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Flag of Qatar
The country is situated on a peninsula that extends from the Arabian Peninsula approximately 160 km (99 mi) north into the Persian (Arab) Gulf, it is bordered by Saudi Arabia. Qatar shares maritime borders with Bahrain, Iran, and the United Arab Emirates.
The country covers an area of 11,586 km² (4,473 sq mi) making Qatar about 1.25 times larger than Cyprus, or also somewhat larger than Puerto Rico.
The emirate has a population of 2.6 million inhabitants (end 2016), but Qatari nationals represent only a minority. Capital and largest city is Doha (Ad Dawhah, pop 800,000). Spoken language is Arabic (official).
State of Qatar | Dawlat Qatar
Ruled by the Al Thani family since the mid-1800s, Qatar transformed itself from a poor British protectorate noted mainly for pearling into an independent state with significant oil and natural gas revenues.
During the late 1980s and early 1990s, the Qatari economy was crippled by a continuous siphoning off of petroleum revenues by the amir who had ruled the country since 1972. He was overthrown by his son, the current Amir HAMAD bin Khalifa Al Thani, in a bloodless coup in 1995.
In 2001, Qatar resolved its longstanding border disputes with both Bahrain and Saudi Arabia.
Oil and natural gas revenues enable Qatar to have a per capita income not far below the leading industrial countries of Western Europe.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)
Other Gulf States: Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates
Qatar is a member state of the League of Arab States
short form: Qatar
int'l long form: State of Qatar
note: closest approximation of the native pronunciation falls between cutter and gutter, but not like guitar.
ISO Country Code: qa, QAT
Actual Time: Tue-Jan-25 10:05
Local Time = UTC +3h
Country Calling Code: +974
Capital City: Doha (Ad Dawhah)
Umm Said, Al-Khor, Dukhan, Ruwais
Type: Constitutional Emirate
Independence: 3 September 1971
Constitution: 1970 Basic Law, revised 1972; currently under complete review.
Location: Middle East, Gulf Region, peninsula bordering the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia
Area: 11,586 km² (4,473 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Mostly desert, flat, barren.
Climate: Hot and dry, some humidity in summer.
Population: 2.6 million (2012, Official population clock)
GNI per capita PPP: $ 29 607 (year)
Ethnic groups: Arab 40%, Pakistani 18%, Indian 18%, Iranian 10%, other 14%
Religion: Islam (state religion, claimed by virtually all of the indigenous population)
Languages: Arabic (official); English (widely spoken)
Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas, fish.
Agriculture products: Fruits, vegetables; poultry, dairy products, beef; fish.
Industries: Crude oil production and refining, petrochemicals, fertilizers.
Exports - commodities: liquefied natural gas (LNG), petroleum products, fertilizers, steel
Exports - partners: Japan 25.4%, India 14.6%, China 8.4%, UAE 6.8%, Singapore 5.6%, UK 5.5%, Thailand 4.2% (2015)
Imports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment, food, chemicals
Imports - partners: China 11.9%, USA 11.3%, UAE 9%, Germany 7.7%, Japan 6.7%, UK 5.9%, Italy 4.6%, Saudi Arabia 4.4% (2015)
Currency: Qatari Rial (QAR)
Qatar in Figures
Qatar key statistical data.
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of QatarQatar is an absolute Islamic monarchy. The Emir is simultaneously the head of state and the head of the executive and the legislative power, also the government is solely responsible to him. State religion is Islam. According to Qatar's constitution Sharia law is the main source of Qatari legislation.
Amiri Diwan - State of Qatar
Official site of the Emir of Qatar (under construction).
The Amiri Diwan is the seat of Qatar’s government. The government complex consists of the offices of the Emir, the Crown Prince, the Prime Minister, and several buildings for the Council of Ministers. The complex is the ceremonial and administrative center of Qatar.
Emir of the State of Qatar (page about the ruling Emir)
Qatar's government portal (Hukoomi) with services to citizens and visitors.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the State of Qatar.
