Indigenous People of Ethiopia
The Hamer people of Ethiopia are one of the tribes of the Southern Nations. They live in the Omo River valley near the border to Kenya.
Image: Rod Waddington
Native people of Ethiopia
Ethiopia's society is quite diverse and consists of more than 80 different ethnic groups. Most people in Ethiopia speak Afro-Asian languages, especially of the Cushitic and Semitic branches.
are the largest ethnic group; they make up more than a third of the Ethiopian population. The Oromos speak Oromo. More than 50 million people speak the Cushitic language in various dialects.
are Semitic people who live in the Ethiopian highlands, especially in the Amhara region. The second-largest ethnic group in the country speaks Amharic. Amharic is also the official working language of the federal government and the second language for many Ethiopians. More than 80% of the population of the Amharas are Ethiopian Orthodox Christians.
are the third-largest population group in Ethiopia. Somali people are a large ethnic group living in the Horn of Africa. At least 4.5 million Somali live in the Ogaden region (Somali Region) of Ethiopia. The Somalis are Muslim.
are an ethnic group in the Tigray region of northern Ethiopia and southwestern Eritrea. They speak Tigrinya, a Semitic language spoken in parts of Eritrea and northern Ethiopia. Most Tigrayans are Ethiopian Orthodox Christians (90%).
Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region
The Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region (SNNPR) is a multinational regional state of Ethiopia. The largest ethnic groups are Sidama, Welayta, Hadiya, Gurage, Gamo, Kafficho, Siltʼe, and Amhara.
Indigenous peoples in Ethiopia
IWGIA page about the indigenous peoples of Ethiopia.
People of Ethiopia
Wikipedia article about the highly diverse population of Ethiopia.
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples - Ethiopia
Minority Rights Group International at Refworld, page about Minorities and Indigenous Peoples of Ethiopia.