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Sunset over Zambezi River, Zambia
Zambezi River is one of two major rivers in Zambia the other is the Congo. The Zambezi rises in north-western Zambia, Africa's fourth-longest river empties into the Indian Ocean.
Image: Joachim Huber

Zambia's Flag
Flag of Zambia
Location map of Zambia. Where in Africa is Zambia?
Location map of Zambia
A virtual guide to Zambia, officially the Republic of Zambia, a landlocked country in central south Africa, separated from Zimbabwe by the Zambezi River. Zambia is also bordered by Angola, Botswana, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, and Tanzania.

With an area of 752,618 km², the country is slightly larger than twice the size of Germany or slightly larger than Texas.

Zambia has a population of 15.9 million people. Capital and largest city is Lusaka. Spoken languages are English and several Bantu languages, major dialects are Bemba (ChiBemba) 33%, Nyanja (Cinyanja) 15%, Tonga (Chitonga) 11% and Lozi 5.5%.

Republic of Zambia

Country Profile

The territory of Northern Rhodesia was administered by the South Africa Company from 1891 until takeover by the UK in 1923. During the 1920s and 1930s, advances in mining spurred development and immigration. The name was changed to Zambia upon independence in 1964.
In the 1980s and 1990s, declining copper prices and a prolonged drought hurt the economy. Elections in 1991 brought an end to one-party rule, but the subsequent vote in 1996 saw blatant harassment of opposition parties.

(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

border countries: Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Malawi
Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania, Zimbabwe

related countries: South Africa, United Kingdom

Official Name:
Republic of Zambia
short form: Zambia
former: Northern Rhodesia

ISO Country Code: zm, zmb

Country Calling Code: +260

Capital City: Lusaka (pop. approx. 1 million)

Other Cities: Kitwe, Ndola, Livingstone, Kabwe.

Type: Republic.
Independence: 24 October 1964 (from UK).
Constitution: 1991 (amended in 1996 to establish presidential term limits).

Location: Southern Africa, landlocked country east of Angola.
Area: 752,618 sq. km. (290,585 sq. mi.).
Terrain: Varies; mostly high plateau savanna with some hills and mountains.

Climate: Generally dry and temperate, tropical; modified by altitude; rainy season (Oct. to April).

Nationality: Zambian(s).
Population: 13 million (2010 census).
Ethnic groups: More than 70 ethnic groups. Main tribes are the Lozi, the Bemba, the Ngoni, the Tonga, the Luda, the Luvale and the Kaonde.
Religions: Christian, indigenous beliefs, Muslim, Hindu.
Languages: English (official), about 70 local languages and dialects, including Bemba, Lozi, Kaonde, Lunda, Luvale, Tonga, and Nyanja.
Literacy: women: 60.6%; men: 81.6%

Natural resources: Copper, cobalt, zinc, lead, coal, emeralds, gold, silver, uranium, hydropower.

Agriculture products: Corn, sorghum, rice, peanuts, sunflower seed, vegetables, flowers, tobacco, cotton, sugarcane, cassava (tapioca), coffee; cattle, goats, pigs, poultry, milk, eggs, hides

Industries: Copper mining and processing, construction, foodstuffs, beverages, chemicals, textiles, fertilizer, horticulture.

Exports - commodities: copper/cobalt, cobalt, electricity; tobacco, flowers, cotton

Exports partners: China 25.5%, Democratic Republic of the Congo 13%, South Africa 6.4%, South Korea 4.9%, India 4.3% (2015)

Imports - commodities: machinery, transportation equipment, petroleum products, electricity, fertilizer, foodstuffs, clothing

Imports partners: South Africa 34.5%, Democratic Republic of the Congo 18.2%, Kenya 9.7%, China 7.3%, India 4.4% (2015)

Currency: Zambian Kwacha (ZMK)

(Source: Embassy of the Republic of Zambia and others.)


Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Zambia

The Republic of Zambia
Zambias Government online.

National Assembly of Zambia
The Zambian Parliament.

Ministry of Information and Broadcasting Services (MIBS)

Diplomatic Missions
Permanent Mission of Zambia to the UN
Mission of Zambia to the United Nations.
Embassy of the Republic of Zambia in the US
Washington, DC.
Zambia High Commissioner

List of Zambia Missions Worldwide
Address list of Zambian Missions abroad.

