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___ Oman (عمان)

Gravel desert landscape near Nizwa in al-Dakhiliyah region of Oman
Gravel desert landscape near Nizwa in al-Dakhiliyah region of Oman.
Image: Ondřej Žváček
National Flag of Oman
Flag of Oman
Location map of Oman. Where in the world is Oman?
Location map of Oman

Destination Oman, a sultanate in the Middle East on the south eastern edge of the Arabian Peninsula, bordering the Arabian Sea, the Gulf of Oman, and the Persian Gulf. It is bordered by Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen, and it shares maritime borders with Iran and Pakistan.

The oldest independent state in the Arab world was a sultanate known as Muscat and Oman until 1970, the country was the most influential power in the region during the 19th century, it controlled Zanzibar and other territories. Since the late 19th century, it has had strong links with Britain.

Oman covers an area of 309,500 km², making it slightly smaller than Poland, or about twice the size of the US state of Georgia.

The country offers a variety of nice topographic features, there are valleys between rugged mountain ranges in north and south, and large stretches of a vast plain of gravel desert laced by wadis with large pools of water in its center. Oman's main cities line up neatly along the coast.

Today the country has a population of of 4.5 million people (in 2017), of whom 55% (2.5 million) are Omanis. Capital and largest city of Oman is Muscat (pop. over 600 000). Spoken language is Arabic (official). The majority of Oman's population is (Sunni) Muslim.

Sultanate of Oman | Saltanat Uman

Country Profile

Oman lies at the eastern corner of the Arabian peninsula. The Emirates of Sharjah and Fujairah (UAE) separate the main part of Oman from the northernmost part of the state, a peninsula (Musandam) extending into the Strait of Hormuz.

Historically Omanis were seafarers and traders who dominated regional commodity trading in the Indian Ocean, East Africa and the Arabian Gulf. There were thus a succession of migrations which saw the growth of settlements along some parts of the East African coast.

In 1970, QABOOS bin Said Al Said ousted his father and has ruled as sultan ever since. His extensive modernization program has opened the country to the outside world and has preserved a long-standing political and military relationship with the United Kingdom.

Oman's moderate, independent foreign policy has sought to maintain good relations with all Middle Eastern countries.
(Source: Ministry of Information, Sultanate of Oman and CIA World Factbook)

Oman is a member state of the League of Arab States

Other Gulf States: Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar

Related countries: Portugal, United Kingdom

Official Name:
Saltanat Uman
short form: Arabic: عمان ʻUmān
int'l long form: Sultanate of Oman
int'l short form: Oman
former: Muscat and Oman

ISO Country Code: om, OMN

Actual Time: Sun-Dec-16  10:43
Local Time = UTC +4h

Country Calling Code: +968

Capital City: Muscat (pop. over 400 000)

Other Cities:
Dhofar, Salalah, Nizwa, Sohar, Sur.

Type: Monarchy
Independence: 1650 (expulsion of the Portuguese)
Constitution: On 6 November 1996, Sultan Qaboos issued a royal decree promulgating the Basic Law which, clarifies the royal succession, provides for a prime minister, bars ministers from holding interests in companies doing business with the government, establishes a bicameral legislature, and guarantees basic civil liberties for Omani citizens.
Political parties: None

Location: Middle East, Southeast Arabian Peninsula, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, and Persian Gulf, between Yemen and UAE.
Area: 309,500 km² (119,498 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Central desert plain, rugged mountains in north and south.

Climate: Hot, humid along the coast; hot, dry in the interior; summer monsoon in far south.

Nationality: Noun--Oman. Adjective--Omani
Population: 4,5 million (2017)
GNI per capita PPP: $ 16 300 (year)
Ethnic groups: Arab, Baluchi, East African (Zanzabari), South Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi)
Religions: Ibadhi Muslim 75%; Sunni Muslim, Shia Muslim, Hindu, Christian.
Languages: Arabic (official), English, Baluchi, Urdu, Swahili, Hindi and Indian dialects.
Literacy: approx. 80% (total population)

Natural resources: Petroleum, copper, asbestos, some marble, limestone, chromium, gypsum, natural gas.

Agriculture products: Dates, limes, bananas, alfalfa, vegetables; camels, cattle; fish.

Industries: Crude oil production and refining, natural gas production, construction, cement, copper.

Exports - commodities: petroleum, reexports, fish, metals, textiles

Exports - partners: China 35.4%, UAE 15.3%, South Korea 6.8%, Saudi Arabia 5.8%, Pakistan 4.2% (2015)

Imports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, livestock, lubricants

Imports - partners: UAE 29.7%, Japan 10.2%, USA 7.5%, China 6.7%, India 6.3% (2015)

Currency: Rial Omani (OMR)

(Source: Oman Ministry of Information and others)

Oman in Figures
Oman key statistical data.

Omani Royal Palace Qasr al-Alam in Muscat
The Royal Palace Qasr al-Alam in Muscat.
Image: Edgar El

Political system
The government system of Oman is a Sultanate, an Arab monarchy. Chief of state and head of government is the sultan, he serves also as the Prime Minister, the head of the defence and the finance ministries, and is the chairman of the central bank. Judges are nominated by the Supreme Judicial Council and appointed by the sultan.

Official Sites of Oman

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

State Council - Sultanate of Oman
Site of the Oman state council.

Ministry of Information
Portal site and official source of information on the Sultanate of Oman.

