Map of Syria, Middle East
A tattered flag of Syria, a symbol for a country torn apart by a civil war which turned in a proxy war of various factions. The photo shows Al Quneitra, a town on the border of the Golan Heights that was levelled by Israel and is now preserved by the Syrians as a propaganda exhibit.
Image: Ed Brambley
The map shows Syria, officially the Syrian Arab Republic, a country in the Middle East, with a coastline on the eastern Mediterranean Sea
. It borders Iraq
, and Turkey
, and it shares maritime borders with Cyprus
Syria covers an area
of 185,180 km²; this is about twice the size of Portugal
or slightly larger than the U.S. state of North Dakota
Syria has a declining population
an estimated 18 million people live in the country; approximately five million people are refugees outside of Syria (in 2019).
The capital and largest city is Damascus
; other major cities are Aleppo, Homs, Daraa, Latakia, Raqqa, and Deir ez-Zor. Spoken languages
are Arabic, English, and French are widely understood, other languages in use are Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, and Circassian.
The map shows Syria and surrounding countries with international borders, the national capital Damascus, major cities, main roads, railroads, and major airports.
Map of Syria
Political Map of Syria
The map shows Syria and surrounding countries with international borders, the national
capital Damascus, governorate capitals, major cities, main roads, railroads, and major airports.
You are free to
use above map for educational purposes, please refer to the Nations Online Project.
More about Syria
A map of Syria showing the shifting territories of the various forces warring in the country and beyond.
Map source: Al Jazeera and liveuamap
Since March 2011, fighting in Syria has killed an estimated 465,000 people, injured more than a million and displaced some 12 million people, almost half of the country's pre-war population.
The Syrian Civil War is an ongoing multi-sided armed conflict in Syria fought between the Ba'athist Syrian Arab Republic led by President Bashar al-Assad
, along with local and foreign allies, and various domestic and international forces opposing both the Syrian government and each other in varying combinations.
The civil unrest in Syria, was eventually triggered by a wider wave of the 2011 Arab Spring protests; it grew out of discontent with the authoritarian Syrian regime and escalated to an armed conflict.
The Syrian Arab Republic
and Syrian Armed Forces
are supported militarily by Iran, Russia, and the Libanon based Hezbollah.
(Rojava) control the de facto autonomous region in northeastern Syria. The main cities under Kurdish control are Raqqa, Qamishli, and Al Hasakah.
Rebel forces; other factions of the Syrian Opposition.
Turkish occupation of northern Syria, including rebel forces of the Syrian Interim Government (in exile), the Free Syrian Army.
Israel occupied Golan Heights.
Cities in Syria
The Map shows the location of following cities and towns of Syria:
A'zaz, Abu Kamal (Al Bukamal), Al Bab, Al Hasakah, Al Ladhiqiyah (Latakia), Al Qamishli, Al Qaryatayn, Al Qusayr, Al'Asharah, An Nabk, Ar Raqqah , Ar Rastan, Ariha, As Sa'an, As Sukhnah, As Suwar, As Suwayda', Ash Shaddadah, At Tanf, At Tibni, Az Zabadani, Baniyas, Busayrah, Busra ash Sham, Damascus, Dara (Daraa), Dayr az Zawr, Dumah, Halab (Aleppo), Hamah , Hims (Homs), Idlib, Jarabulus, Khan Shaykhun, Ma'arrat an Nu'man, Madinat ath Thawrah, Manbij, Maydan Ikbiz, Oubur al Bid, Quneitra (Al Qunaytirah), Ra's al 'Ayn, Sab' Abar, Salahiyah, Tadmur (Palmyra), Talkalakh, Tall al Abyad, Tall Kujik, Tall Tamir, Tartus, and Tiyas.