About Sri Lanka
The map shows Sri Lanka, an independent island state, consisting of a main island and some small islands. The island nation is located 30 km (19 mi) southeast of the southern coast of India
in the Indian Ocean, between the Laccadive Sea in the west and the Bay of Bengal in the east.
In 1948, British Ceylon was granted independence. In 1972 the island became a republic within the Commonwealth, and its name was changed to Sri Lanka. The country shares maritime borders with the Maldives
With an area
of 65,610 km² Sri Lanka is somewhat larger than twice the size of Belgium
or slightly larger than the U.S. state West Virginia
Sri Lanka's landscape is mostly low with flat to rolling coastal plains. In the south-central interior of the island is a mountainous region. There is the country's highest mountain Pidurutalagala
, (Mount Pedro) at 2,524 m.
The island has a tropical climate moderated by ocean winds.
Sri Lanka has a population
of 21.7 million people (in 2019). The official capital is Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte; the largest city and administrative capital is Colombo
. Spoken languages
Sinhala (official and national language) 74%, Tamil (national language) 18%, other 8%. About 10% of the population speak English as a second language.
The map shows the island of Sri Lanka with provincial capitals, major cities and towns, main roads, railroads, and major airports
More about Sri Lanka
Tea plantation near Kandy in Sri Lanka.
Cities and towns in Sri Lanka
Photo: Mal B
Map shows the location of following Sri Lankan cities and towns:
Elephant Pass (Gateway to Jaffna), Jaffna
(capital of the Northern Province), Kankesanturai, Kayts, Kilinochchi, Madhu Road, Manjulam, Mannar, Mullaittivu, Nedunkeni, Point Pedro, Puliyankulam, Puthukkudiyiruppu, Silavatturai, Talaimannar, Vavuniya, Vellankulam
(one of the ancient capitals, today capital of North Central Province), Habarane, Hamillewa, Horuwupotana, Kebitigollewa, Kekirawa, Maragahewa, Medawachchiya, Polonnaruwa
Pannala, Kuliyapitiya, Kurunegala, Chilaw, Ganewatta, Maho, Anamaduwa, Galgamuwa, Puttalam, Kalpitiya, Pomparippu
Amparai, Batticaloa, Chenkaladi, Kalmunai, Kantalai, Kathiraveli, Kehelula, Kumana, Maha Oya, Mutur, Nilaveli, Okanda, Paddiruppu, Pankulam, Pottuvil, Pulmoddai, Tirrukkovil, Trincomalee, Uhana, Valachchenai
(second largest city in the country), Matale, Naula, Nuwara Eliya
Akuressa, Ambalangoda, Galle
, Hambontota, Kirinda, Matara, Tangalla, Tissamaharama, Udugama
(major seaport, largest city and cultural center of Sri Lanka), Gampaha, Horana, Ja-Ela, Kalutara, Matugama, Moratuwa, Mount Lavinia, Negombo, Panadura, Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (New Capital Territory, seat of the Parliament of Sri Lanka and de jure capital)
Balangoda, Embilipitiya, Kegalla, Pelmadulla, Rakwana, Ratnapura
(the "City of Gems", famous for the trade of precious stones, capital city of Sabaragamuwa Province)
(capital, known for tea trade), Bibile, Buttala, Haputale, Kataragama, Monaragala, and Telulla.