One World
Nations Online
Tajikistan flag detail
Home Earth Continents Asia Tajikistan

___ Tajikistan

Karakul lake in the Tajik National Park with Pamir Mountains
Karakul lake, supposedly an impact crater filled with water in Tajik National Park in the Pamir Mountains.
Image: Caroline Gutman

Tajikistan Flag
Flag of Tajikistan
Location map of Tajikistan. Where in Central Asia is Tajikistan?
Location map of Tajikistan

A virtual guide to Tajikistan, officially the Republic of Tajikistan, a mountainous, landlocked country in central Asia, bordered by Afghanistan in south, Uzbekistan in west, Kyrgyzstan in north, and by China in east. Separated from the Kashmir region by Afghanistan's Wakhan Corridor.

Tajikistan landscape is dominated by the Pamir and Alay mountains, largest body of water is Karakul lake, located in the Tajik National Park in the Pamir Mountains in Tajikistan's .

With an area of 143,100 km², compared Tajikistan is less than half the size of Italy, or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Wisconsin.

The country has a population of 8.35 million people (in 2015). Capital and largest city is Dushanbe (Душанбе). Tajikistan remains the poorest country in Central Asia, about 35% of the population falling below the poverty line.
Spoken languages are Tajik (official), Uzbek and Russian.

Tajikistan ( Tocikiston, Tojikistan )

Country Profile

Tajikistan has experienced three changes in government and a five-year civil war since it gained independence in 1991 from the USSR.

A peace agreement among rival factions was signed in 1997, and implementation reportedly completed by late 1999. Part of the agreement required the legalization of opposition political parties prior to the 1999 elections, which occurred, but such parties have made little progress in successful participation in government.

Random criminal and political violence in the country remains a complication impairing Tajikistan's ability to engage internationally.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)


Official Name:
Jumhurii Tojikiston
short form: Tojikiston
int'l long form: Republic of Tajikistan
int'l short form: Tajikistan
Former: Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic

ISO Country Code: tj

Local Time UTC +5h: Sat-July-20  18:36

Country Calling Code: +922

Capital City: Dushanbe

Other Cities: Khujand, Istaravshan, Kulob, Kurgan-Tube, Khorog, Qurghonteppa, Vahdat,

Type: Republic.
Independence: 9 September 1991 (from USSR).
Constitution: 6 November 1994.

Location: landlocked country in the South-east of Central Asia, west of China.
Area: 143,100 km² (55,251 sq. mi)

Terrain: Pamir and Alay mountains dominate the landscape (93% of the total area); western Ferghana valley in north, Kofarnihon and Vakhsh Valleys in southwest.
Highest elevation: Qullai Ismoili Somoni 7,495 m

Climate: Mid-latitude continental, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid to polar in Pamir mountains.

Nationality: Tajikistani
Population: 8.35 million (2015)
Ethnic groups: Tajik 67%, Uzbek 23%, Russian 3.5%, other 6.5%.
Religion: Sunni Muslim 85%, Shi'a Muslim 5%, other 10%.
Languages: Tajik (sole official language as of 1994); Russian widely used in government and business; three-quarter of the country however, is rural and they speak mostly Tajik.
Literacy: 88%

Natural resources: Hydropower, some petroleum, uranium, gold, silver, mercury, brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten.

Agriculture products: Cotton, grain, fruits, grapes, vegetables; cattle, sheep, goats.

Industries: Aluminum, zinc, lead, chemicals and fertilizers, cement, vegetable oil, textiles, metal-cutting machine tools, refrigerators.

Exports - commodities: Aluminum, electricity, cotton, fruits, vegetable oil, textiles.

Exports - partners: Turkey 19.7%, Kazakhstan 17.6%, Switzerland 13.7%, Iran 8.7%, Afghanistan 7.5%, Russia 5.1%, China 4.9%, Italy 4.8% (2015)

Imports - commodities: Petroleum products, aluminum oxide, machinery and equipment, foodstuffs.

Imports - partners: China 42.3%, Russia 17.9%, Kazakhstan 13.1%, Iran 4.7% (2015)

Currency: Somoni (TJS; introduced in October, 2000)

Sources: Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Tajikistan and others.

