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Black River Gorges National Park, Mauritius
Black River Gorges National Park in the hilly south-western part of Mauritius. The park protects most of the island's remaining rainforest.
Image: CEphoto, Uwe Aranas
Mauritius Flag
Flag of Mauritius
Location map of Mauritius. Where in Africa is Mauritius
Location map of Mauritius
Destination Mauritius, an archipelago in Southern Africa in the Indian Ocean, about 900 km (560 mi) east of Madagascar and 200 km (120 mi) north east of Réunion. The island nation includes the main island of Mauritius, the island Rodrigues, 600 km (373 mi) further east, the two outer islands of Agaléga, 1065 km (660 mi) to the north, and the archipelago of Cargados Carajos Shoals (Saint Brandon), 430 km to the northeast.

Mauritius, Rodrigues, and nearby Réunion (170 km (110 mi) southwest) form part of the Mascarene Islands. The combined area of 2,040 km² of the country is about one fifth smaller than Luxembourg or about half the size of the US state of Rhode Island.

The archipelago has a population of 1,234,000 (in 2017), capital and largest city is Port Louis.


Republic of Mauritius | République de Maurice (French) | Republik Moris (Mauritian creole)

Country Profile

Discovered by the Portuguese in 1505, Mauritius was subsequently held by the Dutch, French, and British before independence was attained in 1968.
Since independence in 1968, Mauritius has developed from a low-income, agriculturally based economy to a middle-income diversified economy with growing industrial, financial, and tourist sectors. The country has attracted more than 32,000 offshore entities, many aimed at commerce in India, South Africa, and China, and it has earned one of Africa's highest per capita incomes. Mauritius has a stable democracy with regular free elections and a positive human rights record.

Official Name:
Republic of Mauritius
République de Maurice
short form: Mauritius

ISO Country Code: mu, mus

Local Time = UTC +4h
Actual Time: Mon-Aug-19  13:26

Country Calling Code: +230

Capital City: Port Louis (pop. 148 000)

Other Cities: Beau Bassin and Rose Hill (105 000), Vacoas-Phoenix (100 000), Curepipe (80 000), Quatre Bornes (80 000).

Type: Republic.
Independence: 12 March 1968 ( from UK, Mauritius became a republic in 1992).
Constitution: 12 March 1968.

Location: East South Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, 500 miles east of Madagascar.
Area: 2,040 km² (770 sq. mi.)
Dependencies: Rodrigues Island, the Agalega Islands and Cargados Carajos Shoals; Mauritius also claims sovereignty over the Chagos Archipelago, part of the British Indian Ocean Territory, where the U.S. Naval Support Facility at Diego Garcia is located.
Terrain: A volcanic island with a central plateau rimmed by mountains, the island is surrounded by coral reefs.

Climate: Tropical; cyclone season mid-December-April.

Nationality: Mauritian(s).
Population: 1.26 million (2017)
Ethnic groups: Indo-Mauritians 68%, Creoles 27%, Sino-Mauritians 3%, Franco-Mauritians 2%.
Religions: Hindu 48%, Christian 32%, Muslim.
Languages: French, English (official), Creole (common), Hindi, Urdu, Hakka, Bhojpuri.
Literacy: 85-90%

Natural resources: Arable land, fish.

Agriculture products: Sugar, sugar derivatives, tea, tobacco, vegetables, fruits, flowers and fishing.

Industries: Labor-intensive goods for export, including textiles and clothing, watches and clocks, jewelry, optical goods, toys and games, and cut flowers; tourism.

Exports - commodities: clothing and textiles, sugar, cut flowers, molasses, fish, primates (for research)

Exports - partners: UK 13.2%, UAE 12.4%, France 11.9%, USA 10.7%, South Africa 8.6%, Madagascar 6.5%, Italy 5.4%, Spain 4.4% (2015)

Imports - commodities: manufactured goods, capital equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals

Imports - partners: India 18.7%, China 17.8%, France 7.1%, South Africa 6.5%, Vietnam 4.4% (2015)

Currency: Mauritian Rupee (MUR)

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Official Sites of Mauritius

The Government of Mauritius
Webportal of the Government of Mauritius, provides information and links of the government.

