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Emi Koussi volcano, Sahara, Chad
Emi Koussi volcano in the Tibesti massif. The pyroclastic shield volcano is situated in the central Sahara of northern Chad. An elevation of 3,445 m at its peak, making it the highest mountain in Chad, and the highest in the Sahara.
Image: NASA Worldwind
Flag of Chad
Flag of Chad
Location map of Chad. Where in Africa is Chad?
Location map of Chad
A virtual guide to Chad, a landlocked country in northern Central Africa, bordered by Cameroon in south west, by the Central African Republic in south, by Libya in north, by Niger in west, by North Sudan in east and it has a border with Nigeria across Lake Chad.

Chad occupies an area of 1,284,000 km², making it slightly larger than 2.5 times the size of Spain, or slightly more than three times the size of California. The landscape of the country varies, extensive arid plains in the Sahelian belt in the center, a desert zone in north, mountains in northwest, lowlands in the fertile Sudanian Savanna zone in south.

Chad has a population of 11.3 million people (2009 census). Capital and largest city is N'Djamena, spoken languages are French and Arabic (both official), over 120 languages and dialects in use by 200 distinct groups, Chadian Arabic is lingua franca.

Republic of Chad | Repúblique du Tchad

Country Profile

Chad, part of France's African holdings until 1960, endured three decades of civil warfare as well as invasions by Libya before a semblance of peace was finally restored in 1990. The government eventually suppressed or came to terms with most political-military groups, settled a territorial dispute with Libya on terms favorable to Chad, drafted a democratic constitution, and held multiparty presidential elections in 1996 and 1997.
In 1998, a new rebellion broke out in northern Chad, which sporadically flares up despite two peace agreements signed in 2002 and 2003 between the government and the rebels. Despite movement toward democratic reform, power remains in the hands of an ethnic minority.

related countries: France

Official Name:
Repúblique du Tchad
Jumhuriyat Tashad
short form: Tchad
int'l long form: Republic of Chad
int'l short form: Chad

ISO Country Code: td

Local Time = UTC +1h
Actual Time: Fri-June-21  10:36

Country Calling Code: +235

Capital City: N'Djamena (pop. 1 million est.)

Other Cities: Sarh, Moundou, Abéché, Faya-Largeau, Doba.

Type: Republic.
Independence: 11 August 1960 (from France).

Location: North central Africa, south of Libya
Area: 1,284,000 km² (496,000 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Chad has of three distinct zones. In the South, a tropical zone with wooded savannas and large equatorial forest. The Center, is dominated by the Sahel zone with steppes, thorn-bushes and baobab trees; in the North, the Saharan desert zone.

Climate: The Northern desert is very dry throughout the year; the central plain is hot and dry, with brief rainy season mid-June to mid-Sept.; southern lowlands are warm and more humid with seasonal rains from late May to early October.

Nationality: Chadian(s).
Population: 13.7 million (2015 census)
Ethnic groups: 200 distinct groups. In the north and center: Gorane (Toubou, Daza, Kreda), Zaghawa, Kanembou, Ouaddai, Arabs, Baguirmi, Hadjerai, Fulbe, Kotoko, Hausa, Boulala, and Maba, most of whom are Muslim.
In the south: Sara (Ngambaye, Mbaye, Goulaye), Moudang, Moussei, Massa, most of whom are Christian or animist.
Religions: Muslim 51%, Christian 35%, animist 7%, other indigenous beliefs 7%.
Languages: French and Arabic (official); Sara (in the south), more than 120 indigenous Chadian languages and dialects.
Literacy: 48%.

Natural resources: Petroleum, natron (sodium carbonate), kaolin, gold, bauxite, tin, tungsten, titanium, iron ore.

Agriculture products: Cotton, gum arabic, livestock, fish, peanuts, millet, sorghum, rice, sweet potatoes, cassava, dates, manioc.

Industries: meat-packing, beer brewing, soap, cigarettes, construction materials, natron mining, soft-drink bottling.

Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine Franc CFA (XAF)

Exports partners: USA 58.5%, India 13.3%, Japan 11.3%, China 4.1% (2015)

Imports partners: France 16.5%, China 14.2%, Cameroon 11%, USA 6.4%, India 6%, Belgium 5.7%, Italy 4.8% (2015)

Chad in Figures
Chad key statistical data.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Chad

Republique du Tchad
Official Website of the Presidency of the Republic of Chad (in French and Arabic)

Cellule Economique du Ministre du Plan du Tchad
Information about economic programs of Chad by the Ministry of Planning (in French)

Diplomatic Missions
Embassy of Chad to the US
Embassy of the Republic of Chad in Washington D.C.
Foreign diplomatic Representations accredited in Chad
Address list of foreign Diplomatic Missions.
Diplomatic Representations of Chad abroad
Address list of Chad's Diplomatic Missions Abroad.

