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Image: Frederic Papy
Nigeria in north west, the Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville), Gabon and Equatorial Guinea in south, the Central African Republic and Chad in east, and it has a narrow lakefront at Lake Chad in north.
Flag of Cameroon
With an area of 475,650 km², the country is almost as large as Spain or slightly larger than the US state of California. Its southern and coastal areas are characterized by dense vegetation, a vast river system and a hot, humid climate with abundant rainfall.
Largest city is Douala, the country's main port and economic capital with its commercial and industrial activities, Yaounde is the second largest city and the political capital of Cameroon.
Other major urban centers are Edea, characterized by its heavy industry and its hydro-power plant, Limbe, headquarters of the oil industry and Kribi terminal of the Chad-Cameroon pipeline.
Cameroon has a population of 24 million people (in 2016), English and French are official languages, however French is by far the most commonly used language.
Republic of Cameroon | Republique du Cameroun
The name Cameroon is derived from the Portuguese word, Camaroes, meaning shrimps. As Portuguese sailor Ferdanando Poo arrived in 1472 at the Wouri river in Douala and discovered so many shrimps in the river he decided to call it Rio Dos Camaroes (River of shrimps, in Portuguese). It was from this word that the territory derived its name which is now spelt in various forms: Spanish spelt it Cameroes; Germans, Kamerun; English, Cameroon; and French, Cameroun.
The territory was colonized by the Germans in 1884 but after the end of the First World War Cameroon was mandated by the League of Nations to the French and British governments. France took the greater sector, formally known as East Cameroon, while Britain took responsibility over former West Cameroon known then as "Cameroon under British Administration".
On January 1st 1960 the French Sector became independent under the new name of Cameroon Republic. Following agitation for independence by the Southern Cameroons - before the name was changed to West Cameroon - a plebiscite was held in that sector of Cameroon on February 11th 1961 under the United Nations supervision. The result of the plebiscite was overwhelming for reunification (233,571 against 97,741) and gave Southern Cameroon automatic independence and unification, which was achieved on 1 October 1961. Thus after the reunification of both sectors, the Federal Republic of Cameroon was born.
After a referendum in May 1972, Cameroon became a United Republic and by a Presidential Decree of 1984 it became the Republic of Cameroon.
(Source: Cameroon Embassy in the Netherlands)
Related countries: France, Germany, United Kingdom
Republique du Cameroun (fr)
Republic of Cameroon (eng)
short form: Cameroun/Cameroon
formerly: French Cameroon, British Cameroon, Federal Republic of Cameroon, United Republic of Cameroon
ISO Country Code: cm
Local Time = UTC +1h
Actual Time: Wed-Nov-21 13:13
Country Calling Code: +237
Capital City: Yaounde (pop. 1.1 million)
Other Cities: Douala, major seaport and commercial capital (1.3 million), Garoua (424,312), Maroua (409,546), Bafoussam (319,457), Bamenda (321,490), Nkongsamba (166,262), and Ngaoundere (216,300).
Republic; with a strong central government dominated by president.
Independence: 1 January 1960 (for areas formerly ruled by France) and
1 October 1961 (for territory formerly ruled by Britain).
Constitution: 2 June 1972, last amended in January 1996.
Location: Central West Africa bordering the Bight of Biafra (part of the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean)
Area: 475,650 km² (183,650) sq. mi.).
Terrain: Northern plains, central and western highlands, southern and coastal tropical forests. Highest peak: Mt. Cameroon (13,353 ft.).
Climate: Northern plains, the Sahel region--semiarid and hot (7-month dry season);
Central and western highlands where Yaounde is located--cooler, shorter dry season; southern tropical forest--warm, 4-month dry season; Coastal tropical forest, where Douala is located--warm, humid year-round.
Nationality: Cameroonian(s); French noun and adjective--Camerounais(e).
Population (2016): 24 million
Ethnic groups: About 250.
Religions: Christian 53%, Muslim 22%, indigenous African 25%.
Languages: French and English (both official) and about 270 African languages and dialects, including pidgin, Fulfulde, and Ewondo.
Natural resources: Oil, timber, hydroelectric power, natural gas, cobalt, nickel.
Agriculture products: timber, coffee, tea, bananas, cocoa, rubber, palm oil, pineapples, cotton.
Industries: Petroleum production and refining, aluminum production, food processing, light consumer goods, textiles, lumber, ship repair
Exports - commodities: crude oil and petroleum products, lumber, cocoa beans, aluminum, coffee, and cotton.
Exports partners: China 16.7%, India 15.7%, Spain 6.2%, Belgium 6.1%, France 6.1%, Portugal 5.6%, Netherlands 5%, Italy 5% (2015)
Imports - commodities: machinery, electrical equipment, transport equipment, fuel, food, cereals, fish.
Imports partners: China 27.9%, Nigeria 13.9%, France 10.9%, Belgium 4.1% (2015)
Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XAF)
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of CameroonPresidence de la Republique du Cameroun
The Presidency of the Republic of Cameroon at Unity Palace.
Prime Minister's Office
Official website of the PM and government gateway site.
