The map shows Israel, officially the State of Israel, a country in the Middle East with a coastline at the Mediterranean Sea
in the west. Jews, Christians, and Muslims regard the region as the biblical Holy Land.
Israel is bordered by Egypt
, and the Palestinian territories (West Bank
and the Gaza
;) it shares maritime borders with Cyprus
. The borders with Syria (Golan Heights), Lebanon (Shebaa farms) and the Palestinian territories (declared as the State of Palestine) are still disputed.
With an area
of 22,072 km², the country is slightly larger than half the size of Denmark
, or somewhat larger than the US state of New Jersey
Israel has a population
of 8.95 million people (Nov 2018), spoken languages
are Hebrew and Arabic.
Designated capital is Jerusalem
, the country's largest and most populous city. However, Israel's sovereignty over Jerusalem is internationally disputed. The country's second largest city is Tel Aviv
; it is Israel's economic capital; the city is host to almost all foreign diplomatic missions, embassies, and consulates in the country.
Ben Gurion International Airport (IATA code: TLV) near Tel Aviv is the largest and busiest international airport in Israel, Ovda Airport (IATA code: VDA) in the southern Negev desert is Israel's second international airport.
Israel is divided into six main administrative districts (in parentheses: District Capital):
1. Northern District (Nazareth), includes the Israeli-occupied territory of the Golan Heights; 2. Haifa district (Haifa); 3. Central district (Ramla); 4. Tel Aviv district (Tel Aviv);
5. Jerusalem District (Jerusalem), includes East Jerusalem; 6. Southern district (Beersheba.)