bolivia News

Correo del Sur
Sucre, local and national news (in Spanish).
El D
Santa Cruz de la Sierra - National news (in Spanish).
El Diario
La Paz - National and international news (in Spanish).
El Mundo
Santa Cruz - National and international news (in Spanish).
El Nuevo Dia
Santa Cruz - National and international news (in Spanish).
Diario el Potosí
Potosi - National and international news (in Spanish).
Los Tiempos
Cochabamba - National news (in Spanish).
La Razon
La Paz - National and international news (in Spanish).

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Arts & Culture

Museo de la Coca
Coca Museum site by International Coca Research Institute ICORI, background and history of a disputed plant.

Museo Nacional de Arqueologia
The National Archaeological Museum (in Spanish).

Potolo textile - Art Bolivia
Potolo textile 

Business & Economy

Banco Central de Bolivia
Central Bank of Bolivia.
Bolsa Boliviana de Valores
Stock Exchange Bolivia.

Bolivia Business On Line
Information about Bolivia Business and Tourism


Boliviana de Aviación BoA
BoA is the flag carrier of Bolivia, owned by the Bolivian Government. BoA has its main hub at Bolivia's largest international airport, Viru Viru International Airport in Santa Cruz de la Sierra.
Línea Aérea Amaszonas
The airline has its hub at El Alto International Airport
Transporte Aéreo Militar TAM
TAM is based in La Paz, it offer flights to rural communities.

El Alto International Airport
The international airport is located in the city of El Alto, about 8 mi (13 km) south-west of La Paz.
Viru Viru International Airport
Bolivia's largest international airport and the main gateway for international flights.

Rail transport in Bolivia
Wikipedia's comprehensive page about rail transport in Bolivia.

great salt lake Salar de Uyuni
Specular reflection at the great salt lake Salar de Uyuni, the world's largest salt flat is located in the Ballivián Basin of southwestern Bolivia at an elevation of 3,650 m (11,980 ft) on the Altiplano de Bolivia.
Image: Haceme un 14

Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Destination Bolivia - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Bolivia: Salar de Uyuni,

accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, the Andes, Salar de Uyuni, biking, hiking, climbing, cruising, diving, tours and much more.

Turismo Bolivia
Official site of the Bolivian Viceministry for Tourism, with travel and tourism information.

Bolivia Business
Business and tourism in Bolivia.

A window to Bolivia where you can learn more about Bolivia's culture, people, resources, updated news, and many other subjects.

Bolivia Web - Travel
Bolivian community website.

La Paz
La Paz from El Alto with Illimani mountain
La Paz from El Alto with Illimani mountain in background.
Image: EEJCC

La Paz, officially known as Nuestra Señora de La Paz. It is the highest administrative capital in the world at more than 3,500 m, situated about 50 km east of Lake Titicaca on the Andes’ Altiplano plateau.

The Municipality of Sucre, the constitutional capital of Bolivia is located at an elevation of 2,810 m in the southern highlands of Bolivia. The city was was founded by the Spanish in 1538 under the name Ciudad de la Plata de la Nueva Toledo.

Gateway of the Sun, Tiwanaku, Bolivia
The Gateway of the Sun from the Tiwanaku civilization in Bolivia.
Image: Mhwater

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Bolivia

World Heritage Site Jesuit Missions of the Chiquitos
Six Jesuit Missions situated on the former territory of the Chiquitos in Santa Cruz department in eastern Bolivia.

World Heritage Site Historic City of Sucre
Sucre was the first capital of Bolivia, founded by the Spanish in the first half of the 16th century.

World Heritage Site Fuerte de Samaipata
"El Fuerte", is a pre-Inca archaeological site in Florida Province of Bolivia.

World Heritage Site Tiwanaku: Spiritual and Political Centre of the Tiwanaku Culture
Tiwanaku is situated near the southern shores of Lake Titicaca, it was the capital of a powerful pre-Hispanic empire and the spiritual and political center of the Tiwanaku Culture.



Universidad Andina Simón Bolivar
Post-graduate university in Sucre (since 1985), with national headquarters in Quito, Ecuador (since 1992) and regional offices of Caracas, Venezuela, Bogotá, Colombia (since 2005) and La Paz.

Universidad Católica Boliviana
Oldest private university in Bolivia situated in La Paz.

Environment & Nature

Asociación de Organizaciones de Productores Ecológicos de Bolivia AOPEB
The Association of Ecological Producers' Organizations of Bolivia with the purpose to improve the ecological producers' level of self-sufficiency on the basis of an ecologically sustainable agriculture.
Eco Bolivia Foundation
Indigenous Foundation for protecting Biodiversity and the quality of life of the original inhabitants in the area of the headwaters of the Amazon.
Fundación Amigos de la Naturaleza/ Friends of Nature Foundation
FAN is a private non profit organization, founded in 1988, dedicated to conserve Bolivian biodiversity.

Salar de Uyuni, Bolivia
The great salt lake Salar de Uyuni

Sources and additional Information on Bolivia

Amnesty International: Bolivia

BBC Country Profile: Bolivia

FAO: Bolivia

GlobalEDGE: Bolivia

The Heritage Foundation: Bolivia

Human Rights Watch: Bolivia

OEC: Bolivia

Reporters Without Borders: Bolivia

Bolivia - LANIC
Latin American Network Information Center on Bolivia

Wikipedia: Bolivia

The World Factbook -- Bolivia
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Other Countries of South America:
Argentina | Brazil | Chile | Colombia | Ecuador | French Guiana
Guyana | Paraguay | Peru | Suriname | Uruguay | Venezuela

Major Cities in South America:
Belo Horizonte, Bogotá, Brasilia, Buenos Aires, Caracas, La Paz, Lima, Manaus, Montevideo, Paramaribo,
Porto Alegre, Quito, Recife, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador (da Bahia, Santiago, São Paulo, Sucre

Countries of Middle and Central America:
Belize | Costa Rica | El Salvador | Guatemala | Honduras | Mexico | Nicaragua | Panama