The map shows Egypt, a country situated mainly in the northeast corner of the African continent bordering the Mediterranean Sea
in the north and the Gulf of Suez, the Gulf of Aqaba, and the Red Sea in the east. The eastern portion of Egypt, the Sinai Peninsula,
is situated in Western Asia
Countries with international borders to Egypt are the occupied Palestinian territory
of the Gaza Strip, Israel
, and Sudan
. Egypt shares maritime borders with Cyprus
, Saudi Arabia,
Modern Egypt became independent in 1922 (from Britain
). From 1958 to 1961 the country was united with Syria
as the United Arab Republic.
Today the Arab Republic of Egypt (its official name) occupies an area
of 1 million km², compared it is almost twice the size of France
or more than twice the size of the U.S. State
Egypt has a population
of of some 96.7 million inhabitants (in 2019). Capital and by far the largest city is Cairo
with a population of 20 million people in its metropolitan area. Spoken language
is Modern Standard Arabic; the colloquial language is an Egyptian-Arabic dialect. The main religion is Sunni Islam.
The inhabitants of the most populated country in the Arab world settled predominantly along the fertile valley of the Nile river, its delta, and additionally along the coastal plains of the Mediterranean coast.
All major cities in the country, except for those near the coast, lie along the Nile valley. Vast areas of the rest of the country are sparsely populated desert.
The Upper Nile River is the life-sustaining artery of Egypt. The fertile alluvial plains of the river were one of the regions where humans began the transition from a hunting and gathering society to sedentary living and the development of agriculture and the domestication of food animals.
Major geographical features of Egypt
is the longest river in the world. It rises in east-central Africa in the drainage basin of Lake Victoria and flows more than 6,700 km (4,160 miles) generally northwards through Uganda
, South Sudan, Sudan
, and Egypt to empty through a large delta into the Mediterranean Sea.
The Suez Canal
is a shipping canal that connects the Gulf of Suez (Red Sea) with the Mediterranean Sea. The southern terminus of the channel is at the seaport city of Suez; the northern terminus is at Port Said
, a city founded in 1859 during the building of the canal. The canal separates the western portion of Egypt from the Sinai Peninsula, the African continent from Asia.
, the reservoir in southwestern Egypt was created between 1960 and 1970 by building two dams on the Nile River south of the city of Aswan. The construction of the dam resulted in Lake Nasser, one of the largest human-made lakes in the world.
More about Egypt
Statue of Ramses II in the Temple of Luxor.
Photo: Mohammed Moussa
Egypt's largest cities are
, capital of Egypt and largest urban agglomeration in Africa.
, the country's chief port.
, third largest city and the location of the Giza Pyramids and the Great Sphinx
, the northern terminus of the Suez Canal.
, the southern terminus of the Suez Canal.
, largest city in central Egypt, home to the Luxor Temple, and the World Heritage Site of Ancient Thebes with its Necropolis
, a city in the Nile delta region on the east bank of the Damietta branch of the river.
, another large city in the
delta region, and a center of Egypt's cotton industry.