One World
Nations Online

Gambia flag detail
Home Earth Continents Africa The Gambia

___ The Gambia

James Island (Kunta Kinteh Island) Gambia River
The ruins of Fort James on James Island (Kunta Kinteh Island), the small island in the Gambia River is an important historical site in the West African slave trade, it is now listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site official website.
Image: Ikiwaner
Flag of Gambia
Flag of Gambia
Location map of Gambia. Where in Africa is The Gambia?
Location map of Gambia
A virtual guide to Gambia, a West African nation bordering the North Atlantic Ocean in west. The sub-tropical country is a narrow strip of land on either side of the Gambia River, just 48 km (29 mi) at its widest point. Within the country, the Gambia River is navigable the entire length, it is Gambia's chief transport artery.

The smallest country on mainland Africa occupies an area of 11,295 km², it is about the size of one third of Belgium or slightly less than twice the size of Delaware. The former British colony forms an enclave within Senegal with the exception of its coast.

The country has a population of 1,9 million inhabitants (2015). Most of the people live near the coast. Gambia's population is made up of several ethnic groups, about one-third are Mandinka, followed by Fula, Wolof, and Jola people. Spoken languages are English (official), Malinke and other indigenous languages and Creole. More than 95% of the population in the Islamic Republic of the Gambia are Muslims.

Republic of The Gambia

Country Profile

The Gambia is a strip of land 15 to 30 miles (25 to 50 kilometres) wide and 295 miles long on either bank of the Gambia River; except for a short coastline, it is surrounded by Senegal. Its unusual shape and size are attributable to territorial compromises arising from 19th-century Anglo-French rivalry in western Africa.
(from "Gambia, The." Encyclopaedia Britannica. 2006)

After 200 years of British colonial rule The Gambia gained its independence in 1965; it formed a short-lived federation of Senegambia with Senegal between 1982 and 1989.
In 1991 the two nations signed a friendship and cooperation treaty.
A military coup in 1994 overthrew the president and banned political activity, but a 1996 constitution and presidential elections, followed by parliamentary balloting in 1997, completed a nominal return to civilian rule. The country undertook another round of presidential and legislative elections in late 2001 and early 2002.
Yahya A. J. J. JAMMEH, the leader of the coup, has been elected president in all subsequent elections.
Presidential elections were held in the Gambia on 1 December 2016, where opposition candidate ADAMA BARROW defeated long-term incumbent Yahya Jammeh. First Jammeh conceded defeat, but later announced that he was rejecting the results and called for a new election.

(Source: CIA - The World Factbook and other)


Official Name:
Republic of The Gambia
short form: The Gambia
former: Senegambia; federation with Senegal (1982-1989)

ISO Country Code: gm

Local Time = UTC
Actual Time: Fri-July-19  11:23

Country Calling Code: +220

Capital City: Banjul (pop. 35 000, with suburbs 500 000)

Other Cities: Serrekunda (pop. 200 000),
Basse Santa Su, Georgetown (Jangjang-bureh), Juffureh.

Type: Civilian.
Independence: 18 February 1965 (from the UK).
Constitution:16 January 1997.

Location: Western Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean surrounded by Senegal.
Area: 11,300 sq. km. (4 360 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Flood plain of the Gambia River flanked by low hills.

Climate: Tropical; hot rainy season (June to Nov.); cooler, dry season (Nov. to May).

Nationality: Gambian(s).
Population: 1.9 million (2015 UN estimate)
Ethnic groups: Mandinka 40%, Fula 18%, Wolof 14%, Jola 10%, Serahule 9%, Serere 8%, Krio/Aku Marabout, Manjago, Bambara.
Non-Gambians 13% of the population.
Religions: Muslim 95%, Christian 4%, animists.
Languages: English (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula (Pulaar), Jola, other indigenous languages.
Literacy: 38%

Natural resources: Fish, titanium, tin, zircon, silica sand.

Agriculture products: Peanuts, rice, millet, sorghum, fish, palm kernels, vegetables, livestock, forestry.

Industries: Peanut products, construction, telecommunications, brewing; tourism.

Exports - commodities: peanut products, fish, cotton lint, palm kernels

Exports - partners: China 47.6%, India 27.2%, France 5.9%, UK 4.9% (2015)

Imports - commodities: foodstuffs, manufactures, fuel, machinery and transport equipment

Imports - partners: China 34.2%, Brazil 8.1%, Senegal 6.9%, India 5.7%, Netherlands 4.8% (2015)

Currency: Dalasi (GMD)

Building of the National Assembly of The Gambia
The National Assembly of The Gambia.
Image: Minaean SP Construction Corp.

Political system
Gambia is a presidential republic with a multi-party system. Head of state and head of government is the President. The Cabinet of the Gambia is the chief executive body consisting of the President, a Vice President, and the Secretaries of State. After seizing power in a bloodless coup in 1994, President Yahya Jammeh ruled the country for 22 years with an iron fist. Presidential elections held in the Gambia on 1 December 2016 seemed to end his rule, Jammeh was defeated by Adama Barrow, but Jammeh refused to step down.

Official Sites of The Gambia

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Republic of The Gambia State House
Office of The Gambian President.

National Assembly of The Gambia
National Assembly Services Authority of The Gambia.

Diplomatic Missions
Embassy of the Republic of The Gambia to the USA
Embassy website provides information on The Gambia and Embassy work.
The Gambia - Permanent Mission to the United Nations
The Gambia's UN mission website.

United Nations
United Nations System in The Gambia
Information about UN agencies work in The Gambia.
UNDP in The Gambia
UN's global development network in the Gambia.


