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Image: Martin St-Amant
South America. Brazil is located in the central eastern part of the continent, by far the largest portion of it lies south of the equator.
Flag of Brazil
Border countries are Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela. The country has an almost 7,500 km long coastline at the Atlantic Ocean.
The country is huge, it is divided into 26 States and 1 Federal District. Out of the 26 states, only nine are landlocked. Brazil covers an area of 8,514,877 km² (3,287,597 sq mi), making it the fifth largest country in the world and also the largest country in South America and in the Southern Hemisphere (and yes, it is larger than Australia by some 800,000 square kilometers). Compared is slightly larger than 15 times the size of France, and it is even slightly larger than the contiguous United States.
Brazil has a population of 207 million people (in 2017), it is the most populous country in South America. The national capital is Brasília, the planned city atop the Brazilian highlands. Largest city and Brazil's economic capital is Sao Paulo, the most 'famous' city is Rio de Janeiro. Spoken language is (Brazilian) Portuguese, this variety of the Portuguese language is a relict of the Portuguese colonization of the Americas.
Federative Republic of Brazil | Republica Federativa do Brasil
Following three centuries under the rule of Portugal, Brazil became an independent nation in 1822. By far the largest and most populous country in South America, Brazil has overcome more than half a century of military intervention in the governance of the country to pursue industrial and agricultural growth and development of the interior.
Exploiting vast natural resources and a large labor pool, Brazil became Latin America's leading economic power by the 1970s. Highly unequal income distribution remains a pressing problem.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)
Republica Federativa do Brasil
short form: Brasil
international long form: Federative Republic of Brazil
international short form: Brazil
ISO Country Code: br, bra
Brasilia, Rio de Janeiro Mon-Aug-19 08:38
Local Time = Brazil lies within 4 different time zones.
Southern Brazil uses daylight saving time from October until February: +1 hour
Country Calling Code: +55
Capital City: Brasilia (pop. 2.1 million)
GDF - Governo do Distrito Federal
The Federal District Government. (in Portuguese)
Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Belo Horizonte, Salvador, Fortaleza, Recife, Porto Alegre, Curitiba
Type: Federative Republic.
Independence: 7 September 1822 (from Portugal).
Location: Eastern South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean.
Area: 8.5 million km² (3 290 000 sq. mi.); slightly smaller than the USA
Terrain: Dense rain forests in northern regions including the Amazon Basin; semiarid along the northeast coast; mountains, hills, and rolling plains in the southwest, including Mato Grosso; and coastal lowland.
Climate: Mostly tropical or semitropical with temperate zone in the south.
Population: (in 2017) 207 million.
GNI per capita PPP: $ 8,745 (year)
Ethnic groups: Brazil's population is derived from three main ethnic sources. To the original inhabitants (Indians) were added successive waves of Europeans (mainly Portuguese) and Africans (mostly from the sub-Saharan west coast, belonging to the Bantu and to the Sudanic (Yoruba) ethnic groups).
Religion: Roman Catholic (80%).
Language: Brazilian Portuguese.
Literacy: 81% of adult population.
Natural resources: Iron ore, manganese, bauxite, nickel, uranium, gemstones, oil, wood, and aluminum. Brazil has 12% of the world's fresh water.
Agriculture products: Brazil is the biggest exporter of coffee, soybeans, beef, sugar cane, ethanol and frozen chickens.
Other products: wheat, rice, corn, cocoa, and citrus.
Industries: Textiles, shoes, chemicals, cement, lumber, iron ore, tin, steel, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, other machinery and equipment.
Exports - commodities: transport equipment, iron ore, soybeans, footwear, coffee, automobiles
Exports partners: China 19%, USA 13%, Argentina 6.8%, Netherlands 5.4% (2015)
Imports - commodities: machinery, electrical and transport equipment, chemical products, oil, automotive parts, electronics
Imports partners: China 17.9%, USA 15.6%, Germany 6.1%, Argentina 6%, South Korea 6.1% (2015)
Currency: Brazilian Real (BRL)
Image: Eurico Zimbres
Official Sites of BrazilNote: External links will open in a new browser window.
República Federativa do Brasil
Federal Republic of Brazil, the official Brazil Government Page.
Presidência da República
The President of the Federal Republic of Brazil. (in Portuguese)
Ministério das Relações Exteriores
The Ministry of Foreign Relations.
Missão do Brasil junto às Nações Unidas
Brazilian Mission to the UN
Embassy of Brazil in the USA
Embassy of Brazil in the United Kingdom
Brasilianische Botschaft in Deutschland
Ambassade du Brésil en France
Brazilian Missions Abroad
Brazilian Missions around the World.