Tajikistan in Figures
Tajikistan key statistical data.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Tajikistan

President of the Republic of Tajikistan
Official website of the President of Tajikistan.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Tajikistan
The official web site of the ministry provides information about the country.

Diplomatic Missions
Tajikistan Embassy in the U.S.
Tajikistan Embassy in the United States.
Embassy of the Republic of Tajikistan in Russia
Russian Federation (in Russian)
Botschaft der Republik Tadschikistan
Tajikistan Embassy in Germany.

Tajikistan's embassies and consulates aborad
Links and Addresses of the ssions.
Foreign Embassies in Tajikistan
Address list of Embassies accredited to Tajikistan.


Map of Tajikistan
Political Map of Tajikistan.
Administrative Map of Tajikistan
Map of Tajikistan's Administrative Divisions.
Google Earth Google Earth Tajikistan
Searchable map and satellite view of Tajikistan.
Google Earth Google Earth Dushanbe
Searchable map and satellite view of Tajikistan's capital city.

profile Caucasus and Central Asia Map
Map of Central Asia and the Caucasus region.
profile Map of Asia
Reference Map of Asia.

Shohon village in Hisor district, Tajikistan
Shohon village in Hisor district, Tajikistan.
Image: Shuhrat Sadizade (Шухрат Саъдиев) 

Tajikistan News

Asia Plus
Tajikistan News and information.
Tajikistan News.
News and Analysis from Central Asia and the Caucasus.
Simo News
Information Agency of Tajikistan.

News in Russian
XOBAP (Khovar)
The national news agency Khovar is a central state news body of Tajikistan.
Internews Network Tajikistan.
Tajikistan News.

News in Tajik
Radio Ozodi
Tajik News Service.

International News sources
Google News Search: Tajikistan

Bookmark/share this page

Arts & Culture

Art of Tajiks in Central Asia
Tirdâd Gorgâni's site about Tajiks art and culture.
Tajik music on the net
Tajiki music in MP3 format.

Business & Economy

National Bank of Tajikistan, NBT.TJ
Tajikistan's Central Bank.

Export Directory Tajikistan
Site with information about business opportunities in Tajikistan.

Tajik Air
Tajik State Air Company with its hub at Dushanbe Airport.
Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Destination Tajikistan - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Tajikistan: Dushanbe, the Pamir Mountains, the Fan Mountains, Lake Sarez, Tajik National Park, "Beshai palangon" Nature Reserve
Find accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, mountaineering, rock climbing, hiking, horse or camel riding, tours and much more by following the links below.

Tourism in Tajikistan
Site of the State National Tourism Company of the Republic of Tajikistan - "SAYOH".

Jamshed's Homepage
With Tajikistan and Dushanbe information and links to Stars of Tajik-Persian Poetry.
About Tajiks, their history, culture, and heritage.
Republic of Tajikistan
Tajikistan state, economy, culture, society and business
Tajikistan Travel
Information about tourism in Tajikistan, maps,accommodation, attractions and more.
Travel Tajikistan
Adventure on the Roof of the World.

Hotels in Tajikistan
Find a Hotel in Tajikistan.


Tajikistan Development Gateway: Education
About education in Tajikistan.

Tajikistan International University
TIU Dushanbe, founded in 2003.
Tajik-Russian (Slavic) University
A Tajikistan and the Russian Federation supranational institution of higher learning in Dushanbe.
Technological University of Tajikistan
The former Tajik Higher College of Technology, Dushanbe.


Environment & Nature

Current issues:
inadequate sanitation facilities;
increasing levels of soil salinity;
excessive pesticides
industrial pollution.

UNDP in Tajikistan
Official website with information about the work of UNDP in Tajikistan.
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
Environmental information systems in the Republic of Tadjikistan.


About the people of Tadjik (Tajek)


Tajikistan Index
Catalog of Tajikistan Resources on the Net
Tajikistan Update
David Straub's Tajikistan information pages.

Additional Information about Tajikistan

BBC News Country Profile: Tajikistan
Interactive Central Asia Resource Project (ICARP) - Tajikistan
Open Directory: Tajikistan
REENIC: Tajikistan
Tajikistan - A Country Study
by U.S. Library of Congress.
Wikipedia: Tajikistan
The World Factbook -- Tajikistan
 Support UNICEF

Other Countries in South-Central Asia:
Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan