安徽 Anhui (Hefei), 福建 Fujian (Fuzhou), 甘肃 Gansu (Lanzhou), 广东 Guangdong (Guangzhou
贵州 Guizhou (Guiyang), 海南 Hainan (Haikou), 河北 Hebei (Shijiazhuang), 黑龙江 Heilongjiang (Harbin), 河南 Henan (Zhengzhou), 湖北 Hubei (Wuhan), 湖南
Hunan (Changsha), 江苏 Jiangsu (Nanjing), 江西 Jiangxi (Nanchang), 吉林 Jilin (Changchun), 辽宁 Liaoning (Shenyang), 青海 Qinghai (Xining), 陕西 Shaangxi (Xi'an),
山东 Shandong (Jinan), 山西 Shangxi (Taiyuan), 四川 Sichuan (Chengdu), 云南 Yunnan (Kunming
), 浙江 Zhejiang (Hangzhou)
Disputed territorial claims of China in the South China Sea
In addition to China's claim to sovereignty over the territory administered by Taiwan (Republic of China), Beijing claims suzerainty over hundreds of coral islands and reefs of the Spratly
(Nansha Qundao 南沙群島; Nansha District of China) and the Paracel Islands
(Xisha Qundao 西沙群島; Xisha District of China), the two major archipelagos in the South China Sea
The People's Republic of China invests millions in infrastructure and development to bolster its territorial claims to the islands in the South China Sea, although neighboring nations such as Vietnam, Brunei, Malaysia and the Philippines have legitimate claims. In 1987, China installed a small military structure on Fiery Cross Reef under the pretext of building an "oceanic observation station."
Since then, China has built numerous military facilities, such as air bases and airfields, and constructed several artificial islands in the South China Sea, primarily to claim waterways and underwater resources. China occupies seven islands (reefs) of the Spratly Group and twenty of the Paracel Islands. [CSIS]
The prefecture-level city of Sansha
(Hainan province) on Yongxing Island administers China's occupied island groups, atolls, seamounts and various other maritime features within its nine-dash line (extent of Chinese "historical" claims within the South China Sea).