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Map of Ethiopia, Eastern Africa



The Simien Mountains National Park in northern Ethiopia. The park is located on the rugged northern edge of the vast, undulating Geech Plateau in the western part of the Simien massif.
Image: Bernard Gagnon

About Ethiopia


Ethiopia Flag
The map shows Ethiopia, a landlocked state in the northeast of Africa; in former times, the country was also known as Abyssinia. Between 1952 and 1993, Ethiopia had access to the sea, but this was lost with the independence of Eritrea.
The country in the Horn of Africa borders Djibouti, Eritrea, Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, and Sudan.

Ethiopia occupies an area of 1,104,300 km², compared it is twice the size of France or slightly less than twice the size of the U.S. state of Texas.

The African nation has a population of nearly 115 million people (est. 2020). It is the second-most populous African country behind Nigeria. The capital and largest city is Addis Ababa.
Ethiopia is a multi-ethnic state with over 80 ethnic groups and numerous languages; it is the most populous landlocked country in the world.

Map of Ethiopia

Political Map of Ethiopia with international borders, the national capital Addis Ababa, region capitals, major cities, main roads, railroads, and major airports
Political Map of Ethiopia

The map shows Ethiopia and surrounding countries with international borders, the national capital Addis Ababa, region capitals, major cities, main roads, railroads, and major airports. The map also shows two areas where all travel is discouraged: the western part of the Gambella region and most of the Ethiopian Somali region. [1]

You are free to use the above map for educational purposes (fair use); please refer to the Nations Online Project.


More about Ethiopia

Geography of Ethiopia
The topographic map of Ethiopia shows major geographic features of the country.
The topographic map shows major features of Ethiopia's landscape.


A large part of the tropical country at the Horn of Africa is dominated by mountains and plateaus, which create a quite varied landscape.
In the center of the nation is the northern portion of the Great Rift Valley, which separates the country's central highlands. From southwest to northeast, the valley stretches for more than 1,000 km through the country and widens in the northwest into the plains of the Afar Triangle.

Mountains
To the north of the Rift valley is the rugged mass of the Ethiopian Highlands or Western Highlands; to the southeast are the Somali Highlands or Eastern Highlands with the Bale Mountains and the Ahmar Mountains. Tullu Dimtu, at 4,377 m, is the highest peak of the Bale range. The highest mountain in Ethiopia is Ras Dashen (4,550 m), a peak in the Semien Mountains in the northern part of the country.

Lakes
A series of lakes adorn the Rift Valley. Some of them are freshwater lakes, but most of the Rift Valley lakes do not have an outlet and are alkaline "soda lakes." The largest are Lake Abaya, Lake Chamo, Lake Zway, and Lake Shala.
Lake Tana is the largest lake in Ethiopia and the source of the Blue Nile River; it lies in the Ethiopian Highlands in the north of the country.
Lake Abbe, on the border between Ethiopia and Djibouti in the Afar Depression, is an endorheic lake fed by the Awash River.

Rivers
The Atbarah River, also known as the Black Nile, is a tributary of the Nile. The Abbay River, also known as the Blue Nile, originates at Lake Tana. Ethiopia is building the Great Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (abbreviation: GERD) on the Blue Nile near the border to Sudan. The Awash River has its source in the Ethiopian Plateau and ends in the endorheic Lake Abbe on the Ethiopia-Djibouti border in the Afar Triangle.


The map shows the location of the following Ethiopian cities and towns (major cities in bold):

Addis Ababa, Adama (Nazret), Adigrat, Adwa, Agaro, Aksum (Axum), Aposto, Arba Minch, Asela, Asosa, Bahir Dar, Bati, Bure, Debark, Debre Berhan, Debre Marqos, Degeh Bur, Dembi Dolo, Dese, Dilla, Dire Dawa, Dolo Bay, Ferfer, Fiche, Filtu, Galadi, Gambela, Garadase, Gewané, Gidami, Gimbi, Ginir, Goba, Goha, Gondar, Gore, Guba, Hagere, Harar, Hawassa (Awassa), Himora, Hiywet, Hosaena, Imi, Jijiga, Jimma, K'ebri Dehar, Kibre Menguist, Kombolcha, Kusa, Mega, Mekelle, Mendi, Metema, Mojo, Moyale, Murle, Negele, Nekemte, Sek'ot'a, Semera, Serdo, Shewa Gimira, Shilabo, Sodo, Sogata, Weldiya, Werder, Yeki, and Yirga 'Alem.

 

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