Central Statistical Office of Zambia
Zambia in figures.


Map of Zambia
Political Map of Zambia.
Administrative Map of Zambia
Map of Zambia with administrative divisions.
Google Earth Google Earth Zambia
Searchable satellite view of Zambia.
Google Earth Google Earth Lusaka
Searchable satellite view of Zambia's capital city.
Google Earth Google Earth Victoria Falls
Satellite view of Victoria Falls.

Political Map of Africa
The 54 countries of Africa.
Map of Africa
A Relief Map of Africa.

kids in boat, Mongu, Western Zambia
Kids in boat, Mongu, Western Zambia
Image: Felix Clay


Times of Zambia
Zambia News.
Zambia Daily Mail
Without Fear Or Favour.

Lusaka Voice
Zambian online news agency with daily local and international news.

International News Sources - Zambia
With news from Zambia.
Mail & Guardian
Leading newspaper from South Africa, covers all Africa with current information.

Zambia National Broadcasting Corporation
Provides local news and live radio streams.

Bookmark/share this page

Arts & Culture

Ngoni Dancing Group
Folklore Dancing Group.

Zambian Culture
About Zambian lifestyle.

The Zambian
Zambia related articles.
Dancing Group

Business & Economy

Bank of Zambia
The central bank of Zambia.

Development Bank of Zambia
Official website of the bank.

Lusaka Stock Exchange
The principal stock exchange of Zambia.

The Best of Zambia
Find suppliers for whatever you need in Zambia.

Zambia Export Grower's Association (ZEGA)
Non profit association to promote the interests of Zambian growers wishing to export fresh horticulture produce.


Zambian Airways (schließung 2009)
Located in Lusaka, serves local and regional routes.
 Upper Zambezi
Upper Zambezi © ZNTB
Victoria Falls, Zambezi River
Victoria Falls, or Mosi-oa-Tunya, is a world-famous waterfall in southern Africa on the Zambezi River at the border of Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Image: Someone35

Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Destination Zambia - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Zambia: Lusaka, Zambezi River, Victoria Falls, Kafue Flats, Lake Bangweulu, Lake Kariba and Kariba Dam, Lake Mweru Wantipa and part of lake Tanganyika, The Livingstone Museum in Livingstone.
Information on accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, tours and much more by following the links below.

Zambia National Tourist Board
Zambia travel guide.

Spirit of the Land
Photographer Stephen Robinson shows the landscapes of Zambia in panoramic format.

The Zambian
US based Zambian community portal.

Visit Zambia
A travel and tourism site with comprehensive country information.

Elephants Zambia
Elephants at the river.


The University of Zambia
Official website of the university located in Lusaka.

Environment & Nature

Air pollution and resulting acid rain in the mineral extraction and refining region; chemical runoff into watersheds.
Lack of adequate water treatment presents human health risks.
Poaching seriously threatens rhinoceros, elephant, antelope, and large cat populations.
Deforestation with soil erosion and desertification.

Zambezi River Authority (of Zambia and Zimbabwe)
The function of the authority is to manage and develop the water resources of the common Zambezi River and the Kariba Dam Complex.

Chipembele Wildlife Education Centre
The Centre is a learning facility for Zambian children. It focuses its programmes on wildlife, the environment and conservation issues.
Conservation Lower Zambezi CLZ
Providing a safe refuge for elephants and other wildlife of the Lower Zambezi National Park in Zambia.
Kasanka Trust
Website of the charity working to conserve and develop Kasanka National Park.
Zambezi Society
Conservation group devoted solely to looking after the Zambezi.
Zambian Ornithological Society
Society for the protection of Zambia’s bird life.


History of Zambia
Page of the Zambia National Tourist Board about Zambia's history.
History of Zambia
Wikipedia entry about Zambia's history.



Open Directory Project: Zambia

Sources and additional Information about Zambia

Africa South of Sahara (Karen Fung) Zambia

African Studies Zambia

BBC Country Profile: Zambia

Amnesty International: Zambia

FAO: Zambia

GlobalEDGE: Zambia

The Heritage Foundation: Zambia

Human Rights Watch: Zambia

OEC: Zambia

Reporters Without Borders: Zambia

Wikipedia: Zambia

The World Factbook -- Zambia

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Other Countries of Eastern Africa
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Réunion, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe