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Map of Egypt, Middle East

The Nile River near Aswan in
The Nile River near Aswan in southern Egypt, with the Mausoleum of Aga Khan on the hill in background.
Image: Ahmedherz

About Egypt

Egypt Flag
The map shows Egypt, a country situated mainly in the northeast corner of the African continent bordering the Mediterranean Sea in the north and the Gulf of Suez, the Gulf of Aqaba, and the Red Sea in the east. The eastern portion of Egypt, the Sinai Peninsula, is situated in Western Asia.

Countries with international borders to Egypt are the occupied Palestinian territory of the Gaza Strip, Israel, Libya, and Sudan. Egypt shares maritime borders with Cyprus, Greece, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and Turkey.

Modern Egypt became independent in 1922 (from Britain). From 1958 to 1961 the country was united with Syria as the United Arab Republic.

Today the Arab Republic of Egypt (its official name) occupies an area of 1 million km², compared it is almost twice the size of France or more than twice the size of the U.S. State of California.

Egypt has a population of of some 96.7 million inhabitants (in 2019). Capital and by far the largest city is Cairo with a population of 20 million people in its metropolitan area. Spoken language is Modern Standard Arabic; the colloquial language is an Egyptian-Arabic dialect. The main religion is Sunni Islam.

The inhabitants of the most populated country in the Arab world settled predominantly along the fertile valley of the Nile river, its delta, and additionally along the coastal plains of the Mediterranean coast.
All major cities in the country, except for those near the coast, lie along the Nile valley. Vast areas of the rest of the country are sparsely populated desert.

The Upper Nile River is the life-sustaining artery of Egypt. The fertile alluvial plains of the river were one of the regions where humans began the transition from a hunting and gathering society to sedentary living and the development of agriculture and the domestication of food animals.

Major geographical features of Egypt
The Nile is the longest river in the world. It rises in east-central Africa in the drainage basin of Lake Victoria and flows more than 6,700 km (4,160 miles) generally northwards through Uganda, South Sudan, Sudan, and Egypt to empty through a large delta into the Mediterranean Sea.
The Suez Canal is a shipping canal that connects the Gulf of Suez (Red Sea) with the Mediterranean Sea. The southern terminus of the channel is at the seaport city of Suez; the northern terminus is at Port Said, a city founded in 1859 during the building of the canal. The canal separates the western portion of Egypt from the Sinai Peninsula, the African continent from Asia.
Lake Nasser, the reservoir in southwestern Egypt was created between 1960 and 1970 by building two dams on the Nile River south of the city of Aswan. The construction of the dam resulted in Lake Nasser, one of the largest human-made lakes in the world.

Map of Egypt

Political Map of Egypt
Political Map of Egypt

The map shows Egypt and surrounding countries with international borders, the national capital Cairo, governorate capitals, major cities, main roads, railroads, and major airports.

You are free to use above map for educational purposes, please refer to the Nations Online Project.

More about Egypt

Statue of Ramses II in the Temple of Luxor, Egypt
Statue of Ramses II in the Temple of Luxor.
Photo: Mohammed Moussa

Egypt's largest cities are
Cairo, capital of Egypt and largest urban agglomeration in Africa.

Alexandria, the country's chief port.

Giza, third largest city and the location of the Giza Pyramids and the Great Sphinx.

Port Said, the northern terminus of the Suez Canal.

Suez, the southern terminus of the Suez Canal.

Luxor, largest city in central Egypt, home to the Luxor Temple, and the World Heritage Site of Ancient Thebes with its Necropolis official website

Mansoura, a city in the Nile delta region on the east bank of the Damietta branch of the river.

Tanta, another large city in the delta region, and a center of Egypt's cotton industry.

The map shows the location of following cities, towns, and oases:

Abu Simbel, Abu Zenima, Al Qosimah, Alexandria, Arish, Aswan, Asyut, Bahariya Oasis, Beersheba, Beni Suef, Berenice Troglodytica, Bir al-Abed, Cairo, Dahab, Dakhla Oasis, Damanhur, Damietta, Edfu, El Alamein, El-Tor, Esna, Faiyum Oasis, Farafra Oasis, Girga, Hurghada, Ismailia, Kharga Oasis, Luxor, Mansoura, Marsa Alam, Mersa Matruh, Minya, Nekhel, New Cairo City, Nuweibaa, Port Said, Qena, Quseer, Ras Abu Rudeis, Ras Gharib, Ras Sedr, Safaga, Saint Catherine, Sallum, Samalut, Shalateen, Sharm el-Sheikh, Sidi Barrani, Siwa Oasis, Sohag, Suez, Taba, Tanta, Zaafarana, and Zaqaziq.


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Political Maps of other Countries in the Middle East:
Bahrain Map, Cyprus Map, Egypt Map, Iran Map, Iraq Map, Israel Map, Jordan Map, Kuwait Map, Lebanon Map, Oman Map, Qatar Map, Saudi Arabia Map, Syria Map, Turkey Map, United Arab Emirates Map, Yemen Map