One World
Nations Online
France Flag detail
Home Earth Continents The Americas Martinique

Martinique beach
Martinique beach - what do you expect from a Caribbean Island?
Image: Mathieu Distefano

___ Martinique

Flag of Martinique is the French tricolore
Official Flag of Martinique
is the French tricolore
Where in the Caribbean is Martinique?
Location map of Martinique
Destination Martinique, a French island region located in the Caribbean more precisely in the volcanic arc of the Lesser Antilles archipelago, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, between profile Dominica (north) and profile Saint Lucia (south).

Martinique is the 3rd largest island in the Lesser Antilles after Trinidad and Guadeloupe. With an area of 1,100 km² (436 sq mi) it is slightly smaller than the Faroe Islands, or slightly more than six times the size of Washington, DC.

Martinique has a population of 381,000 people (in 2014). Capital city is Fort-de-France. Most of Martinique's population are descendants from African slaves brought to work on sugar plantations during the colonial era.


Department of Martinique

Country Profile

Inofficial Flag of Martinique  
Inofficial Flag of Martinique

Martinique belongs to the Windward Islands, the southern group of the Lesser Antilles in the West Indies.
Colonized by France in 1635, the island has subsequently remained a French possession except for three brief periods of foreign occupation.

June 15, 1502 Columbus lands at Carbet on the Caribbean side of the island.
1635 First French settlement under Pierre Belain d'Esnambuc.
1636 King Louis XIII permits the introduction of slaves to the French West Indies.
1685 Establishment of Colbert's "Black Code" which, in 60 articles, officially governs the lives of slaves until 1848.
1762 - 1848 Martinique is occupied several times by the British.
May 22, 1848 Abolition of slavery.
May 8, 1902 Eruption of Mt. Pelée destroying St.-Pierre. Fort-de-France becomes the capital.
March 19, 1946 Martinique acquires the status of a French department. Four deputies and 2 senators represent it.
1983 The Regional Council is established following the French decentralization laws of 1982.
(Source: Martinique Promotion Bureau -

Windward Islands: Dominica, Grenada, Martinique, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines


Official Name:
Département d'outre-mer de la Martinique
short form: Martinique
int'l long form: Department of Martinique
alternative name: Madinina (flower island)

ISO Country Code: mq

Local Time = UTC -4h
Actual Time: Tue-Apr-16  02:20

Country Calling Code: +596

Capital City: Fort-de-France

Other Cities: La Trinite, Le Marin, Le Robert, Le Vauclin, Marigot, Schoelcher, St. Pierre.

Government: Overseas Department of France.

Location: Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean.
Area: 1,100 km² (424 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Mountainous with indented coastline; dormant volcano.

Climate: Maritime tropical; moderated by trade winds; rainy season (June to October)

Nationality: Martiniquais
Population: 381,000 (2014)
Ethnic Groups: African and African-white-Indian.
Religions: Christianity 90%
Languages: French (official), Creole patois
Literacy: 98%

Natural resources: Touristy coastal scenery and beaches, cultivable land.

Agriculture products: Pineapples, avocados, bananas, flowers, vegetables, sugarcane

Industries: Construction, rum, cement, oil refining, sugar, tourism.

Currency: Euro (EUR)

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Martinique

Prefecture Région Martinique
The prefecture's official web site provides also some information about the island.

Département de la Martinique - Conseil Général
Department of Martinique - General Council (in French)

Région Martinique - Conseil Régional
Regional Council of Martinique.

L'Assemblée Martinique
The Martinique Parliament is a fiction. Visitors should be aware that the Assembly of Martinique described here is not a very institutional parliament. ( mostly in French)

Ministère de l'Outre-Mer
Site of the French ministry for the overseas territories.

Diplomatic Missions
Directory of French representations abroad (in French)
List of French diplomatic missions around the world.
Foreign Embassies and Consulates in France
Address list of Diplomatic Missions accredited in France.

Meteo Antilles
Antilles weather.


Map of Martinique, Dominica and Guadeloupe
Political Map of Martinique, Dominica and Guadeloupe.

Google Earth Google Earth Martinique
Searchable map and satellite view of Martinique.
Google Earth Google Earth Fort-de-France
Searchable map and satellite view of Martinique's capital.

Map of Central America and the Caribbean
Reference Map of Central America and the Caribbean. 


Caribbean Net News
Caribbean Net News with Caribbean and Martinique related news.
RFO Martinique
Radio Martinique has some regional news (in French).

Bookmark/share this page

Arts & Culture

Centre Martiniquais d'Action Culturelle
Martinique events (in French).

Cinema complex.

Musée Départemental d'Archéologie et de Préhistoire
Departmental museum of archaeology and prehistory (in French).
Martinique Carnival
Carnival Martiniquais

Business & Economy

The economy is based on sugarcane, bananas, tourism, and light industry. Agriculture accounts for about 6% of GNI and the small industrial sector for 11%.

Chambre de Commerce et d'Industrie de la Martinique
Official site of the Chamber (in French).

Air Caraïbes
Serves destinations in the French Caribbean based in Pointe-à-Pitre in Guadeloupe.

Aéroport Martinique Aimé Césaire
Official website of Martinique's airport Aimé Césaire.

Express des iles
Catamaran high speed link between Guadeloupe, Dominica, Martinique and Saint Lucia (in French)

Transit Martiniquais
Transit company of Martinique (in French)
Mount Pelee, Martinique
Mount Pelee, Martinique
Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Destination Martinique - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Martinique: Mount Pelee, Fort-de-France, Saint-Pierre, Carnival, Beguine.
Links to accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, cruising, diving, tours and much more.

Martinique Promotion Bureau
Official Martinique tourism web site (in French) but you can switch to
Island guide by the US Martinique Promotion Bureau (in English).

Office du tourisme Trois-Ilets
Site of the tourism office of Trois-Ilets.

Mount Pelee
Site about Mount Pelee Volcano.

Tourist Martinique
Information about Martinique (in French).

Martinique Nature
Maps, webcams and pictures of the island also called Madinina.

City Guides
Official site of the City of Fort-de-France.
Site of the town of Grand-Rivière.
Mairie du Lamentin
Site of the municipality of Lamentin.
Comune Robert
Tourism site of the village of Robert.
Sainte Marie
Official website of the village of Sainte Marie.

Landscape Martinique Island
Martinique Landscape


L'universite des Antilles et de la Guyane - Martinique and Guyana
(in French)
Bay of St. Piere, Martinique
Bay of St. Piere with Mount Pelee

Environment & Nature

Observatoire Volcanologique de la Montagne Pelée
Mount Pelee Volcano Observatory Website.

Eastern Caribbean Coalition for Environmental Awareness
Overall objective of ECCA's programme is to strengthen regional initiatives within the Eastern Caribbean, promote community based nature and heritage tourism, environmental education and to improve the conservation of island ecosystems.


Brief History of Martinique

Additional Information on Martinique

BBC News Country Profile: Martinique

LANIC - Martinique
Latin American Network Information Center

ICS - The Virtual Institute of Caribbean Studies
An Internet-based Institution for the Development and Study of the Caribbean Region and Its Peoples.

Wikipedia: Martinique

The World Factbook -- Martinique

 Support UNICEF

Other Countries and Territories in the Caribbean
Anguilla | Antigua and Barbuda | Aruba | Bahamas | Barbados | British Virgin Islands | Cuba | Dominica
Dominican Republic | Grenada | Guadeloupe | Haiti | Jamaica | Montserrat | Netherlands Antilles
Puerto Rico
| Saint Kitts and Nevis | Saint Lucia | Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Trinidad and Tobago
| U.S. Virgin Islands