Foreign Missions in Brazil
Diplomatic Missions accredited in Brazil.
Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística
Up-to-date statistics and geographical data. (in Portuguese and English)
Map of Brazil
Political Map of Brazil.
Administrative Map of Brazil
Map is showing Brazil's 26 states plus the location of the Federal district.
Google Earth Brazil
Searchable map and satellite view of Brazil.
Google Earth Brasilia
Searchable map and satellite view of Brazil's capital city.
Google Earth Rio de Janeiro
Searchable map and satellite view of Rio de Janeiro.
Google Earth São Paulo
Searchable map and satellite view of São Paulo, largest city in Brazil.
Information and searchable maps with satellite views of other Brazilian cities:
Aracaju, Belém, Belo Horizonte, Boa Vista, Campo Grande, Cuiabá, Curitiba, Florianópolis, Fortaleza, Goiânia, João Pessoa, Macapá, Maceió, Manaus, Natal, Palmas, Porto Alegre, Porto Velho, Recife, Rio Branco, Salvador (da Bahia), São Luís, Teresina, Vitória
Map of South America
Reference map of South America.
Online News from Brazil
Empresa Brasil de Comunicação (EBC)
The Brazilian public company manages the federal government's broadcast network, on its website it provides also national news (in Portuguese).
Brazilian government news.
News from Brazil. (in Portuguese)
O Estado de S. Paulo
Brazilian news. (in Portuguese)
Folha de São Paulo
Brazil's largest daily. (in Portuguese)
English language news version of Folha de S.Paulo.
Jornal do Brasil
Rio's daily newspaper, with Brazilian and international news. (in Portuguese)
Brazilian and international news. (in Portuguese)
Brazilian magazine. (in Portuguese)
International News sources
The Rio Times
Daily news on Brazil from WorldNews Network.
The Guardian: Brazil
Bookmark/share this page
Image: Fernando Frazão/Agência Brasil
Arts & Culture
Art & culture of Brazil
A guide to Brazil's culture from the cultural heritage to popular art.
Fundação Biblioteca Nacional
The National Library.
Official site of the Independent League of Rio de Janeiro's Samba Schools.
Official site of the Afro-Brazilian creators of samba-reggae from Bahia.
The Guide for Carnival in Rio de Janeiro.
Brazil's heavy metal band.
The Afro-Brazilian dance and martial art.
Soccer - Futebol
Confederação Brasileira de Futebol
Football Federation of Brazil.
Federação Metropolitana de Futebol - FMF
Image: Rodrigo Lobo - Visual Rio
Business & Economy
Banco Central do Brasil
The Central Bank of Brazil.
The National Bank for Economic and Social Development (BNDES)
The most important state-owned development bank in Brazil.
Rio De Janeiro Stock Exchange (BVRJ)
BVRJ was Brazil's second largest exchange it merged with Bovespa in 2002.
Bolsa de Valores de São Paulo the São Paulo's Stock Exchange was founded in 1890. Until the mid-1960s, Bovespa and the other Brazilian stock markets were state-owned companies. In 2002 Bovespa merged with the Rio De Janeiro Stock Exchange. In 2007 the Exchange became a for-profit company.
Ministério da Indústria, Comércio Exterior e Serviços
Website of the Ministry of Industry, Foreign Trade and Services, the ministry is mainly responsible for development policy on industry, trade and services, foreign trade, and Intellectual property and technology transfer.
National Confederation of Industry - CNI
The Brazilian Network of International Business Center. The CIN Network is coordinated nationwide by the National Confederation of Industry (CNI) and founded with the support of the National Agency for the Promotion of Exports (APEX), the network aims at internationalizing of Brazilian businesses.
Major airlines in Brazil
Oceanair Linhas Aéreas is a Brazilian airline based in São Paulo. From its hubs at São Paulo Congonhas airport, Rio De Janeiro Santos Dumont airport and Brasília International Airport it operates mainly domestic passenger services.
Azul Linhas Aéreas Brasileiras
Brazilian low cost carrier based in Barueri (São Paulo), a merger of Azul TRIP Linhas Aéreas, formerly the largest regional carrier in Brazil.
Gol Transportes Aéreos
GOL is the largest low-cost airline in South America, the airline is based in São Paulo.
LATAM Airlines Brasil
Formerly TAM Airlines, Brazil's and Latin America's largest airline. Chile's LAN Airlines and Brazil's TAM Airlines merged in 2012.
Total Linhas Aéreas
Airline based in Belo Horizonte. It operates mainly cargo and some charter services within Brazil.
Brasília International Airport
The international airport serving the federal capital Brasilia.
One of the three commercial airports serving São Paulo.
