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___ Georgia

Gudauri panorama in the Caucasus Mountain Range
Gudauri, a popular ski resort on the south-facing plateau of the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range in Georgia.
Image: Paata Liparteliani

___ Georgia

Where in the world is Georgia?
Location map of Georgia

Flag of Georgia
Flag of Georgia
Destination Georgia, the south Caucasian country bordering the Black Sea in west. The country is located at the crossroads between Western Asia and Eastern Europe. It shares borders with Armenia, Azerbaijan, Russia, and Turkey.

Georgia has a total area of 69,700 km², compared it is about the size of Ireland (Republic of), or slightly smaller than South Carolina, or slightly larger than West Virginia.

Georgia has a population of 3.7 million inhabitants. Capital and largest city is Tbilisi.
Spoken languages are Georgian (official), Russian, and Armenian.


Georgia | Sak'art'velo

Country Profile


Georgia was absorbed into the Russian Empire in the 19th century. Independent for three years (1918-1921) following the Russian revolution, it was forcibly incorporated into the USSR until the Soviet Union dissolved in 1991. Russian troops remain garrisoned at four military bases and as peacekeepers in the separatist regions of Abkhazia and South Ossetia (but are scheduled to withdraw from two of the bases by July 2001).
Ethnic separation in Abkhazia and South Ossetia, poor governance, and Russian military bases deny the government effective control over the entirety of the state's internationally recognized territory.
Despite a badly degraded transportation network - brought on by ethnic conflict, criminal activities, and fuel shortages - the country continues to move toward a market economy and greater integration with Western institutions.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)


Official Name:
int'l name: Georgia
former: Republic of Georgia
former: Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic.

ISO Country Code: ge
Actual Time: Fri-Apr-19  20:29
Local Time = UTC +3h
Daylight Saving Time (DST) March - October (UTC +4)

Country Calling Code: +995

Capital City: Tbilisi (pop 1 253 000)

Other Cities:
Batumi (Ajaria 137 100), Gori (70 000), Kutaisi (241 100), Rustavi (158 000), Sokhumi (Abkhazia)

Type: Republic.
Independence: 9 April, 1991, the Supreme Council of the Republic of Georgia declared independence from the U.S.S.R.
Constitution: 17 October, 1995.

Location: Southwestern Asia, South Caucasus, bordering the Black Sea, between Turkey and Russia.
Area: 69,700 km² (26,911 sq. mi.). 20% of the total territory is not under Georgian government control.
Terrain: Mostly rugged and mountainous.

Climate: Generally moderate; Mediterranean-like on Black Sea coast with cold winters in the mountains.

Nationality: Noun and adjective--Georgian(s).
Population: 3,7 million (2015. Does not include Abkhazia or South Ossetia.)
Ethnic groups: Georgian 70.1%, Armenian 8.1%, Russian 6.3%, Azeri 5.7%, Ossetian 3%, Abkhaz 1.8%, other 5%. (1989 est.)
Religion: Main religion is Greek Orthodoxy (65%), other confessional groups include Shiite and Sunni Muslims (11%), Armenian Gregorians, Catholics, Baptists, Judaists.
Language: Georgian (official), Abkhaz also official language in Abkhazia.
Literacy: 99%.

Natural resources: Forests, hydropower, nonferrous metals, manganese, iron ore, copper, citrus fruits, tea, wine.

Agriculture products: Citrus, grapes, tea, hazelnuts, vegetables; livestock.

Industries: Steel, aircraft, machine tools, electrical appliances, mining (manganese and copper), chemicals, wood products, wine.

Currency: Lari (GEL) put into circulation in 1995.

Exports - commodities: vehicles, ferro-alloys, fertilizers, nuts, scrap metal, gold, copper ores

Exports - partners: Azerbaijan 10.9%, Bulgaria 9.7%, Turkey 8.4%, Armenia 8.2%, Russia 7.4%, China 5.7%, US 4.7%, Uzbekistan 4.4% (2015)

Imports - commodities: fuels, vehicles, machinery and parts, grain and other foods, pharmaceuticals

Imports - partners: Turkey 17.2%, Russia 8.1%, China 7.6%, Azerbaijan 7%, Ireland 5.9%, Ukraine 5.9%, Germany 5.6% (2015)

Georgia in Figures
Georgia key statistical data.

Presidential Palace in Tbilisi
The Presidential Palace in Tbilisi.
Image: Levan Gokadze

Political system
Georgia is a unitary semi-presidential republic, with a government elected through a representative democracy. The political system remains in the process of transition, with frequent adjustments to the balance of power between the President and Parliament.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Georgia

Government of Georgia
Online access to Georgia government.

The Parliament of Georgia
A Guide to the Parliament of Georgia.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia is a governmental institution carrying out the state management and the coordination of foreign relations of Georgia with foreign states and international organizations.