Office of the President
Official website of Mauritius' State House.

Mauritius National Assembly
The site provides information about the Mauritius National Assembly.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs
The Mauritius Ministry of Foreign Affairs, International Trade and Regional Cooperation.

Diplomatic Missions
Embassy of the Republic of Mauritius
Washington D.C.
Mauritius Embassies in Foreign Countries
Address list of Mauritius Diplomatic Missions abroad.
Foreign Embassies in Mauritius
Address list of Foreign Embassies accredited in Mauritius.

Transparency Mauritius
Combating corruption in Mauritius.

The Central Statistical Office/Mauritius
Mauritius in Figures.

Mauritius Meteorological Services
Mauritius Weather.


Map of Mauritius
Political Map of Mauritius.
Google Earth Google Earth Mauritius
Searchable map and satellite view of Mauritius.
Google Earth Google Earth Port Louis
Searchable map and satellite view of Mauritius's capital city.

Political Map of Africa
The 54 countries of Africa.
Map of Africa
A Relief Map of Africa.

Evening view of Port Louis, capital city of Mauritius
Evening view of Port Louis, capital city of Mauritius.
Image: Peter Kuchar


National news (in French)

Le Mauricien
National news (in French)

Mauritius News
UK-based Monthly Newspaper.

Mauritius Broadcasting Corporation (MBC)
The public broadcasting station of the Republic of Mauritius.

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Arts & Culture

Mauritius Culture
Article about the culture of Mauritius by BBC.

Music from Mauritius: Séga, Seggae et Ragga (Streaming).

The Sega
Image gallery of Sega dancer, the Sega is both the national dance and musical form of Mauritius.
Sega Dancer
Sega Dancer ©

Business & Economy

Bank of Mauritius
The Central Bank of Mauritius.

Mauritius Chamber of Commerce and Industry - MCCI
Official website of Mauritius Chamber of Commerce and Industry.

Mauritius Online Business Directory
Mauritius Business Directory.

Yellow Pages Mauritius
Mauritius Yellow Pages.


Air Mauritius
The flag carrier of Mauritius.

Mauritius Freeport
The Mauritius Freeport Authority.

  Mauritius market

Port Louis
Capital City Port Louis
Le Morne Brabant Peninsula, Mauritius
Aerial View of Le Morne Brabant, the peninsula at the south-western tip of Mauritius.
Le Morne Cultural Landscape official website is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Image: Sofitel So Mauritius

Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Destination Mauritius - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Mauritius and Rodrigues, Agalega, and St. Brandon. Ganga Talao lake (crater lake), Île aux Cerfs (leisure island), Black River Gorges National Park (Great park. Good for hiking.), Pamplemousses Botanical Garden (18th-century botanical gardens)

Mauritius Tourism Promotion Authority
Official travel and tourism site for Mauritius, with information about accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, and much more.

Mauritius Info
Info on Mauritius.

Mauritius Island On-line
US-based Mauritius Portal.

A Week in Mauritius
A Photo Gallery and Travelogue by Andy Carvin.

Mauritius in Images
An island album.



University of Mauritius
University of Mauritius is the national university and the oldest and largest university in the country, founded in 1965. The university's main campus is located at Réduit, Moka.


Environment & Nature

Mauritian Wildlife Foundation
The Mauritian Wildlife Foundation is committed to the conservation of Mauritian fauna and flora.



Brief History of Mauritius
Brief overview of the History of Mauritius.

Explore Mauritius: History
History of Mauritius article by Mauritius government.

History of Mauritius
Mauritius History article by Wikipedia.
Pieter Both, Mauritius
Pieter Both ©

Mauritius interactive portal providing business and tourist information.

Sources and additional Information on Mauritius

Africa South of Sahara: Mauritius

BBC Country Profile: Mauritius

GlobalEDGE: Mauritius

The Heritage Foundation: Mauritius

OEC: Mauritius

Reporters Without Borders: Mauritius

Wikipedia - Mauritius

The World Factbook -- Mauritius
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