Permanent Mission of Qatar to the UN
Qatar's representation to the United Nations.
Embassy of Qatar in Washington DC
The Qatar Embassy in the US.
Foreign Diplomatic Missions to Qatar and Qatar's Missions Abroad
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs provides addresses of the Diplomatic Missions.
Map of Qatar
Political Map of Qatar.
Google Earth Qatar
Searchable map/satellite view of Qatar.
Google Earth Doha
Searchable map/satellite view of Qatar's capital city.
Map of Northern Africa and the Middle East
Political Map of of North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula and the Middle East.
Map of Western Asia
Map of Western Asia and the Middle East region.
Image: Steven Byles
Qatar based Arab channel television.
Qatar News (in Arabic)
Daily News (in Arabic)
Daily English language newspaper published from Dubai, covers news from the Gulf region.
National and international news.
Qatar News Agency (QNA)
The state-run Qatar News Agency (QNA) was established on 25 May 1975 by Emiri Decree.
Qatar in international news:
Amnesty International Annual Report 2013 Qatar
Amnesty International report placing the spotlight on Qatar’s construction sector ahead of the World Cup.
Revealed: Qatar's World Cup 'slaves'.
Union criticises Qatar for labour abuses.
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Arts & Culture
Ministry of Culture, Arts and Heritage
Portal of the ministry responsible for administering Qatar's cultural policies and programs.
Katara Cultural Village
The Cultural Village Foundation is Qatar's project for multi-cultural activities. Katara hosts international, regional and local festivals, workshops, performances and exhibitions.
Qatar Photographic Society
Galleries, Slide Show and Publications.
Doha Hamad International Airport, transit zone.
Image: kk nationsonline.org
Business & Economy
Qatar Central Bank
Qatar National Bank
Commercial Bank of Qatar
Qatar Chamber of Commerce and Industry
Qatar Petroleum is responsible for all oil and gas industry processes in Qatar and abroad, established in 1974.
Qatar Petroleum Company
Qatar Yellow Page
Yellow Pages and telephone directory.
The national carrier of the Arabian Gulf State of Qatar.
Doha International Airport
Official website with information about schedules, facilities, and services.
Image: Peter Dowley
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Destination Qatar - Travel and Tour Guides
Discover Qatar: Doha, Almaha Sanctuary, Al Jassasiya, Khor Al Udaid Beach, Al Bida Park, Palm Tree Island, Sealine Beach Resort, Al-Gharriyya Resort.
Accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, tours and much more.
Experience Qatar, the official Qatar country travel and tourism site.
Some Information on Qatar's tourist attractions.
Qatar Hotels & Clubs
Qatar's hotels, resorts, and recreation and beach clubs.
Qatar National Hotels
Accommodation information by QNHC Qatar National Hotels Compagny.
Guide to Qatar by Qatar Airways.
Portal site with information on Qatar and Doha.
© Embassy of Qatar
Ministry of Education and Higher Education
Official website of the ministry, the highest official authority on all educational affairs in the State of Qatar.
The international British school in Doha, the not-for-profit organization is sponsored by the British Embassy.
University of Qatar
Official web site of the University of Qatar, the only government university in the country was founded in 1977.
Environment & Nature
Ministry of Municipality and Environment
The former Supreme Council for the Environment & Natural Reserves (SCENR) is now part of the ministry. Official website with information about the ministry and Qatar's environmental agenda.
Friends Of The Environment Center
Official website of Friends Of The Environment, most information is in Arabic.
Environment in Qatar
Qatar Foundation rubric about the country's environment.
Article about Qatar's history by Welcome Qatar magazine.
History of Qatar
Wikipedia entry on Qatar's history.
House of Thani
Wikipedia article about the family ruling Qatar since the eighteenth century.
© Embassy of Qatar
Sources and additional Information on Qatar
Amnesty International: Qatar
BBC Country Profile: Qatar
The Heritage Foundation: Qatar
Human Rights Watch: Qatar
Reporters Without Borders: Qatar
The World Factbook -- Qatar
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