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A virtual destination guide to Haiti, this page is about many aspects of the "mountainous land" how the Taino indians named the island. Search and locate official web sites from the island state, and find comprehensive information on the nation in its diversity: The Haitian culture, history and geography. Get key information on Haiti's economy, education, science, environment, population, and government.
You will have access to news from Haiti and you may visit Haitian cities. Find maps and other information for adventure travel and tourism in Haiti.

Republic of Haiti | Repiblik Dayti | République d'Haïti

Country Profile

Haiti is the western part of the island Hispaniola, which was an important strategic location in the 17th century used by the Spaniards and France.
In 1804 former African slaves established independence from France, and renamed the area Haiti, it became the world's oldest black republic. About 95% of Haitians are of African descent.
In 1934, after a 19-year occupation by U.S. military forces, Haiti regained sovereign rule.
Today Haiti is one of the poorest countries in the Western Hemisphere, the country has been plagued by political violence for most of its history.
Over three decades of dictatorship followed by military rule ended in 1990 when Jean-Bertrand ARISTIDE was elected president. On February 29, 2004 Aristide submitted his resignation as President of Haiti and flew, Boniface ALEXANDRE, former President of Haiti's Supreme Court, assumed office as interim President.

border countries: Dominican Republic

related countries: Benin, France, United States

related Caribbean islands: Cuba, Jamaica, Puerto Rico

Official Name:
Repiblik Dayti - République d'Haïti
short form: Dayti (Haitian Creole), Haïti
int'l long form: Republic of Haiti
int'l short form: Haiti

ISO Country Code: ht

Local Time = UTC -5h
Actual Time: Thu-Apr-11  09:55

Country Calling Code: +509

Capital City: Port-au-Prince (pop. 2 million)

Other Cities: Cap Haitien (pop. 600 000), Cayes, Gonaïves, Jacmel, Saint-Marc, Jérémie.

Type: Republic with an elected government.
Independence: 1 January 1804 (from France).
Constitution of the Republic of Haiti: March 1987.

Location: Caribbean, western one-third of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean.
Area: 27,750 kmĀ² (10,714 sq. mi.);
Ile de la Gonave and Ile de la Tortue comprise Haiti's principal offshore territories. Terrain: Rugged mountains with small coastal plains and river valleys, and a large east-central elevated plateau.

Climate: Tropical, semiarid, high humidity in many coastal areas, mountains in east cut off trade winds.

Nationality: Noun and adjective--Haitian(s).
Population: 10 million (2010)
Ethnic groups: African descent 95%, African and European descent 5%.
Religions: Roman Catholic 80%, Protestant 16%, voudou (voodoo) practices pervasive, recognized by the government since 2003.
Languages: Creole and French (official).
Literacy: 50% (est.)

Natural resources: Bauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble. Agricultural Products: coffee, mangoes, sugarcane, rice, corn, cacao, sorghum, pulses, other fruits and vegetables.

Agriculture products: Coffee, mangoes, sugarcane, rice, corn, sorghum, wood.
Industries: Sugar refining, flour milling, textiles, cement, light assembly industries based on imported parts.

Currency: Gourde (HTG)

Haiti in Figures
Haiti key statistical data.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Haiti

Diplomatic Missions
Embassy of the Republic of Haiti
Washington, D.C.
Consulat Général
Haiti's Consulate General in Montréal, Canada (in French)
Haiti Consulate General in Chicago
Haiti's Consulate General in Chicago, USA.
Haiti's Diplomatic Missions
Address list of Haiti's Diplomatic Missions Abroad.

Institut Haitien de Statistique et d'Informatique
National Statistical Office of Haiti.

Haiti in Figures
Haiti key statistical data.


profile Map of Haiti
Political Map of Haiti.
Google Earth Google Earth Haiti
Searchable map and satellite view of Haiti.
Google Earth Google Earth Port-au-Prince
Searchable map and satellite view of Haiti's capital city.

Map of Central America and the Caribbean
Reference Map of Central America and the Caribbean. 


L'Agence Haïtienne de Presse
The Haitian Press Agency.
Haïti en Marche
Weekly News from Haiti (French).
Haitian Times
Haiti News.
Haïti Progrès
Haiti News.
The scholarly journal of democracy and human rights.

International news sources
Haiti Star
Daily news and current events.
Yahoo! News Full Coverage-Haiti News
News agencies current news on Haiti.
Bookmark/share this page

Arts & Culture

The Art of Haiti
Haitian artists and art history by MedaliaArt.

ArtMedia Haiti
Great contemporary Haitian art portal.

Sacred Arts of Haitian Vodou
Exhibition and information on Haiti and Haitian Vodou at American Museum of Natural History.

Cruise Ship Haïti
Cruise Ship visiting Haiti

Business & Economy

Banque de la République d'Haïti
Bank of the Republic of Haiti (in French).
Country Guides

Haïti Tourisme
The Official Site of the Secretary of State for Tourism of the Republic of Haïti. (mostly in French)

Haiti Guide
Haiti travel and tourism guide by Island Connoisseur.
 Windows on Haiti
An excellent guide to Haiti.
The United Haitians Home Page.

Travel Advice
Regularly updated travel advice provided by the governments of various countries.

Travel and Tour Consumer Information

National Palace of Haiti
The (former) Presidential Palace
Education and Research
Haitian Scientific Society (HSS)

Environment & Nature

Extensive deforestation (much of the remaining forested land is being cleared for agriculture and used as fuel). The most direct effect of deforestation was soil erosion. In turn, soil erosion lowered the productivity of the land, worsened droughts, and eventually led to desertification, all of which increased the pressure on the remaining land and trees.

Haiti Sanctions and Environment Case
Information about former sanctions on Haiti and the consequences on Haiti's environment.

Issues Haiti

Haiti Earthquake
About the devastating earthquake and the efforts of help.

Haiti Reborn
Program of the Quixote Center that works in the United States on behalf of the Haitian people to build an active grassroots solidarity movement, the site provides in-depth information on various Haitian issues.
The Haiti Support Group
Association that supports the Haitian people in their struggle for justice, human rights, and participatory democracy.
NCHR - National Coalition for Haitian Rights
Helping to increase the political effectiveness of the Haitian-American community.
Situation in Haiti
Reports on the Situation in Haiti by the Organization of American States (OAS).

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