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___ Republic of Macedonia

Bronze Age stilt houses on Lake Ohrid
Reconstruction of Bronze Age stilt houses on Lake Ohrid, near Peštani.
Image: Marcin Szala
Flag of Macedonia
Flag of Macedonia
Location map of Macedonia. Where in Europe is Macedonia?
Location map of Macedonia
Destination Macedonia, mountainous landlocked country on the Balkan Peninsula in southeastern Europe. It is bordered by Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Serbia and Kosovo. The country was formerly a Republic within Yugoslavia, it gained independence in 1991.

Due to an ongoing dispute with Greece about the use of the name of Macedonia (the bordering northern region of Greece is also known as Macedonia), the country is now known as the 'Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia' or short FYROM or Republic of Macedonia. The small nation covers only a part of the larger historical and geographical area known as Macedonia. Its culture and lifestyle has Ottoman and European influences.

Macedonia covers an area of 25,713 km², compared it is about two-third the size of Switzerland, or slightly larger than the U.S. state of Vermont. Macedonia is situated in a mountainous part of the Balkans, it is bisected from north west to south east by the Vardar River (also known as Axios river), the major river in the country and its longest. Highest point with 2,764 m is Golem Korab (Maja e Korabit; Mount Korab) a mountain situated on the border with Albania, it is the highest peak in both countries.

The Republic of Macedonia has a population of just over 2 million people (2014), largest city and the national capital is Skopje (Скопје). Official language is Macedonian, in writing the language uses an adaptation of the Cyrillic alphabet.

Republic of Macedonia | Republika Makedonija

Country Profile

The Republic of Macedonia, formerly a part of Yugoslavia from which it declared independence in 1991, is situated in the central part of the Balkan Peninsula (Southeastern Europe). The country is characterized by large and high mountain massifs giving way to extensive, flat valleys and plains.

International recognition of The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia's (FYROM) independence from Yugoslavia was delayed by Greece's objection to the new state's use of what it considered a Hellenic name and symbol.
Greece finally lifted its trade blockade in 1995, and the two countries agreed to normalize relations, despite continued disagreement over FYROM's use of "Macedonia." FYROM's large Albanian minority and the de facto independence of neighboring Kosovo continue to be sources of ethnic tension.


Official Name:
Republika Makedonija
Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (abbrev.; FYROM)
or Republic of Macedonia

ISO Country Code: mk, mkd

Local Time = UTC +1h (in summer +2h)
Actual Time: Tue-Jan-25  08:08

Country Calling Code: +389

Capital City: Skopje (pop. 500 000)

Other Cities: Bitola, Gostivar, Kumanovo, Struga, Tetovo.

Type: Parliamentary democracy.
Constitution: Adopted 17 November 1991;
Last Amended 6 January 1992.
Independence: 8 September 1991 (from Yugoslavia).

Location: a landlocked country in the southern region of the Balkan Peninsula, north of Greece.
Area: 25,713 km² (9,927 sq. mi.)
Geography: Situated, Macedonia is landlocked and mountainous.
Terain: The country is mountainous, bisected by the Vardar River.

Climate: Three overlaping climatic area types--Mediterranean; moderately continental; and mountainous, with hot, dry summers and cold, snowy winters.

Nationality: Macedonien
Population: 2 million (2014)
Ethnic groups (2002): Macedonian 64.18%, Albanian 25.17%, Turkish 3.85%, Roma 2.66%, Serb 1.78%.
Religions: Eastern Orthodox 65%, Muslim 29%, Catholic 4% and others 2%.
Languages: Macedonian 70%, Albanian 21%, Turkish 3%, Serbo-Croatian 3%, and others 3%.
Literacy: 94%

Natural resources: Low-grade iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, manganese, nickel, tungsten, gold, silver, asbestos, gypsum, timber, arable land.

Agriculture products: Grapes, wine, tobacco, vegetables; milk, eggs.

Industries: Food processing, beverages, textiles, chemicals, steel, cement, energy, pharmaceuticals.

Exports - commodities:
foodstuffs, beverages, tobacco; textiles, miscellaneous manufactures, iron, steel; automotive parts

Exports - partners: Germany 33.2%, Kosovo 11.5%, Bulgaria 5.1%, Greece 4.5% (2015)

Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, automobiles, chemicals, fuels, food products

Imports - partners:
Germany 15.9%, UK 13.6%, Greece 10.9%, Serbia 8.7%, Bulgaria 6.7%, Turkey 5.5%, Italy 4.7% (2015)

Currency: Macedonian Denar (MKD)


Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Macedonia

Government of the Republic of Macedonia
Official website of the Government of Macedonia.