La France au Tchad
Web site of the French embassy to Chad.

Institut National de la Statistique des Etudes Economiques et Demographiques
National Statistical Office of Chad.

Chad in Figures
Chad key statistical data.


profile Map of Chad
Political map of the Republic of Chad.
Google Earth Google Earth Chad
Searchable map and satellite view of Chad.
Google Earth Google Earth N'Djamena
Searchable map and satellite view of Chad's capital city.

Map of Africa
Political Map of Africa.
Relief Map of Africa

Livestock farming in Chad.
© Michel Hasson

Chad News

Ialtchad Presse
Portal site with Cad news and country information.

Portal site with news (in French)

AfricaTime: Tchad
Chad related news.

IRIN News Chad
Chad related UN news in English and French.

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Arts & Culture

International Network for Multidisciplinary Research on the history and evolution of societies in the Lake Chad basin. (in French and English)

Toumaï the Human Ancestor
Sahelanthropus tchadensis, discovered in 2001 in Chad is estimated to be between 6 and 7 million years old and so the oldest member of the human family.

Ingamadji Némo Mujos
Chadian musician born in Moundou in southern Chad.
Kaar Kaas Sonn
Chadian musician.
Chad River Scenery
River Scenery
© Michel Hasson

Business & Economy

The landlocked sub- Saharan country's area is mostly desert. Its main economic activities are subsistence agriculture, rearing of livestock and fishing (Lake Chad). Its landlocked location results in high transportation costs for imported goods. But there is Oil, which provides about 60% of export revenues, but the country regulates the price of domestic fuel, providing an incentive for black market sales.

Chad/Cameroon Development Project 
Site about exploitation of oilfields in southern Chad, by a consortium of oil companies (Esso, Petronas and ChevronTexaco), and the building of a 1,070 kilometer (663 miles) underground pipeline to a marine terminal off the coast of Cameroon.
The Chad–Cameroon Petroleum Development and Pipeline Project is a controversial project to develop the production capacity of oilfields near Doba in southern Chad.

Energy Information Administration: Chad and Cameroon
Report by the United States Energy Information Administration about Chad's and Cameroon's oil production and the resulting "strong economic growth" of both countries.

Banque Centrale des Etats d'Afrique Centrale - BEAC
Central Bank of Cameroon, Chad, Central African Republic, Congo, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon., le portail de la Zone Franc CFA
Information about business and investment in the Western African countries within the monetary system of the Franc Zone - CFA. (in French)

La Poste et les Telecommunications du Tchad
Mediocre site of Chad's telecommunications and internet service provider. (French)
Former sultan's palace, Chad
The former sultan's palace in the village of Gaoui just east of N'Djamena it houses now a small museum of the Sao culture.
Image: David Stanley

Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Destination Chad - Country Guides

Chad related Sites

Chadian Tourism Office
Official Chad Visitors guide in French and English.

Virtual Chad
Portal site gives you a glimpse into the life in Chad.

Chad Travel Information
by Lonely Planet Destination Guide.

Photothèque Tchad-Cameroun
Images of Tchad and Cameroun by Michel Hasson.


Workgroup on Research in Primary Education
About the work of the Free University of Berlin Institute for Research on teaching, learning, and school development in the area of basic education, including the education project "Projet Education de Base" in the Republic of Chad.

University of N'Djamena
The former University of Chad was founded in 1971, it was renamed to University of N'Djamena in 1994, it is the leading institution of higher education in the Republic of Chad.  

School children in Chad
School children in Chad
©  Projet Education de Base

Environment & Nature

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Chad History
Wikipedia entry of the history of Chad.

Chad - A Country Study
A study done by the US Library of Congress that covers history, geography, culture, politics, economy, etc.. You can download the book in pdf format.

Additional Information on Chad

Africa South of the Sahara: Chad
Stanford University.

BBC Country Profile: Chad

Background Notes: Chad

Open Directory Project: Chad

Wikipedia: Chad

The World Factbook -- Chad
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Other Countries of Central Africa
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