Map of Gambia
Political map of Gambia.
Google Earth Google Earth Gambia
Searchable map and satellite view of Gambia.
Google Earth Google Earth Banjul
Searchable map and satellite view of Gambia's capital city.

Political Map of Africa
The 54 countries of Africa.
Map of Africa
A Relief Map of Africa.



A "pervasive climate of fear" forces most journalists to practice self-censorship or flee the country, says Reporters Without Borders (RSF). The organization ranks Gambia 145 out of the 180 countries included in the 2016 World Press Freedom Index.

Daily Observer
Daily news from the region (Banjul).
The Daily News
Gambian newspaper.
Foroyaa Newspaper
Private newspaper published twice weekly (Serrekunda).
The Point
National and regional news from the Gambian newspaper.

International Nerws Sources
IRIN News: The challenge of building “New Gambia”
Gambia related article by the UN news agency.

Gambia Radio Stations
A List of Gambian radio stations broadcasting on the internet.
Radio Free Gambia - RFG
Radio Free Gambia on Facebook with general information about The Gambia in English.


Bookmark/share this page

Arts & Culture

Gambian Griot School of Music and Dance
Site about the tradition of The Gambia's music, dance and griots (court musicians).

Listen All - Dembo Jobarteh
Dembo Jobarteh is a griot from Niani Kayai, The Gambia.

King Kora Gambia Tour - urban griot music.

Gambia Radio Stations
List of Gambian radio stations broadcasting on the internet.
Arch 22 in Banjul, The Gambia
Arch 22 Memorial in Banjul, the monument is commemorating the 1994 coup which saw Yahya Jammeh seize power.

Business & Economy

Central Bank of The Gambia
Official website of the Central Bank of The Gambia.
Guaranty Trust Bank Gambia
Licensed by the Central Bank of the Gambia to operate full commercial Banking activities.
Trust Bank Limited
Gambia's local Bank.

Department of State for Trade, Industry and Employment (DOSTIE)
"To transform The Gambia into a financial center, a tourist paradise, a trading, export-oriented agricultural and manufacturing nation".
The Gambia Chamber of Commerce and Industry ( GCCI )
Official website withz information on the work of the Chamber and about The Gambia.
Gambia Investment Promotion and Free Zones Agency
The national agency charged with the promotion of The Gambia as an ideal investment destination.

Gambia's IT and ISP.

Gambia International Airlines
The National Carrier of the Gambia .

Port of Banjul
Official website of The Gambia Ports Authority
Abuko Nature Reserve in Serrekunda, Gambia
Abuko Nature Reserve near Serrekunda in Gambia, it is a popular tourist attraction and the country's first designated wildlife reserve.
Image: Paul Walter

Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Destination The Gambia - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Gambia: Banjul, Bakau, Gunjur, Wassu Stone Circles, Fort James Island, Juffureh.
Links to accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, and more.

The Gambia Tourism Website
The Gambia travel and tourism information by Gambia Tourism Authority.

Visit The Gambia Tours
Travel and tourism information about The "Smiling Coast of Africa".

Gambia Travel & Tourism
Information on Gambia by Access Gambia.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites

World Heritage Site Stone Circles of Senegambia
There are four large groups of stone circles along the River Gambia, significant for a vast sacred landscape of tumuli, stone pillars and burial mounds, created over more than 1,500 years between the 3rd century BC and 16th century AD.

Stone Circles of Senegambia
Classroom at Armitage High School, Janjanbureh
Classroom at Armitage High School in Janjanbureh on Janjanbureh Island in the
Gambia River. Gambia's constitution mandates free and compulsory primary education in the Gambia, but a lack of resources and education infrastructure has made implementation difficult. The literacy rate in the Gambia is 64% for males and 47.6% for females.

Image: Ikiwaner


Department of State for Education
Provides information on the Gambia's education plans and programms.

University of the Gambia
Institution of higher education located in Serrekunda. It is the only university in the country.

Global Partnership for Education - Gambia
The Global Partnership for Education supports 65 developing countries.

PAGEANT stands for Projects Aiding Gambian Education And Natural Talent. It was established as a UK Charity in 2002 specifically to support education and related projects in The Gambia.

Environment & Nature

Chimpanzee Rehabilitation Trust
Chimpanzee rehabilitation project at River Gambia National Park on Baboon Islands.
Wassu Stone Circles of Senegambia
Stone Circles of Senegambia.
Image: Niels Broekzitter


History of The Gambia
Information about Gambia's history by Access Gambia.

Historical Dates and Personalities
Brief Gambian history.


Access Gambia
Portal of Gambia related websites & information.

Sources and additional Information on Gambia

Amnesty International: Gambia

BBC Country Profile: Gambia

FAO: Gambia

globalEDGE: The Gambia

The Heritage Foundation: Gambia

Human Rights Watch: Gambia

OEC: Gambia

Reporters Without Borders: Gambia

Freedom House: The Gambia

U.S. Relations With The Gambia

Wikipedia: Gambia

The World Factbook -- Gambia
 Support UNICEF

Major Cities in West Africa
Abidjan, Abuja, Accra, Bamako, Banjul, Bissau, Conakry, Cotonou, Dakar, Freetown, Lagos, Lomé, Monrovia,
Niamey, Nouakchott, Ouagadougou, Porto-Novo, Praia, Sao Tome City, Yamoussoukro

Other Countries of Western Africa
Benin | Burkina Faso | Cape Verde | Côte d'Ivoire | Ghana | Guinea | Guinea-Bissau | Liberia | Mali | Mauritania
Niger | Nigeria | Senegal | Sierra Leone | Togo