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About Italy

Italy is a country in south eastern Europe located on the Apennine Peninsula, which is jutting into the central Mediterranean Sea. Its distinct shape, resembling a kicking boot, makes it easy to recognize it on maps or even from space.

In north where the peninsula is connected to mainland Europe, Italy meets the Alps, the great mountain range system—therein Switzerland and Austria. In northwest Italy is bordered by France, and in northeast by Slovenia. It is bordered by the Adriatic Sea in east, the Sea of Sicily in south and the Ionian Sea in southeast, the Ligurian Sea and the Tyrrhenian Sea in west, all those seas are part of the Mediterranean Sea.
Additionally to the peninsula, two of the largest Mediterranean islands belong to the country: Sardinia in west and Sicily in south.

Inside the Italian peninsula there are two other small political entities, the independent states of the Republic of San Marino, an enclave on the eastern side of the Apennine Mountains near the Adriatic coast, and Vatican City, an enclave within the city of Rome and home to the Pope.

With an area of 301,318 km² (116,340 sq. mi.), Italy is four-fifth, or 80% the size of Japan or slightly larger than the U.S. state of Arizona.

Italy shares maritime borders with: Albania, Algeria, Croatia, Greece, Libya, Malta, Montenegro, Spain, and Tunisia.

Italy has a population of more than 60 million people (in 2016), capital city is Rome (Italian: Roma). Major cities are Florence, Milan, Naples, and Venice. Spoken language is Italian.

Map is showing Italy and the surrounding countries with international borders, the national capital Rome, administrative capitals, major cities, main roads, railroads, and the location of the Mont Blanc (Monte Bianco) with 4,810.45 m highest point in Europe, and Gran Paradiso mountain with 4,061 m highest point entirely in Italy. In Southern Italy the location of the volcanoes Mount Etna 3,329 m (on Sicily), Stromboli 926 m (north east of Sicily), and Vesuvius 1,281 m (east of the city of Naples).

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Detailed Map of Italy
Political Map of Italy (Italian Republic)

Italy's main geographical features

A coastline of 7,600 km, makes it a really long beach.

The Alps, the world-famous mountain range in north is partly also situated in Italy. There are located the country's highest mountains, the Mont Blanc (Monte Bianco) with 4,810.45 m (15,782 ft), unfortunately the mountain is sitting on the French-Italian border, leading to discussions if or if not this is Italy's highest mountain, anyway, it is the highest mountain in the Alps and even in Europe. But, Gran Paradiso mountain with 4,061 m (13,323 ft) just 800 m smaller, lies entirely in Italy. Also part of the Italian Alps are the Dolomite Mountains. The limestone mountain range in northern Italy is made predominantly of Dolomite rocks(!) and is since 2009 a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The Po Valley. The Po river is Italy's almost only serious river with a length of more than 650 km, its principal direction is from west to east, its mouth is at the Adriatic Sea.
The vast, fertile plain along the Po river in Northern Italy is confined by the foothills of the Alps in west and north, and the Apennines in south. The plain opens to the Adriatic coast in east. The Po Basin is more or less Italy's only real big plain, today it comprises also the main industrial area of the country.

The Apennine Mountains or Apennines is a mountain range consisting of parallel smaller chains extending from northwest to southeast about 1,200 km (750 mi) along the length of peninsular Italy, they join up in north with the Maritime Alps, the southwestern part of the Alps.

Volcanism in Italy
All of Italy but particularly Southern Italy is a volcanically active region, in the south of the country are the only active volcanoes in mainland Europe. The most famous are, Mount Etna, on the east coast of Sicily, close to the city of Messina, and 116 km to the north, Stromboli, a volcano that actually created the small island in the Tyrrhenian Sea off the coast of Sicily, it is one of the eight Aeolian Islands. Mount Etna and Stromboli are active volcanoes, the third, Mount Vesuvius, very close to Naples has last erupted in 1944. The nearby Phlegraean Fields, west of Naples, known as Campi Flegrei to the locals, are a 13 km (8.1 mi) wide caldera, a large collapsed volcano cone, partly underwater, the area comprises 24 new craters one of it is Solfatara, a dormant volcano that still emits jets of steam with sulfurous fumes (fumaroles).

Lakes in Italy
The most prominent lakes in Italy are all in Northern Italy, south of the Alps: Lake Garda, near Verona is Italy's largest, Lago Maggiore, the "Great Lake" is only second, it even lies partly in Switzerland, they are all scenic attractions but the nicest one is Lake Como (Italian: Lago di Como) at the city of Como, with an area of 146 km², it is the third largest lake in Italy.
Cities and towns in Italy:

The map shows the location of following Italian cities and towns:

Largest cities:
Largest city and capital is Rome (Italian: Roma; called the eternal city; pop: 3 million),
Milan (Italian: Milano; pop: 790 000), Naples (Italian: Naples; pop: 1 million), Turin (Italian: Torino; pop: 910,000), Palermo (pop: 650,000), Genoa (Italian: Genova; pop: 144 000), Bologna (pop: 380,000), Florence (Italian: Firenze; pop: 370,000), Bari (pop: 320,000), Catania (pop: 294,000), Venice (Italian: Venezia; pop: 270,000), Verona (pop: 264,000)

Other cities and towns on the Italian peninsula:
Alessandria, Amalfi, Ancona, Andria, Aosta, Arezzo, Ascoli, Assisi, Avellino, Bergamo, Bolzano/Bozen, Brescia, Brindisi, Campobasso, Carrara, Caserta, Catanzaro, Civitavecchia, Como, Cosenza, Crotone, Ferrara, Foggia, Forli, Grosseto, L'Aquila, La Spezia, Latina, Lecce, Livorno (Leghorn), Manfredonia, Matera, Modena, Montepulciano, Monza, Novara, Otranto, Padua, Parma, Perugia, Pesaro, Pescara, Piacenza, Piceno, Pisa, Potenza, Prato, Ravenna, Reggio di Calabria, Reggio Emilia, Rimini, Salerno, San Gimignano, Sanremo, Savona, Siena (Sienna), Taranto, Terni, Tivoli, Torre del Greco, Trento/Trient, Treviso, Trieste, Udine, Urbino, Verona, Vicenza, and Viterbo.

Cities and towns on Sardinia:
Cagliari, Olbia, Oristano, Porto Torres, Sassari, and Siniscola.

Cities and towns on Sicily:
Agrigento, Catania, Enna, Gela, Messina, Palermo, Syracuse (Siracusa), Taormina, and Trapani.
More about Italy:

The Colosseum
Leaning Tower of Pisa
Saint Peter Basilica, Vatican City
Mount Vesuvius, Pompeii and Herculaneum

Italian Cities:
Information about and a searchable map/satellite view of:

Searchable map/satellite view of Italy
Political map of Italy
Italy Country Profile

San Marino:
Searchable map/satellite view of San Marino
San Marino country profile

Vatican City:
Searchable map and satellite view of Vatican City State
Map of Vatican City State
Vatican City Profile

Map of the Mediterranean Region
Map of Central and Eastern Europe
Map of Europe
Capital Cities of Europe
Countries of Europe
Languages of Europe
Flags of Europe

Rome Current Weather Conditions

Related Consumer Information:

Maps of other Countries in Southern Europe
Albania Map, Croatia Map, Cyprus Map, Greece Map, Macedonia Map, Vatican City State Map
Montenegro Map, Portugal Map, Serbia Map, Slovenia Map, Spain Map, Turkey Map

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