The Macedonian President
President of Republic of Macedonia - Branko Crvenkovski.

Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia
Site of the national assembly of the Republic of Macedonia.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs
The official website of the ministry describes the work and function.

Diplomatic Missions
Embassy of the Republic of Macedonia
Ottawa, Canada.
Diplomatic and Consular Representations of Macedonia
Address list of Macedonia's Diplomatic Missions Abroad.
Diplomatic mission and Consular Offices to Macedonia
Address list of Diplomatic Missions accredited to Macedonia.

State Statistical Office
Macedonia in figures.


Map of Republic of Macedonia
Political Map of Republic of Macedonia.
Administrative Map of Republic of Macedonia
Map showing Republic of Macedonia and the surrounding countries with international borders, provincial boundaries, the national capital Skopje, municipalities, major cities, main roads, railroads and major airports.
Maps of Macedonia
Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection of Macedonian maps.
Google Earth Google Earth Macedonia
Searchable map and satellite view of Macedonia.
Google Earth Google Earth Skopje
Searchable map and satellite view of Skopje, Macedonia's capital.

Map of the Mediterranean
Political Map of the Mediterranean.
Map of the Balkan Peninsula
Political Map of the Balkans.
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.

Archeological Museum of Macedonia in Skopje
Archeological Museum of Macedonia in Skopje at night.
Image: Marcin Szala


Media freedom has declined throughout the region, but the erosion of the rule of law has been most visible in Macedonia, a candidate for EU membership. There were many reports of threats, violence, harassment, and intimidation of journalists during political demonstrations in 2016, but of those responsible, few were charged. (RSF)

News Agencies
Macedonian Information Agency - MIA
Macedonian news agency - official news and information.
Macedonian news agency.

Daily News in Macedonian
Nova Makedonija
State subsidized national and regional daily news.
National news (in Macedonian)

Private Dailys
A daily newspaper.
Utrinski Vesnik
Daily news.
Macedonian daily newspaper.

English Language News
New Balkan Politics
Journal of Politics - a political magazine.

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Lake Ohrid
Lake Ohrid - Image: Vladimir Menkov

Arts & Culture

The Macedonian Cultural & Information Centre (MCIC)
Promoting Macedonian culture and art.

Skopje Museum of Contemporary Art
Official website of the museum.

Soros Center for Contemporary Arts (SCCA)
The contemporary art center.
Early Byzantine mosaic floor, Heraclea
Early Byzantine (6th century) mosaic floor in the Great Basilica, in Heraclea Lyncestis, an ancient Greek city in Macedon.
Image: Carole Raddato

Business & Economy

National Bank of the Republic of Macedonia
Responsible for the stability of the national currency Denar.

Economic Chamber of Macedonia

Yellow Pages
Macedonian business directory


Skopje and Ohrid International Airports
Official website of the Public Enterprise for Airport Services Macedonia.
St John Caneo church above Ohrid Lake, Macedonia
St John Caneo church above Ohrid Lake
Mount Korab, Macedonia
Mount Korab, the highest mountain in Macedonia and Albania.
Image: Don macedone

Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Destination Macedonia - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover the Republic of Macedonia: accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, and much more.

The Republic of Macedonia's official National Tourism Portal, presents travel information, culture and adventure tourism.

The City of Skopje.
Skopje city guide.

World Heritage Sites in the Republic of Macedonia:
World Heritage Site Natural and Cultural Heritage of the Ohrid region
Ohrid, a town on the shores of Lake Ohrid, is one of the oldest human settlements in Europe.


The Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts

National and University Library "St. Kliment Ohridski"

University of Sts. Cyrilus and Methodius at Skopje

University of St. Clement of Ohrid at Bitola

Environment & Nature

Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning
Official website of the ministry.



State Archives of the Republic of Macedonia
Official website of the archive.

History of Macedonia
2500 years of continued documented history of Macedonia and the Macedonian Nation.

History of Macedonia
Historical Review of Macedonia (from the Greek point of view), history of Thessaloniki, the Origin of the Macedonians.

History of the Republic of Macedonia
Wikipedia article about the Macedonian history.



Open Directory Project: Macedonia

Sources and additional Information about Macedonia

BBC Country Profile: Macedonia

Amnesty International: Macedonia

The Heritage Foundation: Macedonia

GlobalEDGE: Macedonia

Human Rights Watch: Macedonia

OEC: Macedonia

Reporters Without Borders: Macedonia

Wikipedia: Macedonia

The World Factbook -- Macedonia
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