Diplomatic Missions
The Permanent Mission of Georgia to the United Nations
Georgia's representation to the UN.
Embassy of Georgia to the U.S.
Washington D.C.


Map of Georgia
Political Map of Georgia.

Google Earth Google Earth Georgia
Searchable map and satellite view of Georgia.
Google Earth Google Earth Tbilisi
Searchable map and satellite view of Georgia's capital city.

profile Caucasus and Central Asia Map
Map of Central Asia and the Caucasus region.
profile Map of Western Asia
Map of Western Asia and the Middle East region.
profile Map of Asia
Reference Map of Asia. 


The Georgian Times
A daily newspaper. (in Georgian)

Prime News Agency
Independent news gathering organization. (in Georgian)

Georgian Journal
Georgia related news. is the first and so far the only Georgian resource covering only Georgian media issues.

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Arts & Culture
Georgian Art Portal.

Introducing Georgian culture to the world
Article about art, theatre and dance of Adjara.

Georgia Art League
Forms and trends of modern Georgian Art.

Georgia About
Georgia About undertakes research and promotion of Georgian culture, cuisine, tourism and heritage.

Tbilisi Opera and Ballet Theatre
Official website of the Opera theatre.

Sukhishvili - Georgian National Ballet
The Georgian National Ballet was the first professional state dance company in Georgia, founded in 1945.

Georgian Fonts

Fonts in Cyberspace - Georgia
Links to free Georgian computer fonts.

Business & Economy

National Bank of Georgia
Georgia's Central Bank.

Georgian Stock Exchange
Georgian Stock Exchange (GSE) is the only functioning organized securities market in Georgia.

Enterprise Georgia
Enterprise Georgia is promoting entrepreneurial culture in the country.


Georgian Airways
Georgian Airways is the privately owned flag carrier of Georgia, based in Tbilisi, its main base is Tbilisi International Airport.

Tbilisi International Airport
Main international airport in Georgia located north east of the capital Tbilisi.
Seaside of the city of Batumi
Batumi seaside. The port city is a Black Sea resort and the capital of the Georgian republic of Adjara.
Image: Greg McMullen

Country Guides

Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Official Georgian tourism website.

About Georgia
A guide to Georgia with Basic Data, History, Geography, and Traditions.

Tbilisi Historic District
World Monuments Fund page about the Historic District of Tbilisi.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Georgia

World Heritage Site Gelati Monastery
The Monastery of Gelati was founded in 1106. It is one of the largest medieval Orthodox monasteries and a masterpiece of the Golden Age of medieval Georgia.

World Heritage Site Historical Monuments of Mtskheta
The historic churches of Mtskheta, the former capital of Georgia. The Historical Monuments are an example of the high artistic and cultural level attained by this ancient kingdom.

World Heritage Site Upper Svaneti
The Upper Svaneti region of the Caucasus is an exceptional example of mountain scenery with medieval-type villages and tower-houses.



Georgian Technical University
The largest technical university of Georgia is located in Tbilisi.

Tbilisi State University
Tbilisi State University is a public research university, it was the first University in the Caucasus, founded in 1918.

Environment & Nature

Caucasus Environmental NGO Network - CENN
CENN through its various projects acted as a voluntary effort to foster regional cooperation by means of improved communication among environmental organizations of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia (and partly Russia and Turkey).

Greens Movement of Georgia/frinds of the Earth
GMG/FoE-G is an organization aiming to protect the environment, human and ethno-cultural surroundings according to the principles of sustainable development.

Biological Farming Association - ELKANA
Elkana is a union of farmers aimed at the improvement of the socio-economic conditions of the Georgian population and the environmental protection.

Society for Nature Conservation - SABUKO
SABUKO is a Society for Nature Conservation and Birdlife Partner in Georgia.



History of Georgia
Wikipedia articles about the History of Georgia, from Prehistoric period until Modern history.

History of the Abkhazia Conflict
Abkhazia Conflict
Background information about the Caucasus region conflict.

The Republic of Abkhazia
The separatist regions of Abkhazia.

Abkhazia History 
Various articles about Abkhazia's history.


Additional Information on Georgia

Country profiles and more

Amnesty International: Georgia

BBC Country Profile: Georgia

globalEDGE: Georgia profile

The Heritage Foundation: Georgia

Human Development Reports (HDR): Georgia

Human Rights Watch: Georgia

OEC: Georgia

Reporters sans frontières: Georgia

Wikipedia: Georgia

The World Factbook -- Georgia
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Other countries in the Caucasus and Central Asia:
Armenia | Azerbaijan | Kazakhstan | Kyrgyzstan | Tajikistan | Turkmenistan | Uzbekistan