One World
Nations Online

Trinidad and Tobago Flag detail
Home Earth Continents The Americas Trinidad and Tobago

___ Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad's east coast at the Atlantic Ocean
Trinidad's east coast at the Atlantic Ocean.
Image: Kalamazadkhan

Trinidad and Tobago Flag
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago
Location map of Trinidad Tongo. Where in the world is Trinidad and Tobago?
Location map of Trinidad and Tobago
Destination Trinidad and Tobago, a virtual guide to the twin island republic separated by the Columbus Channel from Venezuela.

Discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1498, Trinidad was settled by Spanish in 1577 and Tobago was settled by the English in 1616.

The two islands were joined politically as a British colony in 1888. From 1958 to 1962 they were part of the short-lived West Indies Federation, together with Barbados and Jamaica and other former colonies of the United Kingdom. Trinidad and Tobago became a sovereign state in 1962.

With an area of 5,130 km², the island nation is about twice the size of Luxembourg or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Delaware. Trinidad's landscape offers mostly plains with some hills and low mountains in north, within the Aripo Massif is the nations highest point, El Cerro del Aripo at 940 m. Tobago island is of volcanic origin and primarily hilly.

Trinidad and Tobago has a population of 1.3 million people. Capital is Port of Spain, largest city San Fernando. Spoken languages are Trinidadian English and English Creole.


Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

Country Profile

The islands came under British control in the 19th century; independence was granted in 1962.

The country is one of the most prosperous in the Caribbean thanks largely to petroleum and natural gas production and processing.
Tourism, mostly in Tobago, is targeted for expansion and is growing.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)


Official Name:
Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
short form: Trinidad and Tobago

ISO Country Code: tt

Time Zone: EST (Eastern Standard Time)
Local Time = UTC -4h
Actual Time: Sun-Feb-25  03:12

Country Calling Code: +1 868

Capital City: Port of Spain (metropolitan pop. 300 000)

Other Cities: San Fernando, Arima, Chaguanas (Trinidad); Scarborough (Tobago).

Type: Parliamentary Democracy.
Independence: 31 August 1962 (from UK).
Present constitution: 31 August 1976.

Location: Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela.
Area: 5,130 km² (1,980 sq. mi.).
Terrain: Plains and low mountains.

Climate: Tropical; rainy season (June through December).

Nationality: Trinidadian(s) and Tobagonian(s).
Population: 1.3 million (2015)
Ethnic groups: African 40%, East Indian 40%, mixed 14%, European 1%, Chinese 1%.
Religions: Christians 60%, Hindu 24%, Muslim 6%, other 10%.
Languages: English.
Literacy: 98%

Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas.

Agriculture products: Cocoa, sugarcane, rice, citrus, coffee, vegetables; poultry.

Industries: Petroleum, chemicals, tourism, food processing, cement, beverage, cotton textiles.

Exports - commodities: petroleum and petroleum products, liquefied natural gas, methanol, ammonia, urea, steel products, beverages, cereal and cereal products, cocoa, fish, preserved fruits, , cosmetics, household cleaners, plastic packaging

Exports partners: US 26.3%, Argentina 12%, Brazil 6.6%, Chile 5.3%, Dominican Republic 5.2%, Barbados 5% (2015)

Imports - commodities: mineral fuels, lubricants, machinery, transportation equipment, manufactured goods, food, chemicals, live animals

Imports partners: US 35.6%, China 6.8%, Gabon 6.6% (2015)

Currency: Trinidad and Tobago Dollar (TTD)

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad & Tobago
The Offical Government Site.

Trinidad & Tobago Parliament
Parliament of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago.

Trinidad and Tobago's Prime Minister
Official site of the Prime Minister's office.

Ministry of Foreign and CARICOM Affairs
Official website of the Ministry of Foreign and CARICOM Affairs.

Diplomatic Missions
Trinidad & Tobago High Commission - Ottawa, Canada
Trinidad and Tobago Missions in The United States
T&T Mission in the U.S.
Immigration Division T&T Entry Requirements
Entry Requirements for T&T.


Map of Trinidad and Tobago
Political map of Trinidad and Tobago.
Map of Trinidad
Map of the island of Trinidad.
Map of Tobago
Map of the island of Tobago.
Google Earth Google Earth Trinidad and Tobago
Searchable map and satellite view of Trinidad and Tobago.
Google Earth Google Earth Port of Spain
Searchable map and satellite view of Trinidad and Tobago's capital city.

Map of Central America and the Caribbean
Reference Map of Central America and the Caribbean. 

Red House in Port of Spain
The Red House in Port of Spain is the seat of Parliament in the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago.
Image: David Stanley


News magazine.

Trinidad and Tobago Express
News from Trinidad and Tobago.

Trinidad Guardian
Hompage of the Trinidad newspaper.

With news from Caribbean Communications Network (CCN).
State-owned TV station run by Caribbean New Media Group.

