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Balkan Peninsula in southeastern Europe bordering the Black Sea in east. The country shares international borders with Greece, the Republic of Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, and Turkey.
Flag of Bulgaria
The country occupies an area of 110,879 km², compared it is somewhat larger than Iceland (103,000 km²), or slightly larger than the U.S. state of Tennessee.
Bulgaria has a population of 7.15 million people (2015), capital and largest city is Sofia with 1.3 million inhabitants. Official language is Bulgarian, which is written in Cyrillic.
Republic of Bulgaria | Republika Bulgariya | Република България
Bulgaria earned its independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1878, but having fought on the losing side in both World Wars, it fell within the Soviet sphere of influence and became a People's Republic in 1946.
Communist domination ended in 1990, when Bulgaria held its first multi-party election since World War II and began the contentious process of moving toward political democracy and a market economy while combating inflation, unemployment, corruption, and crime.
Bulgaria became a NATO member state in 2004 and joined the EU on 1 January 2007.
Other countries in Southeast Europe: Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia
short form: Bulgariya
int'l long form: Republic of Bulgaria
int'l short form: Bulgaria
ISO Country Code: bg, bgr
Time Zone: EET
Local Time = UTC +2h (summer +3)
Actual Time: Wed-Sept-28 20:56
Country Calling Code: +359
Capital City: Sofia (pop. 1.3 million)
Other Cities: Plovdiv (370 000), Varna (350 000).
Type: Parliamentary Republic.
Independence: 1908 (from the Ottoman Empire)
Location: Southeast Europe
Area: 111,000 km² (42,857 sq. mi.)
Terrain: with large mountainous areas, fertile valleys, plains, coastline along the Black Sea.
Climate: Temperate continental, mild summers and cold, snowy winters.
Population: 7.15 million (2015)
Ethnic Groups: Bulgarian 84%, Turkish 10%, Roma 5%.
Religions: Bulgarian Orthodox 83%, Muslim 12%,
Literacy: 98.6% male: 99.1% female
Natural resources: Bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal, timber, arable land.
Agriculture products: Vegetables, fruits, tobacco, livestock, wine, wheat, barley, sunflowers, sugar beets.
Industries: Electricity, gas and water; food, beverages and tobacco; machinery and equipment, base metals, chemical products, coke, refined petroleum, nuclear fuel.
Exports - commodities: clothing, footwear, iron and steel, machinery and equipment, fuels.
Exports partners: Germany 12.5%, Italy 9.2%, Turkey 8.5%, Romania 8.2%, Greece 6.5%, France 4.2% (2015)
Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment; metals and ores; chemicals and plastics; fuels, minerals, and raw materials
Imports partners: Germany 12.9%, Russia 12%, Italy 7.6%, Romania 6.8%, Turkey 5.7%, Greece 4.8%, Spain 4.8% (2015)
Currency: Bulgarian Lev (BGN)
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of BulgariaRepublic of Bulgaria
The Government of the Republic of Bulgaria.
President of Bulgaria
Official website of the President of Bulgaria.
National Assembly of Republic of Bulgaria
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bulgaria
Official website of the ministry.
Diplomatic Missions of Bulgaria Abroad.
Embassy of Bulgaria to the US
Bulgarian Embassy in London
The Bulgarian Embassy in London, UK.
National Statistical Institute
National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology (NIMH)
Map of Bulgaria
Political Map of Bulgaria.
Google Earth Bulgaria
Searchable map/satellite view of Bulgaria.
Google Earth Sofia
Searchable map/satellite view of Sofia.
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.
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Bulgarian news (in Bulgarian).
Bulgarian News Agency
BTA with news in English and Bulgarian.
BNN - Bulgarian News Network
Online news agency.
News and analysis from Bulgaria, politics and economics, financial information, lifestyle (in Bulgarian).
Bulgarian news (in Bulgarian).
Focus News Agency
National and international news by Focus Information Agency.
Tabloid style national and international news (in Bulgarian).
