The map shows the islands of the Philippines in Maritime Southeast Asia. The archipelago lies to the east of the South China Sea
and west of the Philippine Sea and the western Pacific Ocean. Nearby countries are Malaysia
in the southwest, Indonesia
in the south, Vietnam
in the west, and Taiwan
, and mainland China
to the north. The Philippines shares maritime borders with China, Indonesia, Japan
, Malaysia, Palau
, Taiwan (ROC), and Vietnam.
The Philippines are an island group of over 7,500 islands; the main islands are Luzon, Mindanao, Mindoro, Leyte, Samar, Negros, and Panay.
Most of the Philippine islands are of volcanic origin. The archipelago is situated within the Southeast Asian part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, an area of intense volcanic and seismic activities. Along the eastern side of the islands runs the Philippine Trench, a submarine trench in the floor of the Philippine Sea. The Galathea Depth within the underwater canyon is one of the deepest depths of the ocean at 10,540 m (34,580 feet).
With an elevation of 2,954 meters (9,692 ft), the potentially-active stratovolcano Mount Apo on the island of Mindanao is the highest mountain in the country.
With a total area
of 300,000 km², the country is about the size of Italy
or slightly larger than the US state
of nearly 108 million people (in 2020) making the Philippines the world's 13th most populous country. The nation's capital is Manila
, located on Luzon island within a densely populated conglomerate of several other major cities. Together they form Metro Manila, also known as the National Capital Region (NCR). 12.8 million people live in Metro Manila.
The country's spoken languages
are Filipino (based on Tagalog) and English.
Philippines tropical climate has three "seasons," from March to May it is hot and dry, the rainy season is from June to October, from November to February the climate is moderate and its the best time to visit the island state.