Guarulhos International Airport
Also known as Cumbica Airport, is the main international airport serving São Paulo.
Galeão International Airport
Rio de Janeiro's International Airport and one of Brazil's busiest international airports.
Tancredo Neves International Airport
The airport is serving Belo Horizonte and its metropolitan area.
Image: Tiago Fioreze
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Destination Brazil - Travel and Tour Guides
Cities: Brasilia, São Paulo (the financial capital of Brazil, Ibirapuera Park, Paulista Avenue), Rio de Janeiro (Christ the Redeemer, Corcovado, Sugarloaf Mountain, Santa Teresa neighborhood, Tijuca Forest, Copacabana, Ipanema), Belo Horizonte, Fortaleza (the capital of Ceará state, is one of the top destinations for business and also great for a holiday on its awesome beaches), Manaus (Amazon Theatre), Natal (Natal Dunes State Park, Forte dos Reis Magos), Recife, Porto Alegre, Salvador (da Bahia).
Iguazu Falls, Fernando de Noronha archipelago, Lençóis Maranhenses National Park.
Find accommodation, attractions, festivals, events, tours and much more.
Official tourism website of Brasil.
The Brazilian Tourist Board
Brazil information on travel and tourism with news and photos.
Vacations Brazil is a comprehensive tourist guide in Portuguese.
A travellers guide to the various regions of Brazil by Sergio Koreisha.
A comprehensive travel and tourism guide to Brazil.
Image: Cleide Isabel
UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Brazil
Historic Town of Ouro Preto
Ouro Preto (Black Gold) was the center of the gold rush in the time of Brazil’s golden age in the 18th century. The town was founded at the end of the 17th century.
Historic Centre of the Town of Olinda
Founded in the 16th century and rebuilt by the Portuguese after being looted and burned by the Dutch. The town is linked to the sugar-cane industry and Brazil's economy based on slavery, which began long before the first Portuguese settlement was established in 1532.
Historic Centre of Salvador de Bahia
Salvador da Bahia was the first capital of Brazil, from 1549 to 1763.
Sanctuary of Bom Jesus do Congonhas
Congonhas is a historical city located in the Brazilian state of Minas. The sanctuary in Minais Gerais, south of Belo Horizonte was built in the second half of the 18th century. the s was created by Aleijadinho, one of the outstanding artists in the baroque style in the world.
Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro
Pontifical Catholic University of Rio De Janeiro, founded in 1941.
UCAM - Universidade Candido Mendes
Candido Mendes University, since 1902.
Universidade de São Paulo
Sao Paulo University.
Environment & Nature
Amazonia - Amigos da Terra
Friends of the Earth Brazil acts to promote the sustainable use of forest products, the prevention of fire, supporting isolated communities and the development and monitoring of public policies.
The Brazilian section of Greenpeace.
World Wide Fund for Nature in Brazil (in Portuguese).
Image: Halley Pacheco de Oliveira
A Brief History of Brazil
A New York Times article about Brazil's history.
Brazil: Five Centuries of Change
Brazil's history - site contains the second edition of Thomas E. Skidmore’s textbook Brazil: Five Centuries of Change, by Brown University Library.
The cradle of Brazil's history
Brazil's history in the São Paulo region.
The National Archive of Brazil.
Museu Histórico Nacional
The National Museum of History. (in Portuguese)
FUNAI Fundação Nacional do IÍndio
National Indio Foundation.
The Uncontacted Indians of Brazil
Website by Survival International, a global movement for tribal peoples’ rights, the site provides also a Map of Indian Tribes of Brazil.
Museo do Índio
The Indian museum with information about Brazilian's indigenous people.
Socio-Environmental Institute, a private non-profit institution, established to propose integrated solutions to social and environmental issues.
Operação Amazônia Nativa promotes supports projects of the aboriginal communities in the regions Center-West and North of Brazil. (in Portuguese)
Brazilian internet directory and search engine. (in Portuguese)
Sources and additional Information on Brazil
Other Countries of South America:
Argentina | Bolivia | Chile | Colombia | Ecuador | French Guiana
Guyana | Paraguay | Peru | Suriname | Uruguay | Venezuela
Major Cities in South America:
Asunción, Belo Horizonte, Bogotá, Brasilia, Buenos Aires, Caracas, Cayenne, Georgetown, Kourou, La Paz, Lima, Manaus, Montevideo, Paramaribo, Porto Alegre, Port of Spain, Quito, Recife, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador (da Bahia, Santiago, São Paulo, Sucre
Countries of Middle and Central America:
Belize | Costa Rica | El Salvador | Guatemala | Honduras | Mexico | Nicaragua | Panama
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