Bookmark/share this page

Arts & Culture

Amon Hotep - The Order of the Self
About social and spiritual development - Trinidad & Tobago.

Trinidad & Tobago News & Views.
Trinidad and Tobago Carnival and Cultural Center.
The Cultural Center of Trinidad and Tobago online.

Pan Trinbago
Official website of World Governing Body for Pan dedicated to the promotion and development of the steelpan and pannists worldwide.

When Steel Talks
Steel Pan in Trinidad and around the world.
Trinidad Steelband
Trinidad Steelband

Business & Economy

Trinidad and Tobago is the leading Caribbean producer of oil and gas, and has earned a reputation as an excellent investment site for international businesses. Tourism is a growing sector. The economy benefits from low inflation and a growing trade surplus.

Central Bank of Trinidad and Tobago
Official site of the Central Bank.
Trinidad & Tobago Stock Exchange
T&T's Stock Exchange.

Investing in Trinidad and Tobago
Information on Investing by the Tourism and Industrial Development Company of Trinidad and Tobago Ltd. (TIDCO).

Trinidad and Tobago Chamber of Industry and Commerce
Official site of the chamber.

Who's Who In Trinidad and Tobago Business
Business directory of industries, businesses and leading business personalities in T&T.

Caribbean Airlines
BWIA West Indian Airways known as "Bee-wee", was the national airline based in Trinidad and Tobago, it became Caribbean Airlines in 2006, the state-owned airline of Trinidad and Tobago. The airline connects many Caribbean islands with North America, South America, the United Kingdom and Europe.

The Airports Authority of Trinidad and Tobago

The Port of Port-of-Spain
The Port Authority of Trinidad and Tobago.
Tobago Island
Trinidad Carnival
Exuberant celabration of carnival in Port of Spain, Trinidad.

Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Destination Trinidad and Tobago - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Trinidad and Tobago: San Fernando, Arima, Chaguanas, Scarborough, Arnos Vale, Les Coteaux, Providence, Pitch Lake, El Cerro del Aripo.
Accommodation, hotels, attractions, carnival, panorama, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, hiking, cruising, diving, windsurfing, sport fishing, tours and much more.

Visit Trinidad and Tobago
The Official Website of Trinidad and Tobago Tourism with general information about the islands.

Official Website of Tobago Tourism.

Trinidad and Tobago Tourism Development Company Limited (TDC)

Discover Trinidad & Tobago
Comprehensive guide to the Carribbian islands of Trinidad & Tobago.

Blog about Trinidad and Tobago.

Hotels, Restaurants
Trinidad Hotels, Restaurants & Tourism Association
Accommodation, hotels, restaurants and more travel related information.

Certified Tour Operators
Trinidad & Tobago Sightseeing Tours
Port-of-Spain, Trinidad.
Yes Tourism
Crown Point, Tobago.

Port-of-Spain City Corporation.

Trinidad and Tobago Carnival
Carnival Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad and Tobago
Tobago Beach


National Library Information System
Trinidad and Tobago Library services.
University of the West Indies
St. Augustine Trinidad.

Environment T&T

Rainforest, Wetlands and Mangrove, Tropical Wildlife, Coral Reefs.

Government Institutions
Institute of Marine Affairs
Institute for fundamental and applied research in marine affairs to ensure the sustainable use of the natural resources of Trinidad and Tobago.
Environmental Management Authority (EMA)
Official website of the Authority with information about its function.

Non Governmental
Environment Tobago
Tobago´s first conservation organisation.
Trinidad and Tobago Field Naturalists' Club
TTFNC is a society for study of natural history, conservation of nature and natural resources.


Trinidad and Tobago History
The history of Trinidad and Tobago page at Wikipedia.
indigenous peoples 

Indigenous Peoples

Santa Rosa Carib Community of Arima, Trinidad
The Official Community Website.
Amerindians of Trinidad and Tobago
Carib People of Trinidad and the Antilles.
The First Nations of Trinidad & Tobago

The Santa Rosa Carib Community of Arima, Trinidad.

Sources and additional Information on Trinidad and Tobago

BBC Country Profile: Trinidad and Tobago

GlobalEDGE: Trinidad and Tobago

The Heritage Foundation: Trinidad and Tobago

Human Rights Watch: Trinidad and Tobago

OEC: Trinidad and Tobago

Trinidad and Tobago - LANIC
Latin American Network Information Center about T&T.

Open Directory Project: Trinidad and Tobago

Wikipedia: Trinidad and Tobago

The World Factbook -- Trinidad and Tobago
 Support UNICEF

Other Countries and Territories in the Caribbean
Anguilla | Antigua and Barbuda | Aruba | Bahamas | Barbados | British Virgin Islands | Cuba | Dominica
Dominican Republic | Grenada | Guadeloupe | Haiti | Jamaica | Martinique | Montserrat | Netherlands Antilles
Puerto Rico
| Saint Kitts and Nevis | Saint Lucia | Saint Vincent and the Grenadines | U.S. Virgin Islands