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Lake Tekapo, and Southern Alps, South Island, New Zealand
Lake Tekapo and the Southern Alps on South Island, New Zealand.
Image: Tobias Keller

___ New Zealand - Aotearoa

Flag of New Zealand
Flag of New Zealand

Location map of New Zeeland. Where in the world is New Zealand?
Location map of New Zeeland

Destination New Zealand, a virtual guide to Aotearoa, the Land of the Long White Cloud. New Zealand (NZ) is an island country in the South Pacific Ocean located about 2000 km (1,300 mi) south east of Australia. The island-nation consists of some smaller islands and two main islands, the North Island (Te-Ika-a-Maui), and the South Island (Te Wai Pounamu) which are separated by the Cook Strait. New Zealand shares maritime borders with Australia, and the island nations of Fiji, and Tonga.

New Zealand's islands are the surface area of the continent of Zealandia. Zealandia, now for the most part submerged, was formerly a large portion of the super-continent of Gondwanaland.

The geopolitical entity of the Realm of New Zealand comprises New Zealand, the Cook Islands, Niue (an island), Tokelau (some coral atolls) and the Ross Dependency, a region in Antarctica.

With an area of 270,467 km², the country is slightly larger than the United Kingdom (242,900 km²), or about the size of the US State of Colorado.

New Zealand has a population of 4.7 million people (beginning 2017). Capital is Wellington, largest city is Auckland. Spoken languages are English (95%) and Māori, the language of the indigenous Māori people of New Zealand.

New Zealand - Aotearoa

Country Profile

The Polynesian Maori reached New Zealand in about A.D. 800. Dutch explorer Abel Tasman was the first European who reached New Zealand in 1642. British explorer Captain James Cook mapped the islands in 1769.
In the early 19th century missionaries began settling on the islands and attempting to convert Māori to Christianity and control the considerably lawless European visitors.

In 1840, their chieftains entered into a compact with Britain (Treaty of Waitangi), in which they ceded sovereignty to Queen Victoria while retaining territorial rights. In that same year, the British began the first organized colonial settlement.

A series of land wars between 1843 and 1872 ended with the defeat of the native Maori peoples.

The British colony of New Zealand became an independent dominion in 1907 and supported the UK militarily in both World Wars.
New Zealand's full participation in a number of defense alliances lapsed by the 1980s. In recent years, the government has sought to address longstanding Maori grievances.

(Source: The World Factbook and others)

related countries: Australia, United Kingdom

Official Name:
New Zealand - Aotearoa
abbreviation: NZ

ISO Country Code: nz, nzl

Local Time = UTC +12h
DST October - March (+13h)
Actual Time: Mon-May-20  06:18

Country Calling Code: +64

Capital City: Wellington (pop. 400 000)

Other Cities: Auckland (1.3 million), Christchurch (339 000), Hamilton (182 000)

Type: Parliamentary democracy.
Constitution: New Zealand has no single constitutional document.
Independence: Declared a dominion in 1907.
Chief of State: Queen Elizabeth II
Dependent areas: Cook Islands, Niue, Tokelau.

Location: Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Australia.
Area: 270,467 km² (104,427 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Varied, from snowcapped mountains to lowland plains.

Climate: with sharp regional contrasts from temperate to subtropical.

Nationality: Noun--New Zealander(s). Adjective--New Zealand.
Population: 4.7 million (beginning 2017)
GNI per capita PPP: $ 24 805 (year)
Ethnic groups: European 75%, Maori 15%, other Polynesian 6.5%.
Religions: Christian
Languages: English, Maori.
Literacy: 99%

Natural resources: Natural gas, iron ore, sand, coal, timber, hydropower, gold, limestone.

Agriculture products: Wheat, barley, potatoes, pulses, fruits, vegetables; wool, beef, lamb and mutton, dairy products; fish.

Industries: Food processing, wood and paper products, textiles, machinery, transportation equipment, banking and insurance, tourism, mining.

Exports - commodities: dairy products, meat and edible offal, logs and wood articles, fruit, crude oil, wine.

Exports - partners: China 17.5%, Australia 16.9%, USA 11.8%, Japan 6% (2015)

Imports - commodities: petroleum and products, mechanical machinery, vehicles and parts, electrical machinery, textiles

Imports - partners: China 19.4%, Australia 11.8%, USA 11.7%, Japan 6.6%, Germany 4.7%, Thailand 4.2% (2015)

Currency: New Zealand Dollar (NZD)

Political System
New Zealand is a Parliamentary Democracy and a Commonwealth Realm. Chief of State is the British monarch (Queen Elizabeth II), represented by a Governor General. The monarch has formal role in executive.
In 1987 the country adopted a constitution, it consists of a collection of statutes which rule the relationship between the individual and the state, and the functioning of the government. Head of the government and the cabinet is the Prime Minister.

Official Sites of New Zealand

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

New Zealand Government Online
Portal to all New Zealand Government web sites.

Governor General of New Zealand
Web site of the personal representative of the Head of State, Queen Elizabeth II of New Zealand.

Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet
The cabinet is New Zealand's most superior policy-making body, led by the Prime Minister.

The New Zealand Parliament - Pāremata Aotearoa
The country's unicameral parliament is the legislative branch of New Zealand.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade - Manatu Aorere Aotearoa
Official website of the ministry. The MFAT acts to promote and to protect New Zealand's interests.

Diplomatic Missions
New Zealand Mission to the UN
Permanent mission of New Zealand to the United Nations.
New Zealand Diplomatic Post Finder
The official address for New Zealand embassies, high commissions and representative offices.
Overseas Representatives to New Zealand
Address list of foreign Diplomatic Missions.

Statistics New Zealand - Te Tari Tatau
The major source of official New Zealand statistics.


 Map of New Zealand
Political Map of New Zealand.
Google Earth Google Earth Map New Zealand
Searchable map and satellite view of New Zealand.
Google Earth Google Earth Map Wellington
Searchable map and satellite view of New Zealand's capital.
Google Earth Google Earth Map Auckland
Searchable map and satellite view of New Zealand's largest city.
Google Earth Ruapehu District
With Mt. Ruapehu an active volcano within the Tongariro National Park.

profile Oceania Map
Reference map of Australia/Oceania.


New Zealand News

Wellington-based daily.
NZ Herald
Auckland-based daily, New Zealand's largest newspaper with national and international news.
Otago Daily Times
Dunedin-based daily, online edition with New Zealand and South Pacific News.
The Press
Christchurch-based daily.
The Sunday Star Times
Auckland-based weekly.

New Zealand news service with latest national and local news (TV3/MediaWorks).
NZ NetGuide Web
A New Zealand consumer and web magazine.

Television New Zealand, the government-owned national broadcaster.
New Zealand's first privately owned nationwide television channel.
Māori Television
Maori TV broadcasts programmes that make a significant contribution to the revitalisation of the Māori language and culture.

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Arts & Culture

Creative New Zealand - Arts Council of New Zealand
Government organisation responsible for developing the arts in New Zealand.
National Library of New Zealand
Collect and maintain literature and information resources that relate to New Zealand and the Pacific.
The National Tattoo Museum of New Zealand
Museum about the historic growth of Tattoo in New Zealand.
NZ Culture
Site about New Zealand's culture.
The New Zealand Edge
E-magazine including stories of heroic New Zealanders.
The New Zealand Symphony Orchestra
Te Papa
The Museum of New Zealand.
Whitecliffe College of Art & Design
International art school.

Web Culture
webgrrls aotearoa
Encourages women to participate not only in Information Technologies.

Business & Economy

Reserve Bank of New Zealand
New Zealand central bank, established in 1934.

Bank of New Zealand
One of New Zealand's largest banks.
National Bank of New Zealand
A New Zealand subsidiary of Australia and New Zealand Banking Group.

New Zealand Stock Exchange NZX
NZX 50 Index is the main stock market index in New Zealand.

New Zealand Chambers of Commerce
Gateway to regional Chambers.

Kiwiana - Kiwi Products
Otorohanga, Kiwiana Town
Kiwiana Icons and culture.

Air New Zealand
Air New Zealand Limited is the national carrier of New Zealand.

Auckland International Airport (AKL)
New Zealand's largest and busiest airport.
Christchurch International Airport (CHC)
New Zealand's first international airport is the gateway for Christchurch and the South Island.
Dunedin Airport (DUD)
International airport in the Otago region of the South Island.
Wellington International Airport (WLG)
The international airport that serves New Zealand's capital.

Interislander - New Zealand's Ferries
Official website for Interislander & The Lynx ferry services between North & South Islands.
Ports of Auckland
Official website with information about New Zealand's largest port.

Taieri Gorge Railway, Dunedin
Scenic and historic railway operating from Dunedin.
Tranz Scenic
New Zealand railways, tourism via rail travel.

Intercity Coachlines
New Zealand Bus Travel.
The Coastal Pacific
The Coastal Pacific
Lake Waikaremoana, New Zealand
Lake Waikaremoana is located in Te Urewera in the North Island of New Zealand.
Image: Michal Klajban

Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Destination New Zealand - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover New Zealand: North Island, South Island, Glaciers, Volcanoes, Hauraki Gulf, Kawau Island, Rangitoto Island, Waiheke Island, Wellington, Auckland, Christchurch, Dunedin, Hamilton.
Accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, skiing, hiking, climbing, cruising, diving, kayaking, tours and much more.

100% Pure New Zealand
Travel and tourist information for New Zealand by the New Zealand Tourism Board.
Tourism New Zealand
New Zealand tourism's international marketing organisation.

North Island (with the regions of Northland, Auckland, Bay of Plenty, Waikato, Wanganui, Tongariro Taupo, East Coast Hawkes Bay, and Wellington)
Destination Northland
Official website with information about the subtropical Northland with its extensive unspoilt coastline.
Tourism Coromandel
The Coromandel peninsula is one of New Zealand's best-loved holiday destinations.
Tourism Waikato
Pastures, Caves, Hobbits.
Destination Manawatu
Outdoor adventures in Wanganui, Rangitikei, Manawatu and Tararua districts.
Rotorua is one of the most famous destinations in New Zealand.
Visit Ruapehu
The official Regional Tourism Organisation for the Ruapehu District.
Mount Ruapehu
Visitors guide to Mt Ruapehu and New Zealand's largest skiing area.

South Island (with the regions of Nelson Marlborough, Canterbury, West Coast, Otago, Southland, and Chatham Islands)

Christchurch and Canterbury
The official visitors guide and travel planner for Canterbury and Christchurch South Island.

Tourism Central Otago
A travel and tourism guide for Otago region.
Otago region
Otago Peninsula is an area in the southeast of the South Island.

Tourism Waitaki
A visitors guide to Waitaki Districts.


Lincoln University
University at Christchurch, Canterbury.
University of Auckland
New Zealand's largest university, established in 1883.
University of Canterbury (Whare Wananga o Waitaha)
The university's official website.
University of Otago
New Zealand's oldest university, founded in 1869.
The University of Waikato (Te Whare Wananga o Waikato )
The University of Waikato at Tauranga.
Victoria University of Wellington (Te Whare Wananga o te Upoko o te Ika a Maui)
Official website of Victoria University of Wellington.

The Royal Society of New Zealand
Association for the advancement of science and technology.

Environment & Nature

Department of Conservation (Te Papa Atawhai)
The central government organisation charged with conserving the natural and historic heritage of New Zealand.
National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA)
Research organisation and New Zealand's leading provider of environmental research and consultancy services.

South Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP)
The Pacific region's major intergovernmental organisation charged with protecting and managing the environment and natural resources.

National Parks
Information about New Zealand's 14 national parks by the Department of Conservation.
Christchurch - New Zealand
Springtime in New Zealand


Archives New Zealand (Te Rua Mahara o te Kawanatanga)
Archives New Zealand is the official guardian of New Zealand's heritage documents.
Heritage New Zealand
About New Zealand's significant heritage places and storys.
Treaty of Waitangi (Te Tiriti o Waitangi)
Treaty in 1840, between Maori chieftains and the British Crown, where the Maori ceded sovereignty to Queen Victoria while retaining territorial rights.
New Zealand in History
Provides an overview of New Zealand history.
A national resource for anyone interested in New Zealand history.


 Maori Culture
An Exhibit of Maori People and Culture of Aotearoa (New Zealand)
Maori Independence (Tino Rangatiratanga)
The site concerning self determination issues for indigenous people in Aotearoa/New Zealand it's relvance pacifically and within the wider international indigenous community.
Site for Maori culture and people.


Access New Zealand
New Zealand index.

Open Directory Project: New Zealand

 Te Puna Web Directory
A directory to New Zealand & Pacific Island web sites by the National Library of New Zealand. The directory was retired in May 2016. You can still download the dataset. (xml or marc format)

Sources and additional Information on New Zealand

BBC Country Profile: New Zealand

The Commonwealth: New Zealand

GlobalEDGE: New Zealand

The Heritage Foundation: New Zealand

OEC: New Zealand

Wikipedia: New Zealand

The World Factbook -- New Zealand
 Support UNICEF

Other Countries in Australia/Oceania:
American Samoa, Australia, Fiji, French Polynesia (Tahiti), Marshall Islands, Micronesia,
Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Tonga

Major cities in Australia/Oceania:
Adelaide, Alice Springs, Apia, Auckland, Brisbane, Canberra, Darwin, Hagåtña, Hobart, Honiara, Honolulu, Majuro, Melbourne, Nouméa, Pago Pago, Papeete, Perth, Port Moresby, Port-Vila, Saipan, Suva, Sydney, Wellington