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View of Lisbon from Parque Eduardo VII
View of Lisbon from Parque Eduardo VII, which is to the north of the Avenida da Liberdade in central Lisbon.
Image: ©
Flag of Portugal
Flag of Portugal
Location map of Portugal. Where in Europe is Portugal?
Location map of Portugal
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (Portuguese: República Portuguesa) is a sovereign state in western Europe, it comprises of the continental part of Portugal on the western coast of the Iberian Peninsula and the small archipelagos of Madeira and the Azores in the Atlantic Ocean.

The most western European state is only bordered by one other country: Spain, in north and north east. Portugal shares a maritime border with Morocco.

Portugal covers an area of 92,090 km², compared it is slightly smaller than Hungary (93,028 km²), or the U.S. state of Indiana.

The country has a population of 10.3 million people (2015); capital and largest city is Lisbon with about 550,000 inhabitants. Official language is Portuguese.

Portuguese Republic | República Portuguesa

Country Profile

An independent kingdom since 1143, Portugal established its continental frontiers in 1297 and is one of the oldest nations in Europe. The former world power during the 15th and 16th centuries, lost much of its wealth and status with the destruction of Lisbon in a 1755 earthquake, the occupation during the Napoleonic Wars, and the independence in 1822 of Brazil as a colony. A 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy; for most of the next six decades repressive governments ran the country.

In 1974, a left-wing military coup installed broad democratic reforms. The following year Portugal granted independence to all of its African colonies. Portugal is member-country of the European Union since 1986.

Countries in which Portuguese is the official language: Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, São Tomé and Príncipe, Brazil, and Timor-Leste.

Official Name:
República Portuguesa
short form: Portugal
int'l short form: Portugal
int'l long form: Portuguese Republic

ISO Country Code: pt

Time Zone: WET - Western European Time
Local Time = UTC 0h
Actual Time: Tue-Oct-22  15:17
Daylight Saving Time (DST) March - October (UTC +1)

Country Calling Code: +351

Capital City: Lisboa (Lisbon) (metropolitan area pop. 2.8 million)

Other Cities: Faro, Porto (Oporto, metro. area 1.7 million).

Founding of the Portuguese State: 1143
Founding of the Republic: 1910
Government type: Republic ruled by a Constitution.
Constitution: Effective 25 April 1976; revised 30 October 1982, 1 June 1989, 25 November 1992, and 3 September 1997.

Location: Southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula, west of Spain, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean.
Area: 92,090 km² (35,556 sq. mi.), including the Azores and Madeira Islands.
Terrain: Mountainous in the north; rolling plains in the central south.

Climate: Maritime temperate, average annual temperature is 16°C (61°F)

Nationality: Portuguese (singular and plural).
Population: 10.3 million (2015)
Ethnic groups: Homogeneous Mediterranean stock with small black African and Eastern European minorities.
Religion: Roman Catholic, 97%.
Language: Portuguese; of Latin origin, Portuguese is one of the most widely spoken European language in the world and is mother tongue to about 200 million people.
Literacy: 94%

Natural resources: Fish, tungsten, iron, copper, tin, and uranium ores. Agriculture: Products--forestry, fisheries, cork, wine.

Agriculture products: Grain, potatoes, olives, grapes; sheep, cattle, goats, poultry, beef, dairy products.

Industries: Textiles and footwear; wood pulp, paper, and cork; metalworking; oil refining; chemicals; fish canning; wine; tourism.