Ministry of National Heritage & Culture
Official site of the ministry for National Heritage & Culture.

Ministry of Commerce and Industry
Official site of the ministry of Commerce and Industry.

Diplomatic Missions
Cultural Office of the Embassy of Oman in Washington DC
Site provides Student Information, University Listings and other information about Education in Oman.
Embassy of The Sultanate of Oman
Oman's embassy London, UK.

Ministry of National Economy
National Statistical Office of Oman.

Oman in Figures
Oman key statistical data.

Oman Meteorological Department
Oman weather conditions and forecasts.


Map of Oman
Political Map of Oman.
Google Earth Google Earth: Oman
Searchable map/satellite view of Oman.
Google Earth Google Earth: Muscat
Searchable map/satellite view of Oman.

profile Map of Western Asia
Map of Western Asia and the Middle East region.
Map of Northern Africa and the Middle East
Political Map of of North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula and the Middle East.
profile Map of Asia
Reference Map of Asia.


According to Reporters Without Borders, censorship is ubiquitous in this country ruled by Sultan Qabus Ibn Said Al Said for the past 45 years. Freedom House states that the country's ruling on media is one of the most restrictive press and publications laws in the Arab world, ensures that the media remains censored and subdued.

Omani News

Local News (Arabic)
Oman Arabic Daily
Oman News (in Arabic)
Oman News Agency (ONA)
Updated daily news in English and Arabic.
Oman Observer
Oman's largest circulated English Newspaper.
Times of Oman
National and Middle East news.

Ministry of Information, Sultanate of Oman sites for TV and Radio
Site for TV, Radio and Radio FM in Arabic and English of Sultanate of Oman.

Bookmark/share this page

Arts & Culture

Museums in Oman
Information about the Oman Museum, National Museum, Omani - French Museum and some other Omani museums.

Traditional handicraft Oman
Ship building, pottery, jewellery and other traditional Omani crafts.

Nasser Mizdawi
Blog of Nasser Mizdawi an Omani businessman who urges Oman as well as other Arab countries to broaden ties to the Western world.

Omani Dance Group
Traditional Dance Group
© MOI Oman

Business & Economy

Central Bank of Oman

National Bank of Oman

Muscat Securities Market
Oman's stock exchange.

Oman Chamber of Commerce and Industry

Knowledge Oasis Muscat
Site related to business in Oman.

Oman Air
The Omani Airline.
Wadi in Oman © MOF Oman
Muttrah Corniche in Muscat at dusk
Muttrah Corniche in Muscat at dusk.
Image: Andrew Moore

Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Destination Oman - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Oman: Muscat, Buraimi, Dhofar, Ibra, Khasab, Musandam, Nizwa, Salalah, Sohar, Sur, al-Hajar, Jabal al-Akhdar.
Info about accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, hiking, climbing, diving, tours and much more.

Welcome to Oman
Comprehensive Oman travel and visitors information by the Ministry of Tourism.

??Welcome to Oman (magazine)
With country information by the Directorate General of Tourism.
Arabia Felix
Comprehensive information about Yemen and Oman (German and English)
Explore Oman
A UK based guide to the Sultanat of Oman.

City Guides
The City of Muscat.
Dhofar Municipality.
Nizwa Net
A guide to Oman and the oasis city of Nizwa.

Camels and boats, Almouj beach, Muscat in Oman
Camels and boats at Almouj beach at the Extreme Sailing Series in Muscat, Oman.
Image: Land Rover MENA

Omani woman in desert
Omani woman in desert.
Image: Poco y Mucho

Muscat, Oman
Image: Francisco Anzola

Prince Charles saber dancing in Oman.
Image: © Arab News


Dhofar University
Official website of Dhofar University.
Nizwa University
Official website of University Of Nizwa.
Sohar University
Information about the first private university in the Sultanate of Oman.
Sultan Qaboos University - SQU
The first university in Oman, Muscat.
Oman Studies Centre
Documentation and Research on Oman and the Arabian Gulf.
Wadi Bani Khalid in the Sharqiyah region of Oman
Wadi Bani Khalid in the Sharqiyah region of Oman.
Image: Richard Bartz

Environment & Nature

Ministry of Regional Municipalities, Environment and Water Resources
The Sultanate is striving for the enhancement of protection of the environment and conservation of its natural resources through control of development projects and preservation of biodiversity and many protection projects such as mangrove cultivation project, wild trees growing project, gazelle tagging project, coastal management projects, preparation of Oman's national conservation strategy and restrictions to visit nature reserves and protection of the environment in general.

Environment Society of Oman
Official website of the Society for the education and the raise of awareness of environmental issues, site provides information about Oman's environment issues and projects.

Oman Environment
Nizwa.NET provides a collection of informative articles about the ecology of the country.
Omani River
Omani river landscape


The History of Oman
Brief history of Oman.

History of Oman
Wikipedia: History of Oman.

WWW-VL History Index - Oman History
Index of various resources related to Oman's history.
Old Fort in Oman
Old Fort
© MOF Oman


Sources and additional Information on Oman

Amnesty International: Oman

BBC Country Profile: Oman

FAO: Oman

Freedom House: Oman

GlobalEDGE: Oman

The Heritage Foundation: Oman

Human Rights Watch: Oman

OEC: Oman

Reporters Without Borders: Oman

Wikipedia: Oman

The World Factbook -- Oman
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