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Aït Ben Haddou, the fortified city in the foothills of the High Atlas in Morocco
Aït Ben Haddou, the fortified city in the foothills of the High Atlas Mountains in central Morocco. The Ksar of Ait-Ben-Haddou is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Image: Dan Lundberg

About Morocco

Morocco Flag
Flag of Morocco
The map shows Morocco, officially the Kingdom of Morocco, a country in the western Maghreb region of North Africa. Morocco is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean in the west and the western Mediterranean Sea in the north, it borders Algeria in the east and Western Sahara in the south. The non-self-governing territory is claimed by Morocco.
There are two small Spanish exclaves, Ceuta and Melilla, on the North African mainland that border Morocco.
Morocco shares maritime borders with Portugal and Spain.

With an area of 446,550 km² (excluding Western Sahara), the country is somewhat smaller than Sweden or slightly larger than California.

Morocco has a population of 36.3 million people; the national capital is Rabat; the largest city is Casablanca.
Morocco's population is a mix of Arab speaking Arab-Berbers and Berber language speaking Riffians, Chleuh (ishelhien), and Central Moroccan Imazighen (Berber). The country's official languages are Arabic and Berber (Amazigh); French is the main foreign language. The predominant religion in Morocco is Islam.

Political Map of Morocco

Political Map of Morocco
Political Map of Morocco

The map shows Morocco and surrounding countries with international borders, the national capital Rabat, region capitals, major cities, main roads, railroads, and major airports.

You are free to use the above map for educational and similar purposes; if you publish it online or in print, you need to credit the Nations Online Project as the source.

More about Morocco:

Blue painted houses in Chefchauoen, a city in northwest Morocco
Chefchaouen is a city in the Rif Mountains of northwest Morocco; it is known worldwide for its blue-painted houses. The town is situated about 50 km inland from the Mediterranean coast.
Image: Heidi Kaden

Geography of Morocco

Major geographic regions of Morocco are
the coasts of the Mediterranean Sea, the Atlantic coast, the Rif mountains, the Atlas mountain ranges and the Sahara.

The westernmost of the five Maghreb countries borders the Strait of Gibraltar and the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and Algeria to the east.

Along the border with Algeria, in the southeastern part of the country and in the southern region, the landscape is characterized by the fringes of the Sahara, the largest desert in the world. The area includes the Tafilalt Basin in the eastern Anti-Atlas and the Draa river basin.

Morocco's coasts
Morocco's Atlantic coast is a flat, barely indented graded shoreline with heavy sand transport and therefore poorly suited for harbors.
Nevertheless, some of the most important cities are located on the coast of the Moroccan Atlantic lowlands, such as Tangier, the capital Rabat, Casablanca and Agadir.

Berber people Morocco
Berber people near Merzouga, a small Moroccan town in the Sahara Desert near the Algerian border. The village is known as a gateway to the Erg Chebbi, an area with large seas of dunes north of Merzouga.
Photo: Tatiana Zanon

Morocco's mountains
Morocco is largely mountainous. The northern part is dominated by the Rif Mountains, a fertile geographic and cultural region inhabited by (Rif) Berbers since prehistoric times. Southeast of the Rif Mountains is the Middle Atlas, a mountainous area where snow-capped peaks rise to over 2,000 meters.

In the center of the country is are Morocco's highest peaks. They belong to the lofty High Atlas Mountains, part of the Atlas Mountains, a large mountain range that extends across northwestern Africa from Tunisia to the Atlantic coast in Morocco.
Within the High Atlas is the country's highest peak, Mount Toubkal at 4,165 m. The mountain is part of the Toubkal National Park, the first national park in the country, established in 1942.

Further southwest of the High Atlas lies the Anti-Atlas, a mountain range that extends from Ouarzazate, a city known as "the door of the desert" in the northeast, towards the Atlantic Ocean in the southwest.

Morocco's river system is the most extensive in North Africa. Important rivers are the Moulouya River, which flows into the Mediterranean Sea near Saïdia, and the Sebou River. The largest North African river by volume is crucial for irrigation in one of Morocco's most fertile regions, the Gharb basin. The Draa River in the south is Morocco's longest river, at 1,100 km; the Draa valley is famous as the date basket of Morocco.

Cities and airports
Oasis landscape in the Atlas mountains of Morocco
Oasis landscape in the Atlas mountains.
Photo: Simohnt

Major cities are the capital Rabat, Casablanca, Fès, Marrakesh, Meknes, Oujda, Salé and Tangier.

The busiest airport in Morocco is Mohammed V International Airport (IATA Code: CMN), located in Nouasseur, 30 km southeast of Casablanca.

Other international airports are:
Marrakesh Menara Airport (IAK), Nador International Airport (NDR) in Nador;
Rabat–Salé Airport (RBA) in Salé; and Tangier Ibn Battouta Airport (TNG) in Tangier.

Natural resources of Morocco
Morocco has sizeable deposits of phosphate (from Western Sahara; an estimated 75% of the world's known phosphate reserves), iron, lead, zinc, barite, copper, bentonite, fluorine, manganese, salt, cobalt, silver, gold and rare earth.

Natural hazards
Morocco is prone to earthquakes; northern Morocco is near the boundary between the African and Eurasian plates, where the African plate is subducted under the Eurasian plate. Other hazards Morocco faces include flooding and drought.

Environmental issues
The country's main problem is desertification; more than 90% of Morocco's land area is more or less deserted. The land degradation is mainly due to anthropogenic influences (caused by humans) and is accelerated by climate change and prolonged droughts. Bushfires, overgrazing, and deforestation are among the perceived causes of desertification in the country.

The map shows the location of following Moroccan cities, towns (major cities in bold):

Agadir, Al Hoceima, Asilah, Azemmour, Azilal, Azrou, Ben Slimane, Berkane, Berrechid, Béni Mellal, Bou Arfa, Boujad, Boulemane, Casablanca, Chefchaouen, El Jadida, El Kelaa des Srarhna, Errachidia, Essaouira, Fès, Figuig, Fkih Ben Salah, Guelmim, Inezgane, Kasba Tadla, Kenitra, Khemisset, Khenifra, Khouribga, Larache, Marrakech, Meknès, Midelt, Mohammedia, Nador, Ouarzazate, Oued Zem, Ouezzane, Oujda, Rabat, Safi, Salé, Settat, Sidi Bennour, Sidi Ifni, Sidi Slimane, Souk el Arba du Rharb, Tan-Tan, Tangier, Taounate, Taourirt, Tarfaya, Tata, Taza, Tétouan, Tiznit, and Youssoufia.


Weather Conditions Morocco:





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