Continents Asia Uzbekistan
Image: Ekrem Canli
Central Asia south and southeast of the Aral Sea, bordered by Kazakhstan in west and north east, by Turkmenistan in south west, it has a short border with Afghanistan in south (145 km), Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan in east.
Flag of Uzbekistan
The country occupies an area of 447,400 km², Uzbekistan is about the size of Sweden, or slightly larger than the U.S. state of California. The landscape of Uzbekistan is dry with mostly flat-to-rolling sandy desert, inclusive sand dunes. Only about 10% of the country's area is intensively cultivated with irrigated land in river valleys and oases.
Uzbekistan has a population of 31 million people (in 2015). Capital and largest city is Tashkent (Тошкент). Spoken languages are Uzbek and Russian.
Uzbekistan - Ozbekiston
Russia conquered Uzbekistan in the late 19th century. Stiff resistance to the Red Army after World War I was eventually suppressed and a socialist republic set up in 1925.
During the Soviet era, intensive production of "white gold" (cotton) and grain led to overuse of agrochemicals and the depletion of water supplies, which have left the land poisoned and the Aral Sea and certain rivers half dry.
Independent since 1991, the country seeks to gradually lessen its dependence on agriculture while developing its mineral and petroleum reserves.
Current concerns include insurgency by Islamic militants based in Tajikistan and Afghanistan, a non-convertible currency, and the curtailment of human rights and democratization.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)
short form: Ozbekiston
int'l long form: Republic of Uzbekistan
int'l short form: Uzbekistan
former: Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic
ISO Country Code: uz, uzb
Country Calling Code: +998
Capital City: Tashkent (pop. 2.5 million)
Other Cities: Samarkand (500 000); Bukhara (350 000); Khiva, Shahrisabz, Kokand, Termez.
Type: Republic; authoritarian presidential rule, with little power outside the executive branch.
Independence: 1 September 1991 (from the USSR).
Constitution: 8 December 1992.
Location: Central Asia, landlocked country north of Afghanistan.
Area: 447 400 sq. km., (172 742 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Mostly plains, intensely irrigated river valleys along Amu Darya and Syr Darya; shrinking Aral Sea; In the east and northeast of the country are situated spurs of Tien-Shan and the Pamirs.
Highest point: Adelunga Toghi 4 301 m.
Climate: Desert-continental; long, hot summers, mild winters; semiarid grassland in east.
Nationality: Uzbek, Uzbekistani.
Population : 31 million (2015)
Ethnic groups: Uzbek 80%, Russian 5.5%, Tajik 5%, Kazakh 3%, Karakalpak 2.5%, Tatar 1.5%, other 2.5%.
Religions: Muslim 88% (Sunni), Eastern Orthodox 9%, other 3%.
Languages: Uzbek (Turkic tongue) 74%, Russian 14%, Tajik 4.5%, other 7%.
Natural resources: Gold, uranium, copper, natural gas, tungsten, potassium salts, phosphorus and kaolin.
Agriculture products: Cotton, fourth-largest producer worldwide; vegetables, fruits, grain, livestock.
Industries: Textiles, food processing, machine building, metallurgy, natural gas.
Exports - commodities: energy products, cotton, gold, mineral fertilizers, ferrous and nonferrous metals, textiles, foodstuffs, machinery, automobiles.
Exports - partners: Switzerland 25.8%, China 17.6%, Kazakhstan 14.2%, Turkey 9.9%, Russia 8.4%, Bangladesh 6.9% (2015)
Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, ferrous and nonferrous metals.
Imports - partners: China 20.8%, Russia 20.8%, South Korea 12%, Kazakhstan 10.8%, Turkey 4.6%, Germany 4.4% (2015)
Currency: Uzbek Soum (UZS)
Uzbekistan in Figures
Uzbekistan key statistical data.
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of UzbekistanGovernment of Uzbekistan
Portal of the State Authority of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Official website of the ministry.
Consulate General of the Republic of Uzbekistan
Web site of the Consulate General of the Republic of Uzbekistan in New York.
Embassy of Uzbekistan in the US
Uzbekistan's Diplomatic Missions abroad.
Address list of Uzbek Diplomatic Missions.
Map of Uzbekistan
Political Map of Uzbekistan.
Administrative Map of Uzbekistan
Map of Uzbekistan's Administrative Divisions.
Google Earth Uzbekistan
Searchable map and satellite view of Uzbekistan.
Google Earth Tashkent
Searchable map and satellite view of Uzbekistan's capital city.
Google Earth Samarkand
Searchable map and satellite view of Uzbekistan's second-largest city.
Caucasus and Central Asia Map
Reference map of Central Asia and the Caucasus region.
Map of Asia
Reference Map of Asia.
Image: Khusen Rustamov
Uzbekistan's National News Agency
Information Agency "Jahon" of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Daily news (in Russian).
Daily news (in Russian).
The Uzbekistan Report
News Analysis, Business.
International news sources
Daily national and international news.
National Television and Radio Company
Local Uzbek radio station.
Tashkent radio station.
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Arts & Culture
Art and Craft of Uzbekistan
Site about Uzbekistan's art and artistic handicrafts.
Site of a talented Uzbek painter.
Art gallery “Human wear” a designer-led company from Uzbekistan.
Silk Road Dance Company
Uzbek dance company with traditional and fusion dances from the Middle East and Central Asia.
Business & Economy
The Central Bank of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
Uzbek National Bank
National Bank for Foreign Economic Activity of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
Newly established agency of the Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations.
A Business Information Portal.
Tashkent based airline, flights within the CIS, plus destinations in Europe, Middle East, the US and Asia.
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Destination Uzbekistan - Travel and Tour GuidesDiscover Uzbekistan:
Tashkent, Samarkand, Shakhrisabz, Bukhara, Khiva, Fergana Valley, the Great Silk Road.
Find accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, tours and much more by following the links below.
Official website for tourism in Uzbekistan.
Site with comprehensive information about Uzbekistan.
Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan
Ferghana State University
Educational institution of Ferghana region.
National University of Uzbekistan
Official web site of the university (in Uzbek)
Samarkand State University
Official web site of Samarkand State University.
Tashkent Islamic University
Founded in 1999.
University of World Economy and Diplomacy
Educational institution of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs .
List of Uzbek Universities
Address list of Uzbek Universities.
Environment & Nature
Environment - current issues:
Shrinkage of the Aral Sea is resulting in growing concentrations of chemical pesticides and natural salts; these substances are then blown from the increasingly exposed lake bed and contribute to desertification.
Water pollution from industrial wastes and the heavy use of fertilizers and pesticides is the cause of many human health disorders.
Increasing soil salination; soil contamination from buried nuclear processing and agricultural chemicals, including DDT.
Central Asia-Caucasus Institute Analyst
The Institute provides information about environmental issues and civil society groups in Uzbekistan.
Official web site of the United Nations Development Programme Country Office in Uzbekistan.
HistoryHistory of Uzbekistan
Wikipedia entry about the History of Uzbekistan.
Uzbekistan Internet Directory.
Open Directory: Uzbekistan
Sources and additional Information about UzbekistanBBC Country Profile: Uzbekistan
The Heritage Foundation: Uzbekistan
Human Rights Watch: Uzbekistan
The World Factbook -- Uzbekistan
Other Countries in South-Central Asia:
Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
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