Exports - commodities: agricultural products, food products, wine, oil products, chemical products, plastics and rubber, hides, leather, wood and cork, wood pulp and paper, textile materials, clothing, footwear, machinery and tools, base metals

Exports partners: Spain 25%, France 12.1%, Germany 11.8%, UK 6.7%, USA 5.2%, Angola 4.2%, Netherlands 4% (2015)

Imports - commodities: agricultural products, chemical products, vehicles and other transport material, optical and precision instruments, computer accessories and parts, semi-conductors and related devices, oil products, base metals, food products, textile materials

Imports partners: Spain 32.9%, Germany 12.9%, France 7.4%, Italy 5.4%, Netherlands 5.1% (2015)

Currency: Euro (EUR)
São Bento Palace, Portuguese Assembly, Lisbon
São Bento Palace is home to the Portuguese Assembly, it is also a popular location for demonstrations held in Lisbon.
Image: © kk 

Political system
Portugal is a republic with a semi-presidential representative democracy. The Portuguese monarchy was abolished on 5 October 1910, Portugal's constitution forbids changes to its republican way of government.

Chief of state and commander in chief of the armed forces is the president, he is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system.
Head of government is the prime minister, he is appointed by the president.
Portugal has a multi-party system. Members of the Portuguese Assembly are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system.

Official Sites of Portugal

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Presidência da República Portuguesa
Official website of the Presidency of the Portuguese Republic.

Assembleia da República
The Portuguese Parliament.

Portal do Governo
The Portuguese Government Web Portal.

Portal do Cidadão
Portugal's E-Government and Citizen's Portal - a major Portuguese Government project regarding Information Society and Electronic Government strategies. (in Portuguese).

Ministério dos Negócios Estrangeiros
Ministry of Foreign Affairs Portugal (in Portuguese).

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of Portugal to the United Nations
Official site of Portugal's Permanent Mission to the United Nations.
Embassy of Portugal
Washington D.C.
Missions of Portugal abroad
Address list of Mission of Portugal around the world.
Foreign Missions in Portugal
Address list of Foreign Missions in Portugal.

royal  Casa Real Portuguesa
Official site of the Royal House of Portugal.

Instituto Nacional de Estatística Portugal
The National Institute of Statistics.

Instituto de Meteorologia Português
Portuguese Institute of Meteorology.


Map of Portugal
Political Map of Portugal.
Google Earth Google Earth Portugal
Searchable map/satellite view of Portugal.
Google Earth Google Earth Lisboa
Searchable map/satellite view of Lisboa.

Map of the Iberian Peninsula
Topographic Map of the Iberian Peninsula.
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.


Portugal News

Agencia de Noticias Lusa

Portuguese News Agency (in Portuguese).

Correio da Manhã
Online newspaper with national and international news (in Portuguese).
Diario de Noticias
Daily newspaper Lisbon (in Portuguese).
Jornal Expresso
Weekly news, Portugals important newspaper for political and national news (in Portuguese).
Jornal de Notícias
One of the largest newspaper of Portugal.
The Portugal News
Portugal's National Weekend Newspaper in English.
Portuguese newspaper (in Portuguese)
Portuguese magazine portal.

Operates two domestic channels and external services RTP Africa and RTP Internacional. SIC
Commercial, channels include cable news station SIC Noticias. TVI
Commercial TV. TV Cabo
Portugal's main pay-TV operator.

Operates three national networks with regional and external services.
Radio Comercial
National, commercial radio station.
National, commercial.
Radio Renascenca
Church-run radio.


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Arts & Culture

Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal
Portugal's National Library. (in Portuguese)

Centro Nacional de Cultura
Dedicated to the defence of Portugal's cultural heritage.

Contemporary Portuguese Culture
About Portuguese culture by Instituto Camões.

The sound of Portugal.

Museu de Cera de Fatima
30 scenes of the apparitions of Fatima at this Fatima Wax Museum.

Museu de Marinha
Portugal's maritime history in the Maritime Museum Lisbon.

Jogo do Pau
Stick combat martial art, stick fencing the Portuguese way.
Liga Portugal
Official website of Portugal's Premier League (soccer).
Door Painting Funchal, Madeira
Door Painting Funchal, Madeira
Image: © kk

Business & Economy

Portugal has become a diversified and increasingly service-based economy since joining the EU in 1986. Over the following two decades, successive governments privatized many state-controlled firms and liberalized key areas of the economy, including the financial and telecommunications sectors.
The economy contracted in 2009, and fell again from 2011 to 2013, as the government implemented spending cuts and tax increases to comply with conditions of an EU-IMF financial rescue package. Austerity measures also have contributed to record unemployment and a wave of emigration.