Sofia News Agency - Current national and international news.
Monthly Bulgarian and Southern Europe Business News (in German).
Bookmark/share this page
Arts & Culture
Weekly art, culture and journalism magazine (in Bulgarian).
Sofia MENAR Film Festival
Sofia Middle East & North Africa Region Film Festival.
Business & EconomyBulgaria was a former Communist country that entered the EU on 1 January 2007, it had an averaged more than 6% annual growth from 2004 to 2008, driven by significant amounts of bank lending, consumption, and foreign direct investment.
Corruption in public administration, a weak judiciary, and the presence of organized crime continue to hamper the country's investment climate and economic prospects.
Bulgarian National Bank
The Central Bank of Bulgaria, established in 1879.
Bulgarian Stock Exchange
The only functioning stock exchange in Bulgaria.
Bulgarian Chamber of Commerce and Industry
Official website of the chamber.
The national airline carrier of Bulgaria, based in Sofia.
Bulgaria International Airports
Site provides airport and flight information for departures and arrivals.
The gateway to the Black Sea coast.
Bulgarian State Railways
Official website of Bulgarian State Railways - BDZ.
Port of Varna
Official website of Varna's port.
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Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Destination Bulgaria - Travel and Tour Guides
Discover Bulgaria: Black Sea, Danube, Golden Sands, Nessebar, Pirin, Sunny Beach, Strandja,
Links to accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, hiking, climbing, cruising, diving, tours and much more.
The Official Tourism site for Destination Bulgaria.
Discover the area of Strandja Mountain and National park.
A travel guide to Bulgaria.
Bulgaria - with its history, geography, population, and folklore.
Goldstrand, a Black Sea resort close to Varna.
The biggest Black Sea resort, Burgas, Bulgaria.
The Municipality of Sofia Capital City of Bulgaria.
Bourgas the city at Black Sea.
Tourism guide to the city of Plovdiv.
Official website of the the biggest city on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast (in Bulgarian).
Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
National Academy of Bulgaria, founded in 1869.
National Academy of Arts
The oldest and most renowned school of arts in Bulgaria.
New Bulgarian University
The first private university in Bulgaria is based in Sofia.
Paissii Hilendarski University of Plovdiv
Largest institution of higher education in southern Bulgaria.
Veliko Tarnovo University
The St. Cyril and St. Methodius University is with 18,000 students among the largest universities in the country.
Saint Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia.
The Sofia University is the oldest institution of higher education in Bulgaria, established in 1888.
Environment & Nature
Ministry of Environment and Water of Bulgaria
To preserve the natural heritage of Bulgaria and to ensure a healthy environment for the population.
Balkani Wildlife Society
Society for the conservation and restoration of flora and fauna in natural ecosystems.
BlueLink Information Network
Civil environmental gateway to Bulgaria.
The Information Portal of Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs) in Bulgaria.
Bulgarian environmental web-portal on climate change and its impact on the environment.
Za Zemiata ("For the Earth")
One of the oldest Bulgarian environmental NGO's, determined to work for self-sustainable lifestyles and combating exploitation of people and nature (in Bulgarian).
History and Culture
Comprehensive information about Bulgaria's rich history.
History of Bulgaria
Comprehensive information about Bulgaria's rich history. An extract from the book "Bulgaria Illustrated History" by Dr. Bojidar Dimitrov (1995)
National Museum of History
The Bulgarian history.
History of Bulgaria
Wikipedia articles about Bulgaria's history.
Additional Information on Bulgaria
BBC Country Profile: Bulgaria
U.S. Relations With Bulgaria
Open Directory Project: Bulgaria
The World Factbook -- Bulgaria
Other countries in the Balkan region:
Albania | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Croatia | Greece | Macedonia, Rep. of | Montenegro | Serbia | Slovenia | Turkey
Other Countries of Eastern Europe:
Belarus | Czech Republic | Hungary | Moldova | Poland | Romania | Russian Federation | Slovakia | Ukraine
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