Assemblée Nationale du Cameroun (dead link)
Cameroon's National Assembly.
Embassy of the Republic of Cameroon
Washington, DC, USA.
Official Website Embassy of Cameroon in The Hague, Netherlands.
Institut National de la Statistique du Cameroun
National Institute of Statistics of Cameroon.
Météorologie Nationale du Cameroun
National Meteorological Service Cameroun.
Map of Cameroon
Political map of Cameroon.
Administrative Map of Cameroon
Map showing Cameroon's administrative regions.
Google Earth Cameroon
Searchable map and satellite view of Cameroon.
Google Earth Yaounde
Searchable map and satellite view of Cameroon's capital city.
Map of Africa
Political Map of Africa.
Map of West Africa
Political Map of West Africa.
Relief Map of Africa
Cameroon News (in French)
Local and international news.
News portal site.
La Nouvelle Expression
Daily, published in Douala.
Now Up Station Mountain Club, a collective African, Cameroonian blog.
Cameroon Radio Television (CRTV)
State run station.
Bookmark/share this page
Arts & Culture
- Image: Z. NGNOGUE
The National Museum of Yaounde
UNESCO page about Cameroon's National Museum with its traditional African art collections.
Spotlight on the Bakweri Society and Culture.
Culture, music and rites of initiation of the hunters and gatherers of the Central African rainforest.
Official website of Cameroon's national soccer team.
Business & EconomyBecause of its oil resources and favorable agricultural conditions, Cameroon has one of the best-endowed primary commodity economies in sub-Saharan Africa. Still, it faces many serious problems such as stagnant per capita income, a relatively inequitable distribution of income, a top-heavy civil service, endemic corruption, and a generally unfavorable climate for business enterprise.
Banque Centrale des Etats d'Afrique Centrale - BEAC
Central Bank of Cameroon, Chad, Central African Republic, Congo, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon.
IZF.net, le portail de la Zone Franc CFA
Information about business and investment in the Western African countries within the monetary system of the Franc Zone - CFA. (in French)
Chad/Cameroon Development Project
Site about exploitation of oilfields in southern Chad, by a consortium of oil companies (Esso, Petronas and ChevronTexaco), and the building of a 1,070 kilometer (663 miles) underground pipeline to a marine terminal off the coast of Cameroon.
Index of Economic Freedom: Cameroon
Summary about Cameroon's economy by The Heritage Foundation.
Cameroon Airlines Corporation
Camair-Co is serving as the flag carrier of the country, it operates out of Douala International Airport.
Cameroon Airlines was Cameroon's flag carrier, it operated flights in Southern Africa and to France. The company ceased operations in 2008.
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Destination Cameroon - Travel and Tour Guides
Discover Cameroon: 'All of Africa in a single Country' or 'Africa in miniature'.
Mount Cameroon, Dja Faunal Wildlife Reserve, Waza National Park
accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, tours and much more.
Ministry of Tourism
All of Africa in one country. Discover the cultural heritage of Cameroon.
Cameroon in Brief
by the Cameroon Consulate, Sydney, Australia.
Dja Faunal Reserve
One of the largest and best-protected rainforests in Africa is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The reserve is especially noted for its biodiversity and a wide variety of primates.
Three contiguous national parks of about 750,000 ha in the north-western Congo Basin, where Cameroon, Central African Republic and Congo meet.
Cameroon comunity site (in French and English).
French language portal site with comprehensive information about the nation.
Images of Tchad and Cameroun by Michel Hasson.
A guide to Cameroon.
ASOY American School of Yaoundé
Founded in 1964 primarily for children of American diplomats but it also serves students from all nationalities and religious groups.
Ecole Nationale Superieur Polytechnique ENSP
National Polytechnic School founded in 1971, Yaounde.
University of Douala
The University of Douala is located in Cameroon's largest city.
Université de Yaoundé I and
Université de Yaoundé II - SOA
The Universities of Yaounde are leading institutions of higher education in Cameroon, they will represent one of the five campuses of the new Pan African University (PAU), founded in 2011. (in French)
Environment & Nature
Centre pour l'Environnement et le Développement -Yaoundé
Site about the center, works on sustainable development, mainly with the rural population of the forest zone.
Limbe Wildlife Centre
Limbe Wildlife Centre (LWC) is a wildlife rescue and rehabilitation project in the South West Region of Cameroon.
Ministere des Forêts et de la Faune (MINFOF)
Ministry of Forests and Wildlife, Cameroon (in French).
Ministère de l'Environnement et de la Protection de la Nature (MINEP)
Ministry of Environment and Nature Protection (in French).
Summary by the Cameroon Embassy in the Netherlands.
Wikipedia article about Cameroon's History until today.
Colonial Picture Archive
Keyword searchable database of photographs from the German colonial history, the archive covers Namibia, Tanzania, Cameroon, Togo, and other former German colonies.
Open Directory: Cameroon
Additional Information about Cameroon
South of the Sahara: Cameroon (by Karen Fung)
Other Countries of Central Africa
Angola, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo (Kinshasa), Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville)
Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, São Tomé and Príncipe
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