Banco de Portugal
Portugal's Central Bank.

Câmara de Comércio e Indústria Portuguesa
Portugal Chamber of Commerce and Industry.

aicep Portugal Global
AICEP, a government agency promoting Portugal's image internationally as a tourism destination and as a producer of high-quality goods and services.

TAP Air Portugal
Transportes Aéreos Portugueses - Portugal's National Airline.

Portela Airport Lisbon
Lisbon Airport (IATA: LIS)
Faro Airport
Portugal's second largest airport.

Caminhos de Ferro Portugueses
Portuguese Railways.

Portuguese pavement Mosaic
Portuguese pavement
Image: ©
View over Lisbon with Tagus river
View over Lisbonand Tagus river.
Image: kk

Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Destination Portugal - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Portugal: Algarve, Alentejo, Azores, Beiras, Faro, Lisbon, Madeira, Oporto,
Hotel, accommodation, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, nature, tours and much more.

Visit Portugal
Portugal's Official Tourism website.

Portugal InSite
Portugal's electronic travel and tourism magazine.

Information about Portugal, a comprehensive country and travel guide.

Portugal Info
Who what where and when in Portugal.
Portugal information.


Câmara Municipal de Lisboa
The Official Web Site of the City of Lisbon.
The official guide to Lisbon Portugal's capital.
The Municipality of Porto, Portugal's second largest city.

The official Azores tourism site.

Madeira Island
Madeira Island - Straight from Funchal, Madeira, Portugal.
Madeira Web
Madeira Island Information.
Madeira-Infos in German.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites In Portugal
World Heritage Site Cultural Landscape of Sintra
In the 19th century Sintra became the first center of European Romantic architecture. Ferdinand II turned a ruined monastery into a castle where this new sensitivity was displayed in the use of Gothic, Egyptian, Moorish and Renaissance elements.

World Heritage Site Historic Centre of Oporto
The city of Oporto, built along the hillsides overlooking the mouth of the Douro river, is an outstanding urban landscape with a 2,000-year history.
Lisbon with São Jorge Castle
Lisbon with São Jorge Castle in background.
Image: ©

Quinta da Regaleira, Sintra
Quinta da Regaleira, Sintra a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Image: ©


Universidade Catolica Portuguesa (UCP)
Universidade de Coimbra
Coimbra, founded: 1290.
Universidade de Lisboa
University of Lisbon.
Universidade Nova de Lisboa
Founded 1973.
Universidade do Porto
Founded 1911.
Faculty of Engineering at the University of Porto
The biggest faculty ever made in portugal (in Portuguese).

Universidade dos Açores
University of the Azores.

Environment & Nature

Instituto do Ambiente
Official website of Portuguese ministry for environment.
Instituto da Água
Water Institute, Lissabon (in Portuguese).
Instituto da Conservação da Natureza
Portuguese Institute for Nature Conservation, Lissabon (in Portuguese).
Liga para a Protecção da Natureza
League for the Protection of Nature, a Portuguese NGO, the oldest environmental association from the Iberian Peninsula.


Cronologia dos Reis de Portugal
Cronology of the Portuguese Kings (in Portuguese).

Timeline of Portuguese history
Extensive timeline of Portugal's history.
Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Sources and additional Information on Portugal

BBC Country Profile: Portugal

GlobalEDGE: Portugal

The Heritage Foundation: Portugal

Human Rights Watch: Portugal

OEC: Portugal

Reporters Without Borders: Portugal

EU member countries: Portugal

Wikipedia: Portugal

The World Factbook -- Portugal
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